Reichskommissariat of Belgium and Northern France

The Reichskommissariat of Belgium and Northern France (German: Reichskommissariat Belgien-Nordfrankreich) was a Nazi German civil administration (Zivilverwaltung) which governed most of occupied Belgium and northern parts of occupied France in the second half of 1944 during World War II.

Location of Belgium
StatusReichskommissariat of Nazi Germany
Common languagesGerman (administration)
GovernmentCivil administration
• 1944
Josef Grohé
Historical eraWorld War II
• Grohé appointed
18 July 1944
• Allied liberation
September 1944
• Annexation to Germany
15 December 1944
CurrencyBelgian franc
ISO 3166 codeBE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France
Kingdom of Belgium
Provisional Government of the French Republic
Today part ofBelgium

The Reichskommissariat replaced an earlier military government, the Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France, established in the same territory in 1940.

On 18 July 1944, the Gauleiter of Gau Cologne-Aachen, Josef Grohé, was named Reichskommissar of the territory, known as the Reichskommissariat Belgien und Nordfrankreich or Reichskommissariat für die besetzte Gebiete von Belgien und Nordfrankreich.[1][2] It covered the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, as well as Belgium except for Eupen-Malmedy which were incorporated directly into the German Reich.

The Wehrmacht troops in the area were commanded by Wehrmachtbefehlshaber Belgien-Nordfrankreich Martin Grase (18 July 1944 - 16 September 1944).

The territory was mostly liberated by the Allies in September 1944, in the aftermath of the Normandy landings, so the existence of the territory was short. Following the liberation, the territory was retrospectively annexed directly into Germany (although no longer under de facto German control) as three separate Reichsgaue: Reichsgau Flandern, Wallonien and the Brussels district.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Rolf Jehke. "Reichskommissariat Belgien und Nordfrankreisch". Retrieved 2015-03-09.
  2. ^ Kroener, Müller & Umbreit (2003) Germany and the Second World War V/II, p. 29

Further readingEdit

  • De Jonghe, Albert (1972). Hitler en het politieke lot van België, 1940-1944. De vestiging van een Zivilverwaltung in België en Noord-Frankrijk. Antwerp: Uitgeverij De Nederlandssche Boekhandel.