Free State of Oldenburg

The Free State of Oldenburg (German: Freistaat Oldenburg) was a federated state of the Weimar Republic.[1] It was established in 1918 following the abdication of the Grand Duke Frederick Augustus II following the German Revolution.

Free State of Oldenburg
Freistaat Oldenburg
State of Germany
Oldenburg in the German Reich (1925).svg
The Free State of Oldenburg (red) within the Weimar Republic
• 1925
6,427 km2 (2,481 sq mi)
• 1925
 • TypeRepublic
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
Lower Saxony
Today part ofGermany

In 1937, it lost the exclave districts of Eutin near the Baltic coast and Birkenfeld in southwestern Germany to Prussia and gained the City of Wilhelmshaven; however, this was a formality, as the Hitler regime had de facto abolished the federal states in 1934.

In 1925 - 1927, Oldenburg was one of many German states that issued a ban on Hitler's participation in public meetings. This led to more bans on Hitler and Nazi images throughout areas of Prussia and Bavaria in 1930.[2]

By the beginning of World War II in 1939, as a result of these territorial changes, Oldenburg had an area of 5,375 km2 (2,075 sq mi) and 580,000 inhabitants.

After World War II, Oldenburg was merged into the newly founded state of Lower Saxony as the administrative region (Verwaltungsbezirk) of Oldenburg, both of which became a part of West Germany in 1949. The two enclaves became part of the States of Schleswig-Holstein and Rhineland-Palatinate respectively.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Oldenburg: Die Staatsministerien 1918-1933". Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  2. ^ BRUSTEIN, WILLIAM; MARKOVSKY, BARRY (1989). "THE RATIONAL FASCIST: INTERWAR FASCIST PARTY MEMBERSHIP IN ITALY AND GERMANY". Journal of Political & Military Sociology. 17 (2): 177–202. ISSN 0047-2697.