The Gau Saxony (German: Gau Sachsen) was an administrative division of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 in the German state of Saxony. Before that, from 1926 to 1933, it was the regional subdivision of the Nazi Party in that area.

Gau Saxony
Gau of Nazi Germany
Flag of Gau Saxony
Coat of arms of Gau Saxony
Coat of arms
Lange diercke sachsen freistaat sachsen hauptsiedlungsformen.jpg
Gau Saxony with "Slavic areas"
• 1926–1945
Martin Mutschmann
16 May 1926
8 May 1945
Preceded by
Succeeded by
People's Republic of Poland
Today part ofGermany


Left to right: Himmler; Mutschmann {behind Himmler}; Frick; Goebbels,Hitler; Schaub,Epp,Goering in Bad Elser about 1930

The Nazi Gau (plural Gaue) system was originally established in a party conference on 22 May 1926, in order to improve administration of the party structure. From 1933 onward, after the Nazi seizure of power, the Gaue increasingly replaced the German states as administrative subdivisions in Germany.[1]

At the head of each Gau stood a Gauleiter, a position which became increasingly more powerful, especially after the outbreak of the Second World War, with little interference from above. Local Gauleiters often held government positions as well as party ones and were in charge of, among other things, propaganda and surveillance and, from September 1944 onward, the Volkssturm and the defense of the Gau.[1][2]

Gau Saxony was established on 16 May 1926 by the merger of Gau Saxony and Gau East Saxony. The position of Gauleiter in Saxony was held by Martin Mutschmann from its formation in 1926 to 1945.[3][4] Mutschmann, a powerful figure in Nazi Germany and well connected to Adolf Hitler, was arrested by German police shortly after the war and handed over to the Soviet Union. He was incarcerated in the Lubyanka prison in Moscow, tried and executed there on 14 February 1947.[5]

See alsoEdit

  • Gauliga Sachsen, the highest association football league in the Gau from 1933 to 1945


  1. ^ a b "Die NS-Gaue" [The Nazi Gaue]. (in German). Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  2. ^ "The Organization of the Nazi Party & State". The Nizkor Project. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Übersicht der NSDAP-Gaue, der Gauleiter und der Stellvertretenden Gauleiter zwischen 1933 und 1945" [Overview of Nazi Gaue, the Gauleiter and assistant Gauleiter from 1933 to 1945]. (in German). Zukunft braucht Erinnerung. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Gau Sachsen" [Gau Saxony]. (in German). Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Mutschmann, Martin". (in German). Bavarian State Library. Retrieved 26 March 2016.

External linksEdit