Kurbaan (2009 film)

Kurbaan (transl. Sacrificed) is a 2009 Indian Hindi-language action thriller film directed by Rensil D'Silva and produced by Karan Johar under Dharma Productions. It is based on a story by Johar who co-wrote the screenplay with D'Silva. Starring Saif Ali Khan and Kareena Kapoor, the story revolves around Avantika Ahuja (Kapoor), a psychology professor in New York who returns to Delhi, India to caretake her ailing father (Akash Khurana) and develops a relationship with Ehsaan (Khan). Avantika and Ehsaan fall in love, get married, and leave for the United States, where she discovers that his family is linked to Islamic terrorist groups after witnessing the house arrest, domestic abuse and murder of now family member Salma (Nauheed Cyrusi). The film's backdrop on global terrorism forms the crux.

Theatrical release poster
Directed byRensil D'Silva
Written byDialogues:
Anurag Kashyap
Niranjan Iyengar
Screenplay byKaran Johar
Rensil D'Silva
Story byKaran Johar
Produced by
  • Hiroo Yash Johar
  • Karan Johar
CinematographyHemant Chaturvedi
Edited byAsif Ali Shaikh
Music bySalim–Sulaiman
Distributed byUTV Motion Pictures
Release date
  • 20 November 2009 (2009-11-20)
Running time
160 minutes
Budget500 million (US$6.6 million)[1]
Box office429 million (US$5.7 million)[1]

The original story was conceptualized by Johar, who wanted D'Silva to direct it. In his directorial debut, D'Silva framed the script through the lens of the female protagonist, the romance between Khan and Kapoor, the thriller element, and a social message. The film was shot across Philadelphia, Brooklyn, New York City, Delhi and Mumbai between winter of 2008 to 2009.

The background score and soundtrack album are composed by the duo Salim-Sulaiman. The song sequences were choreographed by Vaibhavi Merchant. Anurag Kashyap and lyricist Niranjan Iyengar have penned the dialogues.

The film received positive reviews from critics, especially the direction, screenplay, music, and performances by Khan, Kapoor and Kirron Kher. However, it was declared a flop by the Box Office of India. Despite the film's commercial failure, the music of the film was nominated for several awards, including Filmfare Awards where Salim Merchant and Sonu Nigam were nominated for Filmfare Award - Best Male Playback Singer. Also, Kapoor was nominated for the Filmfare Award for Best Actress.


Avantika Ahuja (Kareena Kapoor), a psychology professor living in the United States, returns to Delhi after her father (Akash Khurana) falls ill. While in Delhi, she meets Ehsaan Khan (Saif Ali Khan), a university professor from Mumbai; the two become friends and fall in love. Avantika receives an intimation to return to work in the United States. Ehsaan readily agrees to emigrate for her. The couple are married and living in America. Avantika helps Ehsaan in getting a job, and he is appointed as a professor to teach "Islam and the Modern World" at the same university. The pair live a happy life in a quiet suburb populated by many South Asian families.

Salma (Nauheed Cyrusi), Avantika's neighbour, is effectively being confined in her own home by her husband, Hakil. She manages to inform Avantika about her situation of house arrest and requests her to contact Rehana (Dia Mirza), a friend and TV reporter. Avantika meets with Rehana and her boyfriend Riyaz (Vivek Oberoi), a Muslim American journalist who has just arrived from Iraq. They discuss Salma's problem to conclude that Salma is probably the victim of domestic violence. Rehana plans a meeting with Salma, but is unable to meet her since she is leaving for Iraq, as part of a United Nations envoy.

Meanwhile, Avantika is overjoyed when she finds out that she is pregnant. While waiting for Ehsaan, she takes a walk around her street close to her home. Overhearing voices, she decides to investigate and finds out that a group of men from her neighborhood, led by the family elder Bhaijaan (Om Puri), are planning a mission. They aim to bomb the plane that Rehana is travelling in, since it is carrying a large group of diplomats and media personnel. Avantika realises they are part of a terrorist group and also comes across Salma's dead body. The men see her and chase her to her house, where she meets Ehsaan. At first, he consoles her, but soon reveals that he is also a part of the terrorist group. Avantika realizes that she is nothing but a pawn in Ehsaan's game - he married her to legitimately obtain residency in the United States.

Bhaijaan asks Ehsaan to kill Avantika since she is now a liability, but after learning that she is pregnant, Ehsaan decides not to. Ehsaan keeps Avantika captive in their home and threatens to kill her father in India if she tries to inform anyone of what she knows. Avantika manages to make a phone call, and calls Rehana in order to warn her. The call goes to voice mail, and it is too late; Rehana has already boarded the flight, and the bomb has already been planted. The plane explodes, killing Rehana and all others on board.

A heartbroken Riyaz finds Avantika's voice message for Rehana, and begins his own quest to uncover the real culprits behind the flight bombing. Going undercover, Riyaz joins Ehsaan's lectures and soon befriends him. Avantika and the other wives of the group are watched over by Aapa (Kirron Kher), Bhaijaan's wife. Aapa explains the reasons for Jihad to Avantika, and also reveals that Ehsaan was an Afghani man with no political ideology, until his first wife and son were killed by American bombs. Riyaz engages in a passionate debate with other students regarding the topic of Islam, and Ehsaan is impressed. While trying to dispose of Salma's decomposing body, Hakil and Ehsaan attract the attention of the police. Ehsaan kills Hakil and the surrounding policemen, and sets the car on fire. Salma's partially burnt body is found, and the FBI distributes pictures of her in order to learn her identity.

Ehsaan finds Riyaz to be a perfect replacement for Hakil. He introduces him to Bhaijaan, who is initially suspicious of the new recruit. He tests Riyaz by ordering him to shoot at a random man serving at a fast food counter. Riyaz is reluctant but follows through; however, it turns out there was no bullet in the gun, thus leaving the man unharmed. Having passed the test, Ehsaan makes Riyaz a part of their next mission to bomb several subway stations in New York.

Riyaz and Avantika begin to work together to foil the plan and bring down the terrorist group. Riyaz sets up a meeting with the FBI for the next day, but his plan is derailed when one of the men sees Salma's picture, and Bhaijaan decides to bring the date of the mission forward.

The group goes ahead with their plan - the women travel together with Aapa, and the men have three bombs between them, to be detonated at separate stations. While on the subway, Riyaz's colleague bumps into him and accidentally reveals his real identity to Ehsaan and Bhaijaan. Riyaz tries to escape and, in the chaos, shoots Bhaijaan. Before dying, Bhaijaan informs Ehsaan that there are three more bombs, which were placed in the bags of the women, unknown to them. One bomb is with Avantika, who is being escorted by Aapa, with the other women. Realising that both Avantika and his unborn child will die, Ehsaan decides to let Riyaz go, and sets out to find Avantika.

Riyaz informs the FBI of the situation, and they rush to each station, trying to find both the men and women. They are able to safely retrieve the explosives from the women, while the men detonate their bombs. Ehsaan kills Aapa in order to free Avantika, and he admits that he loves her and asks her to take care of their child. Ehsaan manages to disarm the last bomb, but is fatally wounded as he escapes from three policemen who were chasing him. Before leaving, Avantika asks Ehsaan what his real name is, which he reveals to be Khalid. As she leaves the train, she hears the gunshot of Ehsaan killing himself.




In February 2008, Khan and Kapoor were confirmed as leads for the film.[2] Kapoor called her role challenging and hinted of John Abraham featuring in the film.[3] In December 2008, UTV Motion Pictures acquired the distribution rights of the film.[4] In an interview with Rediff, D'Silva agreed that its Karan Johar's story. Johar told him about the film and for the next few months, D'Silva couldn't get it off his head. D'Silva learnt from a common friend that Karan loved the story, so he asked D'Silva to direct it.[5] D' Silva went on to add that the film is a very intricate story from India to the US, pondering into state of Islam in the modern world. He acknowledged it as a woman's story,[6] where Avantika Ahuja (Kapoor) plays a Psychology lecturer in New York. She comes to India to take care of her ailing father and joins the Delhi University. She meets Ehsaan Khan (Khan), they fall in love, marry and go back to the US. Post the movement, things with them turn topsy-turvy.[7] D'Silva cleared that the film was not based on 9/11 attacks.[7]

When Johar was quizzed on the film script bearing resemblance to Arlington Road, he stated it does have theme of terrorism.[8] As per D'Silva, the film story has three elements - the romance between Khan and Kapoor; thriller element; and it also carries a social message.[9] In January 2009, Anurag Kashyap stated the title of the film as "Jihaad" in an interview with The Telegraph.[10] In an interview with Livemint, D'Silva was quoted saying: "Character played by Khan is an “urban, educated, liberal" Muslim, in love with a Hindu girl (Kapoor)."[11] He noted a fair urban shift in the cinema on portraying Muslim characters. Adding further on Khan's character; which was not "the decadent, sozzled nawab cavorting with courtesans; not “Khan chacha", the benevolent other, or wearing a Faiz topi".[11]


Shanoo Sharma was roped in as the casting director.[12] Kirron Kher plays the role of an Afghan for the first time.[5] She worked on her dialect and at times, arranged for her own clothes. She was clear about how she wanted to look and play the role.[13] Before Oberoi was finalized, Akshaye Khanna and Irrfan Khan were considered.[citation needed] In an interview with The Telegraph, Aki Narula confirmed designing the costumes for the characters.[14] Tara Sharma was approached for a role but rejected due to personal reasons.[15] In an interview with Subhash K Jha, Oberoi was quoted saying: "When I read the script, my first question to Karan was, why me? He laughed and said it was because I was talented and I could pull it off. And I love working with Kareena. We share a great rapport after Yuva and Omkara." The casting was finalized by Karan Johar.[6]


Kareena Kapoor[16]

Aki Narula discussed with D'Silva on the screenplay and locales to design the costumes. As she knew filming schedules in Delhi around October (winter season), she researched the different styles by going to the colleges, canteens, and the local markets. For Kapoor, she designed full sleeve t-shirts with v-necks and dark coloured ankle length churidars with Jaipuri work, mojri and scarves. Her costumes featured rust, burgundy, olive green, blue and purple colors, as observed during Delhi University scenes. Accessories worn were silver oxidized jewels. In the track "Shukran Allah", Kapoor's salwar was of 60 metres of fabric. As the plot progresses to the US, Narula kept the leads' outfits with the ideology that "travelling abroad you'd carry some clothes with you". She avoided designing or collaborating with US brands to keep the transitions real. Additionally, Narula gave her trench coats (Zara), jeans, and track pants, sporting her sacred pendant. Towards the terror plot, she is donned more of grey, blue, and blacks are seen in costumes.

Saif Ali Khan[16]

Narula kept Khan's costumes simple with jeans and shirts in blue, grey, and green with v-neck sweaters apart from pathani kurtas with jeans. After moving to the US too, his outfits introduced were long jackets in blue and grey. During the terror scenes, he was made to wear of darker colors in leather. Johar, D'Silva, and Narula decided that a stubble or beard gives grittiness to the character. Hence, Khan is seen unshaven.

Dia Mirza, Vivek Oberoi, Om Puri, Kirron Kher[16]

Mirza was given short skirts with jackets and work bags, in black formal work outfits, whereas Oberoi in a lot of dark jeans, t-shirts, sweaters, wind cheaters in navy blue, grey, olive green, and black leather jackets. His outfits were from Zara and H&M. Puri was with suit vests. Intentionally all his pathani kurtas were washed by a dhobi to get the worn look, which he noticed. Kher received a long tunic, long skirts, and shawls wrapped around her head to justify her as an Afghan. She was very involved with her outfits. She had her ideas that she shared with Narula and worked together on her looks.[16]


Principal photography commenced in November 2008 in Philadelphia.[11] A set was erected to shoot replica of a terrorist attack.[11] Subway tube scene was shot underground where the train was hired.[17] Khan noted the cold weather conditions an added difficulty to get the pitch and tone right while delivering dialogues. The characters were shooting in sync sound.[18] There were 80 people in the unit.[19] Also, Kapoor also fainted on the sets owing to cold temperature.[20] Some film scenes were filmed in Brooklyn.[21] A three-minute erotic scene between Khan and Kapoor (through the song "Rasiya") was requested to be removed from the film print by Kapoor for family. Also, she agreed to do it was because it was integral to the script.[22] In an interview with Press Trust of India, she was quoted saying: "“I've done kissing scenes earlier, but the lovemaking scene is explicit by my yardstick”.[23] Khan flew down to India due to health reasons on 22 December 2008.[24] D'Silva made an attempt to film in UK but cancelled due to lack of permissions and security issues.[25] Filming took place at areas around Rajpath and Delhi Haat[26] in February 2009.[27] The song "Shukraan Allah" was shot close to Humayun's Tomb with 2 lakh people witnessing the shoot.[28] However, owing to the lead pair's popularity, there were huge number of people who had come to see them especially, Jama Masjid and Janpath areas were always too high to shoot. Hence, barring a few shots, wide-angle shoots were cancelled enforcing recreation of scenes planned in Delhi for Mumbai between mid-March to April 2009.[29] The Mumbai scenes bore continuity to the ones filmed in US.[21] In May 2009, filming continued in New York.[30] Johar's production house was accused of not paying its employees on the film's sets in US.[31] In August 2009, the film was set to enter its last schedule in Pune. However, it was cancelled owing to the outbreak of swine flu.[32] As per D'Silva, Oberoi's scenes were 80 percent of the film. His character was central to the drama.[7] Oberoi was in D'Silva's room in Philadelphia every night to discuss diction, dialogues and looks. Oberoi has most single shots in the film.[33] At times, a few scenes' treatments were rewritten by Johar.[7] Filming and post-production was wrapped up by November 2009.[34]


Soundtrack album by
Released12 October 2009 (2009-10-12)
StudioBlue Studios, Mumbai
Aslam Studios, Mumbai
YRF Studios, Mumbai
GenreFeature film soundtrack
LanguageHindi, Arabic
LabelSony Music India
ProducerSalim - Sulaiman
Salim–Sulaiman chronology
Rocket Singh: Salesman of the Year

The original score and soundtrack for the film were composed by Salim-Sulaiman. Salim Merchant agreed that the songs have a Sufi touch in them, as requested by Johar.[35] The duo were approached while they were composing Koochie Koochie Hota Hai.[35] However, the composers were focused on the original score. Merchant pointed out that Shukran Allah was based on Khan's character where he is paying gratitude to God for giving him the love of this life.[35] The Arabic lines translate to, 'Thank You, Allah (SWT), and All the Praise in this World is For You'. Originally a prayer, the composers decided to turn it into a love song.[35] As per Merchant, Ali Maula was another chanting kind of song, sung by him. When they composed the song, they were unsure of its fitment in any film. They played it to Johar and D'Silva, who approved it for Kurbaan. In an interview with Radio Mirchi, Kapoor called the track as the turning point of the film.[28] Sulaiman Merchant called the track "Rasiya" as 'passionate', a song picturised on an intimate scene by Khan and Kapoor scene.[35] Being pictured on a married couple, they kept maturity in the composition keeping a balance of sensuality.[35]

The soundtrack release mixed to positive critical reception. Critic Ruchika Kher of Hindustan Times assigned the album score of 3.5 out of 5 and stated: "On the whole, the album is worth checking out. Salim-Sulaiman have done a great job yet again."[36] Ankit Ojha of Planet Bollywood reviewed: "Overall, Kurbaan is a good album which has a combination of some fine Sufi lyrics and some surprisingly enjoyable situational tracks that make for a more rounded album (despite the inclusion of a minimal number of songs). Here, the urbanization goes for a toss to give more emphasis to the melody as a whole. Worth-a-buy!"[37] Sukanya Verma of Rediff rated the album 3 on 5 noted, "A compact soundtrack with a mix of sweet-sounding and soul-stirring melodies to offer, Kurbaan is worth sacrificing a few bucks at a music shop counter."[38] Critics based at Bollywood Hungama noted: "Kurbaan is a quality album all the way and clearly the best that Salim & Sulaiman have offered since Fashion."[39]

Salim Merchant and Sonu Nigam were nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer at the 55th Filmfare Awards in 2010 for the song "Shukran Allah".[40]


All tracks are written by Niranjan Iyengar, except track 3 written by Irfan Siddiqui.[42].

Kurbaan (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)[41]
1."Shukran Allah"Sonu Nigam, Shreya Ghoshal, Salim Merchant04:50
2."Dua"Sukhwinder Singh, Kailash Kher, Marianne D'Cruz Aiman05:00
3."Ali Maula"Salim Merchant04:37
4."Rasiya"Shruti Pathak, Kareena Kapoor03:05
5."Kurbaan Hua"Vishal Dadlani04:18
6."Ali Maula" (Remix)Salim Merchant04:08
Total length:24:08



The Central Board of Film Certification India awarded the film with an A (Restricted to adults) release certificate.[43] Vinayak Azad (The Regional Officer of the Censor Board) noted the setting of the film, which is terrorism, led to the decision. Rensil D’Silva, the director of the film, tried convincing for a ‘U’ or ‘U/A’ certificate, however, there were no changes.[43]

Critical receptionEdit

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has 4 reviews and all four are positive. Kurbaan received positive critical reception from critics in India and overseas.

In his review for Economic Times, Gaurav Malani wrote: "Kurbaan is an outcome of sensitive filmmaking, Technically the film is proficient in all departments. Undoubtedly the narrative bears a striking resemblance to Kabir Khan's New York both in terms of the theme and setting of the story and structure of the screenplay." He gave the film a score of 3 (out of 5).[44] Critic Taran Adarsh in his review for Bollywood Hungama gave the film 4 (out of 5), noting "Kurbaan is embellished with superlative performances. Saif is extra-ordinary in a role that only proves his versatility once again. He claimed the film as most powerful film to come out of the Hindi film industry in 2009, so far. The film has a captivating plot, gripping screenplay, super performances and a climax.[45] Rajeev Masand noted "It's a compelling thriller that doesn’t shy away from touching prickly issues, director Rensil D’silva makes a confident debut with a film that is respectable and engaging." He assigned a score of 3 on 5.[46] Shubhra Gupta of The Indian Express rated the film 3 out of 5, noted: "Written sharply by producer Karan Johar, and directed intelligently by first-timer Rensil D'Silva, the film enunciates, with admirable clarity, contemporary conundrums."[47] A review by Anil Sinanan for Time Out denoted, "However, this has to be applauded for exploring a topical and sensitive subject in the widest commercial context. Interesting, entertaining and solidly executed." The score assigned was 3 on 5.[48] Nikhat Kazmi of The Times of India rated the film 3.5 on 5, adding on 'Kudos to Karan Johar for shifting gears completely and entering into serious territory.'[49] Ram Tarat of Future Movies UK, pointed "A chilling yet appropriately tempered and charismatic antidote to your archetypal seasonal fare, Kurbaan is a gripping white knuckle ride that turns at all the right places for the ultimate thrill ride." He added on a score of 4 (out of 5)[50] Baradwaj Rangan, his review for the film pointed: "It is yet another story about yet another terrorist. The hardware is there, but where’s the heart? Kurbaan wears its hot button topicality proudly, like a gleaming medal that’s been well and truly earned. And the members of the cast do most of the earning, each one entrusted with disbursing a bit of the sugar-coated bitter medicine."[51]

Box officeEdit

The film was released in 1250 screens across India.[1] The first day box office collections were est. ₹40 million. Despite pre-release hype and controversy, it opened to average numbers.[52] Also, the first day occupancy was 40%, below the expected average of 70%.[53] The film's business in territories like Delhi, Lucknow, Bangalore and Hyderabad managed 50 to 60 per cent occupancy. However, the A (Restricted to Adult) certificate from the Censor Board limited the audiences. The film went on to earn est. ₹136 million in India in the first weekend of its release. The worldwide first weekend collection were around est. ₹242 million. However, the first week's collections improved meagre to est. ₹197 million in India whereas worldwide figure being est. ₹348 million. The all time worldwide gross was recorded as est. ₹429 million.

The film underperformed and hence, was declared as a flop by the Box Office India.[1] In a year end box office performance review by DNA, the film was rounded in the category big budget movies. Siddharth Roy Kapur (distribution rights) admitted that 2009 was a tough year for the Indian film industry.[54] Producer Mohan Kumar added: "Movies which did good business at the box office this year were fun films [...] even though Saif-Kareena starrer Kurbaan had a backdrop of terrorism, it did not do well."[54]

Satellite rightsEdit

Kurbaan first premiered on Colors, following which it subsequently began being broadcast on UTV Movies. A decade later, Star India acquired the rights, and retains them with several other films such as Wake Up Sid.


List of 2010 Nominations and Awards
Distributor Category Recipient Result Ref
Apsara Film & Television Producers Guild Award Best Actress in a Leading Role Kareena Kapoor Nominated [55]
Best Actress In A Supporting Role Kirron Kher Won
Best Re-recording/Mixing Ajay Kumar P.B. Nominated
Filmfare Awards Best Actress Kareena Kapoor Nominated [56]
Best Playback Singer - Male Salim Merchant, Sonu Nigam Nominated
Screen Award Best Actress (Popular Choice) Kareena Kapoor Won [57]
IIFA Awards Best Performance In A Supporting Role Female Kirron Kher Nominated [58]
Stardust Awards Star of the Year – Female Kareena Kapoor Won [59]
Hottest New Director Rensil D'Silva Nominated
Best Film Of The Year - Action / Thriller N/A Nominated
Best Actor In A Supporting Role Vivek Oberoi Nominated
Best Actress In A Supporting Role Kirron Kher Won


Film release and theatrical posterEdit

A petitioner, Mohammed Ali, filed a petition in Bombay High Court to stay the release of the movie after claiming two of the songs ("Shukraan Allah" and "Ali Maula") were objectionable.[60] However, the Court refused to grant interim relief in a petition seeking a stay on release on the ground that its songs hurt sentiments of the minority community.[61] In a related event, a local court rejected a private complaint seeking to delete an obscene shot (portrayed through the song "Rasiya") in the film showing Kapoor and Khan in a partially nude poses.[61] The Magistrate, who rejected the complaint, observed that no offence of alleged obscenity was made out against the film makers and actors.[61] In another event, where the first poster of the film represented Khan bare-chested and Kapoor backless, she stated: "There is love, passion and violence - all combined in the film and what better way than to show it through a single still? You too would agree that there is nothing sleazy or vulgar about it."[62] Women representing the Shiv Sena wrapped a saree around the film's poster during a defense. The party objected that the backless image shown in posters is against the Hindu culture of the state, and hence should have been immediately withdrawn.[63]


Dharma Productions tied up Australia-based Swish Films to film a few scenes in Philadelphia and then left owing money to hundreds of local actors and vendors. Both Dharma and Swish Films were sued, according to documents filed in Common Pleas Court. The lawsuit sought in excess of $150,000 to be paid to in unpaid services and expenses for 25 of the vendors.[64][65] The lawsuit requested restraining order that prevented the representatives of Dharma Productions from leaving the US with its assets and the shot footage. There were paid cheques that bounced, leaving more than $500,000 in unpaid bills.[65]

Dharma then offered certain workers half the amount they are owed, whereas for the rest, they paid the full amount owed, including to the City of Philadelphia and Teamsters Local 107.[65]


In a few released prints of the film, a scene where Oberoi, Khan, and University students interact in the film, the white students are speaking in English to a discussion on Islamic fundamentalism and America, a crux of the theme.[66] D'Silva was miffed with the UTV to dub those lines in Hindi. However, initially, UTV assured D'Silva that dubbing was only for a very small number of prints that would go in the Hindi belt where English was not understood. Instead, UTV dubbed the sequence in 500 prints of "Kurbaan". However, Siddharth Roy Kapur added that being an important scene of the core debate, in order to not alienate a non-English speaking audience, they dubbed the scene in certain areas.[66]


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