Jurassic Park, later also referred to as Jurassic World, is an American science fiction media franchise centered on a disastrous attempt to create a theme park of cloned dinosaurs. It began in 1990 when Universal Pictures and Amblin Entertainment bought the rights to the novel by Michael Crichton before it was published. The book was successful, as was Steven Spielberg's 1993 film adaptation. The film received a theatrical 3D re-release in 2013, and was selected in 2018 for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
First film logo, depicting the skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus.
|Created by||Michael Crichton|
|Original work||Jurassic Park (1990)|
|Owned by||Universal Pictures|
|Comics||List of comic books|
|Films and television|
|Video game(s)||List of video games|
|Toy(s)||Lego Jurassic World|
|Theme park attraction(s)|
A sequel novel, The Lost World, was published in 1995, followed by a film adaptation in 1997. Subsequent films in the series, including Jurassic Park III (2001), are not based on the novels. Numerous video games and comic books based on the franchise have been created since the release of the 1993 film, and several water rides have been opened at various Universal theme parks. As of 2000, the franchise had generated $5 billion in revenue, making it one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.
The fourth film, Jurassic World, was initially scheduled to be released in 2005, but was delayed numerous times and was ultimately released in June 2015. It became the first film to gross over $500 million worldwide in its opening weekend, and grossed over $1.6 billion through the course of its theatrical run, making it the third highest-grossing film at the time. It was also the second highest-grossing film of 2015. When adjusted for monetary inflation, Jurassic World is the second highest-grossing film in the franchise after Jurassic Park. Since the film's release, the franchise has continued to use the Jurassic World name.
A fifth film, Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, was released in June 2018. The film grossed over $1.3 billion worldwide, making it the third Jurassic film to pass the billion dollar mark. It is the third highest-grossing film of 2018 and the 13th highest-grossing film of all time. A sixth film, titled Jurassic World: Dominion, is scheduled to be released on June 10, 2022. Lego has produced several animated projects based on the Jurassic World films, including a miniseries released in 2019. DreamWorks Animation and Netflix also released an animated series, Jurassic World Camp Cretaceous, on September 18, 2020.
International Genetic Technologies, Inc. (InGen) is a fictional company based in Palo Alto, California, and it has one location in Europe as well.[nb 1] Nevertheless, most of InGen's research took place on the fictional islands of Isla Sorna and Isla Nublar, near Costa Rica.[nb 1][nb 2] While the first novel indicated InGen was just one of any number of small 1980s genetic engineering start-ups, the events of the novel and film revealed to a select group that InGen had discovered a method of cloning dinosaurs and other animals, using blood extracted from mosquitoes that were trapped in amber during various periods in time, dating back to the Mesozoic era.[nb 1] By the time that Jurassic World takes place, InGen has been bought out by the Masrani Global Corporation.
Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction describes InGen as comparable to other "sleazy organizations". Other sources reference the company's receiving a baby T. rex (in The Lost World: Jurassic Park) as an allusion to other exploitative entrepreneurs depicted in the 1933 film King Kong. Ken Gelder describes InGen as "resolutely secretive, just like the firm in Grisham's novel".
Isla Nublar is a fictional island that serves as a major setting in the first novel and its film adaptation, as well as the films Jurassic World and Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom. According to the novel, its name means "Cloud Island" in Spanish. The tropical island is located 120 miles west of Costa Rica and has an inactive volcano. In the first novel and film, Isla Nublar is the location of a dinosaur theme park proposed by InGen, but it fails to open after the animals escape. In the novel, the Costa Rican government declares the island unsafe and has it napalmed. However, in the film series, the island continues to exist until the Jurassic World trilogy.
In Jurassic World, the theme park idea has been carried out successfully by Masrani Global Corporation. However, by the end of the film, the island is overrun by dinosaurs once more. In Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, Isla Nublar is destroyed when its volcano becomes active again and erupts.
Isla Sorna, also called Site B, is another fictional island. It is 87 miles southwest of Isla Nublar, and 207 miles west of Costa Rica. It is the main setting for the second novel and its film adaptation, as well as the third film. Isla Sorna is where InGen conducted much of its dinosaur research. It is here that the dinosaurs were bred before being shipped off to Isla Nublar; a laboratory on the latter island was built only as a showroom for tourists. At the end of the second film, it is stated that Isla Sorna has been set up as a biological preserve for the animals. Isla Sorna is part of a five-island chain known as Las Cinco Muertes (The Five Deaths), although the other islands do not play a role in the novels or films.
The status of Isla Sorna is not mentioned in Jurassic World or Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom. However, a promotional website for the latter film states that the island ecosystem suffered a breakdown after illegally cloned animals were introduced there. The surviving dinosaurs were relocated to Isla Nublar for the opening of the Jurassic World theme park, leaving Sorna abandoned.
Jurassic Park (1990)Edit
In 1983, Michael Crichton originally conceived a screenplay about a pterosaur being cloned from fossil DNA. After wrestling with this idea for a while, he came up with the story of Jurassic Park. Crichton worked on the book for several years; he decided his first draft would have a theme park for the setting (similar to his 1973 film Westworld) and a young boy as the main character. Response was extremely negative, so Crichton rewrote the story to make it from an adult's point of view, which resulted in more positive feedback.
Steven Spielberg learned of the novel in October 1989 while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the TV series ER. Warner Bros. Pictures, Columbia Pictures, 20th Century Fox, and Universal Pictures bid for the rights to the novel before its publication. In May 1990, Universal acquired the rights, with the backing of Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment. Crichton put up a non-negotiable fee for $1.5 million as well as a substantial percentage of the gross. Universal further paid Crichton $500,000 to adapt his own novel (Malia Scotch Marmo, who was a writer on Spielberg's 1991 film Hook, wrote the next draft of Jurassic Park, but was not credited. David Koepp wrote the final draft, which left out much of the novel's exposition and violence, and made numerous changes to the characters). Universal desperately needed money to keep their company alive, and partially succeeded with Jurassic Park, as it became a critical and commercial success.
The Lost World (1995)Edit
After the film adaptation of Jurassic Park was released to home video, Crichton was pressured from many sources for a sequel novel. Crichton declined all offers until Spielberg himself told him that he would be keen to direct a movie adaptation of the sequel, if one were written. Crichton began work almost immediately and in 1995 published The Lost World. Crichton confirmed that his novel had elements taken from the novel of the same name by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The book was also an outstanding success, both with professional and amateur critics. The film adaptation, The Lost World: Jurassic Park, began production in September 1996.
Jurassic Park Adventures (2001–2002)Edit
Scott Ciencin wrote a trilogy of spin-off novels based upon Jurassic Park III. The series contained Jurassic Park Adventures: Survivor and Jurassic Park Adventures: Prey, both released in 2001, and Jurassic Park Adventures: Flyers, released the following year.
The Evolution of Claire (2018)Edit
The Evolution of Claire (Jurassic World) is a young adult novel written by Tess Sharpe. It is based upon the Jurassic World trilogy, and was released in 2018 in conjunction with the release of Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom. It is a spin-off set in 2004, prior to the opening of the Jurassic World theme park. The novel is about college freshman Claire Dearing during her summer internship at the park.
|Film||U.S. release date||Director(s)||Screenwriter(s)||Story by||Producer(s)|
|Jurassic Park||June 11, 1993||Steven Spielberg||Michael Crichton and David Koepp||Gerald R. Molen and Kathleen Kennedy|
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park||May 23, 1997||David Koepp||Gerald R. Molen and Colin Wilson|
|Jurassic Park III||July 18, 2001||Joe Johnston||Peter Buchman, Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor||Kathleen Kennedy and Larry J. Franco|
|Jurassic World||June 12, 2015||Colin Trevorrow||Colin Trevorrow, Derek Connolly, Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver||Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver||Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley|
|Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom||June 22, 2018||J. A. Bayona||Colin Trevorrow and Derek Connolly||Frank Marshall, Patrick Crowley and Belén Atienza|
|Jurassic World: Dominion||June 10, 2022||Colin Trevorrow||Colin Trevorrow and Emily Carmichael||Colin Trevorrow and Derek Connolly||Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley|
Jurassic Park (1993)Edit
John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) is the owner of Jurassic Park, a theme park located on Isla Nublar. When an incident with a velociraptor results in the death of an employee, Hammond brings in three specialists to sign off on the park to calm investors. The specialists, paleontologist Alan Grant (Sam Neill), paleobotanist Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern), and chaos theorist Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) are surprised to see the island park's main attraction are living, breathing dinosaurs, created with a mixture of fossilized DNA and genetic cross-breeding/cloning. When lead programmer Dennis Nedry (Wayne Knight) shuts down the park's power to sneak out with samples of the dinosaur embryos to sell to a corporate rival, the dinosaurs break free, and the survivors are forced to find a way to turn the power back on and make it out alive. The film also stars Bob Peck, Martin Ferrero, BD Wong, Ariana Richards, Joseph Mazzello, and Samuel L. Jackson.
Spielberg cited Godzilla as an inspiration for Jurassic Park, specifically Godzilla, King of the Monsters! (1956), which he grew up watching. During production, Spielberg described Godzilla as "the most masterful of all the dinosaur movies because it made you believe it was really happening."
Jurassic Park is regarded as a landmark in the use of computer-generated imagery and received positive reviews from critics, who praised the effects, though reactions to other elements of the picture, such as character development, were mixed. During its release, the film grossed more than $914 million worldwide, becoming the most successful film released up to that time (surpassing E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and surpassed 4 years later by Titanic), and it is currently the 17th highest grossing feature film (taking inflation into account, it is the 20th-highest-grossing film in North America). It is the most financially successful film for NBCUniversal and Steven Spielberg.
Jurassic Park had two re-releases: The first on September 23, 2011, in the United Kingdom and the second in which it was converted into 3D on April 5, 2013, for its 20th anniversary, which resulted in the film passing the $1 billion mark at the worldwide box office.
The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997)Edit
Before The Lost World was published, a film adaptation was already in pre-production, with its release occurring in May 1997. The film was a commercial success, breaking many box-office records when released. The film had mixed reviews, similar to its predecessor in terms of characterization. Much like the first film, The Lost World: Jurassic Park made a number of changes to the plot and characters from the book, replacing the corporate rivals with an internal power struggle and changing the roles or characterizations of several protagonists.
When a vacationing family stumbles upon the dinosaurs of Isla Sorna, a secondary island where the animals were bred en masse and allowed to grow before being transported to the park, Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) is called in by John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) to lead a team to document the island to turn it into a preserve, where the animals can roam free without interference from the outside world. Malcolm agrees to go when he discovers his girlfriend, paleontologist Sarah Harding (Julianne Moore) is already on the island, while at the same time Hammond's nephew, Peter Ludlow (Arliss Howard), has taken over his uncle's company and leads a team of hunters to capture the creatures and bring them back to a theme park in San Diego. The two groups clash and are ultimately forced to work together to evade the predatory creatures and survive the second island. The film also stars Pete Postlethwaite, Richard Schiff, Vince Vaughn, Vanessa Lee Chester, Peter Stormare, and a young Camilla Belle.
Jurassic Park III (2001)Edit
Joe Johnston had been interested in directing the sequel to Jurassic Park and approached his friend Steven Spielberg about the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct. Spielberg, nevertheless, stayed involved in this film by becoming its executive producer. Production began on August 30, 2000, with filming in California, and the Hawaiian islands of Kauai, Oahu, and Molokai. It is the first Jurassic Park film not to be based on a novel. The film was a financial success but received mixed reviews from critics.
When their son goes missing while parasailing at Isla Sorna, the Kirbys (William H. Macy and Téa Leoni) hire Alan Grant (Sam Neill) under false pretenses to help them navigate the island. Believing it to be nothing more than sight-seeing, and that he will act as a dinosaur guide from the safety of their plane, he is startled to find them landing on the ground, where they are stalked by a Spinosaurus, which destroys their plane. As they search for the Kirbys' son, the situation grows dire as Velociraptors hunt their group and they must find a way off the island. The film also stars Alessandro Nivola, Michael Jeter, Trevor Morgan, Mark Harelik, and Laura Dern.
Jurassic World (2015)Edit
Steven Spielberg devised a story idea for a fourth film in 2001, during production of Jurassic Park III. In 2002, William Monahan was hired to write the script, with the film's release scheduled for 2005. Early aspects of the plot included dinosaurs escaping to the mainland, and an army of genetically modified dinosaur-human mercenaries. Monahan finished the first draft of the script in 2003. Sam Neill and Richard Attenborough were set to reprise their characters, while Keira Knightley was in talks for two separate roles. In 2004, John Sayles wrote two drafts of the script. Sayles' first draft involved a team of Deinonychus being trained for use in rescue missions.
Both drafts were scrapped, and a new script was being worked on in 2006. Laura Dern was contacted to reprise her role, with the film expected for release in 2008. The film was further delayed by the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike. Mark Protosevich wrote two film treatments in 2011, which were rejected. Rise of the Planet of the Apes screenwriters Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver were hired in 2012 to write an early draft of the script. In 2013, Colin Trevorrow was announced as a director and co-writer, with the film scheduled for release on June 12, 2015. The film was shot in Univisium 2.00:1, and received generally positive reviews.
The film features a new park, Jurassic World, built on the remains of the original park on Isla Nublar. The film sees the park run by Simon Masrani (Irrfan Khan) and Masrani Corp, and features the return of Dr. Henry Wu (BD Wong) from the first film. Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard, and Jake Johnson star, while Vincent D'Onofrio portrayed the main antagonist, Vic Hoskins. The cast also includes Lauren Lapkus, Ty Simpkins, Nick Robinson, Omar Sy, and Judy Greer. The primary dinosaur antagonist is Indominus rex, a genetically-modified hybrid of Tyrannosaurus rex and several other species, including Velociraptor, cuttlefish, tree frog, and pit viper.
Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018)Edit
A sequel to Jurassic World was released on June 22, 2018. The film was directed by J. A. Bayona and written by Trevorrow and Connolly, with Trevorrow and Spielberg as executive producers. The film stars Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard, Rafe Spall, Justice Smith, Daniella Pineda, James Cromwell, Toby Jones, Ted Levine, BD Wong, Isabella Sermon, and Geraldine Chaplin, with Jeff Goldblum reprising his role as Dr. Ian Malcolm.
During early conversations on Jurassic World, Spielberg told Trevorrow that he was interested in having several more films made. In April 2014, Trevorrow announced that sequels to Jurassic World had been discussed: "We wanted to create something that would be a little bit less arbitrary and episodic, and something that could potentially arc into a series that would feel like a complete story." Trevorrow, who said he would direct the film if asked, later told Spielberg that he would only focus on directing one film in the series. Trevorrow believed that different directors could bring different qualities to future films. Bayona was once considered to direct Jurassic World, but he declined as he felt there was not enough time for production. Filming took place from February to July 2017, in the United Kingdom and Hawaii.
Former Jurassic World manager Claire Dearing and Velociraptor handler Owen Grady join a mission to rescue Isla Nublar's dinosaurs from a volcanic eruption by relocating them to a new island sanctuary. They discover that the mission is part of a scheme to sell the captured dinosaurs on the black market in order to fund his party's genetic research. The captured dinosaurs are brought to an estate in northern California, where several of the creatures are auctioned and subsequently shipped to their new owners. A new hybrid dinosaur, the Indoraptor (one of the primary antagonists of the film), escapes and terrorizes people at the estate, forcing Owen and Claire to survive the chaos and rampage in the estate. There's also a subplot about human cloning. Fallen Kingdom, similar to the second installment, The Lost World, re-explores the themes about the aftermath of dinosaur park's demise on Isla Nublar and dinosaurs being used for exploitation by humans, like exploiting them for militaristic applications and other uses.
Jurassic World: Dominion (2022)Edit
Jurassic World: Dominion is scheduled for release on June 10, 2022. It was directed by Trevorrow, with a screenplay written by him and Emily Carmichael, based on a story by Trevorrow and Connolly. Trevorrow and Spielberg serve as executive producers for the film, with Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley as producers. The film stars Chris Pratt and Bryce Dallas Howard, returning from the previous Jurassic World films. Sam Neill, Laura Dern and Jeff Goldblum also reprise their characters for major roles, marking the trio's first film appearance together since the original Jurassic Park film. In addition, Justice Smith, Daniella Pineda, Jake Johnson and Omar Sy reprise their roles from the previous two films. Other actors include Mamoudou Athie, DeWanda Wise, Dichen Lachman, and Scott Haze. Campbell Scott will be portraying the character Lewis Dodgson from the first film, originally played by Cameron Thor.
Planning for the film dates to 2014. Trevorrow and Carmichael were writing the script as of April 2018. Trevorrow said the film would focus on the dinosaurs that went open source after being sold and spread around the world in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, allowing people other than Dr. Henry Wu to create their own dinosaurs. Trevorrow stated that the film would be set around the world, and said that the idea of Henry Wu being the only person who knows how to create a dinosaur was far-fetched "after 30 years of this technology existing" within the films' universe. Additionally, the film would focus on the dinosaurs that were freed at the end of Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, but it would not depict dinosaurs terrorizing cities and going to war against humans; Trevorrow considered such ideas unrealistic. Instead, Trevorrow was interested in a world where "dinosaur interaction is unlikely but possible—the same way we watch out for bears or sharks." Certain scenes and ideas regarding the integration of dinosaurs into the world were ultimately removed from the Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom script to be saved for the third film.
Filming locations included Canada, England's Pinewood Studios, and the country of Malta. Jurassic World: Dominion began filming in February 2020, but was put on hiatus several weeks later as a safety precaution due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Production resumed in July 2020, with numerous health precautions in place, including COVID-19 testing and social distancing. Filming wrapped four months later.
Marshall said in May 2020 that Jurassic World: Dominion will not be the final film in the franchise and that it would instead mark "the start of a new era", in which humans have to adjust to dinosaurs being on the mainland.
|Film||U.S. release date||Director(s)||Screenwriter(s)||Producer(s)|
|Battle at Big Rock||September 15, 2019||Colin Trevorrow||Emily Carmichael & Colin Trevorrow||Patrick Crowley & Frank Marshall|
Battle at Big Rock (2019)Edit
Battle at Big Rock is the first live-action short film in the franchise. The eight-minute film was directed by Colin Trevorrow, and was co-written by him and Emily Carmichael. The film stars André Holland, Natalie Martinez, Melody Hurd, and Pierson Salvador.
The film is set one year after the events of Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom. In the film, a family goes on a camping trip at the fictional Big Rock National Park in northern California, approximately 20 miles from where dinosaurs from Fallen Kingdom were let loose. The film chronicles the first major confrontation between humans and the dinosaurs.
|First released||Last released||Network|
|Jurassic World Camp Cretaceous||1||8||September 18, 2020||Netflix||Zack Stentz||Released|
|2||8||January 22, 2021|
|Untitled live-action series||1||TBA||TBA||TBA||TBA||Justin Falvey & Darryl Frank||In development|
Jurassic World Camp Cretaceous (2020–present)Edit
Jurassic World Camp Cretaceous is a CGI-animated series that debuted on Netflix in 2020. It is a joint project between Netflix, Universal Studios, Amblin Entertainment and DreamWorks Animation. Scott Kreamer and Lane Lueras were announced as the showrunners, and would executive produce the series along with Spielberg, Marshall, and Trevorrow, while Zack Stentz would serve as a consulting producer. The series is set during the events of the first Jurassic World film, and is about a group of six teenagers attending an adventure camp on Isla Nublar. When the park's dinosaurs escape, the teenagers are stranded and must work together to escape the island. The series consists of sixteen episodes and premiered globally on Netflix on September 18, 2020. The voice cast includes Paul-Mikél Williams, Jenna Ortega, Ryan Potter, Raini Rodriguez, Sean Giambrone, Kausar Mohammed, Jameela Jamil, and Glen Powell. Mattel will produce toys based on the series.
Untitled live-action seriesEdit
A live-action television series based on Jurassic Park franchise is in development. The series, which takes place in the same continuity as the films, will be developed by Amblin Television, with Colin Trevorrow and Steven Spielberg serving as producers. Co-presidents of Amblin Television, Darryl Frank and Justin Falvey, will also serve as producers. Production is scheduled to take place in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Cast and crewEdit
- A dark gray cell indicates the character was not featured in the film.
- A P indicates an appearance through a photographic still.
- An L indicates an appearance through the use of an actor or actress's facial likeness.
- A V indicates a performance through voice-over work.
- A C indicates a cameo appearance.
|Jurassic Park||The Lost World:
|Jurassic Park III||Jurassic World||Jurassic World:
|Lego Jurassic World: Legend of Isla Nublar||Jurassic World|
|Season 1||Season 2|
|Dr. Alan Grant||Sam Neill||Sam Neill||Sam Neill||Adrian HoughV|
|Dr. Ellie Sattler||Laura Dern||Laura Dern||Laura Dern|
|Dr. Ian Malcolm||Jeff Goldblum||Jeff GoldblumP||Jeff GoldblumC||Jeff Goldblum||Bradley DuffyV|
|John Hammond||Richard Attenborough||Richard AttenboroughL||Richard AttenboroughP|
|Lex Murphy||Ariana Richards||Ariana RichardsC|
|Tim Murphy||Joseph Mazzello||Joseph MazzelloC|
|Dr. Henry Wu||BD Wong||BD Wong||Vincent TongV||Greg ChunV||Appeared|
|Dennis Nedry||Wayne Knight||William KuklisV|
|Lewis Dodgson||Cameron Thor||Campbell Scott|
|Mr. DNA||Greg BursonV||Colin TrevorrowV||Vincent TongV||Jeff BergmanV|
|Owen Grady||Chris Pratt||Ian HanlinV|
|Claire Dearing||Bryce Dallas Howard||Britt McKillipV|
|Simon Masrani||Irrfan Khan||DhirendraV|
|Vic Hoskins||Vincent D'Onofrio||Alex ZaharaV|
|Lowery Cruthers||Jake Johnson||Jake Johnson|
|Barry Sembène||Omar Sy||Omar Sy|
|Franklin Webb||Justice Smith|
|Dr. Zia Rodriguez||Daniella Pineda|
|Maisie Lockwood||Isabella Sermon|
|Robert Muldoon||Bob Peck|
|Donald Gennaro||Martin Ferrero|
|Ray Arnold||Samuel L. Jackson|
|Dr. Harding||Jerry Molen|
|Dr. Sarah Harding||Julianne Moore|
|Kelly Curtis||Vanessa Lee Chester|
|Nick Van Owen||Vince Vaughn|
|Eddie Carr||Richard Schiff|
|Roland Tembo||Pete Postlethwaite|
|Peter Ludlow||Arliss Howard|
|Ajay Sidhu||Harvey Jason|
|Dr. Robert Burke||Thomas F. Duffy|
|Dieter Stark||Peter Stormare|
|Carter||Thomas Rosales Jr.|
|Paul Kirby||William H. Macy|
|Amanda Kirby||Téa Leoni|
|Billy Brennan||Alessandro Nivola|
|Eric Kirby||Trevor Morgan|
|Nash||Bruce A. Young|
|Ben Hildebrand||Mark Harelik|
|Gray Mitchell||Ty Simpkins|
|Zach Mitchell||Nick Robinson|
|Karen Mitchell||Judy Greer|
|Scott Mitchell||Andy Buckley|
|Vivian Krill||Lauren Lapkus|
|Sir Benjamin Lockwood||James Cromwell|
|Eli Mills||Rafe Spall|
|Ken Wheatley||Ted Levine|
|Mr. Eversoll||Toby Jones|
|Allison Miles||Bethany BrownV|
|Danny Nedermeyer||Adrian PetriwV|
|Sinjin Prescott||Andrew KavadasV|
|Larson Mitchell||Kirby MorrowV|
|Hudson Harper||Nicholas HolmesV|
|Darius Bowman||Paul-Mikél WilliamsV|
|Kenji Kon||Ryan PotterV|
|Sammy Gutierrez||Raini RodriguezV|
|Ben Pincus||Sean GiambroneV|
|Yazmine "Yaz" Fadoula||Kausar MohammedV|
|Role||Jurassic Park||The Lost World:
|Jurassic Park III||Jurassic World||Jurassic World:
|Composer||John Williams||Don Davis||Michael Giacchino|
|Editor||Michael Kahn||Robert Dalva||Kevin Stitt||Bernat Vilaplana||Mark Sanger|
|Cinematographer||Dean Cundey||Janusz Kamiński||Shelly Johnson||John Schwartzman||Óscar Faura||John Schwartzman|
|Production designer||Rick Carter||Edward Verreaux||Andy Nicholson||Kevin Jenkins|
|Production companies||Amblin Entertainment||Amblin Entertainment
Box office performanceEdit
|Budget||Box office gross||Box office ranking||Reference|
|North America||Other territories||Worldwide||All-time
|Jurassic Park||June 11, 1993||$63 million||$404,214,720||$629,705,293||$1,033,920,013||#37||#40|||
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park||May 23, 1997||$73 million||$229,086,679||$389,552,320||$618,638,999||#155||#156|||
|Jurassic Park III||July 18, 2001||$93 million||$181,171,875||$187,608,934||$368,780,809||#256||#353|||
|Jurassic World||June 12, 2015||$150 million||$652,270,625||$1,018,130,819||$1,670,401,444||#7||#6|||
|Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom||June 22, 2018||$170 million||$417,719,760||$892,744,920||$1,310,464,680||#29||#15|||
Critical and public responseEdit
|Jurassic Park||91% (128 reviews)||68 (20 critics)||A|
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park||53% (78 reviews)||59 (18 critics)||B+|
|Jurassic Park III||49% (185 reviews)||42 (30 critics)||B−|
|Jurassic World||71% (350 reviews)||59 (49 critics)||A|
|Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom||47% (422 reviews)||51 (59 critics)||A−|
|Jurassic Park||The Lost World: |
|Academy Award||Sound Editing||Won|
|Academy Award||Sound Mixing||Won|
|Academy Award||Visual Effects||Won||Nominated|
|Grammy Award||Best Score Soundtrack||Nominated||Nominated|
|Title||U.S. release date||Length||Composer(s)||Label|
|Jurassic Park: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack||May 25, 1993||1:13:13||John Williams||MCA|
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park (Original Motion Picture Score)||April 30, 1997||1:13:15||MCA, La-La Land|
|Jurassic Park III: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack||June 12, 2001||54:31||Don Davis||Decca|
|Jurassic World: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack||June 9, 2015||1:17:05||Michael Giacchino||Back Lot Music|
|Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)||June 15, 2018||1:19:54|
From June 1993 to August 1997 the now-defunct Topps Comics published comic adaptations of Jurassic Park and The Lost World: Jurassic Park, as well as several tie-in series.
- Jurassic Park #0–4 (June–September 1993). Adaptation of the film, adapted by Walter Simonson and pencilled by Gil Kane. Each issue had two covers – a main cover by Gil Kane, with the variant by Dave Cockrum. Issue #0 features two prequel stories to the film, and was only available with the trade paperback of the film adaptation.
- Jurassic Park: Raptor #1–2 (November–December 1993). Written by Steve Englehart and pencilled by Armando Gil and Dell Barras.
- Jurassic Park: Raptors Attack #1–4 (March–June 1994). Written by Steve Englehart, pencilled by Armando Gil (#1) and Chaz Truog, with covers by Michael Golden.
- Jurassic Park: Raptors Hijack #1–4 (July–October 1994). Written by Steve Englehart, pencilled by Neil Vokes, with covers by Michael Golden.
- Jurassic Park: Annual #1 (May 1995). Featuring two stories, one being a sequel and one being a prequel. Written by Bob Almond, Michael Golden and Renée Witterstaetter, pencilled by Claude St. Aubin and Ed Murr, with a cover by Michael Golden.
- Return to Jurassic Park #1–9 (April 1995 – February 1996). Ongoing series. The first four issues were written by Steve Englehart and pencilled by Joe Staton. The next four issues were written by Tom Bierbaum and Mary Bierbaum, being drawn by Armando Gil. The first 8 issues had covers by Michael Golden. The ninth and final issue was a jam book[clarification needed] written by Keith Giffen and Dwight Jon Zimmerman, featuring artwork by such acclaimed artists as Jason Pearson, Adam Hughes, Paul Gulacy, John Byrne, Kevin Maguire, Mike Zeck, George Pérez and Paul Chadwick, with a cover by John Bolton.
- The Lost World: Jurassic Park #1–4 (May–August 1997). Adaptation of the second film. Adapted by Don McGregor and pencilled by Jeff Butler (#1–2) and Claude St. Aubin (#3–4). Each issue of the series featured two covers – one by Walter Simonson and a photo cover.
Beginning in June 2010, IDW Publishing began publishing Jurassic Park comics. They also acquired the rights to reprint the issues published by Topps in the 1990s, which they began to do in trade paperback format starting in November 2010. After a four-year hiatus, IDW announced a comic series based on Jurassic World that was to be released in 2017.
- Jurassic Park: Redemption #1–5 (June 2010 – October 2010). Five-issue series written by Bob Schreck with art by Nate van Dyke. Each issue has a main cover penciled by Tom Yeates, with variant covers by Frank Miller, Arthur Adams, Paul Pope, Bernie Wrightson, and Bill Stout, respectively.
- Jurassic Park: The Devils in the Desert #1–4 (January 2011 – April 2011). Four-issue series written and illustrated by John Byrne.
- Jurassic Park: Dangerous Games #1–5 (September 2011 – January 2012). Five-issue series written by Greg Bear and Erik Bear, with art by Jorge Jiménez and a variant cover by Geof Darrow.
This series has been collected in the following trade paperbacks:
|Title||Material collected||No. of Pages||ISBN|
|Jurassic Park||Jurassic Park #1–4||128 pages||1-85286-502-4|
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park||The Lost World: Jurassic Park #1–4||96 pages||1-85286-885-6|
|Jurassic Park Vol. 1: Redemption||Jurassic Park Redemption #1–5||120 pages||1-60010-850-4|
|Jurassic Park: The Devils in the Desert||Jurassic Park: The Devils in the Desert #1–4||104 pages||1-60010-923-3|
|Jurassic Park: Dangerous Games||Jurassic Park: Dangerous Games #1–5||112 pages||1-61377-002-2|
|Classic Jurassic Park Volume 1||Jurassic Park #1–4||104 pages||1-60010-760-5|
|Classic Jurassic Park Volume 2: Raptors' Revenge||Juassic Park #0, Jurassic Park: Raptor #1–2, Jurassic Park: Raptors Attack #1–4||192 pages||1-60010-885-7|
|Classic Jurassic Park Volume 3: Amazon Adventure!||Jurassic Park: Raptors Hijack #1–4, Jurassic Park: Annual #1||124 pages||1-61377-042-1|
|Classic Jurassic Park Volume 4: Return to Jurassic Park, Part 1||Return to Jurassic Park #1–4||128 pages||1-61377-117-7|
|Classic Jurassic Park Volume 5: Return to Jurassic Park, Part 2||Return to Jurassic Park #5–9||108 pages||978-1613775332|
|Classic Jurassic Park Volume 6: The Lost World||The Lost World: Jurassic Park #1–4||104 pages||978-1613779156|
Escape from Jurassic ParkEdit
In June 1993, after the theatrical release of Jurassic Park, spokesmen for Amblin and MCA confirmed that an animated series based on the film was in development and awaiting Spielberg's final approval. The series, titled Escape from Jurassic Park, would have consisted of 23 episodes for its first season. The series would have centered on John Hammond's attempts to finish Jurassic Park and open it to the public, while InGen's corporate rival Biosyn is simultaneously planning to open their own dinosaur theme park in Brazil, which ultimately ends with their dinosaurs escaping into the jungles.
If produced, it was believed that the project would be the most expensive animated series up to that time. Jeff Segal, president of Universal Cartoon Studios, said, "We are developing a TV series that we anticipate would be computer animated and very sophisticated. However, Spielberg has not had a chance yet to look at either the material or the format for the series." Segal said Universal was considering the possibility of developing the series for prime time. Segal said about the series' storyline, "It would essentially pick up from the closing moments of the movie and it would continue the story in a very dramatic way. The intention would be to continue with the primary characters and also introduce new characters." Segal also said the series would be aimed specifically at the same target audience as the film, while hoping that it would also appeal to young children.
Animation veteran and comic artist Will Meugniot (then working at Universal Cartoon Studios for various projects, including Exosquad) contacted artist William Stout to ask if he would be interested in designing the animated series. According to Stout, "This was not going to be a kiddy show (although kids of all ages, including myself, could enjoy it). They wanted the show to be a mature prime time series with top writers and state-of-the-art television animation augmented with quite a bit of CG animation." Universal Animation Studios wanted the show to have the look of a graphic novel.
Stout was hired to work on the series and subsequently made a trailer to demonstrate how the series would look, and how it would combine traditional animation with computer animation. The series required Spielberg's final approval before it could go into production. However, Spielberg had grown tired of the massive promotion and merchandise revolving around the film, and never watched the trailer. On July 13, 1993, Margaret Loesch, president of the Fox Children's Network, confirmed that discussions had been held with Spielberg about an animated version of the film. Loesch also said, "At least for now and in the foreseeable future, there will not be an animated Jurassic Park. That's Steven Spielberg's decision, and we respect that decision."
Jurassic Park: Chaos EffectEdit
Part three of the four-part comic adaptation of The Lost World: Jurassic Park, published by Topps Comics in July 1997, confirmed to readers that a cartoon series based on the film was in development. In November 1997, it was reported that the cartoon would be accompanied by Jurassic Park: Chaos Effect, a series of dinosaur toys produced by Kenner and based on a premise that scientists had created dinosaur hybrids consisting of DNA from different creatures. The new toys were based on the upcoming cartoon. That month, it was also reported that the cartoon could be ready by March 1998, as a mid-season replacement. The Chaos Effect toyline was released in June 1998, but the animated series was never produced, for unknown reasons.
Lego animated projectsEdit
Lego produced various animated projects, including the television special Lego Jurassic World: The Secret Exhibit (2018), and the miniseries Lego Jurassic World: Legend of Isla Nublar. A three-minute fan video based on the first Jurassic Park film was also created by a father and his daughter in 2015.
When the first film was released in 1993, two different video game publishers were given the rights to publish games based on it, Sega and Ocean Software. Both produced several different games based on the film for various game systems, including the NES and Sega Genesis. In 1994, Ocean Software produced a game sequel titled Jurassic Park 2: The Chaos Continues, while Sega released Jurassic Park: Rampage Edition. In addition, Universal Interactive Studios produced Jurassic Park Interactive for the 3DO system.
In 1997, several games were released for the second film in the franchise, including some by DreamWorks Interactive. A subsequent game, Trespasser, was released as a "digital sequel" to The Lost World: Jurassic Park. The player assumes the role of Anne who is the sole survivor of a plane crash on InGen's "Site B" one year after the events of the film. It was released for Microsoft Windows in 1998. The third film spawned six video games for PC and Game Boy Advance. A number of lightgun arcade games were also released for all three films.
Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis was released in 2003. The objective is to fulfill Hammond's dream of building a five-star theme park with dinosaurs.
Jurassic Park: The Game is an episodic video game that takes place during and after the events of the original film. It follows a new group of survivors trying to escape Isla Nublar. It was developed by Telltale Games in a deal with Universal, and was released in 2011.
Jurassic World Evolution is a business simulation game developed and published by Frontier Developments, and released in 2018. The game tasks players with constructing and managing their own Jurassic World theme park. The game features the series' fictional Muertes Archipelago, including Isla Nublar and Isla Sorna.
Theme park ridesEdit
Several water rides based on the series have opened at Universal's theme parks. On June 21, 1996, Universal Studios Hollywood opened Jurassic Park: The Ride. Universal Studios Japan later opened this attraction, and Universal's Islands of Adventure opened Jurassic Park River Adventure. The rides are heavily themed on the first three films. Another ride based on the series has also been opened at Universal Studios Singapore (Jurassic Park Rapids Adventure). In 2018, Jurassic Park: The Ride at Universal Studios Hollywood closed for preparations to become the world's first rollercoaster ride to include real-life dinosaurs grown in a lab from recently discovered dinosaurs eggs preserved in amber. Jurassic World: The Ride, which opened to the public on July 12, 2019. A roller coaster, known as VelociCoaster, is scheduled to open at Universal's Islands of Adventure in 2021.
Exhibitions and live showEdit
In June 1993, the American Museum of Natural History in New York debuted The Dinosaurs of Jurassic Park, an exhibition featuring dinosaurs that were created for use in the first film. The exhibition opening coincided with the film. Other museums were threatened with legal action for using the word "Jurassic" in exhibit titles.
A travelling exhibition, The Lost World: The Life and Death of Dinosaurs, went on tour in 1997. The exhibit was produced in connection with the second film, and its centerpiece was a 70-foot-long recreation of a Mamenchisaurus, a dinosaur featured in the film.
Another travelling exhibit, The Dinosaurs of Jurassic Park and The Lost World,[nb 3] went on tour in 1998. It was created by Don Lessem, and featured dinosaurs that were made for the first two films, as well as sets and props, and a video narrated by Jeff Goldblum. It also featured the 70-foot Mamenchisaurus. The exhibit was ongoing as of 2001.
Jurassic Park: The Life and Death of Dinosaurs was an exhibition that traveled around the United States during 2002. It was also created by Lessem and included dinosaur sculptures from the films, as well as cast skeletons and fossils.
In 2001, Universal Studios and Amblin Entertainment created the Jurassic Park Institute, an educational program that included a website, as well as travelling dinosaur exhibits in later years. The exhibit toured in Japan under the name Jurassic Park Institute Tour, and a video game, Jurassic Park Institute Tour: Dinosaur Rescue, was released to accompany it. The tour, designed by Thinkwell Design & Production, won a Thea award in 2005 for Outstanding Achievement.
Jurassic World: The Exhibition was located at the Melbourne Museum in Australia for six months during 2016. The travelling exhibition was also held at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, and at the Field Museum in Chicago.
A live show, titled Jurassic World Live, started touring in 2019.
- "10 Best Screams in the Jurassic World Franchise". JurassicWorld.com. October 18, 2018. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- "Why Frontier is returning to the iconic Jurassic Park". VentureBeat. December 13, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
There are a lot of fans that just know it as Jurassic World. That's their entry to the franchise.
- McNary, Dave (September 24, 2019). "'Jurassic World 3' Bringing Back Laura Dern, Jeff Goldblum and Sam Neill". Variety. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
The trio, who all appeared in the original "Jurassic Park" in 1993, will reprise their roles in the third chapter in Universal Pictures and Amblin Entertainment's "Jurassic World" franchise.
- "Jurassic Park Re-release". The Hollywood Reporter. Universal. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
- Ginnekin, Van (August 29, 2007). Screening Difference: How Hollywood's Blockbuster Films Imagine Race. p. 11. ISBN 9781461643296. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- Acuna, Kirsten (June 14, 2015). "'Jurassic World' is the first movie ever to crack $500 million in its opening weekend". Business Insider. Archived from the original on February 2, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- Kirk H. Beetz, Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction: biography & resources (Beacham Pub., 1996), 2238 Archived February 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nigel Morris, The Cinema of Steven Spielberg: Empire of Light (Wallflower Press, 2007), 249. Archived February 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
- Ken Gelder, Popular Fiction: The Logics and Practices of a Literary Field (Routledge, 2004), 113 Archived February 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Travis, Ben; De Semlyen, Nick (July 3, 2018). "18 Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom Secrets from JA Bayona and Colin Trevorrow". Empire. Archived from the original on November 22, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- Dockery, Daniel (June 25, 2018). "The answer to everyone's biggest Jurassic Park question". Syfy Wire. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
- "Jurassic Park". MichaelCrichton.com. Archived from the original on November 21, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2009.
- Michael Crichton (2001). Michael Crichton on the Jurassic Park Phenomenon (DVD). Universal.
- Jurassic Park DVD Production Notes
- Appelo, Tim (December 7, 1990). "Leaping Lizards". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved February 17, 2007.
- Jurassic Park – Movie Reviews, Trailers, Pictures – Rotten Tomatoes Archived June 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved on September 4, 2012.
- "Jurassic Park (1993)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- The Lost World: Jurassic Park DVD Special Features – Production Notes
- The Lost World Archived September 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. MichaelCrichton.com. Retrieved on September 4, 2012.
- "The Lost World Jurassic Park (1997)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on October 22, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2007.
- "The Evolution of Claire (Jurassic World)". PenguinRandomhouse.com. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
- Squires, John (April 9, 2018). "Check Out Cover and Synopsis for 'Jurassic World' Prequel Novel 'The Evolution of Claire'". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
- Ryfle, Steve (1998). Japan's Favorite Mon-star: The Unauthorized Biography of "The Big G". ECW Press. pp. 15–7. ISBN 9781550223484.
- "'Jurassic Park' to be re-released in 3D". NME. March 17, 2012. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
- Rich, Katey (March 16, 2012). "Jurassic Park 3D Coming To Theaters In July 2013". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on January 20, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
- Armitage, Hugh (March 16, 2012). "'Jurassic Park 3D' coming in 2013". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on September 14, 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
- The Making of Jurassic Park III (DVD). Universal Pictures. 2005.
- Ryan, Tim (August 25, 2000). "Cameras roll soon for Jurassic Park III". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Archived from the original on October 18, 2000.
- "Jurassic Park III production notes: Dinos Everywhere". CinemaReview.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
- "Jurassic Park III (2001)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on October 3, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- "Jurassic Park IV Update". TheZReview.co.uk. June 12, 2002. Archived from the original on November 2, 2002.
- Linder, Brian (November 7, 2002). "Jurassic Park IV Goes Ahead". IGN. Archived from the original on December 8, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- McNary, Dave; Diorio, Carl (December 22, 2002). "Early-bird specials". Variety. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "More on JPIV". IGN.com. January 30, 2003. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Jurassic Park 4 plot details?". MovieWeb.com. January 31, 2003. Archived from the original on November 25, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Davidson, Paul (July 11, 2003). "Sam Neill Confirms Jurassic Park IV". IGN.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Goldberg, Matt (October 12, 2012). "Check out the Humanosaurus Concept Art for Scrapped Jurassic Park 4 Script". Collider. Archived from the original on November 30, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Humanosaurus, a cross between human being and dinosaur". Stan Winston School of Character Arts. June 24, 2015. Archived from the original on August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
Image: conceptual artwork by creature designer Carlos Huante for JURASSIC PARK 4, drawn early in project's development.
- Huante, Carlos (November 4, 2020). "Jp4 and Jurassic fight club". YouTube. 35:00. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- "An Interview with Shelly Johnson, ASC". Jurassic Outpost. June 27, 2020. 1:23:00. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- "Jurassic IV Draft Done". Sci Fi Wire. July 13, 2003. Archived from the original on July 27, 2003.
- "Jurass Park Quattro – Guess who will be back!". AintItCool.com. September 19, 2003. Archived from the original on April 1, 2004.
- "Knightley Confirms JP4 Talks?". CountingDown.com. July 14, 2003. Archived from the original on July 3, 2004.
There were actually two roles in Jurassic Park IV Steven thought I might fit. First there was the granddaughter part, which wasn't all that big a role, she was only in it at the beginning. The other part he was considering for me was substantially larger, but I won't go into any details in case I make Steven angry (laughs).
- Otto, Jeff. "Exclusive Interview with John Sayles". Reelz.com. Archived from the original on December 14, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Franklin, Garth (May 12, 2004). "News Bites: Wednesday, May 12th 2004". DarkHorizons.com. Archived from the original on September 24, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Moriarty (August 17, 2004). "AICN Exclusive!! Moriarty's Been to 'Jurassic Park 4' and Returns to Tell the Tale!!". AintItCool.com. Archived from the original on February 6, 2005.
- Sayles, John (2004). "Jurassic Park IV" (PDF). Jurassic Outpost. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 5, 2016.
- Bruder, Jessica (May 30, 2005). "Sayles' people". The New York Observer. Archived from the original on September 23, 2014.
- "Jack Horner on the state of Jurassic Park 4!!!". AintItCool.com. January 28, 2006. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Frank Marshall On Eight Below, Indy IV and Jurassic Park". Empire. April 2006. Archived from the original on July 8, 2006.
- Holleran, Scott (June 24, 2006). "Interview: Producer and Director Frank Marshall". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 13, 2006.
- "'Jurassic Park IV' News". Collider.com. April 5, 2007. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014.
- Paul Davidson (February 21, 2006). "Jurassic Park IV Script Ready". IGN. Archived from the original on December 7, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Douglas, Edward (December 6, 2007). "Frank Marshall on Indy 4... and Bourne 4???". ComingSoon.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2007.
- Porsa, Dan (October 16, 2013). "Talking OLDBOY With Mark Protosevich at NYCC". This is Infamous. Archived from the original on November 6, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Bettinger, Brendan (n.d.). "'Rise of the Planet of the Apes' Writers Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver to Script 'Jurassic Park 4". Collider.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- "Jurassic Park 4 Gets a Director (Hint: It's Not Steven Spielberg)". E! Online. Archived from the original on March 17, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Jurassic Park 4 to be directed by Colin Trevorrow". March 15, 2013. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Steven Spielberg's 'Jurassic World' to Hit Theaters in June 2015". TheWrap. September 10, 2013. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- "DEVISING A NEW ASPECT RATIO FOR THE DINOSAURS OF JURASSIC WORLD". Panavision. Archived from the original on July 27, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
- "'Jurassic Park 4' Titled 'Jurassic World'; Gets Summer 2015 Release Date". Screenrant.com. September 10, 2013. Archived from the original on May 28, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- "'Jurassic World' Director Offers Filming Details and Confirms Returning Character". Screenrant.com. March 18, 2014. Archived from the original on May 28, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- "Totally Laime". Elizabeth Laime. September 19, 2014. Archived from the original on November 13, 2014. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- Gross, Rachel E. (June 16, 2016). "How Impossible, Actually, Is the Dinosaur DNA Splicing in Jurassic World?". Slate. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- "See the Indominus Rex roar in Jurassic World now..." universalpichomeent.tumblr.com. Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- Karmali, Luke (August 13, 2015). "Jurassic World Sequel Opening in UK Cinemas Before US". IGN. Archived from the original on August 26, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- Rebecca Ford (July 23, 2015). "'Jurassic World 2' Set for 2018". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Archived from the original on July 24, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "Colin Trevorrow Talks Jurassic World 2 and More! (Surprise Guest: J.A. Bayona!)". Jurassic Outpost. September 30, 2016. Archived from the original on October 1, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
- "Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom–Production Information" (PDF). Universal Pictures. May 2018. pp. 1–3. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- Weintraub, Steve (June 13, 2015). "Jurassic World: Colin Trevorrow Talks Building a Foundation for Future Installments". Collider.com. 4:30–7:58. Archived from the original on June 15, 2015. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Phil de Semlyen (April 23, 2014). "Exclusive: Jurassic World Sequels Planned". Empire. Archived from the original on June 17, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- "Colin Trevorrow Not Directing the Next Jurassic Park Film". ComingSoon.net. May 31, 2015. Archived from the original on June 2, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- Masters, Kim (June 15, 2016). "Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy and Frank Marshall on How to Win in Hollywood Today". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 17, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
- Trumbore, Dave (February 24, 2017). "'Untitled Jurassic World Sequel' Officially Starts Filming". Collider. Archived from the original on February 25, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- Bayona, JA (July 8, 2017). "This is a wrap for Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom! What a journey! Thank you to everyone that made it possible!". Twitter. Archived from the original on July 10, 2017. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Reilly, Nick (November 9, 2020). "'Jurassic World: Dominion' wraps filming in the UK after Covid-19 delays". NME. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- "Universal launches plans for third 'Jurassic World' film". ABC. Associated Press. February 21, 2018. Archived from the original on February 22, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- Kroll, Justin (February 21, 2018). "'Jurassic World 3' to Hit Theaters in June 2021". Variety. Archived from the original on February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- Romano, Nick (February 21, 2018). "Jurassic World 3 rampaging toward 2021 release date". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- Yasharoff, Hannah (September 25, 2019). "Laura Dern, Jeff Goldblum and Sam Neill to return for 'major roles' in 'Jurassic World 3'". USA Today. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
- Whalen, Andrew (December 10, 2019). "'Jurassic Park' Cast Reunite Before 'Jurassic World 3' in New 'Jurassic World Evolution' Expansion". Newsweek. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
- Travis, Ben (October 28, 2019). "Colin Trevorrow On Bringing Back Jurassic Park's Iconic Trio In Jurassic World 3". Empire. Archived from the original on February 15, 2020. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
- Sneider, Jeff (November 7, 2019). "Exclusive: 'Jurassic World 3' Bringing Back Justice Smith, Daniella Pineda". Collider. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Sneider, Jeff (February 13, 2020). "'Jurassic World 3' Bringing Back Jake Johnson and Omar Sy". Collider. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
- N'Duka, Amanda (October 17, 2019). "'Jurassic World 3' Adds 'Sorry for Your Loss' Actor Mamoudou Athie". Deadline. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Kroll, Justin (October 18, 2019). "'Jurassic World 3' Casts DeWanda Wise in Leading Role (Exclusive)". Variety. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (February 18, 2020). "'Jurassic World 3': 'Altered Carbon' & 'Animal Kingdom' Actress Dichen Lachman Joins Cast". Deadline. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (February 19, 2020). "'Jurassic World 3': 'Venom' & 'Antlers' Actor Scott Haze Joins Colin Trevorrow Pic". Deadline. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Sneider, Jeff (June 25, 2020). "Exclusive: 'Jurassic World: Dominion' Adds Campbell Scott as Key Character from Original Movie". Collider. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- Douglas, Edward (September 10, 2016). "Exclusive: Jurassic World Confirmed as a Trilogy". LRM Online. Archived from the original on September 14, 2016. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- Stack, Tim (April 18, 2018). "Jurassic World 3 will be a 'science thriller,' says Colin Trevorrow". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- Stack, Tim (June 22, 2018). "Jurassic World: Colin Trevorrow answers Fallen Kingdom burning questions". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 5, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- Sciretta, Peter (June 26, 2018). "Exclusive: Colin Trevorrow Explains the 'Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom' Ending, Teases Where 'Jurassic World 3' Will Go". /Film. Archived from the original on December 5, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- Anderton, Ethan (December 14, 2018). "Sorry, But 'Jurassic World 3' Won't Have Dinosaurs Attacking Cities". /Film. Archived from the original on December 19, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- Williams, Owen (December 17, 2018). "Colin Trevorrow Says Jurassic World 3 Won't Be A Dino-War Movie". Empire. Archived from the original on December 17, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- Wiseman, Andreas (November 7, 2020). "'Jurassic World: Dominion' Wraps Unprecedented Shoot After 18 Months, 40,000 COVID Tests & Millions On Protocols; Colin Trevorrow & Donna Langley On The 'Emotional' Journey". Deadline. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- Kroll, Justin (March 13, 2020). "Universal Halts Production on Live-Action Films Including 'Jurassic World: Dominion' Due to Coronavirus". Variety. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Grater, Tom (July 10, 2020). "'Jurassic World: Dominion' UK Shoot On Track in Week One; Universal Says No Disruption After Reports Of Positive COVID Tests". Deadline. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
- Chitwood, Adam (May 22, 2020). "Exclusive: 'Jurassic World: Dominion' Will Be the "Start of a New Era" Says Producer Frank Marshall". Collider. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Weintraub, Steve (September 11, 2019). "Exclusive: Colin Trevorrow on How He Secretly Made the 'Jurassic World' Short Film 'Battle at Big Rock'". Collider. Archived from the original on September 11, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- Whitbrook, James (September 10, 2019). "Out of Nowhere, a New Jurassic World Short Film Is Hitting FX This Weekend". io9. Archived from the original on September 11, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- Goldberg, Leslie (June 4, 2019). "'Jurassic World' Animated Series Set at Netflix". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 4, 2019. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
- Pedersen, Erik (July 28, 2020). "'Jurassic World: Camp Cretaceous': Premiere Date & Teaser For Netflix Toon Series From EPs Steven Spielberg, Colin Trevorrow & Frank Marshall". Deadline. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "The Gates of Jurassic World: Camp Cretaceous Open September 18 Only on Netflix". Universal Brand Development. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- Sands, Rich (February 21, 2020). "Netflix's Jurassic World: Camp Cretaceous rampages into Toy Fair with first look at dinos". Syfy Wire. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
- Mat Elfring (August 19, 2020). "Jurassic World: Camp Cretaceous Toys Are A Lot Like The Ones From The '90s". GameSpot. Archived from the original on August 23, 2020.
- "Michael Giacchino to Return for 'Jurassic World: Dominion'". Film Music Reporter. March 11, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- Bayona, JA [@FilmBayona] (December 29, 2016). "Excited to announce that my longtime collaborator @BernatVilaplana will be the editor for the new Jurassic film" (Tweet). Retrieved December 29, 2016 – via Twitter.
- "Mark Sanger Twitter profile". Retrieved August 6, 2020.
- DiscussingFilm [@DiscussingFilm] (July 3, 2019). "Production Designer Kevin Jenkins ('Guardians of the Galaxy', 'Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker' has joined the crew for 'JURASSIC WORLD 3'. (EXCLUSIVE)" (Tweet). Retrieved September 26, 2019 – via Twitter.
- "Film Releases". Variety. Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
- "Jurassic Park (1993)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on January 1, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Jurassic Park III (2001)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on September 1, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Jurassic World (2015)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 18, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on June 7, 2018. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
- "Jurassic Park Movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on July 16, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
- "Jurassic Park (1993)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- "Jurassic Park Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- "Cinemascore". Archived from the original on December 20, 2018.
- "The Lost World - Jurassic Park (1997)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on September 5, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- "The Lost World: Jurassic Park Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- "Jurassic Park III Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- "Jurassic World (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- "Jurassic World Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- "Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on July 7, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- "Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- Kimmelman, Ruben (December 12, 2018). "'Jurassic Park,' 'The Shining,' And 23 Other Movies Added To National Film Registry". NPR. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "Jurassic Park Comic Books". GamePro. July 1993. p. 39. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- Johnston, Rich (July 22, 2016). "Jurassic World comes to comics". Bleeding Cool. Archived from the original on July 28, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- Esposito, Joey; Schedeen, Jesse; Perez, Miguel (January 18, 2011). "Weekly Buyer's Guide - 1/18/11". IGN. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- Norris, Erik (February 3, 2011). "Jurassic Park: The Devils in the Desert #2 Review". IGN. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- Norris, Erik (March 10, 2011). "Jurassic Park: Devils in the Desert #3 Review". IGN. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- Norris, Erik (April 7, 2011). "Jurassic Park: Devils in the Desert #4 Review". IGN. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- "'Jurassic' series?". The San Bernardino Sun. June 17, 1993. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- Pugh, Chris (June 1, 2016). "Escape from Jurassic Park – 1993 animated series detailed". JurassicOutpost.com. Archived from the original on July 6, 2016. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- Squires, John (December 6, 2016). "Art and Story Details from Cancelled 'Jurassic Park' Animated Series Finally Surface". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on December 8, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Scott, Ryan (December 6, 2016). "Canceled Jurassic Park Animated Series Full Season Details Revealed". MovieWeb. Archived from the original on December 8, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Pugh, Chris (December 5, 2016). "The Entire First Season of the Cancelled Jurassic Park Television Series Revealed (Exclusive)". Jurassic Outpost. Archived from the original on December 7, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Stout, William (April 26, 2014). "My Top Ten Favorite Dinosaur Films – Part One". WilliamStout.com. Archived from the original on November 6, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Duffy, Mike (July 15, 1993). "Dinosaur TV 'toons are extinct for now". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- Finkelstein, Dan (July 20, 1997). "What's New". Dan's The Lost World Page. Archived from the original on June 3, 2000.
- Finkelstein, Dan (July 22, 1997). "What's New". Dan's The Lost World Page. Archived from the original on June 3, 2000.
- Finkelstein, Dan (November 11, 1997). "Chaos Effect". Dan's The Lost World Page. Archived from the original on September 9, 1999.
- "Chaos Effect". JPToys.com. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- "Interview With Tim Bradley". JPToys.com. March 1, 2008. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Milligan, Mercedes (November 8, 2018). "Two-Part 'LEGO Jurassic World: The Secret Exhibit' Roars to NBC Nov. 29". Animation Magazine. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
- Milligan, Mercedes (August 21, 2019). "First Look: Nick Assembles 'LEGO Jurassic World' Mini-Series 'Legend of Isla Nublar'". Animation Magazine. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
- "LEGO Jurassic World: Legend of Isla Nublar roars onto Family Channel". ToonBarn. July 14, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- Dante D'Orazio (May 21, 2015). "Father and daughter recreated Jurassic Park with $100,000 worth of Lego". The Verge. Retrieved February 24, 2021.
- Kollar, Phil (June 8, 2010). "Telltale Creating Episodic Jurassic Park Game". GameInformer.com. Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
- O'Brien, Lucy (March 29, 2018). "Jurassic World Evolution Gets Official Digital, Physical Release Date: Life finds a way on June 12 and July 3". IGN. Archived from the original on April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- Levine, Arthur (September 29, 2020). "Universal Orlando announces new rapturous Jurassic World roller coaster". USA Today. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
- "Dino Doings". USA Today. June 7, 1993. Retrieved February 18, 2020 – via NewsLibrary.
- "Plenty of Rex Appeal at 'Jurassic Park' Exhibit". The Star-Ledger. June 23, 1993. Retrieved February 18, 2020 – via NewsLibrary.
- Costello, Jane (May 21, 2001). "The Decline of the Dinamation Dinos --- Entrepreneur's Lifelike Robots Were Nationwide Sensation Till Spielberg Spoiled Party". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
In 1992, Jim Kirkland, then a Dinamation employee, discovered the bones of a real dinosaur that he christened Utahraptor ostrommaysi -- ostrom for Yale University scientist John Ostrom and maysi for his boss. I just threw 'Mays' on there; it was a last minute thing," Dr. Kirkland says. He had intended to name the creature after Steven Spielberg, but at the time the discovery was verified, Universal Studios was threatening legal action against museums that used the word "Jurassic" in the title of their exhibits. Dinamation did not want the Utahraptor to bear the name of a man who was involved with a company that was suing its clients.
- "Cleveland to Get 'Jurassic' Exhibit". The Plain Dealer. May 14, 1997. Retrieved February 18, 2020 – via NewsLibrary.
- "Monster Show The Museum of Natural History Opens a New Dinosaur Exhibit". The Record. May 24, 1997. Retrieved February 18, 2020 – via NewsLibrary.
- "Paleontologists May Roar Over Dinosaur Exhibit". Times Union. May 24, 1997. Retrieved February 18, 2020 – via NewsLibrary.
- "Culture Creature Really 'Digs' COSI's Dinosaur Exhibit". The Columbus Dispatch. March 4, 1998. Retrieved February 18, 2020 – via NewsLibrary.
- "Bite Me". Cincinnati. July 2001. p. 27. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Kraft, Randy (September 27, 1998). "'Jurrasic Park' Exhibit Gives Life to Prehistoric Characters". The Morning Call. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Roylance, Frank D. (October 1, 1998). "Dinosuar Invasion! Science Center takes us on a Jurassic lark". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- "Not so 'Lost' Spielberg film dinosaurs coming to county zoo". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. June 1, 1999. Retrieved February 18, 2020 – via NewsLibrary.
- Bechard, Harold (January 27, 2002). "Jurassic Hays". The Salina Journal. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Bechard, Harold (January 27, 2002). "Jurassic Hays (page 2)". The Salina Journal. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Kernicky, Kathleen (October 19, 2002). "Dinosaurs Invade Metrozoo". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- "Universal Launches Jurassic Park Institute". The Journal. December 1, 2001. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- ""Jurassic Park Institute" is a dino-mite resource". eSchool News. January 1, 2002. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- "Educational dinotainment for youths". The Washington Times. June 9, 2002. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Schmidt, Joe (August 2008). "Business Snapshot: Advanced Animations". Vermont Business Magazine. Archived from the original on September 21, 2008.
- "Japanese Corporate Entertainer Seeks Investors for 'Jurassic Park' Exhibit". Knight-Ridder/Tribune Business News. April 16, 2003. Retrieved February 19, 2020 – via NewsLibrary.
- Tanabe, Asako (November 20, 2003). "This Japanese Investment Gives New Meaning to 'Glamour' Stock". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Let's Go Japan 1st Ed. Macmillan. 2003. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-312-32007-2. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Zwiezen, Zack (June 19, 2018). "The Best, Worst, And Weirdest Jurassic Park Games". Kotaku. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Verrier, Richard (April 12, 2006). "Playing With New Themes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- "Past Thea Award recipients: 1994-2020". Themed Entertainment Association. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- "Jurassic World: Melburnians walk with dinosaurs for world premiere exhibit". ABC Online. March 18, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Fehily, Toby (March 22, 2016). "Jurassic World at Melbourne Museum tramples line between science and fiction". The Guardian. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Brundrette, Charlotte (September 29, 2016). "Jurassic World: The Exhibition closes at Melbourne Museum on Sunday". News.com.au. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Johnson, Steve (March 23, 2017). "Blockbuster 'Jurassic World' exhibition will bring dinosaur park to Field Museum". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Johnson, Steve (May 24, 2017). "'Jurassic World' at Field an awesome mix of pop culture, science". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Nunzio, Miriam Di (March 24, 2017). "Field Museum to host massive 'Jurassic World' exhibition". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Romain, Lindsey (June 16, 2017). "The Field Museum's Jurassic World Exhibit Is Dinosaur Heaven for Kids". Chicago. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jurassic Park|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jurassic Park.|