A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.
Although many former currency symbols were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency symbol – implementation of which requires the adoption of new Unicode and type formats – has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign € part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighbouring countries. It finalised its new currency symbol, ₹ (₹) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter 'र' (ra).
When writing currency amounts the location of the symbol varies by currency. Many currencies in the English-speaking world and Latin America, place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00). The Cape Verdean escudo places its symbol in the decimal separator position (i.e., 20$00). The usage of many European countries, such as France, Germany, Greece,Scandinavian countries, is to place the symbol after the amount (e.g., 20,50 €).
The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although not in print. Commas (e.g. €5,00) or decimal points (e.g. $50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.
Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability. The new Indian rupee symbol, ₹, is a stylised combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.
There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community and how the symbol is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro symbol would need to be customized to work in different fonts. The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most typefaces employing customized, font-specific versions, usually with reduced width.
List of presently-circulating currency symbolsEdit
|¤¤||ZzzGeneric currency sign||Used when the correct symbol is not available|
|₿₿||BitcoinBitcoin||Unicode: U+20BF ₿ BITCOIN SIGN (May display incorrectly). Before its introduction, the capital letter B with stroke and the baht symbol, among other conventions, were used.|
|Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.|
|BsFBs.F.||BolivarVenezuelan bolívar variant||Usually Bs.|
|c1¢||cent1cent, centavo, &c.||A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)
See also c
|c2c||cent2cent &c. variant||Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.
See also ¢
|chCh.||chhertumBhutanese chhertum||A centesimal division of the ngultrum.|
|C2₡||ColonCosta Rican colón, symbol was also used for the Salvadoran colón.||The Salvadoran colón was discontinued in 2001 and it was replaced by the US dollar.|
|Denден||DenarMacedonian denar||Latin form: DEN|
|DAدج||DinarAAlgerian dinar||Latin form: DA|
|DB.د.ب||DinarBBahraini dinar||Latin form: BD|
|DKد.ك||DinarKKuwaiti dinar||Latin form: K.D.|
|LDل.د||DinarLLibyan dinar||Latin form: LD|
|Dinдин||DinarSSerbian dinar||Latin form: din.|
|DTد.ت||DinarTTunisian dinar||Latin form: DT|
|DMد.م.||DirhamMMoroccan dirham||Latin forms: DH or Dhs|
|DHد.إ||DirhamUUnited Arab Emirates dirham||Latin forms: DH or Dhs|
|DbDb||DobraSão Tomé and Príncipe dobra|
|S1$||DollarAustralian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (Can$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$), Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$), Linden Dollar (Second Life virtual world) (L$ or LD$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Solomon Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), Taiwanese (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, United States (US$), and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars
Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos
|May appear with either one or two bars ( ), which share the same Unicode space.
Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.
Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.
See also C$ and MOP$ and R$ and T$ and WS$
Unicode: See $ for variants.
|D2₫||DongVietnamese đồng||U+20AB ₫ Dong sign|
|D3||DramArmenian dram||U+058F ֏ Armenian Dram sign|
|EscEsc||EscudoCape Verdean escudo||Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão):|
|E€||EuroEuro||In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, Monaco and Andorra have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.|
|Fƒ||FlorinAruban florin (Afl.)
Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
|FBuFBu||Franc BBurundian franc|
|FCFAFCFA||Franc CaCentral African CFA franc||Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc|
|CFACFA||Franc WaWest African CFA franc||Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc|
|FrFr||Franc CoComorian (CF), Congolese (CF, FC), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/GFr) and Swiss (SFr) francs||Also F. The character ₣, representing an F with a double bar, proposed as a symbol for the French Franc by Édouard Balladur in 1988 was never adopted, it is represented by a ligature Fr in some fonts.|
|FRwFRw||Franc RRwandan franc||Possibly also RF and RFr|
|grgr||groszPolish grosz||A centesimal division of the złoty|
|hh||halerCzech haléř||A centesimal division of the koruna|
|K-₭||KipLao kip||Or ₭N|
|Krkr||KroneDanish krone (DKK)
Norwegian krone (NOK)
Swedish krona (SEK)
Icelandic króna (ISK)
|Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone, which is in turn pegged to the Euro through the ERMII.|
|MKMK||Kwacha MMalawian kwacha|
|ZKZK||Kwacha ZZambian kwacha|
Papua New Guinean kina
|Las||LariGeorgian lari||Unicode: U+20BE ₾ Lari sign (may display incorrectly)|
|Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note
Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
|LeLe||LeoneSierra Leonean leone|
|EE||LilangeniSwazi lilangeni||Symbol based on the plural form "emalangeni".
The one-lilageni note employs the currency symbol L
|lplp||LipaCroatian lipa||A centesimal division of the kuna.|
|TL||LiraTurkish lira||Unicode: U+20BA ₺ Turkish lira sign|
|M1M||LotiLesotho loti||Symbol based on plural form "maloti".
The one-loti note employs the currency symbol L
|M2||ManatAzerbaijani manat||Also m. and man. Unicode: U+20BC ₼ MANAT SIGN (may display incorrectly)|
|KMKM||MarkBosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark||Cyrillic form: КМ|
|MTMT||MeticalMozambican metical||Also MTn|
|m/₥||millMill, mil, &.c||An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)|
|NfkNfk||NakfaEritrean nakfa||Also Nfa|
|MOPSMOP$||PatacaMacanese pataca||Also 圓 and 元|
|P2₱||PesoPhilippine peso||Also ₱, PHP, and P|
|ptPt.||piastreEgyptian piastre||A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.|
|L-£||Pound BBritish, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Manx (M£), St. Helena||Also ₤ and L, all pegged 1:1 to GBP|
|GME£||Pound EEgyptian pound||Also L.E. (short for French livre égyptienne), and ج.م. in Arabic.|
|LLLL||Pound LLebanese pound|
|LSLS||Pound SSyrian pound|
|qindarkeAlbanian qindarkë||A centesimal division of the lek.|
|R1R||RandSouth African rand||Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles|
|RSR$||RealBrazilian real||The $ is sometimes informally written with a double bar like a double-barred dollar sign:|
|Rial||Rial IIranian rial||Unicode: U+FDFC ﷼ RIAL SIGN|
|ROر.ع.||Rial OOmani rial|
|RKر.ق||Rial QQatari riyal||Latin: QR|
|RSر.س||Riyal SSaudi riyal||Latin: SR. Also: ریال|
|R2p||British &c. pennies||The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.|
|Ruble TPridnestrovie ruble|
|R3||Ruble RRussian ruble||Unicode: U+20BD ₽ ruble sign|
|RfRf.||RufiyaaMaldivian rufiyaa||Also MRf., MVR and .ރ|
|₹||Rupee IIndian rupee||Previously ₨ or Re (before 15 July 2010). Unicode: U+20B9 ₹ INDIAN RUPEE SIGN|
|Rs₨||Rupee PMauritian, Nepalese (N₨/रू.), Pakistani and Sri Lankan (SLRs/රු) rupees|
|SReSRe||Rupee SSeychellois rupee||Also SR|
|Sh₪||ShekelIsraeli new shekel|
|TshTsh||Shilling TTanzanian shilling||Also TSh|
|KshKsh||Shilling KKenyan shilling||Also KSh|
|ShsoSh.So.||Shilling SSomali shilling|
|UshUSh||Shilling UUgandan shilling|
|SDRSDR||SpecialSpecial drawing rights|
|Tk৳||TakaBangladeshi Taka||Also Tk|
|WSSWS$||TalaSamoan tālā||Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala".
Also T and ST.
See also $
|T||TengeKazakhstani tenge||U+20B8 ₸ Tenge sign (may display incorrectly)|
|W₩||WonNorth Korean won
South Korean won
|Y¥||YuanJapanese yen (円/圓)
Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
|Used with one and two crossbars.
円 (en, lit. "circle") is frequently used in Japan colloquially.
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
Unicode: U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN, U+FFE5 ￥ FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN
|Language||Sign in Unicode|
|Tamil||U+0BF9 ௹ TAMIL RUPEE SIGN (HTML
|Gujarati||U+0AF1 ૱ GUJARATI RUPEE SIGN (HTML
|Kannada||U+0CB0 ರ KANNADA LETTER RA (HTML
|Sinhalese||U+0DD4 රු SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI PAA-PILLA (HTML
|North Indic||U+A838 ꠸ NORTH INDIC RUPEE MARK (HTML
List of historic currency symbolsEdit
|₳||Argentine austral symbol|
|₢ Cr$||Brazilian cruzeiro symbol|
|₰||pfennig symbol of the German Mark (1875–1923) and the German Reichsmark (1923–1948)|
|DM||East German Deutsche Mark (east) symbol (1948–1964)|
|DM||West German and united German Deutsche Mark (west) symbol (1948–2001)|
|₻||Nordic mark symbol used by Ludvig Holberg in Denmark and Norway in the 17th and 18th centuries|
|₯||Greek drachma symbol|
|₠||ECU symbol (not widely used, and now historical; replaced by the euro)|
|ƒ||Dutch gulden symbol, currently used in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba|
|Fr||franc symbol, used in France and other countries; in France an F with double bar (₣) was proposed in 1988 but never adopted|
|Kčs||Czechoslovak koruna symbol (1919–1993)|
|₤||lira symbol, formerly used in Italy, San Marino and Vatican City (although not as an official symbol), and sometimes in Malta|
|Lm||Maltese lira symbol|
|Ls||Latvian lats symbol (1922–2013)|
|Lt||Lithuanian litas symbol (1922–2014)|
|M||East German Mark der DDR symbol (1968–1990)|
|ℳ||German Mark symbol (1875–1923)|
|MDN||East German Mark der Deutschen Notenbank symbol (1964–1968)|
|mk||Finnish markka symbol (1860–2002)|
|PF||Philippine peso fuerte symbol (1852–1901)|
|₧||Spanish peseta symbol (1869–2002)|
|R or RD||Swedish riksdaler (1777–1873)|
|ℛℳ||German reichsmark symbol (1923–1948)|
|Portuguese escudo symbol (cifrão)|
|Sk||Slovak koruna (1993–2008)|
|₷||Spesmilo (1907 – First World War) in the Esperanto movement|
|₶||Livre tournois symbol, used in medieval France|
|𐆚||As coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic|
|𐆖||Denarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|𐆙||Dupondius coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic|
|𐆗||Quinarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|𐆘||Sestertius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|£2 10s 3d, £2 10/3, £2 10'3||The United Kingdom and British Commonwealth countries, before decimalisation, used several recognised formats for amounts in pounds, shillings and Pence, all for the same amount. A hyphen or ASCII hyphen-minus was often used to indicate the absence of an amount e.g. 3/- or -/6|
|I/.||Peruvian inti (1985-1991)|
|৲||Bengali rupee mark|
|৹||Bengali ānā, historically used to represent 1/16th of a taka/rupee|
|৻||Bengali gaṇḍā, historically used to represent 1/20th of an ānā (1/320th of a taka/rupee)|
- Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
- (in Portuguese) Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas Archived January 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- "The real. rs money" (PDF). ECB. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-21.
- Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- Bank of Guyana. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us – A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
- National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder Archived 2011-02-21 at the Wayback Machine.." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- Banque Centrale de Mauritanie Archived 2010-12-19 at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Bank of Mauritius Archived 2006-12-28 at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Central Bank of Somalia. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Evensen, Nina Marie; Anderson, Deborah (2012-07-24). "L2/12-242: Proposal for one historic currency character, MARK SIGN" (PDF).
- "Bengali Code Chart, Range: 0980–09FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
- Pandey, Anshuman (2007-05-21). "L2/07-192: Proposal to Encode the Ganda Currency Mark for Bengali in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF).