The lari (Georgian: ლარი; ISO 4217: GEL) is the currency of Georgia. It is divided into 100 tetri. The name lari is an old Georgian word denoting a hoard, property, while tetri is an old Georgian monetary term (meaning 'white') used in ancient Colchis from the 6th century BC. Earlier Georgian currencies include the maneti, abazi, and Georgian coupon.
|Plural||The language(s) of this currency does not have a morphological plural distinction.|
|Symbol||₾ (), ლ, GEL|
|Freq. used||5, 10, 20, 50, 100 lari|
|Rarely used||1, 2, 200, 500 lari|
|Coins||1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 tetri, 1, 2 lari|
|User(s)||Georgia (except Abkhazia and South Ossetia)|
|Central bank||National Bank of Georgia|
|Inflation||1.9% (November 2018)|
|Source||National Bank of Georgia|
Georgia replaced the Russian ruble on 5 April 1993, with the Kuponi at par. This currency consisted only of banknotes, had no subdivisions and suffered from hyperinflation. Notes were issued in denominations between 1 and 1 million Kuponi, including the somewhat unusual 3, 3000, 30,000 and 150,000 Kuponi.
On 8 July 2014, Giorgi Kadagidze, Governor of the National Bank of Georgia (NBG), introduced the winning proposal for the sign of the national currency to the public and its author. The Georgian lari had its own sign.
The NBG announced the Lari sign competition in December 2013. The temporary commission consisted of representatives of NBG, the Budget and Finance Committee of the Parliament of Georgia, the State Council of Heraldry, the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection of Georgia and the Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia.
In choosing the winning sign, the commission gave priority to the samples based on the Georgian Mkhedruli character and made a point of the following criteria: conception, design, accordance with Georgian alphabet, existence of elements marking the currency, ease of construction, and observance of requests and recommendations determined by competition rules.
The Lari sign is based on an arched letter ლ (Lasi) of the Georgian script. It is common in international common practice for a currency sign to consist of a letter, crossed by one or two parallel lines. Two parallel lines crossing the letter Lasi are the basic components of the Lari sign. The so-called “leg” of the letter, represented by a horizontal line, is a necessary attribute of the sign, adding monumental stability to the upper dynamic arc. The form of the letter is transformed in order to simplify its perception and implementation as a Lari sign.
The author of the winning sign is a professional artist-ceramist, Malkhaz Shvelidze.
On 18 July 2014, Giorgi Melashvili, executive director of the National Bank of Georgia, sent a request letter to the Unicode Consortium to register the symbol in the Currency Symbols block of the Unicode Standard as
U+20BE GEORGIAN LARI SIGN
On 17 June 2015, the Unicode Consortium released Unicode V8.0, which includes the Lari sign as
- U+20BE ₾ LARI SIGN ₾
Coins are issued in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 tetri, as well as 1 and 2 lari.
|Image||Value||Technical parameters||Description||Date of||Remark|
|1 tetri (Erti Tetri)||15.0 mm
|1.38 g||Stainless steel.||The Borjgali (a Georgian symbol of the Sun with seven rotating wings) over the Christian Tree of Life, and the date of mintage, “1993”, with Georgian and English marginal legends on it, “საქართველოს რესპუბლიკა” and “REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA”.||The denomination numeral "1" on the upper part of the coin, with the legend “თეთრი” (tetri) and the vine tendril underneath.||Smooth.||1993||1993||—||The edge of the reverse of the coin is circled with the plant ornament.|
|2 tetri (Ori Tetri)||17.5 mm
|1.90 g||The peacock with spread wings on the upper part of the coin, with the legend “თეთრი” (tetri) and denomination numeral “2” underneath.||1993||1993||—|
|5 tetri (Khuti Tetri)||20.0 mm
|2.50 g||The golden statue of the lion from the 3rd millennium B.C. barrow of the Alazani valley, with the denomination numeral “5”, and the legend “თეთრი” (tetri) underneath.||1993||1993||—|
|10 tetri (Ati Tetri)||22.0 mm
|3.00 g||Saint Mamai riding the lion, 11th century silver plate gilded with gold from the Gelati Monastery. The denomination numeral “10” on the right hand of the coin, and the legend “თეთრი” (tetri) underneath.||1993||1993||—|
|20 tetri (Otsi Tetri)||25.0 mm
|5.00 g||The stag (adult male deer) from the painting of Niko Pirosmanashvili (Pirosmani), famous Georgian painter, with the denomination numeral “20” on the left-hand side, and the legend “თეთრი” (tetri) underneath.||1993||1993||—|
|50 tetri (Ormotsdaati Tetri)||19.0 mm
|2.50 g||Brass plated steel.||The relief of the Gryphon from the eastern facade of 11th century Samtavisi Cathedral, with the denomination numeral “50”, and legend “თეთრი” (tetri) underneath.||1993||1993||2017|
|50 tetri (Ormotsdaati Tetri)||24.0 mm
|6.50 g||Copper-nickel.||The coat of arms of Georgia, surrounded with a symbolic image of Sun beams, the legends “საქართველო”, and the date of issue “2006” under the coat of arms.||The denomination numeral “50”, and the legend “თეთრი” (tetri).||Milled. Bears a bilingual legend “საქართველო” and “Georgia”, with five-pointed stars in between.||2006||2006||—||The edge of the reverse of the coin is circled with dots.|
|1 lari (Erti Lari)||26.2 mm
|7.80 g||Copper-nickel alloy (silver color)||Half-milled. The coat of arms of Georgia, the legend “საქართველო” on the upper left side, and the date of issue “2006” on the lower right side.||Half-milled. Denomination numeral “1” and legend “ლარი” (lari).||2006||2006||—||Both sides of the coin have a microelement, a lion head (analog of the old Colchian Tetri coin).|
|2 lari (Ori Lari)||27.0 mm
|8.00 g||Inner ring:
copper-aluminum-nickel alloy (gold color).
copper-nickel alloy (silver color).
|The coat of arms of Georgia, the rim with a circular legend “საქართველო”, and the date of issue “2006”.||Denomination numeral “2” and legend “ლარი” (lari). The silver-color milled surface has an original design, representing a central symbolic image of sun rays.||2006||2006||—|
|These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.|
Ten lari notes are produced by Polish Security Printing Works (Polska Wytwórnia Papierów Wartościowych).
|Image||Value||Dimensions||Main colour||Description||Date of||Remark|
|1 GEL (Erti GEL)||115 × 61 mm||White||Portrait of Niko Pirosmanashvili (Pirosmani), famous Georgian artist with the legend „Pirosmani 1862-1918".||Panorama of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and an image of a stag from Pirosmani's painting.||2002||5 August 2002||coins minted since 2006|
|2 GEL (Ori GEL)||115 × 61 mm||Rose||Portrait of Georgian composer Zacharia Paliashvili and legend "Zacharia Paliashvili 1871 - 1933" . The left side features the overture notes of his opera "Abesalom and Eteri"||Building of the Tbilisi Zacharia Paliashvili Opera and Ballet State Theatre with the legend „Tbilisi National Opera and Ballet Theatre 1887".||2002||5 August 2002||coins minted since 2006|
|5 GEL (Khuti GEL)||115 × 61 mm||Brown||Portarait of Ivane Javakhishvili, a Georgian academician, with legend "Ivane Javakhishvili 1876-1940"||Building of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University and an open book and a plant ornament underneath||2002||5 August 2002|
|10 GEL (Ati GEL)||125 × 63 mm||Blue||Portrait of Akaki Tsereteli, a famous Georgian poet and public figure, with the legend „Akaki Tsereteli 1840 - 1915", a swallow and blossoming branch||Portrait of mother from Georgian artist David Kakabadze's painting "Imereti - Mother of Mine" and vine tendril||2002||5 August 2002|
|20 GEL (Otsi GEL)||131 × 65 mm||Navy yellow||Portrait of Ilia Chavchavadze, a public figure, with the legend „Ilia Chavchavadze 1837 - 1907, the magazines „Sakartvelos Moambe" and „Iveria", founded by him and his personal belongings||Sculpture of King Vakhtang Gorgasali, founder of Tbilisi, the map of Tbilisi in the 18th century (prepared by Vakhushti Bagrationi) and a panorama of old Tbilisi – a composition of old Narikala||2002||5 August 2002|
|20 GEL (Otsi GEL)||132 × 66 mm||Magenta||Portrait of Ilia Chavchavadze, a public figure, with the legend „Ilia Chavchavadze 1837 - 1907, the magazines „Sakartvelos Moambe" and „Iveria", founded by him and his personal belongings||Sculpture of King Vakhtang Gorgasali, founder of Tbilisi, the map of Tbilisi in the 18th century (prepared by Vakhushti Bagrationi), a panorama of old Tbilisi – a composition of old Narikala and The coat of arms of Georgia||2016||February 2016|
|50 GEL (Ormotsdaati GEL)||135 × 66 mm||Navy green||Portrait of Queen Tamar, 12th century, the image of the animal with wings is on the left hand side of the banknote||Astrological sign of "Sagittarius" from the Georgian miniature manuscript of the 12th century||2004||9 November 2004|
|50 GEL (Ormotsdaati GEL)||137 × 68 mm||Green||The portrait of Georgian Queen Tamar with lettering in Georgian “თამარ მეფე XII ს, 12th-13th century monasterial complex in cave „Vardzia“ and The bas-relief from Pitareti Virgin Mari Monastery of the 13th century||The miniature of the Zodiac sign „Sagittarius“, the manuscript from 12th century script collection and The coat of arms of Georgia||2016||February 2016|
|100 GEL (Asi GEL)||140 × 67 mm||Light green||Shota Rustaveli graphic portrait and the legend "Shota Rustaveli XII c". The composition of angels raising the cross is depicted on the left side of the banknote||A composition from the Biblical story "Daniel in the den of lions" from the Martvili monastery relief, and the legend "Martvili VIIc."||2004||9 November 2004|
|100 GEL (Asi GEL)||142 × 70 mm||Violet||The portrait of the great Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli with lettering in Georgian „შოთა რუსთაველი XII ს.“, The illustration from the great poem „The Knight in the Tiger Skin“, the one of the pages of its original prints and the one of the ornaments from its original manuscript and 7th century bas-relief of biblical plot “Daniel in the Den of Lions” from Martvili Cathedral of Assumption of the Virgin Mary||The Zakaria Paliashvili’s National Academic Theater of Opera and Ballet, The fragment from the Score of Georgian national anthem and The coat of arms of Georgia||2016||1 November 2016|
|200 GEL (Orasi GEL)||146 × 72 mm||Yellow||Portrait of Kakutsa Cholokashvili. The background of the banknote is enhanced with fragments of relief images of Georgian Cultural Artifacts.||City of Sukhumi and relief fragments of the iconostasis found in the village Tsebelda of Gulripsh district.||2006||15 April 2007|
|500 GEL (Khutasi GEL)||× mm||Portrait of David IV.||Early Georgian inscriptions and a cross||1995||never officially released|
|These images are to scale at 0.7 pixel per millimetre. For table standards, see the banknote specification table.|
|Current GEL exchange rates|
|From Google Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB|
|From Yahoo! Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB|
|From XE:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB|
|From OANDA:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB|
|From fxtop.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB|
- When the lari sign isn't available to hand, the letter ლ or ISO code is used.
- National Bank of Georgia. "Lari banknotes". Retrieved 2006-12-30.
- "Georgian Lari has its own sign". Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- "National Bank Of Georgia". www.nbg.gov.ge. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- "Lari proposal" (PDF). Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- "Announcing The Unicode® Standard, Version 8.0". blog.unicode.org. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Georgia". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- "National Bank Of Georgia". www.nbg.gov.ge. Retrieved 5 December 2017.