The dollar (sign: $; code: BSD) has been the currency of The Bahamas since 1966. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or alternatively B$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents.
|Freq. used||$1⁄2, $1, $3, $5, $10, $20, $50|
|Freq. used||1, 5, 10, 25 cents|
|Rarely used||15 cents, 50 cents, $1, $2, $5|
|User(s)|| The Bahamas|
Turks and Caicos Islands (alongside the United States dollar from 25 May 2013)
|Central bank||Central Bank of The Bahamas|
|Printer||De La Rue|
|Source||The World Factbook, (2007 est.)|
|Pegged with||US dollar at par|
Relationship with the US dollarEdit
The Bahamian dollar is pegged to the US dollar on a one-to-one basis. The Central Bank of The Bahamas states that it uses reserve requirements, changes in the Bank discount rate and selective credit controls, supplemented by moral suasion, as main instruments of monetary policy. The Central Bank's objective is to keep stable conditions, including credit, in order to maintain the parity between the US dollar and the Bahamian dollar while allowing economic development to proceed.
Although the US dollar (as any other foreign currency) is subject to exchange control laws in The Bahamas, the parity between Bahamian dollars and US dollars means that any business will accept either US or Bahamian currency and many of the businesses that serve tourists have extra US dollars on hand for the convenience of American tourists.
The dollar replaced the pound at a rate of 1 dollar = 7 shillings in 1966, 7 years before independence. This rate allowed the establishment of parity with the US dollar, due to the sterling/dollar rate then being fixed at £1 = $2.80. To aid in decimalisation, three-dollar bills and fifteen-cent coins were created, as three dollars was roughly equivalent to one pound, and fifteen cents to a shilling, at the time of transition.
|5 cent coin - 1981|
|[[|180px|alt=Two sides of a coin. Bahamas: 5 cents 1981]]|
|Bahamian Coat of arms||Pineapple|
|5 cent coin - 1968|
|Queen Elizabeth II||Pineapple|
In 1966, coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 15, 25, 50 cents, 1 and 2 dollars. The 1 cent was struck in nickel-brass, the 5, 10, and 15 cent in cupronickel, the 25 cent in nickel, and the 50 cent and 1 dollar in silver. The 10 cent was scallop shaped, whilst the 15 cent was square. Silver coins were not issued for circulation after 1966. Bronze replaced nickel-brass in the 1 cent in 1970, followed by brass in 1974 and copper-plated zinc in 1985. In 1989, cupro-nickel 50 cent and 1 dollar coins were issued for circulation, although they did not replace the corresponding banknotes.
The current 1 cent coin is about the size of a US dime, the 5 and 25 cent coins are about the same size as their US counterparts but with different metal compositions. The 15 cent coins are still produced by the Central Bank but are not commonly used. All coins now bear the Bahamian Coat of Arms on one side with the words "Commonwealth of The Bahamas" and the date. The reverses of the coins show objects from Bahamian culture with the value of the coins in words. The 1 cent has three starfish, the 5 cent a pineapple, the 10 cent two bonefish, the 15 cent a hibiscus, and the 25 cent a native sloop.
In 1966, the government introduced notes in denominations of ½, 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollars. The Bahamas Monetary Authority took over the issuance of paper money in 1968, issuing the same denominations. The Central Bank of The Bahamas was established on 1 June 1974 and took over note issuance from that point forward. Its first issue of notes did not include the ½ and 3 dollar denominations but these were reintroduced in 1984.
The dollar has undergone several revisions in the last twenty years, one of the more notable being an extremely colourful redesign in celebration of the quincentennial of the landing of Christopher Columbus on a Bahamian island he named San Salvador.
All banknotes other than the fifty cent note have been undergoing design changes to foil forgery in recent years, although the notes implemented more stringent security long before the US's recent redesign of their notes. All banknotes are the same physical size, like the US dollar but unlike the euro. The latest counterfeit-proof formula is the "Counterfeit Resistant Integrated Security Product", or CRISP. The new $10 banknote was released on 5 August 2005, while the $20 banknote was released on 6 September 2006. In October 2005, someone counterfeited one of the new CRISP $10 bills, serial number A161315. Bahamian authorities warned merchants to look for banknotes that lacked the distinctive watermark.
Until 1992, all notes displayed a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II (Head of State) but notes began to display portraits of prominent deceased Bahamian politicians. This policy is now being reversed, with the return of the Queen's portrait to the $10 note. The $½ shows an older Queen Elizabeth II and the back shows a picture of Sister Sarah in the Nassau Straw Market; the $1 shows Sir Lynden Pindling and on the back the Royal Bahamas Police Force Band; the $3 has a young Queen Elizabeth II and on the back shows a Family Island Regatta with native sloops; the $5 – Sir Cecil Wallace-Whitfield and the back shows a Junkanoo group 'rushing' in the Junkanoo parade; the $10 – an older Queen Elizabeth II (replacing Sir Stafford Sands) and the back shows the Hope Town Lighthouse and settlement in Abaco, the $20 – Sir Milo Butler; the $50 – Sir Roland Symonette; the $100 – an older Queen Elizabeth II and the back shows a jumping blue marlin, the national fish of The Bahamas. For this reason, the Bahamian $100 bill is often referred to by locals as "a blue marlin".
|$½||Moss green, charcoal grey, and dark turquoise||Queen Elizabeth II||Sister Sarah in the Nassau Market||Spanish Galleon (not a CRISP Series note)|
|$1||Dark green, mint green and brown||Sir Lynden O. Pindling||Royal Bahamas Police force band||Sir Lynden O. Pindling with an electrotype 1|
|$5||Orange, brown and blue||Sir Cecil Wallace-Whitfield||Junkanoo dance||Sir Cecil Wallace-Whitfield with an electrotype 5|
|$10||Dark blue, dark green and maroon||Queen Elizabeth II||Hope Town, Abaco Island||Queen Elizabeth II with an electrotype 10|
|$10||Dark blue, dark green and maroon||Sir Stafford Lofthouse Sands||Hope Town, Abaco Island||Stafford Sands with an electrotype 10|
|$20||Charcoal, red and green||Sir Milo B. Butler||Nassau Harbour||Sir Milo B. Butler with an electrotype 20|
|$50||Orange, brown and green||Ronald T. Symonette||The Central Bank of Bahamas building||Sir Ronald T. Symonette with an electrotype 50|
|$100||Purple, blue, green and mauve||Queen Elizabeth II||A blue marlin||Queen Elizabeth II with an electrotype 100|
Since 2016, a new series called CRISP Evolution has been progressively introduced, maintaining the subjects and motifs of the previous banknotes while updating the security features and color schemes. The series began with the $10 in September 2016  and includes the $1 from September 2017, the $20 from September 2018, the $½ from January 2019, and the $3 note from March 2019.
|Current BSD exchange rates|
|From Google Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD TRY|
|From Yahoo! Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD TRY|
|From XE:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD TRY|
|From OANDA:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD TRY|
|From fxtop.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD TRY|
- "Monetary Policy in The Bahamas". The Central Bank of The Bahamas. 2002–2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
The fundamental objective of monetary policy in The Bahamas has always been to maintain stable credit and other conditions to support the fixed parity between the Bahamian and US dollars that has prevailed since 1973, while simultaneously allowing the economic development objective to be pursued. Over the years, the Central Bank has relied mainly on interest rate controls in combination with moral suasion and other policies to meet its monetary objectives.
- "Centralbankbahamas.com". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-14.
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Bahamas". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- A brochure explaining the security features on the CRISP $1 note
- A leaflet explaining the security features on the CRISP $5 note
- A leaflet explaining the security features on the CRISP $10 note
- A leaflet explaining the security features on the CRISP $20 note
- A leaflet explaining the security features on the CRISP $50 note
- A leaflet explaining the security features on the CRISP $100 note
- "It has come to our attention that the CRISP $10 banknote serial No. A161315 has been counterfeited" (PDF) (Press release). The Central Bank of The Bahamas. October 7, 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 31, 2006.
- "Bahamian Banknotes - The Central Bank of The Bahamas". Central Bank of The Bahamas.
- Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.
- Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.
- The Central Bank of The Bahamas
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_03.html - historical exchange rates of AUD/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_11.html - historical chart of AUD/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_04.html - historical exchange rates of CAD/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_12.html - historical chart of CAD/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_05.html - historical exchange rates of CHF/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_13.html - historical chart of CHF/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_06.html - historical exchange rates of EUR/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_14.html - historical chart of EUR/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_07.html - historical exchange rates of GBP/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_15.html - historical chart of GBP/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_08.html - historical exchange rates of JPY/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_16.html - historical chart of JPY/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_09.html - historical exchange rates of NZD/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_17.html - historical chart of NZD/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_10.html - historical exchange rates of USD/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).
- http://www.forexuklv.net/Cross_Rates/Chart_18.html - historical chart of USD/BSD (from the year 1800 to present time).