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Currency symbol

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A currency symbol or currency sign is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.

$ £ ₹ ₱ ₩ ¥ ₾
Currency symbol
Category Category

UsageEdit

When writing currency amounts, the location of the symbol varies by language. Many currencies in the English-speaking world and Latin America place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00). The Cape Verdean escudo (like the Portuguese escudo, to which it was formerly pegged) places its symbol in the decimal separator position (i.e. 20$00).[1] In many European countries such as France, Germany, Greece, and Scandinavian countries, the symbol is usually placed after the amount (e.g. 20,50 €).

The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on handwritten price stickers (e.g., £5·52), but full stop (e.g., £5.52) in print. Commas (e.g. €5,00) or decimal points (e.g. $50.00) are common separators used in other countries.

DesignEdit

 
Official dimensions of the euro sign
 
Dimensions of the symbol in a selection of type faces

Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability.[2] The new Indian rupee sign, , is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.

There are also other considerations, such as how the symbol is rendered on computers and typesetting. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be distributed and keyboard mappings need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. For example, the European Commission was criticized for not considering how the euro symbol would need to be customized to work in different fonts.[3] The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most type foundries designing customized versions that match the 'look and feel' of the font to which it is to be added, often with reduced width.

RecognitionEdit

The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign € part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature (rupees) that it shared with neighbouring countries.[3] It finalised its new currency symbol, () on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter '' (ra).

List of currency symbols currently in useEdit

Some of these symbols are rare because the currency sub-unit that they represent is obsolete or obsolescent due to currency inflation.

Symbol Uses Notes
¤ Generic currency sign Used when the correct symbol is not available.
؋ Afghan afghani
Ar Malagasy ariary[4]
฿ Thai baht
B/. Panamanian balboa
Br Ethiopian birr; Belarusian ruble
Bitcoin Cryptocurrency
Bs.F. Venezuelan bolívar variant Usually Bs.
GH₵ Ghana cedi
¢ cent, centavo, etc. A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.) See also c
c cent etc. variant Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro. See also ¢
Ch. Bhutanese chhertum A centesimal division of the ngultrum.
Costa Rican colón, symbol was also used for the Salvadoran colón. The Salvadoran colón was discontinued in 2001 and it was replaced by the US dollar.
C$ Nicaraguan córdoba
D Gambian dalasi
ден Macedonian denar Latin form: DEN
دج Algerian dinar Latin form: DA
.د.ب Bahraini dinar Latin form: BD
د.ع Iraqi dinar
JD Jordanian dinar
د.ك Kuwaiti dinar Latin form: K.D.
ل.د Libyan dinar Latin form: LD
дин Serbian dinar Latin form: din.
د.ت Tunisian dinar Latin form: DT
د.م. Moroccan dirham Latin forms: DH; Dhs
د.إ United Arab Emirates dirham Latin forms DH; Dhs
Db São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
$ Australian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (CAD$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$),[5] Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Solomon Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), New Taiwan (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), and Tuvaluan, United States (US$), dollars

Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COP$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos
May appear with either one or two bars ( ), which share the same Unicode space.
Kiribati's and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 to the Australian dollar. Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 to the Singaporean dollar. See also C$, MOP$, R$, T$, WS$.
Unicode: See $ for variants.
Vietnamese đồng U+20AB DONG SIGN
  Armenian dram U+058F ֏ ARMENIAN DRAM SIGN
Esc Cape Verdean escudo Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão):  
Euro In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, Monaco and Andorra have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.
ƒ Aruban florin (Afl.)[6]
Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
Ft Hungarian forint
FBu Burundian franc
FCFA Central African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 to West African CFA franc.
CFA West African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 to Central African CFA franc.
Comorian (CF), Congolese (CF, FC), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/GFr), CFP Franc (₣) and Swiss (SFr) francs Also F. The character ₣, representing an F with a double bar, was the symbol of the French franc, Sometimes it is represented by a ligature Fr in some fonts.
FRw Rwandan franc[7] Possibly also RF[8] and RFr[9]
G Haitian gourde
gr Polish grosz A centesimal division of the złoty
Paraguayan guaraní or  
h Czech haléř A centesimal division of the koruna
Ukrainian hryvnia
Lao kip or ₭N
Czech koruna
kr Danish krone (DKK); Norwegian krone (NOK); Swedish krona (SEK); Icelandic króna (ISK); Faroese króna Faroese króna pegged 1:1 to Danish krone, which is in turn pegged to the Euro through the ERM.
kn Croatian kuna
Kz Angolan kwanza
K Myanma kyat; Papua New Guinean kina; Malawian kwacha; Zambian kwacha
  Georgian lari Unicode: U+20BE LARI SIGN (may display incorrectly)
L Albanian lek; Honduran lempira Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note. Also rarely used for the pound sign (£)
Le Sierra Leonean leone
лв. Bulgarian lev
E Swazi lilangeni Symbol based on the plural form "emalangeni" However the one-lilageni note employs the currency symbol L
lp Croatian lipa A centesimal division of the kuna.
Turkish lira Unicode: U+20BA TURKISH LIRA SIGN
M Lesotho loti Symbol based on plural form "maloti". The one-loti note employs the symbol L
  Azerbaijani manat Also m. or man. Unicode: U+20BC MANAT SIGN (may display incorrectly)
KM Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Cyrillic form: КМ
MT Mozambican metical[10] Also MTn
Mill, mil, etc. An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See mill (currency).)
Nfk Eritrean nakfa Also Nfa[11]
Nigerian naira
Nu. Bhutanese ngultrum
UM Mauritanian ouguiya[12]
T$ Tongan paʻanga
MOP$ Macanese pataca Also 圓 and
p Alderney, British, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Manx and Saint Helena pennies The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.
Philippine peso Also , PHP, and P
pt Egyptian piastre A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound. A local symbol used in handwriting and occasionally print is represented by a stylised form of "Arabic Letter Dotless Qaf" ٯ placed above the digits. Due to inflation and lack of computer support its use is dwindling.
£ Alderney, British, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Manx and Saint Helena pounds

Egyptian pound (E£)

Also ₤ and L. All, except EGP, are pegged 1:1 to GBP.

EGP also abbreviated "L.E." (for French livre égyptienne), and, in Arabic, ج.م.
A local symbol used in handwriting and occasionally print is represented by a stylised dotless form of "Arabic Letter Jeem" ح placed above the digits, (visually similar to حــ ). Due to lack of computer support its use is dwindling.

LL Lebanese pound
LS Syrian pound
P Botswana pula
Q Guatemalan quetzal
q Albanian qindarkë A centesimal division of the lek.
R South African rand Also sometimes Russian etc rubles.
R$ Brazilian real The $ is sometimes written with a double bar like a double-barred dollar sign:  
Iranian rial Unicode: U+FDFC RIAL SIGN
ر.ع. Omani rial
ر.ق Qatari riyal Latin: QR
ر.س Saudi riyal Latin: SR. Also ﷼
ر.ي Yemeni rial
Cambodian riel
RM Malaysian ringgit
  Pridnestrovie ruble
Russian ruble Unicode: U+20BD RUBLE SIGN
Rf. Maldivian rufiyaa Also MRf., MVR and .ރ
Indian rupee Previously ₨ or Re (before 15 July 2010). Unicode: U+20B9 INDIAN RUPEE SIGN
Mauritian,[13] Nepalese[14] (N₨/रू.), Pakistani and Sri Lankan (SLRs/රු) rupees
SRe Seychellois rupee[15] Also SR
Rp Indonesian rupiah
Israeli new shekel
Tsh Tanzanian shilling Also TSh
Ksh Kenyan shilling Also KSh
Sh.So. Somali shilling[16]
USh Ugandan shilling
S/ Peruvian sol
SDR Special drawing rights
 , сом Kyrgyzstani som  : Early in 2017 the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic approved an underlined C as new currency symbol.[17]
Bangladeshi Taka Also Tk
WS$ Samoan tālā Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala". Also T and ST. See also $.
  Kazakhstani tenge U+20B8 TENGE SIGN (may display incorrectly)
Mongolian tögrög
VT Vanuatu vatu[18]
North Korean won; South Korean won
¥ Japanese yen (円/圓); Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆) Used with one and two crossbars.
円 (en, lit. "circle") is usually used in Japan.
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and the Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
Unicode: U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN, U+FFE5 FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN
Polish złoty

Rupee symbolsEdit

Rupee sign in other languages
Language Sign in Unicode
Tamil U+0BF9 TAMIL RUPEE SIGN (HTML ௹)
Gujarati U+0AF1 GUJARATI RUPEE SIGN (HTML ૱)
Kannada U+0CB0 KANNADA LETTER RA (HTML ರ)
Sinhalese U+0DD4 රු SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI PAA-PILLA (HTML ු)
North Indic U+A838 NORTH INDIC RUPEE MARK (HTML ꠸)
Wancho U+1E2FF 𞋿 WANCHO NGUN SIGN (HTML 𞋿)[19]

List of historic currency symbolsEdit

Some of these symbols may not display correctly.

Symbol Uses
Argentine austral
Cz$ Brazilian cruzado
₢ Cr$ Brazilian cruzeiro
Pfennig, a subdivision of the German Mark (1875–1923) and the German Reichsmark (1923–1948)
M East German Deutsche Mark (east) (1948–1964)
DM West German and united German Deutsche Mark (west)(1948–2001)
Nordic mark symbol used by Ludvig Holberg in Denmark and Norway in the 17th and 18th centuries[20]
Greek drachma
ECU (not widely used, and now historical; replaced by the euro)
ƒ Dutch gulden, currently used in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
Fr Franc, used in France and other countries; in France an F with double bar (₣) was proposed in 1988 but never adopted
Kčs Czechoslovak koruna (1919–1993)
Lira, formerly used in Italy, San Marino and Vatican City (although not as an official symbol), and sometimes in Malta
Lm Maltese lira
Ls Latvian lats (1922–2013, not continuously)
Lt Lithuanian litas (1922–2014, not continuously)
M East German Mark der DDR (1968–1990)
German Mark (1875–1923)
MDN East German Mark der Deutschen Notenbank (1964–1968)
mk Finnish markka (1860–2002)
PF Philippine peso fuerte (1852–1901)
Spanish peseta (1869–2002)
R or RD Swedish riksdaler (1777–1873)
ℛℳ German reichsmark (1923–1948)
  Portuguese escudo (cifrão)
Sk Slovak koruna (1993–2008)
Spesmilo (1907 – First World War) in the Esperanto movement
Livre tournois, used in medieval France
𐆚 As coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic
𐆖 Denarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
𐆙 Dupondius coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic
𐆗 Quinarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
𐆘 Sestertius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
£2 10s 3d, £2/10/3 The United Kingdom and British Commonwealth countries, before decimalisation, used several recognised formats for amounts in pounds, shillings and pence, all for the same amount. A hyphen or ASCII hyphen-minus was often used to indicate a zero amount of pence or shillings, e.g. 3/- or £4/-/6d
I/. Peruvian inti (1985-1991)
Bengali rupee mark[21][22]
Bengali ānā, historically used to represent 1/16th of a taka/rupee[22]
Bengali gaṇḍā, historically used to represent 1/20th of an ānā (1/320th of a taka/rupee)[22]
߾ Dorome sign using the N'Ko alphabet[23]
߿ Taman sign using the N'Ko alphabet[23]
𞲰 Indic Siyaq rupee mark[24]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Portuguese) Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas Archived January 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  2. ^ "The real. rs money" (PDF). ECB. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-21.
  3. ^ a b Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
  4. ^ Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  5. ^ Bank of Guyana. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  6. ^ Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us – A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
  7. ^ National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender Archived 2011-04-03 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  8. ^ University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World Archived 2011-11-29 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  9. ^ Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  10. ^ Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  11. ^ Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder Archived 2011-02-21 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  12. ^ Banque Centrale de Mauritanie Archived 2010-12-19 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  13. ^ Bank of Mauritius Archived 2006-12-28 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  14. ^ Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  15. ^ Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  16. ^ Central Bank of Somalia Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  17. ^ 10 February 2017, Bishkek - 24.kg news agency: KGS gets own currency symbol
  18. ^ The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation Archived 2018-08-02 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  19. ^ Everson, Michael (2017-10-22). "N4787R2: Proposal to encode the Wancho script" (PDF).
  20. ^ Evensen, Nina Marie; Anderson, Deborah (2012-07-24). "L2/12-242: Proposal for one historic currency character, MARK SIGN" (PDF).
  21. ^ "Bengali Code Chart, Range: 0980–09FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  22. ^ a b c Pandey, Anshuman (2007-05-21). "L2/07-192: Proposal to Encode the Ganda Currency Mark for Bengali in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF).
  23. ^ a b Everson, Michael (2015-12-19). "L2/15-338: Proposal to encode four N'Ko characters in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF).
  24. ^ Pandey, Anshuman (2015-11-05). "L2/15-121R2: Proposal to Encode Indic Siyaq Numbers" (PDF).