Yen and yuan sign

The yen and yuan sign, ¥, is a currency sign used for the Japanese yen and the Chinese yuan currencies when writing in Latin scripts. This monetary symbol resembles a Latin letter Y with a single or double horizontal stroke. The symbol is usually placed before the value it represents, for example: ¥50. When writing in Japanese or Chinese, the Japanese kanji or Chinese character is written following the amount, for example 50円 in Japan, and 50元 or 50圆 in China.

¥
yen, yuan sign
In UnicodeU+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN (HTML ¥ · ¥)
Currency
CurrencyJapanese yen, Chinese yuan
Graphical variants
U+FFE5 FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN
Related
See alsoU+5143 <CJK IDEOGRAPH> (HTML &#20803;)
U+5186 <CJK IDEOGRAPH> (HTML &#20870;)
Category Category
An example of a price sticker from China

Code pointsEdit

The Unicode code point is U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN (HTML &#165; · &yen;). Additionally, there is a full width character, , at code point U+FFE5 FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN (HTML &#65509;)[a] for use with wide fonts, especially East Asian fonts.

There was no code-point for this symbol in the original (7-bit) US-ASCII and consequently many early systems reassigned 5C (allocated to the backslash (\) in ASCII) to the yen sign. With the arrival of 8-bit encoding, the ISO/IEC 8859-1 ("ISO Latin 1") character set assigned code point A5 to the ¥ in 1985; Unicode continues this encoding.

In JIS X 0201, of which Shift JIS is an extension, assigns code point 0x5C to the latin-script yen sign: as noted above, this is the code used for the backslash in ASCII. This standard was widely adopted in Japan.

Microsoft WindowsEdit

Microsoft adopted the ISO code A5 in Windows-1252 for the Americas and Western Europe but Japanese-language locales of Microsoft operating systems use the code page 932 character encoding, which is a variant of Shift JIS. Hence, 0x5C is displayed as a yen sign in Japanese-locale fonts on Windows.[1] It is nonetheless used wherever a backslash is used, such as the directory separator character (for example, in C:¥) and as the general escape character (¥n).[1] It is mapped onto the Unicode U+005C REVERSE SOLIDUS (i.e. backslash),[2] while Unicode U+00A5 YEN SIGN is given a one-way "best fit" mapping to 0x5C in code page 932,[1] and 0x5C is displayed as a backslash in Microsoft's documentation for code page 932,[3] essentially making it a backslash given the appearance of a yen sign by localized fonts. The won sign ₩ has similar issues in Korean versions of Windows.

IBM EBCDICEdit

IBM's Code page 437 used code point 9D for the ¥ and this encoding was also used by several other computer systems. The ¥ is assigned code point B2 in EBCDIC 500 and many other EBCDIC code pages.

Chinese IMEEdit

Under Chinese Pinyin input method editors (IMEs) such as those from Microsoft or Sogou.com, typing $ displays the full-width character , which is different from half-width ¥ used in Japanese IMEs.

円, 元, and 圆/圓Edit

The Japanese kanji (yen), and Chinese character and (yuan) are used when writing in Japanese and Chinese. In Taiwan, although the currency sign is written as NT$ in Latin script, it is also rendered as and (yuan) when writing in Chinese.

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kaplan, Michael S. (2005-09-17). "When is a backslash not a backslash?". Archived from the original on 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2017-09-28.
  2. ^ "CP932.TXT". Unicode Consortium. Archived from the original on 2018-03-30. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
  3. ^ "Lead byte NULL — Code page 932". Microsoft. Archived from the original on 2017-09-24. Retrieved 2017-09-28.