Areas of Special State Concern
Areas of Special State Concern or ASSC (Croatian: Područja od posebne državne skrbi, PPDS) in Croatia are areas of relative underdevelopment compared to the rest of the country in which Croatian Government implements certain policies aimed at achieving balanced regional development. In addition to challenges faced by many other non-urban communities in Croatia, the ASSC areas face specific challenges which are a result of the 1991–1995 Croatian War of Independence, and include the return and reintegration of war refugees, lack of entrepreneurial capacity and support for business, destroyed or inadequate infrastructure, land under land-mines and insufficient social reintegration.
|Croatian: Područja od posebne državne skrbi|
Map of Croatia with the Areas of Special State Concern marked with shades of green
|Regional Development Program of the Central Government overview|
|Type||Government's Regional Development Program|
The Areas are subdivided into three categories:
- The First Category is covering settlements directly on the state border which were under the rebel control during the war and whose seat is less than 15 km away from the border and have less than 5,000 inhabitants according to the 1991 census as well as the entire area of the former self-proclaimed Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia.
- The Second Category covers all the other regions which were under the rebel control but are not in the first category.
- The Third Category includes areas which are lagging behind the rest of the country in its development. Particular financial contribution to the Government activities in the ASSC areas is provided by the Regional Development Fund established in 2001.
The Act's general provisions determine than only up to 15% of the total population of Croatia may live in the ares which are determined as the ASSC. 170 units of local government in Croatia or some of their settlements are part of the ASSC and in 2001 679,657 inhabitants lived on their territory (15,3% of the total population), with 217,876 in the First, 264,031 in the Second and 197,750 in the Third Category.
The legal foundation for the government's activities is the Act on Areas of Special State Concern which belongs to the group of the four regional acts, though are mostly implemented at local and municipal level. The Act was enacted in 1996 which brought flexibility with municipalities and settlements entering or leaving the ASSC depending on their indicators. In 2002 the Act went through a major amendment that divided the ASSC into three major categories.
ASSC Areas by CountyEdit
This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Lovrinčević, Željko; Davor, Mikulić; Budak, Jelena (June 2004). "AREAS OF SPECIAL STATE CONCERN IN CROATIA- REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS". Ekonomski pregled, Vol.55 No.5-6. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- "REGIONAL COMPETITIVENESS OPERATIONAL PROGRAMME 2007 – 2009 / 2007HR16IPO001 / INSTRUMENT FOR PRE-ACCESSION ASSISTANCE" (PDF). September 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.