Dvor, Croatia

Dvor (Serbian Cyrillic: Двор)[4] is a municipality in the Banovina region in central Croatia. Administratively it belongs to the Sisak-Moslavina County and is located across the Una River from Novi Grad in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dvor is an underdeveloped municipality which is statistically classified as the First Category Area of Special State Concern by the Government of Croatia.[5]

Dvor

Двор (Serbian)[1]
Općina Dvor
Municipality of Dvor
Coat of arms of Dvor
Coat of arms
Dvor is located in Croatia
Dvor
Dvor
Location of Dvor within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°04′00″N 16°22′00″E / 45.06667°N 16.36667°E / 45.06667; 16.36667
Country Croatia
RegionContinental Croatia (Banovina)
CountyFlag of Sisak-Moslavina County.png Sisak-Moslavina
Government
 • MayorNikola Arbutina (SDSS)
Area
 • Total504.75 km2 (194.89 sq mi)
Elevation
131 m (430 ft)
Population
 • Total6,233
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
44440 Dvor

Languages and namesEdit

The town of Dvor was named Dvor na Uni in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.[6] As a majority of the present-day inhabitants self-identify as Serb, the Serbian language is co-official as a second official language, alongside Croatian, which is the official first language.

HistoryEdit

Dvor used to be a district capital in the historic Zagreb County, an administrative unit within the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, which ceased to exist in 1918. In 1929 Dvor was placed in Vrbas Banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It was not incorporated into Croatia when the Banovina of Croatia province was formed in 1939. In 1941, the town became a part of the Independent State of Croatia. After the end of World War II the town officially became part of SR Croatia within SFR Yugoslavia, which largely followed the historic border of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia in this area.

During the Croatian War of Independence (1991–1995), Dvor was within the breakaway Republic of Serbian Krajina, but following Operation Storm in 1995 the municipality returned to Croatian control. Most of Serbian population was evacuated from Dvor during the Operation Storm of which some had returned.

DemographicsEdit

 
Image of Dvor Municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County

According to Population Censuses, the majority of the population are ethnic Serbs. Between 1991 and 2011 the number of Serb residents fell from 14,555 to 4,005, a drop from 86.5% of the population to 71.9%. The number of Croat residents remained essentially the same, 1,395 and 1,440, respectively, but given the population decline, its size, as a percentage of the population, rose from 9.58% to 25.85% of the population of Dvor.

Ethnic Composition
Year Serbs  % Croats  % Total
1931 23,452 88.24% 3,073 11.56% 26,579
1948 21,736 89.44% 2,248 10.34% 21,736
1953 22,658 89.6% 2,290 10.11% 22,658
1961 21,354 89.84% 2,060 9.95% 21,354
1971 18,359 88.38% 1,876 10.22% 18,359
1981 16,507 80.93% 1,525 9.35% 16,507
1991 14,555 86,50% 1,395 9,58% 14,555
2001 3,495 60.87% 1,943 33.84% 5,742
2011 4,005 71.90% 1,440 25.85% 5,570

ReligionEdit

Serbian Orthodox Church of Saint GeorgeEdit

Serbian Orthodox Church of Saint George was constructed in short period of 6 months in 1880.[7] The construction was supported by baron Franjo Filipović who donated 12000 Forintas for this task.[7] As the building was constructed in relative rush it was perceived as mediocre in architectural style and therefore during its reconstruction in 1957 major adaptations were done on the basis of the model of church in Javoranj.[7] Interior frescoes from 1904 are, together with religious elements, representing also the Kosovo Cycle.[7]

Roman Catholic Chapel of Saint Peter and PaulEdit

Roman Catholic Chapel of Saint Peter and Paul was constructed in 1848.[7] It served as the model for larger orthodox church in the village.[7] It was reconstructed in 1971, then destroyed in 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence when the village was a part of self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina, and was reconstructed once again after the end of war.[7]

SettlementsEdit

According to the 2011 census,[3] the municipality consists of 64 settlements:

Three of the villages: Čavlovica, Kobiljak and Zut have not yet been re-connected to the public electrical grid.[8]

Notable natives and residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Općine na područjima posebne državne skrbi Republike Hrvatske" (PDF). Croatian Chamber of Economy. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Dvor". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  4. ^ "Minority names in Croatia:Registar Geografskih Imena Nacionalnih Manjina Republike Hrvatske" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
  5. ^ Lovrinčević, Željko; Davor, Mikulić; Budak, Jelena (June 2004). "AREAS OF SPECIAL STATE CONCERN IN CROATIA- REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS". Ekonomski pregled, Vol.55 No.5-6. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  6. ^ "History" [Povijest]. Official website. Municipality of Dvor. Retrieved 8 April 2015. U vrijeme Kraljevine Jugoslavije mjesto dobiva ime Dvor na Uni.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Škiljan, Filip (2008). Kulturno – historijski spomenici Banije s pregledom povijesti Banije od prapovijesti do 1881 [Cultural and historical monuments of Banija with an overview of history Banija from prehistory to 1881.] (in Serbian). Zagreb, Croatia: Serb National Council. ISBN 978-953-7442-04-0.
  8. ^ "Strategija razvoja Općine Dvor 2011-2015". hrt.hr (in Croatian). 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  9. ^ "When the UN watched a massacre unfold in Croatia". aljazeera.com. 29 May 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  10. ^ "The 15-Minute Massacre in Croatia". aljazeera.com. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Serbian TV Pulls Film on 'Operation Storm' Murders". balkaninsight.com. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  12. ^ "RTS "postpones" documentary to protect Croats who made it". b92.net. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Croatian Film Center Head Resigns Under Political Pressure, Says Production Incentives Are at Risk". hollywoodreporter.com. 2 November 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Vlasti Siska potvrdile indicije o zločinu nad Srbima u Dvoru". b92.net (in Serbian). 28 April 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  15. ^ "15 Minutes - The Dvor Massacre". Georg Larsen, Kasper Vedsmand. 16 August 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 45°04′N 16°22′E / 45.067°N 16.367°E / 45.067; 16.367