Town of Petrinja
Park in Petrinja
|Region||Continental Croatia (Banovina)|
|• Mayor||Darinko Dumbović (NS-R)|
|• Town||41.64 km2 (16.08 sq mi)|
|Elevation||106 m (348 ft)|
|• Density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The name of Petrinja has its roots in Greek πέτρα - pétra, meaning "stone" through Latin petrus. It is said that the town existed in Roman era in the area of Zrinska Gora, which is very rich in stone.
The first written record of Petrinja as an inhabited settlement is the one about the benefits awarded to the inhabitants of Petrinja by the Slavonian duke Koloman in 1240. This old medieval Petrinja belongs to the time of warring with the Ottoman Empire.
16th and 17th centuriesEdit
The old fortress was abandoned and destroyed in 1543, to prevent it from coming under Ottoman control. In 1592, Petrinja was given a new location with the construction and building of an Ottoman fortress at the confluence of the Petrinjčica and Kupa rivers. The fortress was to serve the Ottomans in their offensives in central Croatia, such as the 1593 battle of Sisak.
On August 10, 1594, the fortress was first liberated by the Croatian army. Therefore, August 10 has become the day of gratitude towards God and St. Lawrence, and this saint has been chosen for the patron saint of the parish and the town of Petrinja. Over time, Petrinja attracted craftsmen and merchants whose arrival marks the beginning of the town's development.
18th and 19th centuriesEdit
Petrinja was part of Napoleon's Illyria from 1809 till 1813 when the town became a significant trade and traffic center. In the same period, the French army planted the linden trees that stand to this day.
The influence of Croatian national revival in the 19th century was felt in Petrinja. That was the time of the founding of the Town Orchestra (1808), Music Department (1841), Library and reading-room (1842), Teachers' Training School (1862), Croatian Choir "Slavulj" (1864), Town fire-brigade (1880), First printing-house (1881).
20th and 21st centuriesEdit
Recent history has witnessed the war in Croatia during which the people were exiled from their hometown of Petrinja in the period from September 1991 till May 1995. The town itself has been through a very grave destruction. On November 25, 1991 the Serb mayor of Petrinja Radovan Marković sent a message to Željko Ražnatović to have his troops enter the city as part of a "2. motorized battalion" of the 622. Motorized Brigade of the Yugoslav People's Army. Many monuments have been erected in memory of the Croatian war heroes and victims of the war.
In reconstructing and rebuilding their town, the inhabitants of Petrinja took great care of the town's urban tradition by keeping the old customs alive, celebrating Catholic holidays, and organizing numerous cultural, social and sports events.
On 29 December 2020, the town was struck by a violent earthquake of magnitude 6.4 Mw, killing seven people, including a seven-year-old girl. Half of the town was destroyed during the quake. At least 20 people were injured. A series of aftershocks continued to jolt the area, with 291 smaller tremors recorded during the subsequent days.
City economy is in a major decline for the last 20 years. High impact of the war from the 1990s is felt through the abandonment and depopulation of many villages and closure of many farms which used to supply local meat packing plant Gavrilović and dairy processors from other cities. Gavrilović still remains the biggest company and employer in the city, currently employing about 800 workers.
Other notable industries are saw mills and wood flooring manufacturing. Former Finel furniture factory now mostly lays abandoned while there are current plans to activate part of its capacity for hardwood flooring manufacturing. Former Ciglana brick factory is now converted into a large saw mill called Nil-Ž and employs more than a 100 people.
Small entrepreneurship is still underdeveloped due to lack of a finished small business zone. City owned agency Poslovne Zone Petrinja has been announcing the opening of a small business zone at the suburb of Mošćenica for the last several years, but there are still no visible results.
Small family farming operations called O.P.G. have been registered by many small farmers but just a few are producing in larger quantity and being able to offer fresh or processed meat, fruits, vegetables, flowers and herbs to markets. Lack of local and national co-operative organization management is making small farmers not competitive enough to other EU producers. This stems from an inherent belief that co-op are a negative heritage from the socialist era of pre-1990 period and should not be established again, while at the same time people buy products produced by strong Italian, Austrian, French and German co-operatives.
City used to have a local transportation company called Slavijatrans, which operated local and regional bus lines and cargo transport with an extensive fleet of fuel, bulk and general cargo carrier trucks. Due to mismanagement and numerous cases of corruption on one hand, and lack of law enforcement in the field of passenger transport, many private taxi's took over the passenger traffic from the most profitable lines, while cargo traffic was gradually reduced to just a few trucks from a fleet of a few hundred trucks. Now the company is sold to a large national carried Čazmatrans and only operates local passenger lines.
- Gavrilović d.o.o. meat packing
- Ciglana brick factory
- Nil-Ž sawmill
- Finel furniture and flooring manufacturing
- TSH animal feed factory
- Slavijatrans (Čazmatrans) transportation company, public transit
- Rotomat specialty rotary sanding discs manufacturing
- Pekarne EDI bakery chain
Traditional crafts and gastronomyEdit
After the liberation from Ottoman rule at the end of the 16th century, Petrinja started attracting craftsmen and merchants who helped developing the town. There is a very lively tradition of the potting and ceramic crafts, which represent the main souvenir production of the items characteristic for this area, all made of high quality clay. The main souvenir is "stucka", an ornamented multi-use jar made of clay that has become a symbol of the town of Petrinja.
The foundations of the Prva hrvatska tvornica salame, sušena mesa i masti (first Croatian salami, cured meat and lard factory) were set in the year 1792, now developed into the "Gavrilović" factory, the principal factor of the area's economic development, well known for the quality of its gastronomical products.
A statue of Croatian politician Stjepan Radić was made in Petrinja in 1929 by Mila Wood after his assassination the previous year. In 1936, the statue was placed in the city's central square, which was named after him. In 1963 the communist regime moved the statue to a city park. In 1991, the statue was damaged and thrown into an orchard in a nearby village. It was not found until 1998, when it was restored. In 1999, it was restored to Petrinja's central square, and was unveiled by Croatian minister of culture Božo Biškupić.
As of 2011, Petrinja had a population of 24,671, of which 15,683 were living in the urban settlement.
- Begovići, population 58
- Bijelnik, population 47
- Blinja, population 78
- Brest Pokupski, population 279
- Cepeliš, population 59
- Čuntić, population 27
- Deanovići, population 28
- Dodoši, population 76
- Donja Bačuga, population 142
- Donja Budičina, population 236
- Donja Mlinoga, population 96
- Donja Pastuša, population 11
- Donje Mokrice, population 57
- Dragotinci, population 63
- Dumače, population 272
- Glinska Poljana, population 121
- Gora, population 264
- Gornja Bačuga, population 79
- Gornja Mlinoga, population 33
- Gornja Pastuša, population 31
- Gornje Mokrice, population 105
- Graberje, population 155
- Grabovac Banski, population 200
- Hrastovica, population 464
- Hrvatski Čuntić, population 86
- Jabukovac, population 141
- Jošavica, population 84
- Klinac, population 27
- Kraljevčani, population 63
- Križ Hrastovički, population 141
- Luščani, population 163
- Mačkovo Selo, population 36
- Mala Gorica, population 510
- Međurače, population 36
- Miočinovići, population 43
- Mošćenica, population 2,470
- Moštanica, population 93
- Nebojan, population 191
- Nova Drenčina, population 402
- Novi Farkašić, population 81
- Novo Selište, population 321
- Pecki, population 84
- Petkovac, population 15
- Petrinja, population 15,683
- Prnjavor Čuntićki, population 79
- Sibić, population 67
- Slana, population 92
- Srednje Mokrice, population 33
- Strašnik, population 202
- Stražbenica, population 9
- Taborište, population 227
- Tremušnjak, population 47
- Veliki Šušnjar, population 117
- Vratečko, population 60
- Župić, population 85
|Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005 & Popis stanovništva 2011|
|Population by ethnicity|
|Year of census||total||Croats||Serbs||others|
|1961||27,517||14,942 (54.30%)||11,955 (43.45%)||620 (2.25%)|
|1981||33,570||14,621 (43.55%)||12,617(37.58%)||6,332 (18.86%)|
|1991||35,565||15,791 (44.40%)||15,969 (44.90%)||3,805 (10.70%)|
|2001||23,413||19,280 (82.35%)||2,809 (12.00%)||1,324 (5.65%)|
|2011||24,671||20,925 (84.82%)||2,710 (10.98%)||1,036 (4.20%)|
- Franjo Jelačić (1746–1810), officer from the House of Jelačić
- Stevan Šupljikac (1786–1848), military commander, duke of Serbian Vojvodina
- Janko Grahor (1827–1906), architect
- Emil Vojnović (1851–1927), Austro-Hungarian Army general, Director of the War Archives in Vienna
- Oton Kučera (1856–1931), astronomer
- Krsto Hegedušić (1901–1975), artist
- Branko Horvat (1928–2003), economist and politician
- Milan Nenadić (1943–), Greco-Roman wrestler
- Drago Roksandić (1948-), historian
- Marijan Vlak (1955–), former football goalkeeper
- Vlado Lisjak (1962–), Greco-Roman wrestler
- Aleksandar Jovančević (1970–), Greco-Roman wrestler
This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Petrinja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- "Petrinja". www.enciklopedija.hr.
- Tradition at petrinjaturizam.hr
- Bilić, Ivan (2005). "Kronologija raspada SFRJ i stvaranje Republike Hrvatske do 15. siječnja, 1992". National Security and the Future (in Croatian). 6 (1–2): 157. ISSN 1332-4454.
- "Croatia earthquake: Seven dead as rescuers search rubble for survivors". BBC News. 2020-12-30. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
- "Croatia earthquake: Rescue efforts under way in Petrinja". BBC. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
- Spomenik Radiću u Petrinji[permanent dead link]
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