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Erdut (Croatian pronunciation: [ěrduːt]; Serbian Cyrillic: Ердут; Hungarian: Erdőd [ˈɛrdøːd]) is a village in eastern Croatia, located some 37 km east of the major city of Osijek, lying on the border with neighbouring Serbia. The village of Erdut administratively belongs to the eponymous municipality and is the third largest settlement in the municipality. The municipality contains three other villages: Aljmaš, Bijelo Brdo and Dalj and it is part of the Osijek-Baranja County in eastern Slavonia. Municipal institutions are physically located in the largest village of Dalj.

Erdut

Ердут (Serbian)[1]
Municipality of Erdut
Općina Erdut
Danube river in Erdut
Danube river in Erdut
Coat of arms of Erdut
Coat of arms
Erdut is located in Croatia
Erdut
Erdut
Location of Erdut in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°32′N 19°04′E / 45.533°N 19.067°E / 45.533; 19.067
Country Croatia
RegionSlavonia (Podunavlje)
CountyZastava Osječko-baranjske županije.png Osijek-Baranja
Government
 • Municipal mayorJugoslav Vesić (SDSS)
Area
 • Total158 km2 (61 sq mi)
Elevation
158 m (518 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total7,308
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codes
31204 Bijelo Brdo
31205 Aljmaš
31206 Erdut
31226 Dalj
Area code(s)031
Official languagesCroatian, Serbian[1]
Websitewww.opcina-erdut.hr

Contents

Name and languagesEdit

The name Erdut comes from the local Hungarian name (Erdőd) meaning "forest road".[2] In other languages, the village in German is known as Erdung and in Serbian as Ердут.

Due to the local minority population, the Erdut municipality prescribe the use of not only Croatian as the official language, but the Serbian language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet as well.[3]

GeographyEdit

The municipality have total area of 158 km2[4] (61 sq mi) and is the largest member municipality of Joint Council of Municipalities. River Drava (5.6 km[4]) and Danube (34.825 km[4]) flows through the municipality. The territory of the municipality is completely flat very fertile black soil. The elevation of the village of Erdut is 158 m. It is connected by D213 road (Croatia) with rest of country.

There are 4 villages in municipality:[4]

Settlement population
Aljmaš 610
Bijelo Brdo 1,976
Dalj 3,952
Erdut 818

HistoryEdit

The settlement was first mentioned in 1335 under the Hungarian name Erdöd and then as a city in 1472.[2] It was successively ruled by Ottoman Empire, Austrian Empire, Austria-Hungary, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Independent State of Croatia and Yugoslavia.

Croatian War of IndependenceEdit

When Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, eastern Slavonia was soon overrun by the Yugoslav People's Army and Serb paramilitaries, led by the notorious warlord, Željko Ražnatović known by the name Arkan.[5] The battle for Erdut quickly ended that summer as the entire Croatian population was expelled or killed along with other minorities including Czechs, Germans, Hungarians, Ruthenians and Ukrainians in an act of ethnic cleansing.[6] Their homes were soon occupied by other Serbs.[6] Many buildings and homes were destroyed, including the Roman Catholic Church.[6]

Arkan soon set up a training camp for his Serb Volunteer Guard in Erdut, which became headquarters until the end of the war, when Croatian forces returned according to a peaceful Basic Agreement on the Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium.

Erdut AgreementEdit

On November 12, 1995, officials signed what is commonly called the Erdut Agreement[7] in which the part of eastern Slavonia still occupied by Serbs would be integrated back into Croatia, gradually allowing some of the exiled refugees to return to their homes. This agreement was the basis for the establishment of Joint Council of Municipalities.[7] Erdut has been under Croatian control since 1998.[8]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1880 9,421—    
1890 10,451+10.9%
1900 10,904+4.3%
1910 11,373+4.3%
1921 10,543−7.3%
1931 10,976+4.1%
1948 10,177−7.3%
1953 10,324+1.4%
1961 11,440+10.8%
1971 11,353−0.8%
1981 11,035−2.8%
1991 10,197−7.6%
2001 8,417−17.5%
2011 7,308−13.2%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

PopulationEdit

The municipality population is 7,308 (census 2011), with 805 people in Erdut itself, 3,937 in Dalj, 1,961 in Bijelo Brdo and 605 in Aljmaš.[9] The municipality population is consisted of Serbs (55%), Croats (38%) and Hungarians (5%).[10]

ReligionEdit

Dalj is seat of the Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja of the Serbian Orthodox Church.

PoliticsEdit

Multilateral cooperationEdit

Erdut municipality is one of seven member municipalities of Joint Council of Municipalities, inter-municipal sui generis organization of Serbian community in eastern Croatia.

Municipality governmentEdit

The municipality assembly is composed of 13 representatives. As of 2009, the member parties/lists are:[11]

  Party Number of votes Number of seats
  Independent Democratic Serb Party 1.688 8
  Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja 843 4
  Croatian Democratic Union 380 1
  Croatian Peasant Party 157 0
  Social Democratic Party of Croatia 149 0
  Independent list-Stevo Vujaklija 129 0
  Independent list-Mijo Nemet 67 0

EconomyEdit

Erdut development index is between 50-76% of the Croatian average,[12] and is underdeveloped municipality which is statistically classified as the First Category Area of Special State Concern by the Government of Croatia.[13]

CultureEdit

Points of InterestEdit

The municipality is home of Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja, and there is also Erdut Castle.

Notable natives and residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Erdut | Općina Erdut". Opcina-erdut.hr. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
  3. ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d "Povrsina, stanovnistvo, naseljenost" (PDF). Opcina-erdut.hr. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  5. ^ "Transcript". Slobodan-milosevic.org. 2004-01-13. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
  6. ^ a b c The New York Times; May 10, 1992
  7. ^ a b "Peace Agreements Digital Collection" (PDF). Usip.org. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  8. ^ "The Thorny Issue of Ethnic Autonomy in Croatia" (PDF). Ecmi.de. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  9. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Erdut". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  10. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Osijek-Baranja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  11. ^ "Informacija o rezultatima izbora članova predstavničkih tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-04-03.
  12. ^ "Odluka o razvrstavanju jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave prema stupnju razvijenosti" (in Croatian). 27 December 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  13. ^ Lovrinčević, Željko; Davor, Mikulić; Budak, Jelena (June 2004). "AREAS OF SPECIAL STATE CONCERN IN CROATIA- REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS". Ekonomski pregled, Vol.55 No.5-6. Retrieved 25 August 2018.

External linksEdit