Jasenovac, Sisak-Moslavina County
Jasenovac (Croatian pronunciation: [jasěnoʋat͡s]) is a village and a municipality in Croatia, in the southern part of the Sisak-Moslavina County at the confluence of the river Una into Sava. The name means "ash tree" or "ash forest" in Croatian, the area being ringed by such a forest. During the Second World War, it was the site of the Jasenovac concentration camp.
Municipality of Jasenovac
|• Mayor||Marija Mačković (HDZ)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
In 1991, the total population was 3,599, Croats made up 2,419 (67.21%), while Serbs were noticeable population with 911 (25.31%). In 2001, the municipality's population was 2,391, composed of 2,179 (91%) Croats and 141 Serbs (5.90%).
In 2011, the total population was 1,997, with 1,807 (90.49%) Croats and 152 Serbs (7.61%).
The municipality of Jasenovac consists of 10 villages:
Austro-Hungarian 1910 censusEdit
|Population by ethnicity||Total||Croats||Serbs||Germans||Czechs||Hungarians||Italians||Ruthenians||Slovenes||Note|
|Drenov Bok||922||919||3||0||0||0||0||0||0||It was consisted of two hamlets: Bumbekovača (pop. 9) and Drenov Bok (pop. 913).|
|Jasenovac||2,365||1,338||975||33||8||8||0||2||1||It was consisted of two hamlets: Jasenovac (pop. 2,327) and Lončarice (pop. 38).|
|Mlaka||1,176||37||1,138||1||0||0||0||0||0||It was consisted of two independent settlements: Mlaka (pop. 823) and Jablanac Jasenovački (pop. 353) with two hamlets: Jablanac Jasenovački (pop. 350) and Jasenovački Strug (pop. 3).|
|Puska||832||797||29||0||0||0||6||0||0||Together with a settlement of Trebež.|
|Tanac||182||173||9||0||0||0||0||0||0||At the time of Census it was hamlet of the settlement of Uštica. Independent settlement from 1948.|
|Trebež||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||It was a hamlet of the settlement of Puska from 1948 as Trebež Krapjanski, and from 1953-1981 as Trebež Puščanski. Independent settlement from 1981. For Census data see: Puska.|
|Uštica||1,194||492||702||0||0||0||0||0||0||It was consisted of three hamlets: Klenov Bok (pop. 7), Uštica (pop. 1,077) and Uštička Gradina (pop. 110).|
|Višnjica||180||180||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||At the time of Census it was hamlet of the settlement of Uštica as Višnjica Uštička. Independent settlement from 1948.|
|Total||8,733||5,809 (66.51%)||2,859 (32.73%)||35 (0.40%)||10 (0.11%)||9 (0.10%)||7 (0.08%)||2 (0.02%)||2 (0.02%)|
|Population by religion||Total||Roman Catholics||Eastern Orthodox||Jews||Eastern Catholics|
|Total||8,733||5,857 (67.06%)||2,863 (32.78%)||10 (0.11%)||3 (0.03%)|
Note: 1910 census was based on language and religion, without question about ethnicity. Croatian and Serbian language were presented as one language: Croatian or Serbian. Croat and Serb ethnicity here is based on religion. Roman Catholics and Eastern Catholics (also Protestants and Jews) which language was Croatian or Serbian are presented as Croats, and Eastern Orthodox which language was Croatian or Serbian are presented as Serbs. Other ethnic groups are presented based on their language. That time Ruthenians presented together modern days ethnicities of Ukrainians and Rusyns. Jews were presented only as religious group.
During the Croatian War of Independence, in 1991, Serb forces destroyed the local three-way bridge over the Una and the Sava linking the town to Bosnia and Herzegovina. The area was subsequently mined. The town was taken over by Croatian forces as part of Operation Flash on 1 May 1995.
The municipality is home to the football club NK Jasenovac.
- "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Sisak-Moslavina". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- Book: "Ethnic and religious composition of population of Croatia, 1880-1991: by settlements", author: Jakov Gelo, publisher: Zagreb, Croatian bureau of statistics, 1998., ISBN 953-6667-07-X, ISBN 978-953-6667-07-9;
- Book: "Settlements and population of Socialist Republic of Croatia 1857-1971", author: Mirko Korenčić, publisher: Zagreb, Croatian bureau of statistics, 1979.
- Predsjednik Vlade na otvorenju mosta u Jasenovcu Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine
- Novi projekt razminiranja u Općini Jasenovac [New de-mining project in the Municipality of Jasenovac], Croatian Mine Action Centre, 23 June 2009.
- Lovrinčević, Željko; Davor, Mikulić; Budak, Jelena (June 2004). "AREAS OF SPECIAL STATE CONCERN IN CROATIA- REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS". Ekonomski pregled, Vol.55 No.5-6. Archived from the original on 2018-08-18. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
- Desetljeće rada Narodne knjižnice Jasenovac[permanent dead link], Vjesnik
- "Jasenovac: Uz "Bljesak" i Dan općine Jasenovca". Archived from the original on 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-04-12.