Novska is a town in the Sisak-Moslavina County of Croatia. It is located in western part of the historic region of Slavonia, between Kutina and Nova Gradiška, 94 km (58 mi) linear distance southeast of the capital, Zagreb.[2]

Novska
Grad Novska
Town of Novska
Novska railway station
Novska railway station
Novska is located in Croatia
Novska
Novska
Location of Novska in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°20′N 16°59′E / 45.333°N 16.983°E / 45.333; 16.983
Country Croatia
CountyFlag of Sisak-Moslavina County.png Sisak-Moslavina
Government
 • MayorMarin Piletić (HDZ)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Town13,518
 • Urban
7,028
Time zoneUTC+1 (Central European Time)

DemographicsEdit

Novska has a total population of 13,518 in the following settlements:[1]

In the 2011 census, 91.64% (12,388) of the population were Croats and 4.74% (641) were Serbs.[3] In 1991 in the town lived 24,696 inhabitants, Croats 16,556 (67.03%), Serbs 5,402 (21.87%), Yugoslavs 675 (2.73%), others 2,063 (8.35%).[citation needed]

Town of Novska: Population trends 1857–2021
population
7213
8035
8322
10469
12002
13609
13419
14856
13713
14245
14743
15512
16686
17231
14313
13518
11234
18571869188018901900191019211931194819531961197119811991200120112021

HistoryEdit

Before 1881, Novska was part of the Austrian monarchy (Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia after the compromise of 1867), in the Slavonian Military Frontier, Gradiskaner Regiment N°VIII.[4] Between 1881 and 1918, in the Požega County of the Kingdom.

During the Croatian War of Independence two separate mass murders of Serb civilians took place in the town. On 21 November 1991, four Serbs were tortured and killed. On 18 December 1991, four Serbs were shot with one managing to survive. In the first case, Croatian Army soldier Damir Vida Raguž was found guilty of war crimes in a first-instance verdict and sentenced to 20 years in prison, while the other accused, Željko Škledar was acquitted. The verdict was overturned however and following a re-trial, both were acquitted. In the second case, Željko Belina and Dejan Milić were sentenced by the Zagreb County Court to 10 and 9 years in prison, respectively, following a Supreme Court reversal of an earlier adjudication.[5][6]

Transport and industryEdit

The Croatian railway lines M103, M104 and M105 are connected with each other at the Novska railway station. All of them and the A3 motorway, which runs passes by south of the town, are part of Pan-European Corridor X.[citation needed] Novska is known for its steel elbow[clarification needed] factory, Metaflex.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Novska". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ www.luftlinie.org
  3. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Sisak-Moslavina". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  4. ^ Map of the Corinphila-Auktionen 2003.
  5. ^ "Novska". snv.hr. Serb National Council.
  6. ^ "30 godina od ubojstva Mihajla Šeatovića, supružnika Rašković i Ljubana Vujića". documenta.hr (in Croatian). Documenta – Center for Dealing with the Past. 21 November 2021.

External linksEdit