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Anastasiya Andreyevna Myskina (Russian: Анастасия Андреевна Мыскина, IPA: [ɐnəstɐˈsʲijə ˈmɨskʲɪnə]; born 8 July 1981) is a former professional tennis player. She won the 2004 French Open singles title, becoming the first Russian female tennis player to win a Grand Slam singles title. Subsequent to this victory, she rose to No. 3 in the WTA rankings, becoming the first Russian female tennis player to reach the top 3 in the history of the rankings. In September 2004, she reached a career-high ranking of No. 2. She has not retired officially, but has been inactive on the WTA Tour since May 2007.

Anastasiya Myskina
Анастасия Мыскина
Anastasia Myskina in 2008.jpg
Country (sports) Russia
ResidenceMoscow
Born (1981-07-08) 8 July 1981 (age 37)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Height1.74 m (5 ft 9 in)
Turned pro1998
Retired2007 (last match)
PlaysRight-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize money$5,606,725
Singles
Career record355–191 (65.02%)
Career titles10 WTA, 3 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 2 (13 September 2004)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenQF (2003, 2004)
French OpenW (2004)
WimbledonQF (2005, 2006)
US OpenQF (2003)
Other tournaments
Tour FinalsSF (2004)
Olympic GamesSF – 4th (2004)
Doubles
Career record100–92
Career titles5 WTA, 3 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 15 (21 February 2005)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian OpenSF (2005)
French Open3R (2004, 2006)
Wimbledon3R (2006)
US Open1R (2003, 2005)
Other doubles tournaments
Olympic Games2R (2000)
Team competitions
Fed CupW (2004, 2005)
Record 18–6

Contents

Tennis careerEdit

1999–2001Edit

Myskina was born in Moscow and turned professional in 2000, the year in which she broke into the WTA top 500. She won her first WTA title in Palermo in only her second appearance in the main draw of a WTA tournament. She made her debut in a Grand Slam tournament at the US Open and the Fed Cup (playing doubles). In 2000, Myskina scored first career top-20 victory over No. 17 Barbara Schett en route to the Sopot semifinal. She debuted at Roland Garros (which she would later win) and Wimbledon. She played in the Sydney Olympics and reached her first Tier I quarterfinal in Zürich, where she lost to world No. 1 Martina Hingis. Myskina was plagued by injury that forced her to miss the Australian Open. As a result, she fell out of the top 100. She then had a solid indoor performance, reaching the quarterfinals in Leipzig and the semifinals in Moscow, her first career Tier I semifinal.

2002Edit

2002 was a breakthrough season for Myskina. She scored her first top-10 win over defending champion Jelena Dokić in Rome, and entered so the top 20. Myskina reached back-to-back grass court finals in Birmingham and Eastbourne, and rose to No. 15 in the rankings. She won her first Tier II 2002 Brasil Open – Women's Singles title in Bahia, and another runner-up finish in Leipzig confirmed her spot in WTA Tour Championships. She finished the 2002 season in the top 15 for the first time in her career.

2003Edit

Myskina obtained an invite to play The Hong Kong Ladies Challenge and reached the Australian Open quarterfinals (her first Grand Slam quarterfinal appearance of six). After claiming the title in Doha and defeating friend Elena Likhovtseva in the first all-Russian final in WTA history, she cracked the top 10. Established her place among the game elite with a win in Sarasota, Myskina also had mediocre results during the summer season were followed by a quarterfinal appearance at the US Open, back-to-back titles in Leipzig (defeating No. 1 Kim Clijsters and No. 2 Justine Henin) and Moscow, which was her first Tier I title. She became the first Russian woman to win the Kremlin Cup), and she made the finals in Philadelphia. Myskina qualified for the Tour Championships. She earned more than US$ one million in prize money, and finished the year in the top 10 for the first time in her career.

2004: Best season, French Open championEdit

2004 was Myskina's best season to date. Myskina successfully defended her Doha title, afterwards becoming the second Russian woman to break into the top 5, the first was Natasha Zvereva, who rose to No. 5 in the world in May 1989. The highlight of Myskina's 2004 season was a victory at the French Open, where she saved match points in the fourth round against Svetlana Kuznetsova, then defeated former world No. 1 players Venus Williams and Jennifer Capriati, en route to a 6–1, 6–2 victory over compatriot Elena Dementieva in the first all-Russian Grand Slam final, thus making her the first female Russian to win a Grand Slam singles title. Prior to her French Open victory, she had never made it past the second round at Roland Garros. Following her win in Paris, she rose to No. 3 in the rankings. She reached the final in San Diego, breaking Maria Sharapova's 14-match winning streak that included Wimbledon and beat Vera Zvonareva 17–15 in a third set tie-break, saving nine match points, winning the longest final set tie-break in WTA Tour history. She lost in the 2004 Athens Olympics semifinal to Justine Henin, having led 5–1 in the final set. She rose to a career-high No. 2 in the rankings. Myskina recovered from the tough loss to win the Kremlin Cup for the second straight year, and beat No. 2 Lindsay Davenport for the first time in five meetings en route to doing so. She finished on the top of her group at the WTA Championships, and scored her second win over a world No. 1 by again beating Davenport, but lost in the semifinals to the eventual champion Sharapova. Myskina led Russia to its first Fed Cup title, winning eight out of nine matches played, including winning all of her three matches in the final. Finished the season as world No. 3, a career-best year-end rank for a female Russian, and won over US$ two million in prize money, having scored ten top-10-wins during the 2004 season.

2005Edit

 
Myskina (right) with Vera Zvonareva

2005 brought Myskina mixed fortunes. She spent the first half of 2005 poorly, due to personal issues regarding her mother's health. Myskina surrendered her Doha and Roland Garros titles in the very first round, and became the first Roland Garros champion to lose in the opening round. Bringing an 8–10 win-loss record to the beginning of the grass court season, Myskina managed to turn it around at Wimbledon by reaching her career-first quarterfinal at the event with three comeback wins over Jelena Janković (from a 1–5 final set deficit), and over Dementieva (being 1–6, 0–3 down and facing match points in the second set tiebreak). She fell out of the top 10 in August. She then won her tenth career title in Kolkata beating lower-ranked opponents. She also beat the Wimbledon champion Venus Williams in Fed Cup semifinals, but then lost both of her matches in the final. Myskina finished inside top 15 for the fourth straight time.

2006Edit

2006 was another disappointing season for Myskina. Having had several chances to return to the top 10, she failed to convert any of them. In Warsaw, she suffered her worst defeat in terms of the rankings on WTA Tour level, falling to a wildcard, Agnieszka Radwańska, then ranked No. 309. At Roland Garros, Myskina defeated 2005 quarterfinalist Ana Ivanovic in the third round before losing to the eventual champion Justine Henin in the fourth round.

She showed splashes of her old form during the grass season, having reached the Eastbourne final beautifully, losing to Justine Henin-Hardenne in a close final concluded in a third set tiebreak. She made the Wimbledon quarterfinals, but lost to eventual champion Amélie Mauresmo in three sets. She had solid performance at the first two Grand Slams, making the fourth round on each occasion. After Wimbledon, her game completely fall apart. Along with second straight runner-up finish at the Tier IV event in Stockholm, she did not manage to win a single match in North America, going 0–3 during the US Open Series. The downfall reached its nadir when she became the first person to lose a Grand Slam match against future world No. 1 Victoria Azarenka at the US Open, having entered the event under an injury cloud carried over from New Haven. Anastasia sat out for a majority of the indoor season with a foot and toe injury, pulling out of Stuttgart and her home tournament in Moscow. She returned to play in Zürich, but lost to then unknown Swiss qualifier Timea Bacsinszky, 3–6, 3–6.

2007Edit

Myskina only played two singles matches, having been injured. She lost both of those matches; including to Meghann Shaughnessy at the French Open, only winning a game.[1][2] As of 25 July 2007, Myskina fell to the same ranking as the wildcard she lost to Agnieszka Radwańska, of No. 309. She also is unranked for doubles. Myskina is taking time off due to a career-threatening injury.[3][4]

Personal lifeEdit

Myskina dated HC Dynamo Moscow hockey player Aleksandr Stepanov.[5]

In October 2002, she had a series of photos taken for GQ magazine by the photographer Mark Seliger for a spread in the October 2002 edition of GQ, in which one approved photo of her fully clothed was published. After she won the French Open in 2004, some photographs from the shoot, in which she appeared topless, were published in the Russian magazine Medved (Bear). In August 2004, she filed an US$ eight million lawsuit against GQ for allowing her topless photographs to appear in Medved without her consent.[6] On 19 June 2005, U.S. District Judge Michael Mukasey, later United States Attorney General, ruled that Myskina could not stop the distribution of the topless photos, because she had signed a release. Myskina had claimed that she did not understand the photo release form and that she was not fluent in English at the time.[7]

Myskina has three sons born in 2008, 2010, and 2012.[8][9][10] When she was interviewed about parenting with Tennis.com she said: "Being a mother is so different; it’s not that it’s quieter or faster, it’s just different. Being a mom is tough. You understand what’s good for you and the babies, while tennis is just a game. It’s fun because you have a different life when you step on the court but when the baby is sick you go crazy. When I lost a match it was really bad time, now I know it was a great time, so being a mom is tougher."[9]

Major finalsEdit

Grand Slam finalsEdit

Singles: 1 (1–0)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 2004 French Open Clay   Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–2

Olympic finalsEdit

Singles: 1 (0–1)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
4th place 2004 Athens Olympics Hard   Alicia Molik 3–6, 4–6

WTA Tier I finalsEdit

Singles: 3 (2 titles, 1 runner-up)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 2003 Moscow Carpet (i)   Amélie Mauresmo 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 2004 San Diego Hard   Lindsay Davenport 1–6, 1–6
Winner 2004 Moscow (2) Carpet (i)   Elena Dementieva 7–5, 6–0

WTA career finalsEdit

Singles (19)Edit

Wins (10)Edit

No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
1. 18 July 1999 Palermo, Italy Clay   Ángeles Montolio 3–6, 7–6(7–3), 6–2
2. 14 September 2002 Bahia, Brazil Hard   Eleni Daniilidou 6–3, 0–6, 6–2
3. 16 February 2003 Doha, Qatar (1) Hard   Elena Likhovtseva 6–3, 6–1
4. 6 April 2003 Sarasota, United States Clay   Alicia Molik 6–4, 6–1
5. 28 September 2003 Leipzig, Germany Carpet (i)   Justine Henin 3–6, 6–3, 6–3
6. 5 October 2003 Moscow, Russia (1) Carpet (i)   Amélie Mauresmo 6–2, 6–4
7. 6 March 2004 Doha, Qatar (2) Hard   Svetlana Kuznetsova 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
8. 3 June 2004 French Open, Paris Clay   Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–2
9. 17 October 2004 Moscow (2) Carpet (i)   Elena Dementieva 7–5, 6–0
10. 25 September 2005 Kolkata, India Hard (i)   Karolina Šprem 6–2, 6–2

Runner-ups (9)Edit

No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
1. 16 June 2002 Birmingham, England Grass   Jelena Dokić 2–6, 3–6
2. 22 June 2002 Eastbourne, England (1) Grass   Chanda Rubin 1–6, 3–6
3. 29 September 2002 Leipzig Carpet (i)   Serena Williams 3–6, 2–6
4. 2 November 2003 Philadelphia, United States Hard (i)   Amélie Mauresmo 7–5, 0–6, 2–6
5. 1 August 2004 San Diego, United States Hard   Lindsay Davenport 1–6, 1–6
6. 14 August 2005 Stockholm, Sweden (1) Hard   Katarina Srebotnik 5–7, 2–6
7. 27 May 2006 Istanbul, Turkey Clay   Shahar Pe'er 6–1, 3–6, 6–7(3–7)
8. 24 June 2006 Eastbourne (2) Grass   Justine Henin 6–4, 1–6, 6–7(5–7)
9. 13 August 2006 Stockholm (2) Hard   Zheng Jie 4–6, 1–6

Doubles (6)Edit

Wins (5)Edit

Winner - Legend
WTA Championships (0–0)
Tier I (1–1)
Tier II (2–0)
Tier III (2–0)
Tier IV (0–0)
No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
1. 19 September 2004 Bali, Indonesia Hard   Ai Sugiyama   Svetlana Kuznetsova
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–3, 7–5
2. 17 October 2004 Moscow, Russia Carpet (i)   Vera Zvonareva   Virginia Ruano Pascual
  Paola Suárez
6–3, 4–6, 6–2
3. 25 September 2005 Kolkata, India Hard (i)   Elena Likhovtseva   Neha Uberoi
  Shikha Uberoi
6–1, 6–0
4. 9 October 2005 Filderstadt, Germany Hard (i)   Daniela Hantuchová   Květa Peschke
  Francesca Schiavone
6–0, 3–6, 7–5
5. 7 May 2006 Warsaw, Poland Clay   Elena Likhovtseva   Anabel Medina Garrigues
  Katarina Srebotnik
6–3, 6–4

Runner-up (1)Edit

No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
1. 5 October 2003 Moscow Carpet (i)   Vera Zvonareva   Nadia Petrova
  Meghann Shaughnessy
3–6, 4–6

ITF Circuit finals: 10 (6–4)Edit

Singles: 6 (3–3)Edit

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1. 12 October 1997 Batumi, Georgia Grass   Elena Dementieva 6–7(1–7), 6–4, 7–5
Winner 2. 21 June 1998 Tallinn, Estonia Clay   Minna Rautajoki 7–5, 6–3
Runner–up 1. 20 September 1998 Biograd na Moru, Croatia Clay   Anna Bieleń-Żarska 4–6, 7–5, 6–7(5–7)
Runner–up 2. 11 October 1998 Batumi, Georgia Carpet   Amanda Hopmans 2–6, 5–7
Winner 3. 27 June 1999 Gorizia, Italy Clay   Ángeles Montolio 6–1, 6–3
Runner–up 3. 4 July 1999 Orbetello, Italy Clay   Laura Dell'Angelo 3–6, 6–7(8–10)

Doubles: 4 (3–1)Edit

Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1. 1 June 1997 Istanbul, Turkey Clay   Elena Dementieva   Seden Özlü
  Stela Penciu
6–0, 6–2
Winner 2. 5 October 1997 Tbilisi, Georgia Clay   Elena Dementieva   Anna Zaporozhanova
  Vera Zhukovets
3–6, 6–0, 6–4
Winner 3. 12 October 1997 Batumi, Georgia Carpet   Elena Dementieva   Danica Kováčová
  Irina Nossenko
6–1, 1–0 ret.
Runner-up 1. 21 June 1999 Orbetello, Italy Clay   Maria Goloviznina   Mariana Díaz Oliva
  Clarisa Fernández
4–6, 2–6

Singles performance timelineEdit

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
Tournament 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Career
SR
Career
W-L
Total
Australian Open A A A 2R QF QF 4R 4R A 0 / 5 14–5 N/A
French Open A 1R 1R 1R 2R W 1R 4R 1R 1 / 8 11–7 N/A
Wimbledon A 3R 2R 3R 4R 3R QF QF A 0 / 7 18–7 N/A
US Open 2R 1R 1R 3R QF 2R 3R 1R A 0 / 8 10–8 N/A
Grand Slam SR 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 1 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 1 1 / 28 N/A N/A
Grand Slam W-L 1–1 2–3 1–3 5–4 12–4 14–3 8–4 10–4 0–1 N/A 53–27 N/A
WTA Tour Championships A A A 1R 4R SF A A A 0 / 3 3–5 N/A
WTA Tier I tournaments
Tokyo A A A Q1 A A A SF A 0 / 2 2–2 N/A
Indian Wells A 1R A 4R 2R SF A 4R A 0 / 5 8–5 N/A
Miami A 3R 1R 3R 2R A 4R QF A 0 / 6 8–6 N/A
Charleston A 2R 1R QF 2R A 2R A A 0 / 5 4–5 N/A
Rome A A 1R 2R QF QF 2R 3R A 0 / 5 9–5 N/A
Berlin A A Q1 2R 2R QF 2R A A 0 / 5 2–5 N/A
San Diego A A A 3R A F A A A 0 / 2 5–2 N/A
Montreal/Toronto A 1R Q2 1R 3R SF SF 2R A 0 / 7 8–7 N/A
Moscow 2R A SF 1R W W QF A A 2 / 9 18–7 N/A
Zurich A QF Q1 2R A A SF 1R A 0 / 5 9–5 N/A
Career statistics
Finals reached 1 0 0 4 5 4 2 3 0 N/A N/A 19
Tournaments won 1 0 0 1 4 3 1 0 0 N/A N/A 10
Hard outdoors W-L 4–4 3–7 2–3 19–11 15–8 27–10 14–8 13–10 0–1 N/A 97–62 N/A
Hard indoors W-L 0–0 2–2 0–1 0–1 6–5 5–4 5–2 0–0 0–0 N/A 18–15 N/A
Clay W-L 5–1 6–6 1–4 12–8 11–6 12–2 3–6 8–4 0–1 N/A 58–38 N/A
Grass W-L 0–0 5–3 3–2 10–3 3–2 2–1 5–2 8–2 0–0 N/A 36–15 N/A
Carpet W-L 1–1 0–0 5–2 6–5 11–1 9–1 9–2 2–1 0–0 N/A 43–13 N/A
Overall W-L 10–6 16–18 11–12 47–28 46–22 55–18 36–20 31–17 0–2 N/A 252–143 N/A
Year-end ranking 65 58 59 11 7 3 14 16 1038 N/A N/A [2]

Head-to-head record against other playersEdit

Myskina's win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked world No. 10 or higher is as follows:

Player Record W% Hardcourt Clay Grass Carpet
No. 1 ranked players
 /  Jelena Janković 3–0 100% 0–0 1–0 2–0 0–0
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 1–0 100% 0–0 1–0 0–0 0–0
 /  Ana Ivanovic 1–0 100% 0–0 1–0 0–0 0–0
  Dinara Safina 4–1 80% 3–1 1–0 0–0 0–0
  Victoria Azarenka 2–1 66.7% 1–1 1–0 0–0 0–0
  Maria Sharapova 3–2 60% 3–2 0–0 0–0 0–0
  Venus Williams 2–3 40% 0–1 2–1 0–0 0–1
  Martina Hingis 1–2 33.3% 1–2 0–0 0–0 0–0
  Kim Clijsters 3–7 30% 0–5 0–2 1–0 2–0
  Jennifer Capriati 2–5 28.6% 1–2 1–2 0–1 0–0
  Lindsay Davenport 2–6 25% 1–6 0–0 0–0 1–0
  Justine Henin 2–8 20% 1–5 0–2 0–1 1–0
  Amélie Mauresmo 1–8 11.1% 0–3 0–1 0–3 1–1
  Serena Williams 0–5 0% 0–2 0–1 0–0 0–2
No. 2 ranked players
  Vera Zvonareva 3–1 75% 2–0 0–1 0–0 1–0
  Conchita Martínez 3–1 75% 2–1 0–0 1–0 0–0
  Svetlana Kuznetsova 4–2 66.7% 1–1 2–1 1–0 0–0
  Agnieszka Radwańska 0–1 0% 0–0 0–1 0–0 0–0
No. 3 ranked players
  Mary Pierce 4–2 66.7% 2–0 1–2 0–0 1–0
  Elena Dementieva 9–6 60% 3–3 4–0 1–0 1–3
  Nadia Petrova 3–2 60% 1–2 1–0 0–0 1–0
  Amanda Coetzer 2–2 50% 2–1 0–0 0–1 0–0
  Nathalie Tauziat 0–1 0% 0–0 0–0 0–1 0–0
No. 4 ranked players
  Francesca Schiavone 3–0 100% 2–0 1–0 0–0 0–0
 /  Iva Majoli 3–0 100% 0–0 1–0 0–0 2–0
  Samantha Stosur 2–0 100% 1–0 0–0 0–0 1–0
  Magdalena Maleeva 4–1 80% 1–0 0–0 1–0 2–1
 /  Jelena Dokić 2–4 33.3% 1–2 1–1 0–1 0–0
  Mary Joe Fernandez 0–1 0% 0–1 0–0 0–0 0–0
 /  Anke Huber 0–1 0% 0–0 0–1 0–0 0–0
No. 5 ranked players
  Daniela Hantuchová 2–0 100% 0–0 1–0 1–0 0–0
  Anna Chakvetadze 1–1 50% 1–1 0–0 0–0 0–0
No. 6 ranked players
  Flavia Pennetta 1–0 100% 1–0 0–0 0–0 0–0
  Chanda Rubin 5–2 71% 4–0 0–1 0–1 1–0
No. 7 ranked players
  Marion Bartoli 1–0 100% 1–0 0–0 0–0 0–0
  Barbara Schett 3–1 75% 1–0 1–0 0–0 1–1
  Patty Schnyder 2–3 40% 1–3 0–0 1–0 0–0
  Roberta Vinci 1–2 33% 0–1 0–1 1–0 0–0
  Nicole Vaidišová 0–1 0% 0–0 0–1 0–0 0–0
No. 8 ranked players
  Anna Kournikova 1–0 100% 0–0 0–0 0–0 1–0
  Alicia Molik 3–2 60% 1–1 2–0 0–0 0–1
  Ai Sugiyama 2–3 40% 1–2 0–0 1–1 0–0
No. 9 ranked players
  Roberta Vinci 2–1 66.7% 1–0 1–0 0–1 0–0
  Paola Suárez 1–1 50% 0–0 0–1 1–0 0–0
  Sandrine Testud 0–1 0% 0–0 0–1 0–0 0–0
  Dominique Monami 0–1 0% 0–1 0–0 0–0 0–0
No. 10 ranked players
  Timea Bacsinszky 0–1 0% 0–1 0–0 0–0 0–0
 /  Karina Habšudová 0–1 0% 0–0 0–0 0–0 0–1
Total 93–94 50% 41–51 (45%) 24–21 (53%) 12–11 (52%) 16–11 (59%)

AwardsEdit

Preceded by
Justine Henin
ITF World Champion
2004
Succeeded by
Kim Clijsters

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roland Garros – The 2007 French Open – Official Site by IBM Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ N/A (30 May 2007). "Wednesday 30 May in numbers". Wimbledon. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2007.
  3. ^ N/A (30 May 2007). "Day 4 – An interview with Anastasia Myskina – Wednesday, May 30, 2007". Wimbledon. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2007.
  4. ^ Video Interview with Anastasia Myskina Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Women to watch at Wimbledon". BBC News. 22 June 2006. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
  6. ^ Sandomir, Richard (7 August 2004). "TENNIS; Myskina Sues Magazine Over Two Topless Photos". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
  7. ^ "Judge says photographer can use Myskina's topless photos". USA Today. 19 July 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
  8. ^ "Anastasia Myskina Expecting Baby No. 3". Celebrity Scoop. 5 November 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Anastasia Myskina pregnant with third child". 3 November 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  10. ^ "Anastasia Myskina Welcomes Baby No. 3: Pavel". Celebrity Baby Scoop. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012.

External linksEdit