Order of Friendship
The Order of Friendship (Russian: Орден Дружбы, Orden Druzhby) is a state decoration of the Russian Federation established by Boris Yeltsin by presidential decree 442 of 2 March 1994 to reward Russian and foreign nationals whose work, deeds and efforts have been aimed at the betterment of relations with the Russian Federation and its people. The design of order was created by Alexander Zhuk. Its statute was later amended by presidential decree 19 of 6 January 1999, presidential decree 1999 of 7 September 2010, presidential decree 1631 of 16 December 2011, and presidential decree 308 of 16 March 2012. It can trace its lineage to the Soviet Order of Friendship of Peoples, also designed by Alexander Zhuk.
|Order of Friendship|
Order of Friendship (obverse)
|Awarded by Russian Federation|
|Type||Single grade order|
|Eligibility||Russian nationals and foreign nationals|
|Awarded for||Strengthening friendship and cooperation between peoples|
|Established||2 March 1994|
|Next (higher)||Order of Honour|
|Next (lower)||Order of Parental Glory|
|Related||Order of Friendship of Peoples|
Ribbon of the Order of Friendship
The Order of Friendship is awarded to Russian and foreign nationals for special merit in strengthening peace, friendship, cooperation and understanding between nations, for fruitful work on the convergence and mutual enrichment of cultures of nations and peoples; for the active conservation, development and promotion of the cultural and historical heritage of Russia; for great contribution to the implementation of joint ventures with the Russian Federation, major economic projects and attracting investments into the economy of the Russian Federation; for broad charitable activities.
The badge of the Order of Friendship is made of gilded silver and enamels. It is a pentagonal star created from diverging golden rays. On the obverse at the center of the star is a terrestrial globe, with the oceans covered in blue enamel. The globe is surrounded by a green enamelled wreath of olive branches. On the reverse is the inscription "Peace and Friendship" (Russian: "Мир и дружба") and the etched serial number of the individual award. The distance between opposite tips of the star is 44 mm.
The badge of the order is connected by a ring through the suspension loop to a standard Russian pentagonal mount covered with an overlapping 24 mm wide green silk moiré ribbon with 6 mm wide light blue stripes along its edges. When worn in the presence of other Orders and medals of the Russian Federation, the Order of Friendship is located immediately after the Order of Honour.
Notable recipients (partial list)Edit
The following individuals were awarded the Order of Friendship:
- Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysian 4th and 7th Prime Minister
- Evgenia Medvedeva, a Russia competitive figure skater
- Sopubek Begaliev, Kyrgyz politician (Kyrgyzstan)
- Lydia T. Black, a historian and anthropologist in the field of Russian America (USA)
- George Blake, double agent (UK)
- David Blatt, basketball coach (Israel/USA)
- The Right Honourable Jean Chrétien, PC, OM, CC, QC, former Prime Minister of Canada
- Dimitris Christofias, President of Cyprus
- Adrienne Clarkson, Governor General of Canada
- Van Cliburn, renowned pianist (USA)
- Patricia Cloherty, entrepreneur and businesswoman (USA)
- Frank De Winne, ESA astronaut and head of the European Astronaut Centre (Belgium)
- Milorad Dodik, President of the Republika Srpska
- Maurice Druon, writer (France)
- Yuli Gusman, film director (Azerbaijan)
- Ignatius IV of Antioch (Hazim), patriarch of the Greek Orthodox Christian Church
- Prince Dimitri Romanov, claimant to headship of the Imperial House of Russia
- Victor Hochhauser (1923-2019), British music promoter
- Daisaku Ikeda, president of Soka Gakkai International (Japan)
- Jayakanthan, Tamil writer (India), 2011
- Raymond E. Johnson, founder of the Museum of Russian Art in Minneapolis (USA)
- Akhmad Kadyrov, President of Chechnya
- Moshe Kantor, president of the European Jewish Congress
- Anatoly Karpov, chess player, for his great contribution to strengthening peace and friendship between peoples and productive social activities
- Prince Michael of Kent, cousin of Queen Elizabeth II and descendant of Tsar Alexander II of Russia; a qualified interpreter of Russian (UK)
- Vakhtang Kikabidze, singer and actor (the award was rejected by Kikabidze in August 2008) (Georgia)
- Emir Kusturica, Serbian filmmaker, actor and musician
- André Kuipers, ESA astronaut (Netherlands)
- Lee Kuan Yew, Minister Mentor of Singapore
- Valery Leontiev, pop singer
- Yulia Lipnitskaya, figure skater, received award for outstanding performance at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics
- Antonio Mennini, Apostolic Nuncio to Russia (2002–2010) for his contribution to the development of Russian-Vatican relations (Vatican)
- John Middleton-Tidwell, a historian of Russian-American studies (USA)
- Aliya Mustafina, Olympic gold medalist in gymnastics
- Riccardo Muti, conductor (Italy)
- Oscar Niemeyer, renowned architect (Brazil)
- God Nisanov, billionaire property developer
- Sagadat Nurmagambetov, Defense Minister of Kazakhstan
- Constantine Orbelian, conductor and pianist, 2012 Medal Recipient
- Victor Petrov, a historian of Russian-American studies
- Richard Pierce, a historian of Russian-American studies (USA)
- A. Sivathanu Pillai, BrahMos chief (India)
- Marcel Prud'homme, Senator (Canada)
- Grigory Rodchenkov, former director of Russia's national antidoping laboratory who later exposed Russian doping system
- Jacques Rogge, 8th President of the International Olympic Committee (Belgium)
- Buvaisar Saitiev, three-time Olympic gold medal wrestler
- Ekaterina Semenikhin, honorary consul of Russia in Monaco
- Mrinal Sen, film director (India)
- Dimitris Sioufas, legislator (Greece)
- Barbara Sweetland Smith, a historian of Russian-American studies (USA)
- Dario Salas Sommer, Chilean philosopher
- Ramayahi Shanmugam Sundar, director of the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant (India)
- James W. Symington, a former member of the U.S. House of Representatives and current attorney at Nossaman LLP/O'Connor & Hannan (USA)
- Rex Tillerson, U.S. Secretary of State under President Donald Trump, and former CEO of ExxonMobil
- Mari Törőcsik, Hungarian actress
- Andrzej Wajda, film director (Poland)
- Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, recognised for contributions to friendly relations between Russia and the UK, and his love of Russian literature (UK)
- Tatjana Ždanoka, politician (Latvia)
- Slobodan D. Marković, creator and director of Subotica International Children's Theatre Festival (Serbia)
- Ban Ki-moon, eighth secretary-general of the United Nations
- Xavier Rolet KBE, CEO London Stock Exchange Group
- Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman in space
- Alina Zagitova, a Russia competitive figure skater
- Alexander Zhuk, a Soviet-Russian illustrator, designer of both Russian Order of Friendship and Soviet Order of Friendship of Peoples
- Lieutenant Colonel Muhammad Anjum Rafique, a Pakistani pilot
- Major Fakhar-E-Abbas, Pakistani Pilot
- Major Qazi Muhammad Mazhar-Ud-Din, Pakistani Pilot
- Major Abid Rafique, Pakistani Pilot
- Vera Zabotkina, Russian linguist, philologist, semiotician
- Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, President of Kazakhstan
- Mehriban Aliyeva, First Vice-President of Azerbaijan
- "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 2 March 1994 No. 442" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 15 December 1999. Archived from the original on 18 February 2001. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 6 January 1991 No. 19" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 15 December 1999. Archived from the original on 18 February 2001. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 7 September 2010 No. 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 7 September 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 16 December 2011 No 1631" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 16 December 2011. Archived from the original on 31 March 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 16 March 2012 No. 308" (in Russian). Consultants, legal library of Russia. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 12 April 2012 No. 433" (in Russian). Russian Presidential Executive Office. 12 April 2012. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "Compiled from the site of the President of the Russian Federation" (in Russian). Kremlin News. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "PM receives Russia's highest award". The Star. 6 August 2003.
- "Медведева, Загитова, Большунов, Спицов удостоены Ордена Дружбы". sports.ru (in Russian). 28 February 2018.
- Vladislav Dunaev (19 April 2001). Консульство в Сан-Франциско чествует исследователей - Энтузиасты Русской Америки получают ордена Дружбы [Consulate in San Francisco celebrates researchers - Enthusiasts of Russian America to receive the Order of Friendship] (in Russian). Nezavisimaya Gazeta. Archived from the original on 14 January 2005. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- Berthiaume, Lee (5 March 2014). "From Russia with Love: Chretien gets friendship award from Moscow". o.canada.com.
- "Meeting with Patriarch Ignatius IV of Antioch and All The East". Eng.news.kremlin.ru. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- Wroe, Nicholas (16 July 2010). "Victor Hochhauser: 'My great stroke of luck came when Stalin died'". Retrieved 24 March 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Jayakanthan awarded Order of Friendship award".
- "Jayakanthan awarded Order of Friendship".
- Hoe, Yeen Nie (16 November 2009). "Russia, S'pore move towards closer ties with new governmental body". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 6 December 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- "Former Vatican Ambassador to Russia is decorated with Order of Friendship". interfax-religion.com. 18 February 2010.
- Adam Sweeting (16 March 2011). "Riccardo Muti: a profile". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- "God Nisanov WJC Vice-President". World Jewish Congress. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- ru:Орбелян, Константин Гарриевич
- "Russia honours BrahMos chief with 'Order of Friendship' award". Business-standard.com. Press Trust of India. 26 February 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 29.01.2016 г. № 29". kremlin.ru (in Russian). 29 January 2016.
- Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 22.09.2015 г. № 469 - О награждении государственными наградами Российской Федерации иностранных граждан [Presidential Decree of 22.09.2015, the № 469 - On conferring state awards of the Russian Federation on foreign citizens] (in Russian). Kremlin.ru. 22 September 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "Putin awards Indian director NPP "Kudankulam" Order of Friendship". Russia Beyond The Headlines. 29 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- "Dr Rowan Williams is honoured for work on Russia". BBC. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- "Vladimir Putin Awards Rescuers in Latok I Epic". Gripped Magazine. 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
- "Vladimir Putin Awards Rescuers in Latok I Epic". Gripped Magazine. 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
- Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on the website Kremlin.ru, 1.02.2001 (in Russian)
- "Vladimir Putin awards Order of Friendship to Mehriban Aliyeva | Vestnik Kavkaza". vestnikkavkaza.net. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of Friendship (Russia).|
- The Commission on State Awards to the President of the Russian Federation (in Russian)
- The Russian Gazette (in Russian)