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The Charleston Open[1][2] (also known by its current sponsored name Volvo Car Open[3][4]) is a WTA Tour affiliated professional tennis tournament for women, held every year since 1973.[5][6][7][8] It is the oldest professional women's tournament with a $750,000 purse.[9] The tournament is played on the green clay courts at the Family Circle Tennis Center (which contains the 10,200-seat Volvo Car Stadium) on Daniel Island in Charleston, South Carolina, USA.[10] From its inception in 1973 to 2000, the tournament was held at the Sea Pines Plantation on Hilton Head Island with the exception of 1975 and 1976 when it was played on Amelia Island off the coast of Florida. The event moved to Charleston in 2001.[11] From the inaugural edition until 2015 the tournament was named the Family Circle Cup.[12]

Volvo Car Open
2019 Volvo Car Open
Family Circle Cup logo.jpg
Tournament information
Founded1973; 46 years ago (1973)
Editions45 (2017)
LocationHilton Head Island, SC, U.S. (1973–74, 1977–2000)
Amelia Island, FL, U.S. (1975–76)
Charleston, SC, U.S. (2001–current)
VenueFamily Circle Tennis Center
CategoryPremier
SurfaceClay (green) - outdoors
Draw56S / 32Q / 16D
Prize moneyUS$710,900 (2017)
Websitevolvocaropen.com
Current champions (2019)
Women's singlesUnited States Madison Keys
Women's doublesGermany Anna-Lena Grönefeld
Poland Alicja Rosolska

From 1990 to 2008, the tournament was classified as a WTA Tier I event. In 2009, it was downgraded to a WTA Premier tournament. It celebrated its 40th year in 2012[13] by naming the court in honor of Billie Jean King.[14][15]

The current champion is Madison Keys, who won the singles tournament in April 2019.

Contents

Past finalsEdit

SinglesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1973   Rosemary Casals   Nancy Richey 3–6, 6–1, 7–5
1974   Chris Evert   Kerry Melville 6–1, 6–3
1975   Chris Evert (2)   Martina Navratilova 7–5, 6–4
1976   Chris Evert (3)   Kerry Reid 6–2, 6–2
1977   Chris Evert (4)   Billie Jean King 6–0, 6–1
1978   Chris Evert (5)   Kerry Reid 6–2, 6–0
1979   Tracy Austin   Kerry Reid 7–6(7–3), 7–6(9–7)
1980   Tracy Austin (2)   Regina Maršíková 3–6, 6–1, 6–0
1981   Chris Evert (6)   Pam Shriver 6–3, 6–2
1982   Martina Navratilova   Andrea Jaeger 6–4, 6–2
1983   Martina Navratilova (2)   Tracy Austin 5–7, 6–1, 6–0
1984   Chris Evert (7)   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch 6–2, 6–3
1985   Chris Evert (8)   Gabriela Sabatini 6–4, 6–0
1986   Steffi Graf   Chris Evert 6–4, 7–5
1987   Steffi Graf (2)   Manuela Maleeva-Fragnière 6–2, 4–6, 6–3
↓  Tier II event  ↓
1988   Martina Navratilova (3)   Gabriela Sabatini 6–1, 4–6, 6–4
1989   Steffi Graf (3)   Natasha Zvereva 6–1, 6–1
↓  Tier I event  ↓
1990   Martina Navratilova (4)   Jennifer Capriati 6–2, 6–4
1991   Gabriela Sabatini   Leila Meskhi 6–1, 6–1
1992   Gabriela Sabatini (2)   Conchita Martínez 6–1, 6–4
1993   Steffi Graf (4)   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 7–6(10–8), 6–1
1994   Conchita Martínez   Natalia Zvereva 6–4, 6–0
1995   Conchita Martínez (2)   Magdalena Maleeva 6–1, 6–1
1996   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario   Barbara Paulus 6–2, 2–6, 6–2
1997   Martina Hingis   Monica Seles 3–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–5)
1998   Amanda Coetzer   Irina Spîrlea 6–3, 6–4
1999   Martina Hingis (2)   Anna Kournikova 6–4, 6–3
2000   Mary Pierce   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–1, 6–0
2001   Jennifer Capriati   Martina Hingis 6–0, 4–6, 6–4
2002   Iva Majoli   Patty Schnyder 7–6(7–5), 6–4
2003   Justine Henin   Serena Williams 6–3, 6–4
2004   Venus Williams   Conchita Martínez 2–6, 6–2, 6–1
2005   Justine Henin (2)   Elena Dementieva 7–5, 6–4
2006   Nadia Petrova   Patty Schnyder 6–3, 4–6, 6–1
2007   Jelena Janković   Dinara Safina 6–2, 6–2
2008   Serena Williams   Vera Zvonareva 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
↓  Premier event  ↓
2009   Sabine Lisicki   Caroline Wozniacki 6–2, 6–4
2010   Samantha Stosur   Vera Zvonareva 6–0, 6–3
2011   Caroline Wozniacki   Elena Vesnina 6–2, 6–3
2012   Serena Williams (2)   Lucie Šafářová 6–0, 6–1
2013   Serena Williams (3)   Jelena Janković 3–6, 6–0, 6–2
2014   Andrea Petkovic   Jana Čepelová 7–5, 6–2
2015   Angelique Kerber   Madison Keys 6–2, 4–6, 7–5
2016   Sloane Stephens   Elena Vesnina 7–6(7–4), 6–2
2017   Daria Kasatkina   Jeļena Ostapenko 6–3, 6–1
2018   Kiki Bertens   Julia Görges 6–2, 6–1
2019   Madison Keys   Caroline Wozniacki 7–6(7–5), 6–3

DoublesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1973   Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
  Rosemary Casals
  Billie Jean King
3–6, 6–4, 6–3
1974   Rosemary Casals
  Olga Morozova
  Helen Gourlay
  Karen Krantzcke
6–2, 6–1
1975   Evonne Goolagong Cawley
  Virginia Wade
  Rosemary Casals
  Olga Morozova
4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1976   Ilana Kloss
  Linky Boshoff
  Kathy Kuykendall
  Valerie Ziegenfuss
6–3, 6–2
1977   Rosemary Casals (2)
  Chris Evert
  Françoise Dürr
  Virginia Wade
1–6, 6–2, 6–3
1978   Billie Jean King
  Martina Navratilova
  Mona Guerrant
  Greer Stevens
6–3, 7–5
1979   Rosemary Casals (3)
  Martina Navratilova (2)
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
6–4, 7–5
1980   Kathy Jordan
  Anne Smith
  Candy Reynolds
  Paula Smith
6–2, 6–1
1981   Rosemary Casals (4)
  Wendy Turnbull
  Mima Jaušovec
  Pam Shriver
7–5, 7–5
1982   Martina Navratilova (3)
  Pam Shriver
  JoAnne Russell
  Virginia Ruzici
6–1, 6–2
1983   Martina Navratilova (4)
  Candy Reynolds
  Andrea Jaeger
  Paula Smith
6–2, 6–3
1984   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
  Hana Mandlíková
  Anne Hobbs
  Sharon Walsh
7–5, 6–2
1985   Rosalyn Fairbank
  Pam Shriver (2)
  Svetlana Parkhomenko
  Larisa Savchenko
6–4, 6–1
1986   Chris Evert (2)
  Anne White
  Steffi Graf
  Catherine Tanvier
6–3, 6–3
1987   Mercedes Paz
  Eva Pfaff
  Zina Garrison
  Lori McNeil
7–6(8–6), 7–5
1988   Lori McNeil
  Martina Navratilova (5)
  Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
  Gabriela Sabatini
6–2, 2–6, 6–3
1989   Hana Mandlíková
  Martina Navratilova (6)
  Mary-Lou Daniels
  Wendy White
6–4, 6–1
↓  Tier I event  ↓
1990   Martina Navratilova (7)
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
  Mercedes Paz
  Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–1
1991   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch (2)
  Natasha Zvereva
  Mary-Lou Daniels
  Lise Gregory
6–4, 6–0
1992   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (2)
  Natasha Zvereva (2)
  Larisa Savchenko-Neiland
  Jana Novotná
6–4, 6–2
1993   Gigi Fernández
  Natasha Zvereva (3)
  Katrina Adams
  Manon Bollegraf
6–3, 6–1
1994   Lori McNeil (2)
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (3)
  Gigi Fernández
  Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 4–1, retired
1995   Nicole Arendt
  Manon Bollegraf
  Gigi Fernández
  Natasha Zvereva
0–6, 6–3, 6–4
1996   Jana Novotná
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (4)
  Gigi Fernández
  Mary Joe Fernández
6–2, 6–3
1997   Mary Joe Fernández
  Martina Hingis
  Lindsay Davenport
  Jana Novotná
7–5, 4–6, 6–1
1998   Conchita Martínez
  Patricia Tarabini
  Lisa Raymond
  Rennae Stubbs
3–6, 6–4, 6–4
1999   Elena Likhovtseva
  Jana Novotná (2)
  Barbara Schett
  Patty Schnyder
6–1, 6–4
2000   Virginia Ruano Pascual
  Paola Suárez
  Conchita Martínez
  Patricia Tarabini
7–5, 6–3
2001   Lisa Raymond
  Rennae Stubbs
  Virginia Ruano Pascual
  Paola Suárez
5–7, 7–6(7–5), 6–3
2002   Lisa Raymond (2)
  Rennae Stubbs (2)
  Alexandra Fusai
  Caroline Vis
6–4, 3–6, 7–6(7–4)
2003   Virginia Ruano Pascual (2)
  Paola Suárez (2)
  Janette Husárová
  Conchita Martínez
6–0, 6–3
2004   Virginia Ruano Pascual (3)
  Paola Suárez (3)
  Martina Navratilova
  Lisa Raymond
6–4, 6–1
2005   Conchita Martínez (2)
  Virginia Ruano Pascual (4)
  Iveta Benešová
  Květa Hrdličková Peschke
6–1, 6–4
2006   Lisa Raymond (3)
  Samantha Stosur
  Virginia Ruano Pascual
  Meghann Shaughnessy
3–6, 6–1, 6–1
2007   Yan Zi
  Zheng Jie
  Peng Shuai
  Sun Tiantian
7–5, 6–0
2008   Katarina Srebotnik
  Ai Sugiyama
  Edina Gallovits
  Olga Govortsova
6–2, 6–2
↓  Premier event  ↓
2009   Bethanie Mattek-Sands
  Nadia Petrova
  Līga Dekmeijere
  Patty Schnyder
6–7(5–7), 6–2, [11–9]
2010   Liezel Huber
  Nadia Petrova (2)
  Vania King
  Michaëlla Krajicek
6–3, 6–4
2011   Sania Mirza
  Elena Vesnina
  Bethanie Mattek-Sands
  Meghann Shaughnessy
6–4, 6–4
2012   Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova
  Lucie Šafářová
  Anabel Medina Garrigues
  Yaroslava Shvedova
5–7, 6–4, [10–6]
2013   Kristina Mladenovic
  Lucie Šafářová (2)
  Andrea Hlaváčková
  Liezel Huber
6–3, 7–6(8–6)
2014   Anabel Medina Garrigues
  Yaroslava Shvedova
  Chan Hao-ching
  Chan Yung-jan
7–6(7–4), 6–2
2015   Martina Hingis (2)
  Sania Mirza (2)
  Casey Dellacqua
  Darija Jurak
6–0, 6–4
2016   Caroline Garcia
  Kristina Mladenovic (2)
  Bethanie Mattek-Sands
  Lucie Šafářová
6–2, 7–5
2017   Bethanie Mattek-Sands (2)
  Lucie Šafářová (3)
  Lucie Hradecká
  Kateřina Siniaková
6–1, 4–6, [10–7]
2018   Alla Kudryavtseva
  Katarina Srebotnik (2)
  Andreja Klepač
  María José Martínez Sánchez
6–3, 6–3
2019   Anna-Lena Grönefeld
  Alicja Rosolska
  Irina Khromacheva
  Veronika Kudermetova
7–6(9–7), 6–2

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Charleston Open secondo round results". Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  2. ^ "Angelique Kerber withdrew from the Charleston Open semi-final". Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  3. ^ Ashley Heffernan (September 1, 2015). "Family Circle Cup tennis tournament renamed to Volvo Cars Open". Columbia Regional Business Report.
  4. ^ "Meredith Corporation Unveils New Title Sponsor For The Family Circle Cup". Meredith Corporation. August 31, 2015.
  5. ^ "Venus Williams powered into the third round of the Charleston open". Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  6. ^ "WTA Tournaments - Family Circle Cup". WTA. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  7. ^ "Meredith Corporation Unveils New Title Sponsor for Family Circle Cup". Volvo Cars Open. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  8. ^ "ABC: Andrea Petkovic in straight sets to reach the final of the Charleston Open". Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Agnieszka Radwanska pulls out of Family Circle Cup". Top News Today. April 2, 2012. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  10. ^ "Family Circle Cup (Tennis Tournament)". Daniel Island, South Carolina. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  11. ^ Daniel Kaplan (March 13, 2000). "After 28 years, Family Circle moving to a new $9M home". SportsBusiness Daily.
  12. ^ Gene Sapakoff (August 30, 2015). "Tourney to take a ride with Volvo Tennis cup's new sponsor might help draw big names". The Post and Courier.
  13. ^ "Family Circle Cup celebrates 40th year". ABC News. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  14. ^ "Family Circle Cup names its stadium court after women's pioneer Billie Jean King". Washington Post. April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  15. ^ "Court named after Billie Jean King". ESPN. April 8, 2012.

External linksEdit