ITF World Champions

The International Tennis Federation (ITF) designates a World Champion each year based on performances throughout the year, emphasising the Grand Slam tournaments,[1] and also considering team events such as the Davis Cup and Fed Cup.[2] Men's and women's singles champions were first named in 1978; the title is now also awarded for doubles, wheelchair, and junior players.[3] It is sometimes named the "ITF Player of the Year" award, alluding to similar other year-end awards in tennis.[4]

Rules and proceduresEdit

The ITF's constitution states that no tennis tournament can be designated the "World Championships" without unanimous consent of the ITF Council.[5] There is currently no such tournament. The constitution also states:[6]

The ITF may award the title of World Champion to players who, in the opinion of the Board of Directors, are the most outstanding players in any one-year. The names of players who have been awarded this title shall be listed in the Roll of Honour.

It also states:[1]

Official Tennis Championships [i.e. the Grand Slam events] shall be the decisive factor in the determination of the ITF World Champions for each year.

For singles, ITF appoints a panel of former top players at the start of the season, which votes on the champion at the end of the season.

The boys' and girls' singles and doubles titles prior to 2003 were awarded based on world ranking. Since then singles and doubles rankings have been combined in a single award each for boys and for girls.[7]

The world champion accolade has been extended by the ITF to wheelchair tennis players of the Men's and Women's division since 1991. In November 2017, the ITF announced that the quad wheelchair tennis division is to be recognised in its annual list of ITF World Champions.[8]

In 1996, the Philippe Chatrier Award was introduced, honouring individuals or organisations who have made outstanding contributions to tennis globally, both on and off the court. The award is considered to be the ITF's highest accolade and is named after the former French tennis player Philippe Chatrier, who was President of the governing body between 1977 and 1991.[9]

The ITF World Champions' Dinner takes place in Paris during the French Open, to honour the previous year's champions,[10] who are presented with a trophy, but not any monetary prize.[11]

For 2020 there were no ITF World Champion awards given due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The tennis season was suspended for about 5 months for both the female and the male tennis players.[12]

Men's singlesEdit

The first men's panel in 1978 had three members, Don Budge, Fred Perry, and Lew Hoad,[11][13] who attended the season's Grand Slam events at ITF expense to inform their choice.[14] The 1983 panel split two to one between John McEnroe (votes of Budge and Perry) and Mats Wilander (vote of Hoad).[15] The 1984 panel had five members,[16] while the 1985 panel had four: Budge, Perry, Hoad, and Tony Trabert.[17] When Ivan Lendl was chosen as champion for 1985, the panel's announcement was accompanied with a rebuke for Lendl's criticism of some tournaments and his refusal to play in the Davis Cup.[17] Perry and Trabert were on the 1986 panel, with performances outside the Grand Slams taken into consideration.[18]

The 1990 designation of Lendl as champion was a surprise.[19] That year, the Association of Tennis Professionals named Stefan Edberg its "Player of The Year", in accordance with the ATP Rankings, while Tennis Magazine (France) ranked Edberg first, Andre Agassi second, and Lendl third.[20] Tennis also suggested the ITF was punishing Edberg for denigrating the Grand Slam Cup tournament it had introduced.[20] The ITF panel, of Perry, Trabert, and Frank Sedgman, called it "the toughest decision any of us can remember having to make", and stated it was Lendl's better average performance in the Grand Slams that made the difference.[19]

The choice to award Djokovic the ITF World Champion of 2013 over Nadal was unexpected. Nadal finished the year ranked #1 and with more slams (2 to 1), more Masters titles (5 to 3), and more tournament titles (10 to 7). Similar to the situation with Edberg in 1990, the ITF cited Nadal's failure to win a match at 2 of the 4 slams (DNP the Australian Open, 1st round loss at Wimbledon) to justify their decision and Djokovic's consistent results across all four Slams (1 title, 2 runner-ups, 1 SF), Davis Cup (led Serbia to final, won 7/7 singles rubbers) and the ATP World Tour Finals (won title).[21]

Other instances when the ITF choices differed from the ATP rankings are 1978 (Jimmy Connors), 1982 (McEnroe), 1989 (Lendl). None of these, however, were controversial and were generally agreed upon, with the 1978 and 1982 choices being particularly clear cut in favor of Borg (1978) and Connors (1982).

Year Player
1978   Björn Borg
1979   Björn Borg (2)
1980   Björn Borg (3)
1981   John McEnroe
1982   Jimmy Connors
1983   John McEnroe (2)
1984   John McEnroe (3)
1985   Ivan Lendl
1986   Ivan Lendl (2)
1987   Ivan Lendl (3)
1988   Mats Wilander
1989   Boris Becker
1990   Ivan Lendl (4)
1991   Stefan Edberg
1992   Jim Courier
1993   Pete Sampras
1994   Pete Sampras (2)
1995   Pete Sampras (3)
1996   Pete Sampras (4)
1997   Pete Sampras (5)
1998   Pete Sampras (6)
1999   Andre Agassi
2000   Gustavo Kuerten
2001   Lleyton Hewitt
2002   Lleyton Hewitt (2)
2003   Andy Roddick
2004   Roger Federer
2005   Roger Federer (2)
2006   Roger Federer (3)
2007   Roger Federer (4)
2008   Rafael Nadal
2009   Roger Federer (5)
2010   Rafael Nadal (2)
2011   Novak Djokovic
2012   Novak Djokovic (2)
2013   Novak Djokovic (3)
2014   Novak Djokovic (4)
2015   Novak Djokovic (5)
2016   Andy Murray
2017   Rafael Nadal (3)
2018   Novak Djokovic (6)
2019   Rafael Nadal (4)
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic
Total Player
6   Pete Sampras (USA)
  Novak Djokovic (SRB)
5     Roger Federer (SUI)
4   Ivan Lendl (TCH)
  Rafael Nadal (ESP)
3   Björn Borg (SWE)
  John McEnroe (USA)
2   Lleyton Hewitt (AUS)
1   Jimmy Connors (USA)
  Mats Wilander (SWE)
  Boris Becker (GER)
  Stefan Edberg (SWE)
  Jim Courier (USA)
  Andre Agassi (USA)
  Gustavo Kuerten (BRA)
  Andy Roddick (USA)
  Andy Murray (GBR)

Women's singlesEdit

The women's panel initially featured three former women's champions, Margaret Court, Margaret duPont and Ann Jones.[22][11][13] Althea Gibson was a member through the early 1980s.[23]

ITF world champions for women differed from the WTA year-end rankings the following years: 1978 (Martina Navratilova), 1994 (Steffi Graf), 2001 (Lindsay Davenport), 2004 (Lindsay Davenport), 2005 (Lindsay Davenport), 2011 (Caroline Wozniacki), 2012 (Victoria Azarenka), 2017 (Simona Halep).

Year Player
1978   Chris Evert
1979   Martina Navratilova
1980   Chris Evert (2)
1981   Chris Evert (3)
1982   Martina Navratilova (2)
1983   Martina Navratilova (3)
1984   Martina Navratilova (4)
1985   Martina Navratilova (5)
1986   Martina Navratilova (6)
1987   Steffi Graf
1988   Steffi Graf (2)
1989   Steffi Graf (3)
1990   Steffi Graf (4)
1991   Monica Seles
1992   Monica Seles (2)
1993   Steffi Graf (5)
1994   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
1995   Steffi Graf (6)
1996   Steffi Graf (7)
1997   Martina Hingis
1998   Lindsay Davenport
1999   Martina Hingis (2)
2000   Martina Hingis (3)
2001   Jennifer Capriati
2002   Serena Williams
2003   Justine Henin
2004   Anastasia Myskina
2005   Kim Clijsters
2006   Justine Henin (2)
2007   Justine Henin (3)
2008   Jelena Janković
2009   Serena Williams (2)
2010   Caroline Wozniacki
2011   Petra Kvitová
2012   Serena Williams (3)
2013   Serena Williams (4)
2014   Serena Williams (5)
2015   Serena Williams (6)
2016   Angelique Kerber
2017   Garbiñe Muguruza
2018   Simona Halep
2019   Ashleigh Barty
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic
Total Player
7   Steffi Graf (GER)
6   Martina Navratilova (USA)
  Serena Williams (USA)
3   Chris Evert (USA)
  Martina Hingis (SUI)
  Justine Henin (BEL)
2   Monica Seles (YUG)
1   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
  Lindsay Davenport
  Jennifer Capriati
  Anastasia Myskina
  Kim Clijsters
  Jelena Janković
  Caroline Wozniacki
  Petra Kvitová
  Angelique Kerber
  Garbiñe Muguruza
  Simona Halep
  Ashleigh Barty

DoublesEdit

Men's doublesEdit

Year Player Nationality
1996 Todd Woodbridge & Mark Woodforde   Australia
1997 Todd Woodbridge (2) & Mark Woodforde (2)   Australia
1998 Jacco Eltingh & Paul Haarhuis   Netherlands
1999 Mahesh Bhupathi & Leander Paes   India
2000 Todd Woodbridge (3) & Mark Woodforde (3)   Australia
2001 Jonas Björkman & Todd Woodbridge (4)   Sweden &   Australia
2002 Mark Knowles & Daniel Nestor   Bahamas &   Canada
2003 Bob Bryan & Mike Bryan   United States
2004 Bob Bryan (2) & Mike Bryan (2)   United States
2005 Bob Bryan (3) & Mike Bryan (3)   United States
2006 Bob Bryan (4) & Mike Bryan (4)   United States
2007 Bob Bryan (5) & Mike Bryan (5)   United States
2008 Daniel Nestor (2) & Nenad Zimonjić   Canada &   Serbia
2009 Bob Bryan (6) & Mike Bryan (6)   United States
2010 Bob Bryan (7) & Mike Bryan (7)   United States
2011 Bob Bryan (8) & Mike Bryan (8)   United States
2012 Bob Bryan (9) & Mike Bryan (9)   United States
2013 Bob Bryan (10) & Mike Bryan (10)   United States
2014 Bob Bryan (11) & Mike Bryan (11)   United States
2015 Jean-Julien Rojer & Horia Tecău   Netherlands &   Romania
2016 Jamie Murray & Bruno Soares   Great Britain &   Brazil
2017 Łukasz Kubot & Marcelo Melo   Poland &   Brazil
2018 Mike Bryan (12) & Jack Sock   United States
2019 Juan Sebastián Cabal & Robert Farah   Colombia
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic


Women's doublesEdit

Year Player Nationality
1996 Lindsay Davenport & Mary Joe Fernández   United States
1997 Lindsay Davenport (2) & Jana Novotná   United States &   Czech Republic
1998 Lindsay Davenport (3) & Natasha Zvereva   United States &   Belarus
1999 Martina Hingis & Anna Kournikova    Switzerland &   Russia
2000 Julie Halard-Decugis & Ai Sugiyama   France &   Japan
2001 Lisa Raymond & Rennae Stubbs   United States &   Australia
2002 Virginia Ruano Pascual & Paola Suárez   Spain &   Argentina
2003 Virginia Ruano Pascual (2) & Paola Suárez (2)   Spain &   Argentina
2004 Virginia Ruano Pascual (3) & Paola Suárez (3)   Spain &   Argentina
2005 Lisa Raymond (2) & Samantha Stosur   United States &   Australia
2006 Lisa Raymond (3) & Samantha Stosur (2)   United States &   Australia
2007 Cara Black & Liezel Huber   Zimbabwe &   United States
2008 Cara Black (2) & Liezel Huber (2)   Zimbabwe &   United States
2009 Serena Williams & Venus Williams   United States
2010 Gisela Dulko & Flavia Pennetta   Argentina &   Italy
2011 Květa Peschke & Katarina Srebotnik   Czech Republic &   Slovenia
2012 Sara Errani & Roberta Vinci   Italy
2013 Sara Errani (2) & Roberta Vinci (2)   Italy
2014 Sara Errani (3) & Roberta Vinci (3)   Italy
2015 Martina Hingis (2) & Sania Mirza    Switzerland &   India
2016 Caroline Garcia & Kristina Mladenovic   France
2017 Martina Hingis (3) & Chan Yung-jan    Switzerland &   Chinese Taipei
2018 Barbora Krejčíková & Kateřina Siniaková   Czech Republic
2019 Tímea Babos & Kristina Mladenovic (2)   Hungary &   France
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic

Boys & GirlsEdit

Boys' combined (2004– )Edit

Year Player Nationality
2004 Gaël Monfils   France
2005 Donald Young   United States
2006 Thiemo de Bakker   Netherlands
2007 Ričardas Berankis   Lithuania
2008 Yang Tsung-hua   Chinese Taipei
2009 Daniel Berta   Sweden
2010 Juan Sebastián Gómez   Colombia
2011 Jiří Veselý   Czech Republic
2012 Filip Peliwo   Canada
2013 Alexander Zverev   Germany
2014 Andrey Rublev   Russia
2015 Taylor Fritz   United States
2016 Miomir Kecmanović   Serbia
2017 Axel Geller   Argentina
2018 Tseng Chun-hsin   Chinese Taipei
2019 Thiago Agustin Tirante   Argentina
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic


Girls' combined (2004– )Edit

Year Player Nationality
2004 Michaëlla Krajicek   Netherlands
2005 Victoria Azarenka   Belarus
2006 Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova   Russia
2007 Urszula Radwańska   Poland
2008 Noppawan Lertcheewakarn   Thailand
2009 Kristina Mladenovic   France
2010 Daria Gavrilova   Russia
2011 Irina Khromacheva   Russia
2012 Taylor Townsend   United States
2013 Belinda Bencic    Switzerland
2014 Catherine "CiCi" Bellis   United States
2015 Dalma Gálfi   Hungary
2016 Anastasia Potapova   Russia
2017 Whitney Osuigwe   United States
2018 Clara Burel   France
2019 Diane Parry   France
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic

Singles (1978–2003)Edit

Boys' singlesEdit

Year Player Nationality
1978 Ivan Lendl   Czechoslovakia
1979 Raúl Viver   Ecuador
1980 Thierry Tulasne   France
1981 Pat Cash   Australia
1982 Guy Forget   France
1983 Stefan Edberg   Sweden
1984 Mark Kratzmann   Australia
1985 Claudio Pistolesi   Italy
1986 Javier Sánchez   Spain
1987 Jason Stoltenberg   Australia
1988 Nicolás Pereira   Venezuela
1989 Nicklas Kulti   Sweden
1990 Andrea Gaudenzi   Italy
1991 Thomas Enqvist   Sweden
1992 Brian Dunn   United States
1993 Marcelo Ríos   Chile
1994 Federico Browne   Argentina
1995 Mariano Zabaleta   Argentina
1996 Sébastien Grosjean   France
1997 Arnaud Di Pasquale   France
1998 Roger Federer    Switzerland
1999 Kristian Pless   Denmark
2000 Andy Roddick   United States
2001 Gilles Müller   Luxembourg
2002 Richard Gasquet   France
2003 Marcos Baghdatis   Cyprus


Girls' singlesEdit

Year Player Nationality
1978 Hana Mandlíková   Czechoslovakia
1979 Mary-Lou Piatek   United States
1980 Susan Mascarin   United States
1981 Zina Garrison   United States
1982 Gretchen Rush   United States
1983 Pascale Paradis   France
1984 Gabriela Sabatini   Argentina
1985 Laura Garrone   Italy
1986 Patricia Tarabini   Argentina
1987 Natasha Zvereva   Soviet Union
1988 Cristina Tessi   Argentina
1989 Florencia Labat   Argentina
1990 Karina Habšudová   Czechoslovakia
1991 Zdeňka Málková   Czechoslovakia
1992 Rossana de los Ríos   Paraguay
1993 Nino Louarsabishvili   Georgia
1994 Martina Hingis    Switzerland
1995 Anna Kournikova   Russia
1996 Amélie Mauresmo   France
1997 Cara Black   Zimbabwe
1998 Jelena Dokić   Australia
1999 Lina Krasnoroutskaya   Russia
2000 María Emilia Salerni   Argentina
2001 Svetlana Kuznetsova   Russia
2002 Barbora Strýcová   Czech Republic
2003 Kirsten Flipkens   Belgium

Doubles (1978–2003)Edit

Boys' doublesEdit

Year Player Nationality
1982 Fernando Pérez Pascal   Mexico
1983 Mark Kratzmann   Australia
1984 Agustín Moreno   Mexico
1985 Petr Korda & Cyril Suk   Czechoslovakia
1986 Tomás Carbonell   Spain
1987 Jason Stoltenberg   Australia
1988 David Rikl & Tomáš Anzari   Czechoslovakia
1989 Wayne Ferreira   South Africa
1990 Mårten Renström   Sweden
1991 Karim Alami   Morocco
1992 Enrique Abaroa   Mexico
1993 Steven Downs   New Zealand
1994 Benjamin Ellwood   Australia
1995 Kepler Orellana   Venezuela
1996 Sébastien Grosjean   France
1997 Nicolás Massú   Chile
1998 José de Armas   Venezuela
1999 Julien Benneteau & Nicolas Mahut   France
2000 Lee Childs & James Nelson   United Kingdom
2001 Bruno Echagaray & Santiago González   Mexico
2002 Florin Mergea & Horia Tecău   Romania
2003 Scott Oudsema   United States


Girls' doublesEdit

Year Player Nationality
1982 Beth Herr   United States
1983 Larisa Savchenko   Soviet Union
1984 Mercedes Paz   Argentina
1985 Mariana Perez-Roldan & Patricia Tarabini   Argentina
1986 Leila Meskhi   Soviet Union
1987 Natalia Medvedeva   Soviet Union
1988 Jo-Anne Faull   Australia
1989 Andrea Strnadová   Czechoslovakia
1990 Karina Habšudová   Czechoslovakia
1991 Eva Martincová   Czechoslovakia
1992 Nancy Feber & Laurence Courtois   Belgium
1993 Cristina Moros   United States
1994 Martina Nedelkova   Slovakia
1995 Ludmila Varmuzova   Czech Republic
1996 Jitka Schönfeldová & Michaela Paštiková   Czech Republic
1997 Irina Selyutina & Cara Black   Kazakhstan &   Zimbabwe
1998 Eva Dyrberg   Denmark
1999 Daniela Bedáňová   Czech Republic
2000 María Emilia Salerni   Argentina
2001 Petra Cetkovská   Czech Republic
2002 Elke Clijsters   Belgium
2003 Andrea Hlaváčková   Czech Republic

WheelchairEdit

Men's wheelchairEdit

Year Player Nationality
1991 Randy Snow   United States
1992 Laurent Giammartini   France
1993 Kai Schrameyer   Germany
1994 Laurent Giammartini (2)   France
1995 David Hall   Australia
1996 Ricky Molier   Netherlands
1997 Ricky Molier (2)   Netherlands
1998 David Hall (2)   Australia
1999 Stephen Welch   United States
2000 David Hall (3)   Australia
2001 Ricky Molier (3)   Netherlands
2002 David Hall (4)   Australia
2003 David Hall (5)   Australia
2004 David Hall (6)   Australia
2005 Michaël Jeremiasz   France
2006 Robin Ammerlaan   Netherlands
2007 Shingo Kunieda   Japan
2008 Shingo Kunieda (2)   Japan
2009 Shingo Kunieda (3)   Japan
2010 Shingo Kunieda (4)   Japan
2011 Maikel Scheffers   Netherlands
2012 Stéphane Houdet   France
2013 Shingo Kunieda (5)   Japan
2014 Shingo Kunieda (6)   Japan
2015 Shingo Kunieda (7)   Japan
2016 Gordon Reid   Great Britain
2017 Gustavo Fernández   Argentina
2018 Shingo Kunieda (8)   Japan
2019 Gustavo Fernández (2)   Argentina
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic


Women's wheelchairEdit

Year Player Nationality
1991 Chantal Vandierendonck   Netherlands
1992 Monique Van Den Bosch   Netherlands
1993 Monique Kalkman (2)   Netherlands
1994 Monique Kalkman (3)   Netherlands
1995 Monique Kalkman (4)   Netherlands
1996 Chantal Vandierendonck (2)   Netherlands
1997 Chantal Vandierendonck (3)   Netherlands
1998 Daniela Di Toro   Australia
1999 Daniela Di Toro (2)   Australia
2000 Esther Vergeer   Netherlands
2001 Esther Vergeer (2)   Netherlands
2002 Esther Vergeer (3)   Netherlands
2003 Esther Vergeer (4)   Netherlands
2004 Esther Vergeer (5)   Netherlands
2005 Esther Vergeer (6)   Netherlands
2006 Esther Vergeer (7)   Netherlands
2007 Esther Vergeer (8)   Netherlands
2008 Esther Vergeer (9)   Netherlands
2009 Esther Vergeer (10)   Netherlands
2010 Esther Vergeer (11)   Netherlands
2011 Esther Vergeer (12)   Netherlands
2012 Esther Vergeer (13)   Netherlands
2013 Aniek van Koot   Netherlands
2014 Yui Kamiji   Japan
2015 Jiske Griffioen   Netherlands
2016 Jiske Griffioen (2)   Netherlands
2017 Yui Kamiji (2)   Japan
2018 Diede de Groot   Netherlands
2019 Diede de Groot (2)   Netherlands
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic

Quad's wheelchairEdit

Year Player Nationality
2017 David Wagner   United States
2018 Dylan Alcott   Australia
2019 Dylan Alcott (2)   Australia
2020 No award due to COVID-19 pandemic

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

ITF Constitution
  • Fecci, Vicki (6 January 2010). "Memorandum, Articles of Association and Bye-laws of ITF LIMITED; Trading as the International Tennis Federation" (PDF). Nassau, Bahamas: ITF. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2013.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b ITF Constitution, p.26, Rule 2.2(a)(iii)
  2. ^ "ITF opt for Hewitt and Capriati". BBC Online. 2 December 2001. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  3. ^ ITF Constitution, p.53 Appendix E
  4. ^ "Rafael Nadal, Garbine Muguruza win ITF Player of the Year awards". ESPN.com. 2017-12-08. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  5. ^ ITF Constitution, p.29: Article 29(a)
  6. ^ ITF Constitution, p.38 Regulation 3.1
  7. ^ ITF Constitution, Appendix E, pp.53, 60
  8. ^ http://www.itftennis.com/276840?channel=itfwheelchairtennisnews
  9. ^ Gillen, Nancy (1 April 2020). "Santana and Stolle receive ITF Philippe Chatrier Award". Inside the Games. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  10. ^ "World Champions Dinner". ITF. 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  11. ^ a b c "Borg: Sitting on top of the World". Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida. Associated Press. 17 January 1979. p. 11C. Retrieved 20 December 2013 – via Google News Archive.
  12. ^ https://www.itftennis.com/en/news-and-media/articles/itf-celebrates-2019-world-champions/ . Retrieved 29 May 2021
  13. ^ a b Joe Jares (February 13, 1978). "Champion by committee". Sports Illustrated. Vol. 48 no. 8. p. 11.
  14. ^ "Wind, Herbert Warren (15 February 1978). "The Sports Scene: Budge and the Grand Slam". The New Yorker. Vol. 63. p. 76.
  15. ^ UPI (17 January 1984). "McEnroe tapped as world's best". The Bulletin. Bend, Oregon. p. D-1. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  16. ^ "McEnroe crowned World Champ by tennis panel". Gainesville Sun. 17 January 1985. p. 3E. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  17. ^ a b Fogarty, Mark (21 January 1986). "All the awards, plus a rebuke". The Age. p. 48. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  18. ^ "It's official: Lendl best in world". Boca Raton News. 11 December 1986. p. 4D. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  19. ^ a b "Lendl, not Edberg, named tennis world champion". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Associated Press. 18 December 1990. p. 1C. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  20. ^ a b Tennis (in French). France (179). February 1991. On' a choisi de sanctionner un champion qui n'avait pas craint d'avouer publiquement le peu d'importance qu'il accordait à la Coupe du Grand Chelem, la fameuse invention de la FIT pour 'casser' l'ATP Tour. (It was decided to punish a champion who was not afraid to admit publicly how little he thought of the Grand Slam Cup, the famous ITF invention to 'break' the ATP Tour) Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ "Williams and Djokovic named 2013 ITF World Champion". ITF. 18 December 2013.
  22. ^ Ron Rosen (January 17, 1978). "Fie to Computers, Let People Decide". Washington Post.
  23. ^ Flink, Steve (30 September 2003). "Obituaries: Althea Gibson". The Independent. Retrieved 20 December 2013.

External linksEdit