7th century BC

The 7th century BC began the first day of 700 BC and ended the last day of 601 BC.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
State leaders:
Categories: BirthsDeaths
Map of the Neo-Assyrian Empire at their apex in 671 BC

The Neo-Assyrian Empire continued to dominate the Near East during this century, exercising formidable power over neighbors like Babylon and Egypt. In the last two decades of the century, however, the empire began to unravel as numerous enemies made alliances and waged war from all sides. The Assyrians finally left the world stage permanently when their capital Nineveh was destroyed in 612 BC. These events gave rise to the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which would dominate the region for much of the following century.

The Zhou Dynasty continues in China and the Late Period begins in Egypt with the 26th dynasty starting with the coronation of Psamtik I.

The state of Văn Lang in Vietnam is also believed to be formed around the time.


A 16th-century depiction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, by Martin Heemskerck, with Tower of Babel in the background.

690s BCEdit

680s BCEdit

670s BCEdit

660s BCEdit

650s BCEdit

640s BCEdit

630s BCEdit

620s BCEdit

610s BCEdit

The Fall of Nineveh, by John Martin

600s BCEdit

Inventions, discoveries, introductionsEdit

Sovereign statesEdit

See: List of sovereign states in the 7th century BC.


  1. ^ a b "Largest Cities Through History". About.com Geography.
  2. ^ F. Espenak and Xavier Jubier. "Total Solar Eclipse of -647 April 06". NASA.
  3. ^ Potts, D. T. (1999) "The Archaeology of Elam: Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State" (Cambridge World Archaeology)