The 7th century BC began the first day of 700 BC and ended the last day of 601 BC.

Map of the Neo-Assyrian Empire at their apex in 671 BC

The Neo-Assyrian Empire continued to dominate the Near East during this century, exercising formidable power over neighbors like Babylon and Egypt. In the last two decades of the century, however, the empire began to unravel as numerous enemies made alliances and waged war from all sides. The Assyrians finally left the world stage permanently when their capital Nineveh was destroyed in 612 BC. These events gave rise to the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which would dominate the region for much of the following century.

The Zhou Dynasty continues in China and the Late Period begins in Egypt with the 26th dynasty starting with the coronation of Psamtik I.

Events edit

A 16th-century depiction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, by Martin Heemskerck, with Tower of Babel in the background.

690s BC edit

680s BC edit

670s BC edit

660s BC edit

650s BC edit

640s BC edit

630s BC edit

620s BC edit

610s BC edit

The Fall of Nineveh, by John Martin

600s BC edit

Inventions, discoveries, introductions edit

Sovereign states edit

See: List of sovereign states in the 7th century BC.

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b "Largest Cities Through History". Geography. Archived from the original on 2005-05-27. Retrieved 2006-05-09.
  2. ^ F. Espenak and Xavier Jubier. "Total Solar Eclipse of -647 April 06". NASA.
  3. ^ Potts, D. T. (1999) "The Archaeology of Elam: Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State" (Cambridge World Archaeology)