The year 652 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 102 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 652 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Gregorian calendar||652 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||102|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXVI dynasty, 13|
|- Pharaoh||Psamtik I, 13|
|Ancient Greek era||32nd Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)|
2045 or 1985
— to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
2046 or 1986
|Coptic calendar||−935 – −934|
|Ethiopian calendar||−659 – −658|
|- Vikram Samvat||−595 – −594|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2449–2450|
|Iranian calendar||1273 BP – 1272 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1312 BH – 1311 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2563 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||−109 – −108|
−525 or −906 or −1678
— to —
−524 or −905 or −1677
- Elam withdraws from her alliance with king Shamash-shum-ukin of Babylon, who launches a premature attack on his half brother Ashurbanipal at year's end without waiting for reinforcements that have been promised by the Egyptian king Psamtik I.
- Cimmerian forces from Anatolia conquer Sardis and reach the peak of their power. King Gyges of Lydia has spent most of his 28-year reign fighting his southern and western neighbors in an effort to gain suzerainty over all of Western Asia Minor. He has helped the rebellion of Psamtik I, but he receives no support from his erstwhile Assyrian ally Ashurbanipal. Gyges falls in a battle against the Cimmerians under king Tugdamme (approximate date).
- Ardys succeeds his father Gyges as the second Mermnad king of Lydia. During his reign he finds payment of tribute to Assyria preferable to rule by the Cimmerians, who will be routed a few decades later.
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