The year 609 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 145 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 609 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Gregorian calendar||609 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||145|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXVI dynasty, 56|
|- Pharaoh||Necho II, 2|
|Ancient Greek era||42nd Olympiad, year 4|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)|
2088 or 2028
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
2089 or 2029
|Coptic calendar||−892 – −891|
|Ethiopian calendar||−616 – −615|
|- Vikram Samvat||−552 – −551|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2492–2493|
|Iranian calendar||1230 BP – 1229 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1268 BH – 1267 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2520 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||−66 – −65|
−482 or −863 or −1635
— to —
−481 or −862 or −1634
- The Medes and the Babylonians defeat the Assyrians under Ashur-uballit II and capture Harran. Ashur-uballit II, the last king of Assyria, disappears from history.
- Battle of Megiddo—King Josiah is killed fighting against Necho II, who was on his way to aid the Assyrian state.
- King Jehoahaz succeeds his father Josiah as king of Judah, though he is killed by Necho II, who instead installs Jehoahaz's brother Jehoiakim.
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