The year 656 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 98 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 656 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Gregorian calendar||656 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||98|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXVI dynasty, 9|
|- Pharaoh||Psamtik I, 9|
|Ancient Greek era||31st Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||甲子年 (Wood Rat)|
2041 or 1981
— to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
2042 or 1982
|Coptic calendar||−939 – −938|
|Ethiopian calendar||−663 – −662|
|- Vikram Samvat||−599 – −598|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2445–2446|
|Iranian calendar||1277 BP – 1276 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1316 BH – 1315 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2567 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||−113 – −112|
−529 or −910 or −1682
— to —
−528 or −909 or −1681
- Thebes submits to the Egyptian ruler Psamtik I of Sais, who has allied himself with Gyges of Lydia and employs Libyan soldiers in a rebellion against Assyrian rule with help from Carian and Ionian mercenaries. Psamtik permits the city's mayor Mentuemhat to retain his position, who is not only the most powerful Theban but also the fourth prophet of Amon.
- Psamtik I extends his control over all Egypt. The Twenty-fifth Dynasty, and subsequent Nubian period, end in Ancient Egypt.
- "Egypt in the Late Period (ca. 712–332 B.C.) - Essay - Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History". The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
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