King Huan of Zhou

King Huan of Zhou (Chinese: 周桓王; pinyin: Zhōu Húan Wáng; Wade–Giles: Chou Huan Wang; died 697 BC), personal name Jī Lín (姬林),[2] was the fourteenth king of the Chinese Zhou dynasty[3][4] and the second of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770–256 BC).

King Huan of Zhou
King of China
Reign719–697 BC
PredecessorKing Ping of Zhou
SuccessorKing Zhuang of Zhou[1]
Died697 BC
SpouseJi Ji Jiang
IssueKing Zhuang of Zhou
Zhou Wang Ji
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Lín (林)
HouseZhou dynasty
FatherCrown Prince Xiefu

King Huan’s father was King Ping's son, Crown Prince Xiefu. Huan succeeded his grandfather in 719 BC.[5]

The son and successor of Huan was King Zhuang of Zhou.

In 707 BC, the royal forces were defeated in the Battle of Xuge (𦈡葛之战) by Duke Zhuang of Zheng (r. 743–701). The king himself was wounded by an arrow in the shoulder, and the defeat destroyed the prestige of the Zhou house.[6]



  • Ji Ji Jiang, of the Jiang clan of Ji (紀季姜 姜姓), a princess of Ji by birth; married in 703 BC




King Xuan of Zhou (d. 782 BC)
King You of Zhou (d. 771 BC)
Queen Jiang of Qi
King Ping of Zhou (d. 720 BC)
Marquis of Shen
Queen Shen of Shen
King Huan of Zhou (d. 697 BC)

See alsoEdit

Family tree of ancient Chinese emperors


  1. ^ Chinese Text Project, Rulers of the Zhou states – with links to their occurrences in pre-Qin and Han texts.
  2. ^ Michael Loewe and Edward Shaughnessy, ed. (1999), The Cambridge History of Ancient China, Cambridge University Press
  3. ^ Sử ký Tư Mã Thiên những điều chưa biết - Chu bản kỷ, Bùi Hạnh Cẩn - Việt Anh dịch (2005), NXB Văn hoá thông tin
  4. ^ Phương Thi Danh (2001), Niên biểu lịch sử Trung Quốc
  5. ^ Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian
  6. ^ Pines, Yuri (2002). Foundations of Confucian Thought: Intellectual Life in the Chunqiu period (722–453 B.C.E.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. p. 109. ISBN 9780824823962.
King Huan of Zhou
 Died: 697 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of China
719–697 BC
Succeeded by