The 740s decade ran from January 1, 740, to December 31, 749.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

Events

740

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
AfricaEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

741

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
SwitzerlandEdit
AfricaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

742

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
AfricaEdit
AsiaEdit
  • Emperor Xuan Zong begins to favor Taoism over Buddhism, adopting the new reign title Tianbao ("Heavenly Treasures"), to indicate his divine mandate. The total number of enlisted troops in the Tang armies has risen to about half a million, due to Xuan Zongs's earlier military reforms.
  • For the municipal census of the Chinese capital city Chang'an and its metropolitan area of Jingzhou (including small towns in the vicinity), the New Book of Tang records that in this year there are 362,921 registered families with 1,960,188 persons.
  • Li Bai (also Li Po), Chinese poet, is summoned by Xuan Zong to attend the imperial court. He and his friend Du Fu become the two most prominent figures in the flourishing of Chinese poetry, during the mid-Tang Dynasty.

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

743

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
JapanEdit
  • Emperor Shōmu changes the law of Perpetual Ownership of Cultivated Lands. This permits aristocrats and members of the clergy to cultivate land. The new farmland will be called shoin.
AmericasEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

744

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
SwitzerlandEdit
BritainEdit
  • Wat's Dyke, a 40 mile (64 km) earthwork in present-day Wales, is constructed. The border between Mercia and Powys is set here. The date that Wat's Dyke was constructed is very uncertain, with some estimates linking the construction of the dyke to the 5th century and others to the early 9th century (approximate date).
Arabian EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit
AmericasEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

745

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

746

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Unmayyad CaliphateEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

747

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
Islamic EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit

748

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit

749

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
JapanEdit
  • August 19Emperor Shōmu abdicates the throne, after a 25-year reign that has been dominated by his wife (and aunt), Kōmyō, a commoner he married at age 16. He is succeeded by his daughter Kōken; Shōmu becomes the first retired emperor to become a Buddhist priest.[28]

By topicEdit

CatastropheEdit

Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

740

741

742

743

744

745

746

747

748

749

DeathsEdit

740

741

742

743

744

745

746

747

Date Unknown

748

749

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Blankinship, Khalid Yahya (1994). The End of the Jihâd State: The Reign of Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. pp. 104–105, 117. ISBN 978-0-7914-1827-7.
  2. ^ Blankinship, Khalid Yahya (1994). The End of the Jihâd State: The Reign of Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-7914-1827-7.
  3. ^ de Oliviera Marques, A. H. (1993). "O Portugal Islâmico". In Joel Serrão and A. H. de Oliverira Marques (ed.). Hova Historia de Portugal. Portugal das Invasões Germânicas à Reconquista. Lisbon: Editorial Presença. p. 123.
  4. ^ Hartmann, Ludo Moritz. Geschichte Italiens im Mittelalter. II, pp. 2, 139.
  5. ^ D.P. Kirby, The Earliest English Kings. London: Unwin Hyman, 1991. pp. 150 & 154 ISBN 0-04-445691-3
  6. ^ Barbara Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms in Early Anglo-Saxon England. London: Seaby, 1990. p. 89 ISBN 1-85264-027-8
  7. ^ David Nicolle (2008). Poitiers AD 732, Charles Martel turns the Islamic tide (p. 19). ISBN 978-184603-230-1
  8. ^ Settipani 1989.
  9. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp. 25
  10. ^ Horace K. Mann (1913). "Pope St. Gregory III" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  11. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) pp24
  12. ^ Serrão, Joel; de Oliveira Marques, A. H. (1993). "O Portugal Islâmico". Hova Historia de Portugal. Portugal das Invasões Germânicas à Reconquista. Lisbon: Editorial Presença. p. 123.
  13. ^ Brian Todd Carey (2012). Road to Manzikert: "Byzantine warfare in an age of Crisis and Recovery", p. 71. ISBN 978-1-84884-215-1
  14. ^ Curta, Florin (2006). Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500-1250. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521815390
  15. ^ Guidoboni, Traina, 1995, p. 120-121
  16. ^ Wickham 1981, p. 221.
  17. ^ Hallenbeck 1982, p. 51.
  18. ^ Dionysius of Telmahre apud Hoyland, 661 n 193
  19. ^ Costambeys, "Abel (fl. 744–747)"
  20. ^ Letter by Pope Zacharias to Boniface, dated Nov. 5, 744, ed. Tangl (no.58), tr. Emerton.
  21. ^ Pierre Riche, The Carolingians: A Family who forged Europe, pp. 51–52.
  22. ^ Grapard, Allan G. (1992). The Protocol of the Gods: A Study of the Kasuga Cult in Japanese History, p. 67; excerpt, "We have no information concerning Genbō's exile; the Shoku-Nihongi states simply that Genbō behaved in a manner that did not befit his ecclesiastic position and that he died in 746 as he was trying to escape."; Matsunaga, p. 125; excerpt, "...the degree of Genbō's corruption remains equivocal."
  23. ^ Barbara Yorke, 'East Saxons, kings of the (act. late 6th cent.–c.820)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 9 Feb 2008
  24. ^ Pryor, John H.; Jeffreys, Elizabeth M. (2006), The Age of the ΔΡΟΜΩΝ: The Byzantine Navy ca. 500–1204, Brill Academic Publishers, p. 33, ISBN 978-90-04-15197-0
  25. ^ New Book of Tang, vol. 135
  26. ^ McCormick, Michael (2002). "New Light on the 'Dark Ages': How the Slave Trade Fuelled the Carolingian Economy". Past & Present. 177 (177): 17–54. doi:10.1093/past/177.1.17. ISSN 0031-2746. JSTOR 3600877.
  27. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Great Islamic Conquests 632–750 AD, p. 78. ISBN 978-1-84603-273-8
  28. ^ Varley, H. Paul (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4
  29. ^ Lynch, Michael (ed.). The Oxford companion to Scottish history. Oxford University Press. p. 604. ISBN 9780199693054.

SourcesEdit

  • Hallenbeck, Jan T. (1982). "Pavia and Rome: The Lombard Monarchy and the Papacy in the Eighth Century". Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. New Series. 72 (4): 1–186. doi:10.2307/1006429. JSTOR 1006429.
  • Settipani, Christian (1989). Les Ancêtres de Charlemagne [Charlemagne's Ancestors] (in French). Paris, France. ISBN 2-906483-28-1. OCLC 28323789.
  • Wickham, Chris (1981). Early Medieval Italy: Central Power and Local Society, 400–1000. London: Macmillan.