The 680s decade ran from January 1, 680, to December 31, 689.

Millennium: 1st millennium
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EventsEdit

680

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681Edit

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682Edit

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  • Due to a culmination of major droughts, floods, locust plagues, and epidemics, a widespread famine breaks out in the dual Chinese capital cities of Chang'an (primary capital) and Luoyang (secondary capital). The scarcity of food drives the price of grain to unprecedented heights, ending a once prosperous era under emperors Tai Zong and Gao Zong on a sad note.
  • Emperor Tenmu issues a decree forbidding the Japanese-style cap of ranks and garments, and changing them into Chinese ones. He also makes a decree forbidding men to wear leggings and women to let down their hair on their backs. It is from this time, that the practice begins of women riding on horseback like men. He issues an edict prescribing the character of ceremonies and language to be used on occasions of ceremony. Ceremonial kneeling and crawling are both abolished, and the ceremonial custom of standing at the Tang court is practiced.
MesoamericaEdit

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AstronomyEdit
LiteratureEdit
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683Edit

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MesoamericaEdit

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684Edit

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EuropeEdit
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MesoamericaEdit

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685Edit

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Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
ChinaEdit

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ReligionEdit

686Edit

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EuropeEdit
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AsiaEdit

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ReligionEdit

687Edit

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Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
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688Edit

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Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit

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689Edit

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Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

680

681

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684

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DeathsEdit

680

681

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689


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bury, pp. 333–334
  2. ^ Hodges, Richard (1984). "Frisians and Franks: Argonauts of the Dark Ages". Archaeology. 37 (1): 26–31. ISSN 0003-8113. JSTOR 41728801.
  3. ^ Kirby (1992), p. 119
  4. ^ Gordon (2005), pp. 144–146
  5. ^ Collier & Barham 1840, p. 250
  6. ^ Norwich, p. 326
  7. ^ Kazhdan, p. 501
  8. ^ Dumbarton Oaks, p. 513
  9. ^ Bury, p. 308
  10. ^ Bury, p. 309
  11. ^ Spencer C. Tucker (2010). A Global Chronology of Conflict: "From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East", p. 205. ISBN 978-1-85109-672-5
  12. ^ a b "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  13. ^ Canduci, p. 198
  14. ^ Annals of Ulster.
  15. ^ Chaney, William A. (1970). The Cult of Kingship in Anglo-Saxon England: The Transition from Paganism to Christianity. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 168.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  16. ^ Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum
  17. ^ Kazhdan, p. 1084
  18. ^ Alec Hamilton-Barr. In Saxon Sussex. The Arundel Press, Bognor Regis, p. 21
  19. ^ A Chronicle of England (B.C. 55–A.D. 1485), by James. E. Doyle (1864). "The Saxons", p. 37
  20. ^ The Events of the Tang Dynasty: "Time line of the Tang Dynasty" (Tang Zhong Zong 684–685 A.D)
  21. ^ Blair 1990, p. 178
  22. ^ Plummer, Bedae Opera Historica, Vol. 1, p. 12
  23. ^ John Reassessing , Anglo-Saxon England, pp. 34–35
  24. ^ Bury, p. 321
  25. ^ Farmer, David Hugh (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints. Oxford University Press. p. 120. ISBN 0-19-280058-2.
  26. ^ Fine, John V. A. Jr. (1991) [1983]. The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. p. 71. ISBN 0-472-08149-7.
  27. ^ Yorke, Barbara (1990), "Kings and Kingdoms of Early Anglo-Saxon England", London: Seaby, ISBN 1-85264-027-8
  28. ^ Ostrogorsky, pp. 116–122
  29. ^ Hodgkin, Thomas (1895). "Italy and her Invaders", volume 6. Oxford
  30. ^ Blok, D.P. (1968), "De Franken, hun optreden in het licht der historie", pp. 32–34
  31. ^ Van Rompay, Lucas (2011). "Severos bar Mashqo". In Sebastian P. Brock; Aaron M. Butts; George A. Kiraz; Lucas Van Rompay (eds.). Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Retrieved 11 July 2020.