Cunincpert (also Cunibert or Cunipert) was king of the Lombards from 688 to 700. He succeeded his father Perctarit, though he was associated with the throne from 680.

Cunipert
King of the Lombards
Cunincpert tremissis 612190.jpg
Tremissis of Cunincpert's, minted in Milan.
Reign688–689
689–700
PredecessorPerctarit (first reign)
Alahis (second reign)
SuccessorAlahis (first reign)
Liutpert (second reign)
Died700
DynastyBavarian dynasty
FatherPerctarit

LifeEdit

Soon after his assumption of the sole kingship, Cunincpert was ousted by Alahis, duke of Brescia (who had previously been duke of Trento). Alahis had also rebelled during the reign of Perctarit, but it was Cunincpert who, according to Paul the Deacon in the Historia Langobardorum, had persuaded his father to show mercy. Perctarit is reported to have warned his son of the consequences. It was thus soon after Perctarit's death that Alahis forced Cunincpert to flee to Isola Comacina, an island in the middle of Lake Como.

The only extant record of the rule of Alahis is contained in Book V of Paul the Deacon's Historia Langobardorum. His rule is portrayed as burdensome and tyrannical, and particularly antagonistic to the Catholic Church. Having lost the support of the Church and, crucially, of the 'people' (notably the brothers Aldo and Grauso of Brescia), Cunincpert was able to return to Pavia and resume control. Alahis, however, was able to acquire sufficient support to bring the matter to battle. Cunincpert, with the men of Piedmont, defeated Alahis and the men of Venetia at the Battle of Coronate, on the Horn of the Adda, near Lodi, in 689. Alahis was slain in battle.

Cunincpert suppressed other insurrections during his reign, including that of the usurper Duke Ansfrid of Friuli.

He also successfully settled the schism of the Three Chapters in the Italian Church between the patriarch of Aquileia and his rival patriarch of Grado.

He died in 700 and was succeeded by his young son Liutpert, the regent Ansprand, and many rebels. Many wars took place during his reign. He is notably the first Lombard monarch to strike coins in his image. (For his epitaph, see Latin rhythmic hexameter.) He was buried in the Basilica of Santissimo Salvatore in Pavia.[1]

Further readingEdit

  • Antonopoulos, Panagiotis. The Reign of Cunincpert: Saga, Reality, Stability and Progress in Lombard Italy at the End of the Seventh Century. Camberley, Surrey: Porphyrogenitus Ltd., 2010.
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of the Lombards
688–689
Succeeded by
Preceded by King of the Lombards
689–700
Succeeded by

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The politics of memory of the Lombard monarchy in Pavia, the kingdom's capital". Materializing Memory. Archaeological material culture and the semantics of the past. Retrieved 29 July 2022.