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1952 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
- NFL Championship: the Detroit Lions won 17–7 over the Cleveland Browns at Cleveland Stadium
- Sugar Bowl (1951 season):
- 1952 college football season:
- The Michigan State Spartans win the college football national championship (don't play in a bowl game the following January)
- First Division – Manchester United win the 1951–52 title.
- FA Cup – Newcastle United beat Arsenal 1–0.
- June 14: In an effort to promote the code outside its traditional strongholds in the southern and western states, the League holds a “National Day Round” of matches in selected interstate and country venues: Albury, Euroa, Yallourn, Sydney, Brisbane and Hobart. Despite flooding rains, attendances were high enough to deem the venture a success though it was never repeated.
- Geelong wins the 56th VFL Premiership by defeating Collingwood 13.8 (86) to 5.10 (40) in the 1952 VFL Grand Final
- Brownlow Medal awarded to Roy Wright (Richmond) and Bill Hutchison (Essendon)[a]
- October 4: North Adelaide beat Norwood 23.15 (153) to 6.9 (45) in the most one-sided SANFL Grand Final until 2004.
- Magarey Medal awarded to Len Fitzgerald (Sturt)
- January 31 – The Hall of Fame elects two new members – Harry Heilmann, with 203 votes, and Paul Waner with 195. Waner, a .333 career hitter, rapped out 3,152 hits and struck out just 376 times in 9,459 career at–bats. Heilmann was similarly skilled with the bat, winning four batting titles with the Tigers and finishing his career with a .342 average
- World Series – New York Yankees win 4 games to 3 over the Brooklyn Dodgers
- June 25 at Yankee Stadium, Joey Maxim defeats Sugar Ray Robinson by knockout to retain his world light heavyweight title. This is the only knockout Robinson would ever suffer.
- August 11 – death in a road accident of Dave Sands (26), Australian Aborigine middleweight rated third in the world at the time
- September 23 at Philadelphia, Rocky Marciano knocked out Jersey Joe Walcott in the 13th round to win the World Heavyweight Championship.
- 16 October–18 October, Delhi – Pakistan plays its first Test match, against India. India won by an innings and 70 runs.
- County Championship – Surrey
- Minor Counties Championship – Buckinghamshire
- Most runs – Len Hutton 2567 @ 61.11 (HS 189)
- Most wickets – Johnny Wardle 172 @ 19.27 (BB 7–49)
- Wisden Cricketers of the Year – Fred Trueman, Harold Gimblett, Tom Graveney, David Sheppard, Stuart Surridge
- India make a fourth tour of England, and lose the four-Test series three games to nil
- Sheffield Shield – New South Wales
- Most runs – Lindsay Hassett 855 @ 61.07 (HS 229)
- Most wickets – Bill Johnston 54 @ 20.62 (BB 7–114)
- The West Indies make a second tour of Australia, losing as in the first four Tests to one
- Ranji Trophy – Bombay
- England make a second tour of India, drawing the five-test series with one victory each and three draws
- World Figure Skating Championships –
- In this year, ice dancing introduced as part of the World Figure Skating Championships.
- American defending champion Dick Button becomes first figure-skater to land a triple jump in competition; performs a triple loop in the Olympic free skate in Oslo
- Masters Tournament – Sam Snead
- U.S. Open – Julius Boros
- PGA Championship – Jim Turnesa
- British Open – Bobby Locke
- PGA Tour money leader – Julius Boros – $37,033
- Australia – Melbourne Cup won by Dalray
- Canada – Queen's Plate won by Epigram
- France – Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe won by Nuccio
- Ireland – Irish Derby Stakes won by Thirteen of Diamonds
- English Triple Crown Races:
- United States Triple Crown Races:
- World Hockey Championship
- Men's champion: Canada defeated the United States
- Stanley Cup – Detroit Red Wings win 4 games to 0 over the Montreal Canadiens
- Art Ross Trophy as the NHL's leading scorer during the regular season: Gordie Howe, Detroit Red Wings
- Hart Memorial Trophy – for the NHL's Most Valuable Player: Gordie Howe, Detroit Red Wings
- NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship – Michigan Wolverines defeat Colorado College Tigers 4–1 in Colorado Springs, Colorado
- November 1 – Hockey Night in Canada makes its television debut on CBC. It is the oldest sports-related TV program still airing.
Speed Skating World Championships
- Australian Men's Singles Championship – Ken McGregor (Australia) defeats Frank Sedgman (Australia) 7–5, 12–10, 2–6, 6–2
- Australian Women's Singles Championship – Thelma Coyne Long (Australia) defeats Helen Angwin (Australia) 6–2, 6–3
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – Frank Sedgman (Australia) defeats Jaroslav Drobný (Egypt) 4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–2
- Wimbledon Women's Singles Championship – Maureen Connolly Brinker (USA) defeats Louise Brough Clapp (USA) 6–4, 6–3
- French Men's Singles Championship – Jaroslav Drobný (Egypt) defeats Frank Sedgman (Australia) 6–2, 6–0, 3–6, 6–4
- French Women's Singles Championship – Doris Hart (USA) defeats Shirley Fry Irvin (USA) 6–4, 6–4
- American Men's Singles Championship – Frank Sedgman (Australia) defeats Gardnar Mulloy (USA) 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
- American Women's Singles Championship – Maureen Connolly (USA) defeats Doris Hart (USA) 6–3, 7–5
- Men's World Championship in Moscow, Soviet Union
- Gold Medal: Soviet Union
- Silver Medal: Czechoslovakia
- Bronze Medal: Bulgaria
- "Epsom Derby | History, Winners, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 3 January 2022.