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The Amateur Championship

  (Redirected from British Amateur)

The Amateur Championship (sometimes referred to as the British Amateur or British Amateur Championship outside the UK) is a golf tournament which has been held annually in the United Kingdom since 1885 except during the two World Wars, and in 1949 when Ireland hosted the championship. It is one of the two leading individual tournaments for amateur golfers, alongside the U.S. Amateur. It normally has the widest international representation of any individual amateur event, with 38 golf federations from all six continents represented in the 2018 championship.[1]

The Amateur Championship
The Amateur Championship Trophy shown at Gardagolf in 2009.jpg
The Amateur Championship Trophy in 2009 at Gardagolf Country Club
LocationUnited Kingdom
Established1885
FormatStroke play and match play
Month playedJune
South Africa Jovan Rebula

Before World War II it was regarded as one of golf's major championships, but given the modern dominance of the sport by professional golfers, this is no longer the case. Two Amateur Championship winners in the post-World War II era have gone on to win professional major championships: José María Olazábal and Sergio García.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The inaugural championship was held in 1885 by the Royal Liverpool Golf Club and was, for many years, regarded as an unofficial event. In 1922, the R&A decided that Allan Macfie, the winner of the event, should be added to the list of Amateur Championship winners.[2]

The tournament was played on 20, 21 and 23 April and was "open to all amateur members of recognised golf clubs". The format was match-play. All players were included in the draw for each round, any extra player receiving a bye. If a match was halved after the 18 holes both players progressed to the next round, playing each other again. There were 49 entries from 12 different clubs, although only 44 were included in the draw and four of these players did not turn up. Of the 22 first-round matches, 2 were halved, meaning that there were 12 matches in the second round.[3][4] There were no more halved matches in the following rounds which meant that 3 players reached the semi-final stage.[5][6] John Ball beat his father, also called John, in the third round.[6] Allan Macfie was the lucky player to receive a bye at the semi-final stage with Horace Hutchinson beating Ball 2 up in the only semi-final match. After his morning round, Hutchinson played badly in the afternoon and Macfie won 7&6.[7][8]

Each player paid a 1 guinea entry fee. This, together with 25 guineas from the Royal Liverpool club, was used for prizes. The losing finalist received £10 with the remainder being used to buy plate for the winner.[4] The final amount for the winner was about £60[7] or £70.[8] By comparison the winner of the 1885 Open Championship received £10.

Entry, formatEdit

Entry to the Championship is now given to the most-qualified 288 applicants from around the world, with perhaps half the places reserved for top players from the United Kingdom and Ireland. Qualifying rounds for all players were first introduced in 1983, when the popularity of the championship led to the number of applicants increasing to unmanageable levels. Major golf nations are allocated entries on what amounts to a quota basis for their top applicants, with each applicant's national federation cooperating with the R&A on selection. For example, the 2010 entry list included players from the British Isles (England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Northern Ireland), mainland Europe (France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Slovenia, Switzerland, Austria, Iceland), North America (USA, Canada, Mexico), South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Peru), Asia (China, India, South Korea, Japan, Singapore), Australasia (Australia, New Zealand) and Africa (South Africa).[9]

The first stage of the Championship involves 288 players, each of whom plays two rounds of 18 holes, one on each of two courses, over the first two days. The 64 lowest scores over the 36 holes, and ties for 64th place compete in the match play stage of the Championship, on the event's principal course, and are seeded by qualifying scores. Each match consists of one round of 18 holes, except for the Final, which is over 36 holes. Since there are generally more than 64 qualifiers from the stroke play stage, the first round of the match play involves a small number of matches to reduce the number of qualifiers to exactly 64. Tied matches are broken by sudden death over extra holes. The event is played in June, normally with a Monday to Saturday schedule.

The winner receives invitations to three of the major championships, namely the following month's Open Championship, and the following year's Masters Tournament and U.S. Open provided he remain an amateur prior to each major. The Amateur Championship is open to amateur golfers of any nationality in good standing with their national federations. Briton John Ball won the most career titles, with eight. Ball was still competing in the event as late as 1921 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club.[10] In modern times, Briton Michael Bonallack's five titles lead. The most famous American winner of the competition was Bobby Jones, whose 1930 victory was part of his Grand Slam.

Most times hostedEdit

The courses that have hosted the Amateur the most times (as of 2018):

WinnersEdit

Year Venue Champion Country Score Runner-up
2018 Royal Aberdeen Golf Club Jovan Rebula   South Africa 3 & 2   Robin Dawson
2017 Royal St. George's Golf Club Harry Ellis   England 38 holes   Dylan Perry
2016 Royal Porthcawl Golf Club Scott Gregory   England 2 & 1   Robert MacIntyre
2015 Carnoustie Golf Links Romain Langasque   France 4 & 2   Grant Forrest
2014 Royal Portrush Golf Club Bradley Neil   Scotland 2 & 1   Zander Lombard
2013 Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club Garrick Porteous   England 6 & 5   Toni Hakula
2012 Royal Troon Golf Club Alan Dunbar   Northern Ireland 1 up   Matthias Schwab
2011 Hillside Golf Club Bryden Macpherson   Australia 3 & 2   Michael Stewart
2010 Muirfield Jin Jeong   South Korea 5 & 4   James Byrne
2009 Formby Golf Club Matteo Manassero   Italy 4 & 3   Sam Hutsby
2008 Turnberry Reinier Saxton   Netherlands 3 & 2   Tommy Fleetwood
2007 Royal Lytham & St. Annes Golf Club Drew Weaver   United States 2 & 1   Tim Stewart
2006 Royal St. George's Golf Club Julien Guerrier   France 4 & 3   Adam Gee
2005 Royal Birkdale Golf Club Brian McElhinney   Ireland 5 & 4   John Gallagher
2004 St. Andrews Links Stuart Wilson   Scotland 4 & 3   Lee Corfield
2003 Royal Troon Golf Club Gary Wolstenholme (2)   England 6 & 5   Raphaël De Sousa
2002 Royal Porthcawl Golf Club Alejandro Larrazábal   Spain 1 up   Martin Sell
2001 Prestwick Golf Club Michael Hoey   Northern Ireland 1 up   Ian Campbell
2000 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Mikko Ilonen   Finland 2 & 1   Christian Reimbold
1999 Royal County Down Golf Club Graeme Storm   England 7 & 6   Aran Wainwright
1998 Muirfield Sergio García   Spain 7 & 6   Craig Williams
1997 Royal St. George's Golf Club Craig Watson   Scotland 3 & 2   Trevor Immelman
1996 Turnberry Warren Bladon   England 1 up   Roger Beames
1995 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Gordon Sherry   Scotland 7 & 6   Michael Reynard
1994 Nairn Golf Club Lee James   England 2 & 1   Gordon Sherry
1993 Royal Portrush Golf Club Iain Pyman   England 37 holes   Paul Page
1992 Carnoustie Golf Links Stephen Dundas   Scotland 7 & 6   Bradley Dredge
1991 Ganton Golf Club Gary Wolstenholme   England 8 & 6   Bob May
1990 Muirfield Rolf Muntz   Netherlands 7 & 6   Michael Macara
1989 Royal Birkdale Golf Club Stephen Dodd   Wales 5 & 3   Craig Cassells
1988 Royal Porthcawl Golf Club Christian Hardin   Sweden 1 up   Ben Fouchee
1987 Prestwick Golf Club Paul Mayo   Wales 3 & 1   Peter McEvoy
1986 Royal Lytham & St. Annes Golf Club David Curry   England 11 & 9   Geoff Birtwell
1985 Royal Dornoch Golf Club Garth McGimpsey   Northern Ireland 8 & 7   Graham Homewood
1984 Formby Golf Club José María Olazábal   Spain 5 & 4   Colin Montgomerie
1983 Turnberry Philip Parkin   Wales 5 & 4   Jim Holtgrieve
1982 Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club Martin Thompson   England 4 & 3   Andy Stubbs
1981 St. Andrews Links Phillipe Ploujoux   France 4 & 2   Joel Hirsch
1980 Royal Porthcawl Golf Club Duncan Evans   Wales 4 & 3   David Suddards
1979 Hillside Golf Club Jay Sigel   United States 3 & 2   Scott Hoch
1978 Royal Troon Golf Club Peter McEvoy (2)   England 4 & 3   Paul McKellar
1977 Ganton Golf Club Peter McEvoy   England 5 & 4   Hugh Campbell
1976 St. Andrews Links Dick Siderowf (2)   United States 37 holes   John Davies
1975 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Vinny Giles   United States 8 & 7   Mark James
1974 Muirfield Trevor Homer (2)   England 2 up   Jim Gabrielsen
1973 Royal Porthcawl Golf Club Dick Siderowf   United States 5 & 3   Peter Moody
1972 Royal St. George's Golf Club Trevor Homer   England 4 & 3   Alan Thirlwell
1971 Carnoustie Golf Links Steve Melnyk   United States 3 & 2   Jim Simons
1970 Royal County Down Golf Club Michael Bonallack (5)   England 8 & 7   Bill Hyndman
1969 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Michael Bonallack (4)   England 3 & 2   Bill Hyndman
1968 Royal Troon Golf Club Michael Bonallack (3)   England 7 & 6   Joe Carr
1967 Formby Golf Club Bob Dickson   United States 2 & 1   Ron Cerrudo
1966 Carnoustie Golf Links Bobby Cole   South Africa 3 & 2   Ronnie Shade
1965 Royal Porthcawl Golf Club Michael Bonallack (2)   England 2 & 1   Clive Clark
1964 Ganton Golf Club Gordon Clark   England 39 holes   Michael Lunt
1963 St. Andrews Links Michael Lunt   England 2 & 1   John Blackwell
1962 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Richard Davies   United States 1 up   John Povall
1961 Turnberry Michael Bonallack   England 6 & 4   James Walker
1960 Royal Portrush Golf Club Joe Carr (3)   Ireland 8 & 7   Robert Cochran
1959 Royal St. George's Golf Club Deane Beman   United States 3 & 2   Bill Hyndman
1958 St. Andrews Links Joe Carr (2)   Ireland 3 & 2   Alan Thirlwell
1957 Formby Golf Club Reid Jack   Scotland 2 & 1   Harold Ridgley
1956 Royal Troon Golf Club John Beharrell   England 5 & 4   Leslie Taylor
1955 Royal Lytham & St. Annes Golf Club Joe Conrad   United States 3 & 2   Alan Slater
1954 Muirfield Doug Bachli   Australia 2 & 1   William C. Campbell
1953 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Joe Carr   Ireland 2 up   Harvie Ward
1952 Prestwick Golf Club Harvie Ward   United States 6 & 5   Frank Stranahan
1951 Royal Porthcawl Golf Club Dick Chapman   United States 5 & 4   Charles Coe
1950 St. Andrews Links Frank Stranahan (2)   United States 8 & 6   Dick Chapman
1949 Portmarnock Golf Club Max McCready   Ireland 2 & 1   Willie Turnesa
1948 Royal St. George's Golf Club Frank Stranahan   United States 5 & 4   Charles Stowe
1947 Carnoustie Golf Links Willie Turnesa   United States 3 & 2   Dick Chapman
1946 Royal Birkdale Golf Club Jimmy Bruen   Ireland 4 & 3   Robert Sweeny Jr.
1940–1945: Not played due to World War II
1939 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Alex Kyle   Scotland 2 & 1   Tony Duncan
1938 Royal Troon Golf Club Charlie Yates   United States 3 & 2   Cecil Ewing
1937 Royal St. George's Golf Club Robert Sweeny Jr.   United States 3 & 2   Lionel Munn
1936 St. Andrews Links Hector Thomson   Scotland 2 up   Jim Ferrier
1935 Royal Lytham & St. Annes Golf Club Lawson Little (2)   United States 1 up   William Tweddell
1934 Prestwick Golf Club Lawson Little   United States 14 & 13   James Wallace
1933 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Michael Scott   England 4 & 3   Dale Bourn
1932 Muirfield John de Forest   England 3 & 1   Eric Fiddian
1931 Royal North Devon Golf Club Eric Martin Smith   England 1 up   John de Forest
1930 St. Andrews Links Bobby Jones   United States 7 & 6   Roger Wethered
1929 Royal St. George's Golf Club Cyril Tolley (2)   England 4 & 3   John Nelson Smith
1928 Prestwick Golf Club Philip Perkins   England 6 & 4   Roger Wethered
1927 Royal Liverpool Golf Club William Tweddell   England 7 & 6   Eustace Landale
1926 Muirfield Jess Sweetser   United States 6 & 5   Fred Simpson
1925 Royal North Devon Golf Club Robert Harris   Scotland 13 & 12   Kenneth Fradgley
1924 St. Andrews Links Ernest Holderness (2)   England 3 & 2   Eustace Storey
1923 Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club Roger Wethered   England 7 & 6   Robert Harris
1922 Prestwick Golf Club Ernest Holderness   England 1 up   John Caven
1921 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Willie Hunter   Scotland 12 & 11   Allan Graham
1920 Muirfield Cyril Tolley   England 37 holes   Robert A. Gardner
1915–1919: Not played due to World War I
1914 Royal St. George's Golf Club James Jenkins   Scotland 3 & 2   Charles Hezlet
1913 St. Andrews Links Harold Hilton (4)   England 6 & 5   Robert Harris
1912 Royal North Devon Golf Club John Ball (8)   England 38 holes   Abe Mitchell
1911 Prestwick Golf Club Harold Hilton (3)   England 4 & 3   Edward Lassen
1910 Royal Liverpool Golf Club John Ball (7)   England 10 & 9   Colin Aylmer
1909 Muirfield Robert Maxwell (2)   Scotland 1 up   Cecil Hutchison
1908 Royal St. George's Golf Club Edward Lassen   England 7 & 6   Herbert Taylor
1907 St. Andrews Links John Ball (6)   England 6 & 4   Charles Palmer
1906 Royal Liverpool Golf Club James Robb   Scotland 4 & 3   Clifford Lingen
1905 Prestwick Golf Club Gordon Barry   England 3 & 2   Osmund Scott
1904 Royal St. George's Golf Club Walter Travis   United States 4 & 3   Edward Blackwell
1903 Muirfield Robert Maxwell   Scotland 7 & 5   Horace Hutchinson
1902 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Charles Hutchings   England 1 up   Sidney Fry
1901 St. Andrews Links Harold Hilton (2)   England 1 up   John L. Low
1900 Royal St. George's Golf Club Harold Hilton   England 8 & 7   James Robb
1899 Prestwick Golf Club John Ball (5)   England 37 holes   Freddie Tait
1898 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Freddie Tait (2)   Scotland 7 & 5   S. Mure Fergusson
1897 Muirfield Jack Allan   Scotland 4 & 2   James Robb
1896 Royal St. George's Golf Club Freddie Tait   Scotland 8 & 7   Harold Hilton
1895 St. Andrews Links Leslie Balfour-Melville   Scotland 19 holes   John Ball
1894 Royal Liverpool Golf Club John Ball (4)   England 1 up   S. Mure Fergusson
1893 Prestwick Golf Club P.C. Anderson   Scotland 1 up   Johnny Laidlay
1892 Royal St. George's Golf Club John Ball (3)   England 3 & 1   Harold Hilton
1891 St. Andrews Links Johnny Laidlay (2)   Scotland 20 holes   Harold Hilton
1890 Royal Liverpool Golf Club John Ball (2)   England 4 & 3   Johnny Laidlay
1889 St. Andrews Links Johnny Laidlay   Scotland 2 & 1   Leslie Balfour-Melville
1888 Prestwick Golf Club John Ball   England 5 & 4   Johnny Laidlay
1887 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Horace Hutchinson (2)   England 1 up   John Ball
1886 St. Andrews Links Horace Hutchinson   England 7 & 6   Henry Lamb
1885 Royal Liverpool Golf Club Allan Macfie   Scotland 7 & 6   Horace Hutchinson

Multiple winnersEdit

Sixteen players have won more than one Amateur Championship, as of 2018:

Three players have won both the Amateur and the Open Championship:

  • John Ball – 1888, 1890, 1892, 1894, 1899, 1907, 1910, 1912 Amateurs; 1890 Open
  • Harold Hilton – 1900, 1901, 1911, 1913 Amateurs; 1892, 1897 Opens
  • Bobby Jones – 1930 Amateur; 1926, 1927, 1930 Opens

Future sitesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "International field assembles for The Amateur". The R&A. 14 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Golf – Meeting of the Championship Committee". The Times. 3 March 1922. p. 8.
  3. ^ "Golf tournament at Hoylake". The Glasgow Herald. 21 April 1885. p. 7.
  4. ^ a b "Golf tournament at Hoylake". Dundee Courier. 21 April 1885. Retrieved 15 July 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  5. ^ "The golf tournament at Hoylake". The Glasgow Herald. 22 April 1885. p. 9.
  6. ^ a b "The golf tournament at Hoylake". Dundee Courier. 22 April 1885. Retrieved 15 July 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  7. ^ a b "The golf tournament at Hoylake – Victory of a Scottish player". The Glasgow Herald. 22 April 1885. p. 8.
  8. ^ a b "Golf – The tournament at Hoylake". Dundee Courier. 24 April 1885. Retrieved 15 July 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  9. ^ randa.org, the 2010 Amateur Championship entry list
  10. ^ Rice, Grantland (25 May 1921). "Wright Only U.S. Golfer Left in Play". The New York Tribune. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  11. ^ Reid, Philip (8 September 2016). "Portmarnock to host Amateur Championship despite men-only policy". Irish Times.
  12. ^ "Venues announced for 2020 championships". The R&A. 25 July 2018.

External linksEdit