World Allround Speed Skating Championships for Men

The International Skating Union has organised the World Allround Speed Skating Championships for Men since 1893. Unofficial Championships were held in the years 1889–1892. [1]

World Allround Speed Skating Championships
Statusactive
Genresports event
Date(s)January–March
Frequencyannual
Location(s)various
Inaugurated1889 (1889)
Organised byISU

HistoryEdit

 
Medal winning countries at the World All-Round Speed Skating Championships.

Distances usedEdit

  • In 1889, three distances had to be skated: 1/2 mile (805 m) — 1 mile (1,609 m) — 2 miles (3,219 m).
  • In the years 1890–1892, four distances had to be skated: 1/2 mile (805 m) — 1 mile (1,609 m) — 2 miles (3,219 m) — 5 miles (8,047 m).
  • Since 1893, four distances have to be skated: 500 m (0.31 mi) — 1,500 m (0.93 mi) — 5,000 m (3.1 mi) — 10,000 m (6.2 mi) (the big combination).

Ranking systems usedEdit

  • In 1889, one could only win the World Championships by winning all three distances. If no one won all three distances, no winner would be declared. Silver and bronze medals were not awarded.
  • In the years 1890–1907, one could only win the World Championships by winning at least three of the four distances, so there would be no World Champion if no skater won at least three distances. Silver and bronze medals were never awarded.
  • In the years 1908–1925, ranking points were awarded (1 point for 1st place, 2 points for 2nd place, and so on); the final ranking was then decided by ordering the skaters by lowest point totals. The rule that a skater winning at least three distances was automatically World Champion was still in effect, though, so the ranking could be affected by that. Silver and bronze medals were awarded now as well.
  • In the years 1926–1927, the ranking points on each distance were percentage points, calculated from a skater's time and the current world record time. Apart from that, the system used was the same as in the immediately preceding years.
  • Since 1928, the samalog system has been in use. However, the rule that a skater winning at least three distances was automatically World Champion remained in effect until (and including) 1986. It was abolished as a result of three-distance-winner (and thus World Champion) Rolf Falk-Larssen having a worse samalog score than silver medal winner Tomas Gustafson in 1983.

RecordsEdit

  • Sven Kramer has won a total of nine world championships, in 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016 and 2017. Before Kramer, Clas Thunberg and Oscar Mathisen held the record with five world championships.
  • Kramer has won four consecutive world championships, in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010.

Medal winnersEdit

Unofficial championshipsEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1889 Amsterdam None declared None declared None declared
1890 Amsterdam None declared None declared None declared
1891 Amsterdam   Joe Donoghue None declared None declared
1892 Amsterdam Cancelled due to ice conditions
1940 Oslo   Alfons Berzinš   Harry Haraldsen   Charles Mathiesen
1946 Oslo   Odd Lundberg   Göthe Hedlund   Charles Mathiesen

Official championshipsEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1893 Amsterdam   Jaap Eden None declared None declared
1894 Stockholm None declared None declared None declared
1895 Hamar   Jaap Eden None declared None declared
1896 St. Petersburg   Jaap Eden (3) None declared None declared
1897 Montreal   Jack McCulloch None declared None declared
1898 Davos   Peder Østlund None declared None declared
1899 Berlin   Peder Østlund (2) None declared None declared
1900 Kristiania (Oslo)   Edvard Engelsaas None declared None declared
1901 Stockholm   Franz Frederik Wathén [a] None declared None declared
1902 Helsingfors (Helsinki) None declared None declared None declared
1903 St. Petersburg None declared None declared None declared
1904 Kristiania (Oslo)   Sigurd Mathisen None declared None declared
1905 Groningen   Coen de Koning None declared None declared
1906 Helsingfors (Helsinki) None declared None declared None declared
1907 Trondhjem (Trondheim) None declared None declared None declared
1908 Davos   Oscar Mathisen   Martin Sæterhaug   Moje Öholm
1909 Kristiania (Oslo)   Oscar Mathisen   Oluf Steen   Otto Andersson
1910 Helsingfors (Helsinki)   Nikolay Strunnikov   Oscar Mathisen   Martin Sæterhaug
1911 Trondhjem (Trondheim)   Nikolay Strunnikov (2)   Martin Sæterhaug   Henning Olsen
1912 Kristiania (Oslo)   Oscar Mathisen   Gunnar Strömsten [b]   Trygve Lundgren
1913 Helsingfors (Helsinki)   Oscar Mathisen   Vasily Ippolitov   Nikita Naidenov
1914 Kristiania (Oslo)   Oscar Mathisen (5)   Vasily Ippolitov   Wäinö Wickstrøm [c]
1915 Not held due to World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922 Kristiania (Oslo)   Harald Strøm   Roald Larsen   Clas Thunberg
1923 Stockholm   Clas Thunberg   Harald Strøm   Yakov Melnikov
1924 Helsinki   Roald Larsen   Uuno Pietilä   Julius Skutnabb
1925 Oslo   Clas Thunberg   Uuno Pietilä   Roald Larsen
1926 Trondhjem (Trondheim)   Ivar Ballangrud   Roald Larsen   Bernt Evensen
1927 Tampere   Bernt Evensen   Clas Thunberg   Armand Carlsen
1928 Davos   Clas Thunberg   Ivar Ballangrud   Bernt Evensen
1929 Oslo   Clas Thunberg   Ivar Ballangrud   Michael Staksrud
1930 Oslo   Michael Staksrud   Ivar Ballangrud   Dolf van der Scheer
1931 Helsinki   Clas Thunberg (5)   Bernt Evensen   Ivar Ballangrud
1932 Lake Placid   Ivar Ballangrud   Michael Staksrud   Bernt Evensen
1933 Trondheim   Hans Engnestangen   Michael Staksrud   Ivar Ballangrud
1934 Helsinki   Bernt Evensen (2)   Birger Wasenius   Ivar Ballangrud
1935 Oslo   Michael Staksrud   Ivar Ballangrud   Hans Engnestangen
1936 Davos   Ivar Ballangrud   Birger Wasenius   Eddie Schroeder
1937 Oslo   Michael Staksrud (3)   Birger Wasenius   Max Stiepl
1938 Davos   Ivar Ballangrud (4)   Karl Wazulek   Charles Mathiesen
1939 Helsinki   Birger Wasenius   Alfons Berzinš   Charles Mathiesen
1940 Not held due to World War II
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947 Oslo   Lassi Parkkinen   Sverre Farstad   Åke Seyffarth
1948 Helsinki   Odd Lundberg (2 [d])   Johnny Werket   Henry Wahl
1949 Oslo   Kornél Pajor   Kees Broekman   Odd Lundberg
1950 Eskilstuna   Hjalmar Andersen   Odd Lundberg   Johnny Werket
1951 Davos   Hjalmar Andersen   Johnny Cronshey Kornél Pajor [e]
1952 Hamar   Hjalmar Andersen (3)   Lassi Parkkinen   Ivar Martinsen
1953 Helsinki   Oleg Goncharenko   Boris Shilkov   Wim van der Voort
1954 Sapporo   Boris Shilkov   Oleg Goncharenko   Yevgeny Grishin
1955 Moscow   Sigvard Ericsson   Oleg Goncharenko   Boris Shilkov
1956 Oslo   Oleg Goncharenko   Robert Merkulov   Yevgeny Grishin
1957 Östersund   Knut Johannesen   Boris Shilkov   Boris Zybin
1958 Helsinki   Oleg Goncharenko (3)   Vladimir Shilykovsky   Roald Aas
1959 Oslo   Juhani Järvinen   Toivo Salonen   Robert Merkulov
1960 Davos   Boris Stenin   André Kouprianoff   Helmut Kuhnert
1961 Gothenburg   Henk van der Grift   Viktor Kosichkin   Rudie Liebrechts
1962 Moscow   Viktor Kosichkin   Henk van der Grift   Ivar Nilsson
1963 Karuizawa   Jonny Nilsson   Knut Johannesen   Nils Aaness
1964 Helsinki   Knut Johannesen (2)   Viktor Kosichkin   Rudie Liebrechts
1965 Oslo   Per Ivar Moe   Jouko Launonen   Ard Schenk
1966 Gothenburg   Kees Verkerk   Ard Schenk   Jonny Nilsson
1967 Oslo   Kees Verkerk (2)   Ard Schenk   Fred Anton Maier
1968 Gothenburg   Fred Anton Maier   Magne Thomassen   Ard Schenk
1969 Deventer   Dag Fornæss   Göran Claeson   Kees Verkerk
1970 Oslo   Ard Schenk   Magne Thomassen   Kees Verkerk
1971 Gothenburg   Ard Schenk   Göran Claeson   Kees Verkerk
1972 Oslo   Ard Schenk (3)   Roar Grønvold   Jan Bols
1973 Deventer   Göran Claeson   Sten Stensen   Piet Kleine
1974 Inzell   Sten Stensen   Harm Kuipers   Göran Claeson
1975 Oslo   Harm Kuipers   Vladimir Ivanov   Yury Kondakov
1976 Heerenveen   Piet Kleine   Sten Stensen   Hans van Helden
1977 Heerenveen   Eric Heiden   Jan Egil Storholt   Sten Stensen
1978 Gothenburg   Eric Heiden   Jan Egil Storholt   Sergey Marchuk
1979 Oslo   Eric Heiden (3)   Jan Egil Storholt   Kay Arne Stenshjemmet
1980 Heerenveen   Hilbert van der Duim   Eric Heiden   Tom Erik Oxholm
1981 Oslo   Amund Sjøbrend   Kay Arne Stenshjemmet   Jan Egil Storholt
1982 Assen   Hilbert van der Duim (2)   Dmitry Bochkaryov   Rolf Falk-Larssen
1983 Oslo   Rolf Falk-Larssen   Tomas Gustafson   Aleksandr Baranov
1984 Gothenburg   Oleg Bozhev   Andreas Ehrig   Hilbert van der Duim
1985 Hamar   Hein Vergeer   Oleg Bozhev   Hilbert van der Duim
1986 Inzell   Hein Vergeer (2)   Oleg Bozhev   Viktor Shasherin
1987 Heerenveen   Nikolay Gulyayev   Oleg Bozhev   Michael Hadschieff
1988 Alma-Ata   Eric Flaim   Leo Visser   Dave Silk
1989 Oslo   Leo Visser   Gerard Kemkers   Geir Karlstad
1990 Innsbruck   Johann Olav Koss   Ben van der Burg   Bart Veldkamp
1991 Heerenveen   Johann Olav Koss   Roberto Sighel   Bart Veldkamp
1992 Calgary   Roberto Sighel   Falko Zandstra   Johann Olav Koss
1993 Hamar   Falko Zandstra   Johann Olav Koss   Rintje Ritsma
1994 Gothenburg   Johann Olav Koss (3)   Ids Postma   Rintje Ritsma
1995 Baselga di Pinè   Rintje Ritsma   Keiji Shirahata   Roberto Sighel
1996 Inzell   Rintje Ritsma   Ids Postma   Keiji Shirahata
1997 Nagano   Ids Postma   Keiji Shirahata   Frank Dittrich
1998 Heerenveen   Ids Postma (2)   Rintje Ritsma   Roberto Sighel
1999 Hamar   Rintje Ritsma   Vadim Sayutin   Eskil Ervik
2000 Milwaukee   Gianni Romme   Ids Postma   Rintje Ritsma
2001 Budapest   Rintje Ritsma (4)   Ids Postma   Bart Veldkamp [f]
2002 Heerenveen   Jochem Uytdehaage   Dmitry Shepel   Derek Parra
2003 Gothenburg   Gianni Romme (2)   Rintje Ritsma   Ids Postma
2004 Hamar   Chad Hedrick   Shani Davis   Carl Verheijen
2005 Moscow   Shani Davis   Chad Hedrick   Sven Kramer
2006 Calgary   Shani Davis (2)   Enrico Fabris   Sven Kramer
2007 Heerenveen   Sven Kramer   Enrico Fabris   Carl Verheijen
2008 Berlin   Sven Kramer   Håvard Bøkko   Shani Davis
2009 Hamar   Sven Kramer   Håvard Bøkko   Enrico Fabris
2010 Heerenveen   Sven Kramer   Jonathan Kuck   Håvard Bøkko
2011 Calgary   Ivan Skobrev   Håvard Bøkko   Jan Blokhuijsen
2012 Moscow   Sven Kramer   Jan Blokhuijsen   Koen Verweij
2013 Hamar   Sven Kramer   Håvard Bøkko   Bart Swings
2014 Heerenveen   Koen Verweij   Jan Blokhuijsen   Denis Yuskov
2015 Calgary   Sven Kramer   Denis Yuskov   Sverre Lunde Pedersen
2016 Berlin   Sven Kramer   Sverre Lunde Pedersen   Jan Blokhuijsen
2017 Hamar   Sven Kramer (9)   Patrick Roest   Jan Blokhuijsen
2018 Amsterdam   Patrick Roest   Sverre Lunde Pedersen   Marcel Bosker
2019 Calgary   Patrick Roest (2)   Sverre Lunde Pedersen   Sven Kramer

All-time medal countEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Netherlands39183087
2  Norway373533105
3  Finland910322
4  Soviet Union8131031
5  United States85518
6  Russia35210
7  Sweden34613
8  Italy1337
9  Latvia1102
10  Canada1001
  Hungary1001
12  Japan0213
13  Austria0123
14  East Germany0112
15  France0101
  Great Britain0101
17  Belgium0022
18  Germany0011
Independent0011
Totals (18 nations)111100100311

Multiple medalistsEdit

Boldface denotes active skaters and highest medal count among all skaters (including those who are not included in these tables) per type.

Rank Skater Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Sven Kramer   Netherlands 2005 2019 9 3 12
2 Clas Thunberg   Finland 1922 1931 5 1 1 7
3 Oscar Mathisen   Norway 1908 1914 5 1 6
4 Ivar Ballangrud   Norway 1926 1938 4 4 3 11
5 Rintje Ritsma   Netherlands 1993 2003 4 2 3 9
6 Ard Schenk   Netherlands 1965 1972 3 2 2 7
7 Michael Staksrud   Norway 1929 1937 3 2 1 6
8 Oleg Goncharenko   Soviet Union 1953 1958 3 2 5
9 Johann Olav Koss   Norway 1990 1994 3 1 1 5
10 Eric Heiden   United States 1977 1980 3 1 4

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Wathén represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  2. ^ Strömsten represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  3. ^ Wickstrøm represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  4. ^ Lundberg won his first allround title in 1946 at the unofficial World Championships.
  5. ^ Pajor used to skate for Hungary until he defected in 1949. From then on the ISU allowed him to participate as an independent skater representing the ISU as he did in 1951. In 1952 he represented Sweden at the European Allround Championships in Östersund in Sweden winning the bronze medal in the overall standings.
  6. ^ Until 1995 Veldkamp skated for the Netherlands. From 1996 he skated for Belgium in order to avoid having to participate in Dutch qualification trials for the major tournaments.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Some Key Dates in ISU History". ISU.org. Retrieved 21 November 2012.