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New Zealand has had a domestic first-class cricket championship since the 1906–07 season. Since the 2009–10 season it has been known by its original name of the Plunket Shield.[1]

Plunket Shield
PlunketShieldNZ.png
Countries New Zealand
AdministratorNew Zealand Cricket
FormatFirst-class cricket
First edition1906–07
Tournament formatRound-robin
Number of teams6
Current championCentral Districts
Most runsCraig Cumming (6,589)
Most wicketsStephen Boock (399)
The Plunket Shield

Contents

HistoryEdit

The competition was instigated in October 1906 with the donation of a shield by William Plunket, 5th Baron Plunket, the Governor-General of New Zealand. For the 1906-07 inaugural season, the Shield was allotted by the New Zealand Cricket Council "to the Association whose representative team it considers to have the best record for the season".[2] After the Council awarded the Shield to Canterbury, chiefly because Canterbury were the only provincial team to beat the visiting MCC, Auckland representatives complained that Auckland should have received the Shield as their team was superior but had not had the chance to prove it as none of the other provincial teams had played Auckland during the season.[3]

Beginning with the 1907-08 season, the competition was decided by challenge matches among Auckland, Wellington, Canterbury, Otago and, on two occasions, Hawke's Bay. Auckland defeated Canterbury by an innings in the first challenge match in December 1907.[4]

A proposal in 1912 that the Shield should be decided by an inter-provincial tournament rather than by the challenge system was rejected as impracticable at the time.[5] However, starting with the 1921–22 season, the four principal teams (minus Hawke's Bay, which lost first-class status) played each other in a single round-robin series of matches. Central Districts entered the competition in 1950–51, and Northern Districts in 1956–57.

Shell TrophyEdit

Shell Oil became principal sponsor in 1974–75 and a new trophy was introduced. Games were played over three days during this period, with an over-limit on the first innings. In latter years the format was experimented with, introducing a shorter second round, various bonus points systems, and eventually a knockout final.

State ChampionshipEdit

The format and the principal sponsor were changed in 2001–02 season. State Insurance (more commonly just called 'State') replaced Shell Oil. The competitions were renamed to reflect the new sponsor's name, so despite the fact that New Zealand does not have political 'states', the correct name for the first-class competition was the 'State Championship'. Each of the provincial teams played in a single round-robin series of four-day matches. There was a target of 112 overs in each day's play. After the round-robin the two highest-ranked teams played a five-day final.

A List A 50-over competition known as the State Shield was run from late December to the end of January, culminating with a semi-final (second versus third) and final (the semi-final winner against the top qualifier) early in February.

In 2006, a provincial Twenty20 competition was begun, and was played during February and early March. The top two sides qualified for the final. It was called the State Twenty20.

Plunket Shield reinstatedEdit

With State Insurance withdrawing from their sponsorship, the Plunket Shield was reinstated for the 2009–10 season. New Zealand Cricket has stated that the naming rights are no longer for sale and that the name Plunket Shield will remain.[6] The final has also been abolished, meaning that the champion of the competition will be determined by the points leader at the end of the double round robin.

TeamsEdit

Team Entered
competition
Most recent
win
Wins
(counted since 1921–22 season)
Auckland (Auckland) 1906/07 2015/16 23
Wellington (Wellington) 1906/07 2003/04 20
Canterbury (Canterbury/West Coast) 1906/07 2016/17 19
Otago (Otago/Southland) 1906/07 1987/88 13
Central Districts (Hawke's Bay/Taranaki/Manawatu/Nelson/Marlborough) 1950/51 2018/19 11
Northern Districts (Northland/Bay of Plenty/Waikato/Gisborne) 1956/57 2011/12 8

Former teamsEdit

Hawke's Bay played twice in the Plunket Shield, in the 1914/15 and 1920/21 seasons, losing both matches.

Points systemEdit

Points are awarded at the conclusion of each match during the season. With no final, the team with the most points is declared the champion. The points system for the 2011/12 season is as follows

  • Won: 12 points
  • Lost: 0 points
  • Draw: 0 points
  • Tie: 6 points
  • One-innings match won (match that started with 10 hours or less playing time remaining): 6 points
  • One-innings match tie: 3 points
  • Abandoned (without a ball bowled) / No result (drawn one-innings match): 2 points
  • Batting points: First Innings only up to 110 overs – first point at 250 runs, second point at 300 runs, third point at 350 runs, fourth point at 400 runs
  • Bowling points: First Innings only up to 110 overs – first point at 3 wickets, second point at 5 wickets, third point at 7 wickets, fourth point at 9 wickets

WinnersEdit

The holders of the shield during its "challenge match" period to 1921 were:

Season Holders Matches
1906–07 Canterbury
1907–08 Auckland 1
1908–09 Auckland 2
1909–10 Auckland 3
1910–11 Auckland, Canterbury 2
1911–12 Canterbury, Auckland 3
1912–13 Auckland, Canterbury 3
1913–14 Canterbury 4
1914–15 Canterbury 4
1915–18 no competition due to World War I
1918–19 Wellington, Canterbury 3
1919–20 Canterbury, Auckland 3
1920–21 Auckland, Wellington 3

From the 1921–22 season the competition has been run on a round robin format.

Season Winner Runner-up
1921–22 Auckland Wellington
1922–23 Canterbury Wellington
1923–24 Wellington Auckland
1924–25 Otago Canterbury
1925–26 Wellington Auckland
1926–27 Auckland Wellington
1927–28 Wellington Canterbury
1928–29 Auckland Wellington
1929–30 Wellington Auckland
1930–31 Canterbury Auckland
1931–32 Wellington Canterbury
1932–33 Otago Canterbury
1933–34 Auckland Otago
1934–35 Canterbury Auckland
1935–36 Wellington Auckland
1936–37 Auckland Otago
1937–38 Auckland Otago
1938–39 Auckland Canterbury
1939–40 Auckland Canterbury
1940–45 (not contested due to World War II)
1945–46 Canterbury Auckland
1946–47 Auckland Wellington
1947–48 Otago Canterbury
1948–49 Canterbury Otago
1949–50 Wellington Canterbury
1950–51 Otago Central Districts
1951–52 Canterbury Auckland
1952–53 Otago Central Districts
1953–54 Central Districts Auckland
1954–55 Wellington Canterbury
1955–56 Canterbury Auckland
1956–57 Wellington Otago
1957–58 Otago Auckland
1958–59 Auckland Otago
1959–60 Canterbury Otago
1960–61 Wellington Canterbury
1961–62 Wellington Auckland
1962–63 Northern Districts Wellington
1963–64 Auckland Wellington
1964–65 Canterbury Central Districts
1965–66 Wellington Canterbury
1966–67 Central Districts Canterbury
1967–68 Central Districts Canterbury
1968–69 Auckland Canterbury
1969–70 Otago Central Districts
1970–71 Central Districts Wellington
1971–72 Otago Auckland
1972–73 Wellington Auckland
1973–74 Wellington Canterbury
1974–75 Otago Canterbury
1975–76 Canterbury Otago
1976–77 Otago Central Districts
1977–78 Auckland Canterbury
1978–79 Otago Central Districts
1979–80 Northern Districts Wellington
1980–81 Auckland Canterbury
1981–82 Wellington Northern Districts
1982–83 Wellington Central Districts
1983–84 Canterbury Central Districts
1984–85 Wellington Auckland
1985–86 Otago Auckland
1986–87 Central Districts Otago
1987–88 Otago Auckland
1988–89 Auckland Wellington
1989–90 Wellington Canterbury
1990–91 Auckland Canterbury
1991–92 Central Districts & Northern Districts
1992–93 Northern Districts Otago
1993–94 Canterbury Auckland
1994–95 Auckland Wellington
1995–96 Auckland Wellington
1996–97 Canterbury Otago
1997–98 Canterbury Northern Districts
1998–99 Central Districts Otago
1999–00 Northern Districts Auckland
2000–01 Wellington Northern Districts
2001–02 Auckland Wellington
2002–03 Auckland Wellington
2003–04 Wellington Canterbury
2004–05 Auckland Wellington
2005–06 Central Districts Wellington
2006–07 Northern Districts Canterbury
2007–08 Canterbury Wellington
2008–09 Auckland Central Districts
2009–10 Northern Districts Canterbury
2010–11 Canterbury Otago
2011–12 Northern Districts Central Districts
2012–13 Central Districts Otago
2013–14 Canterbury Otago
2014–15 Canterbury Auckland
2015–16 Auckland Canterbury
2016–17 Canterbury Northern Districts
2017–18 Central Districts Wellington
2018–19 Central Districts Canterbury

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Plunket Shield returns as premier domestic first-class trophy". New Zealand Cricket. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  2. ^ "New Zealand Council". Press. LXII (12638): 2. 31 October 1906. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Notes by Long Slip". Otago Witness (2775): 57. 22 May 1907. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  4. ^ R.T. Brittenden, Great Days in New Zealand Cricket, A.H. & A.W. Reed, Wellington, 1958, pp. 33–38.
  5. ^ "Revision of Plunket Shield Matches". Evening Post. 84 (9): 2. 10 July 1912. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  6. ^ "New Zealand bring back Plunket Shield". Cricinfo.com. 4 November 2009.

External linksEdit