The Michigan Wolverines comprise 29 varsity sports teams at the University of Michigan. These teams compete in the NCAA's Division I and in the Big Ten Conference in all sports except women's water polo, which competes in the NCAA inter-divisional Collegiate Water Polo Association. Team colors are maize and blue, though these are different shades of "maize" and "blue" from those used by the university at large. The winged helmet is a recognized icon of Michigan Athletics.
|University||University of Michigan|
|Conference||Big Ten, CWPA|
|NCAA||Division I (FBS)|
|Athletic director||Warde Manuel|
|Location||Ann Arbor, Michigan|
|Varsity teams||29 (14 men's and 15 women's)|
|Football stadium||Michigan Stadium|
|Basketball arena||Crisler Center|
|Ice hockey arena||Yost Ice Arena|
|Baseball stadium||Ray Fisher Stadium|
|Softball stadium||Alumni Field at The Wilpon Complex|
|Soccer stadium||U-M Soccer Stadium|
|Lacrosse stadium||U-M Lacrosse Stadium|
|Fight song||The Victors|
|Cheer||Who’s got it better than us? Nobody!|
|Colors||Maize and blue|
In 11 of the previous 20 years (as of the end of 2018–19), Michigan has finished in the top five of the NACDA Directors' Cup, a list compiled by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics that charts institutions' overall success in college sports. Just as impressive, UM has finished in the top ten of the Directors' Cup standings in twenty of the award's twenty-six seasons (through 2019); good for 5th best nationally.
|Men's sports||Women's sports|
|Cross country||Field hockey|
|Swimming & diving||Swimming & diving|
|Track & field†||Track & field†|
|† – Track and field includes both indoor and outdoor.|
The University of Michigan Athletic Department sponsors teams in 14 men's and 15 women's NCAA sanctioned sports.
The men's baseball team won national championships in 1953 and 1962 and has sent 138 players to the major leagues. The current coach of the Michigan Wolverines is Erik Bakich, who came to the University of Michigan after the 2012 season when Rich Maloney stepped down. Michigan has won 35 conference championships, made 25 NCAA Tournament appearances and won those 2 national titles. For 13 seasons from 1990 to 2002, Michigan won a lone Big Ten title in 1997 and made just one NCAA appearance in 1999. In 2015, Coach Bakich led the program to its first NCAA tournament berth since 2008 after needing to win the Big Ten Tournament to qualify. In 2019, the Michigan Wolverines baseball team made it to the College World Series in Omaha, Nebraska.
|Retired basketball jerseys|
The men's basketball team plays its games at Crisler Center. The Wolverines have won 14 Big Ten regular season titles, as well as the inaugural Big Ten Tournament in 1998, which it later forfeited due to NCAA violations. The team has appeared in the NCAA Final Four on eight occasions (1964, 1965, 1976, 1989, 1992*, 1993*, 2013, 2018) and won the National Championship in 1989 under Steve Fisher. The program later vacated its 1992 and 1993 Final Four appearances due to NCAA violations. Other notable players who played for Michigan include Roy Tarpley, Loy Vaught, Gary Grant, Terry Mills, Glen Rice, Jalen Rose, Rumeal Robinson, Rickey Green, Phil Hubbard, Jamal Crawford, Juwan Howard, Chris Webber, Jimmy King, Ray Jackson, Cazzie Russell, Daniel Horton, Campy Russell, and Mark Hughes.
During the 1990s, the program became involved in a scandal involving payments from a booster named Ed Martin to four players: Chris Webber, Maurice Taylor, Robert Traylor, and Louis Bullock. The scandal ultimately resulted in four years' probation and a self-imposed ban from postseason play in the 2002–03 season. UM also voluntarily vacated regular season wins and NCAA tournament games from selected past seasons. Vacating the results of 113 games won while the four players were eligible, including the 1992 and 1993 Final Fours, the entire 1992–93 season, and all seasons from fall 1995 through spring 1999. After the scandal, Michigan men's basketball would then go 10 years without making the NCAA tournament from 1999 to 2008. They would eventually end the drought in 2009 under then-head coach John Beilein. In 2013, the program would reach its first Final Four in 20 years before falling to Louisville in the national championship, 82–76. The program reached another Final Four in 2018, its second under Beilein. The team would once again reach the championship game, but instead fall to the Villanova Wildcats men's basketball. Beilein would accept a position as the Cleveland Cavaliers head coach after 12 years at Michigan.
His replacement for the following season would be alumnus Juwan Howard.
Michigan traveled to St. Thomas for the Paradise Jam Tournament over Thanksgiving weekend in 2011. They took on Prairie View A&M in their first game on Thanksgiving Day, and won 59–53. In their second game, they faced Washington State and won easily, 69–39. On the final day of the tournament, they played Marquette, and won 71–51, to win the 2011 Paradise Jam (Reef Division) Championship. Jenny Ryan had a double-double, with 13 points and ten rebounds, to help Michigan to a 7–0 record on the year.
The women's basketball team is coached by Kim Barnes Arico, who became the head coach in 2012. Formerly the head coach of the St. John's Red Storm, Arico was named the Big East Conference Coach of the Year for 2012.
The men's and women's cross country teams have been nationally renowned since 1974 when Ron Warhurst started coaching the men, and more recently as alum Mike McGuire took on the women's team in 1991. The women's team has qualified for the NCAA championships every year but two since 1988, finishing 2nd in 1994, and winning five consecutive Big Ten titles from 2002 to 2006. The men's team has qualified for the NCAA 24 times in the last 34 years, with a highest finish of 4th. Michigan men have won seven Big Ten titles in that period.
The Wolverines have won a record 962 games and have the most all-time wins and the third highest winning percentage in college football history, after Boise State and Ohio State. Michigan won the inaugural Rose Bowl in 1902, the first college bowl game ever played. The Wolverine football program has claimed 11 national titles.
Michigan's 11 national championships have come under the direction of five coaches. The first six were garnered by the team's first coaching superstar, Fielding H. Yost. Yost directed his "Point-a-Minute" teams to four consecutive national titles from 1901 to 1904, amassing a record of 41–0–1. Yost also led Michigan to national titles in 1918 and 1923. Yost was instrumental in the creation of Michigan Stadium and designed it to permit its expansion to expand to a capacity of over 150,000. Yost's legacy also lives on with Yost Ice Arena, where Michigan's men's ice hockey team plays their home games. Michigan football has won five more national titles since Yost permanently retired in 1926. The Wolverines won back-to-back titles under Harry Kipke in 1932 and 1933 and two more consecutive championships under Fritz Crisler and Bennie Oosterbaan in 1947 and 1948. Michigan won its most recent national title under Lloyd Carr in 1997.
Michigan's famous football coaches include: Yost, who came to Michigan from Stanford University in 1901, Fritz Crisler, who guided Michigan to a pair of Big Ten Conference championships and the 1947 national title, has his name carried by the home of Michigan men's basketball team, Bo Schembechler won 13 Big Ten titles in his 21 seasons as head coach between 1969 and 1989, the first in 1969 when he beat his friend and mentor Woody Hayes, beginning of "The Ten Year War" era of the Michigan – Ohio State football rivalry, Lloyd Carr won five Big Ten titles in his 13 seasons at the helm and posted a winning percentage of .753. His winning percentage of .779 in conference play trails only that of Schembechler in Michigan history, Rich Rodriguez succeeded Carr following his retirement in 2007. Rodriguez coached the Wolverines through the 2010 season, compiling a record of 15–22. Rodriguez would be followed by coach Brady Hoke who would go onto coach four seasons. Hoke would end with a record of 31-20. Alumnus Jim Harbaugh would replace Hoke for the 2015 season.
|Heisman Trophy winners|
Michigan has a major rivalry with Ohio State, considered one of the fiercest rivalries in American sports. In a pair of ESPN fan polls, in 2000 and 2003, the Michigan–Ohio State series was voted the greatest rivalry in sports in America. Michigan's meeting with Ohio State is almost always the last game of the two schools' regular seasons and has provided many memorable contests, such as the "Snow Bowl" of 1950. The game has frequently decided the Big Ten Champion. Michigan leads the series 58–50–6. The contest on November 18, 2006 marked the first time ever these teams had been ranked No. 1 and No. 2 going into the game, and the first time they were both undefeated since 1973. The 2007 college football match-up between Ohio State and Michigan was predicted to be the No. 2 college football game to watch in 2007 by SI.com's "Top 20 Games To Watch in 2007" list.
Michigan has a spirited rivalry with the Notre Dame Fighting Irish. Michigan leads the series 25–17–1. The two schools are among the top college football programs in all-time wins (Michigan first, Notre Dame fifth) and winning percentage (Michigan third, Notre Dame fourth) in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly Division I-A), so it is perhaps fitting that when college football was in its infancy, students from the University of Michigan traveled to South Bend to teach the game to students there.
The Wolverines also have a tradition-rich history with the Minnesota Golden Gophers. The two football teams compete for the Little Brown Jug, a five-gallon jug with the respective schools' "M"s on either side and the scores of previous games down the middle. The Little Brown Jug was the first trophy played for between college football teams. Through 2017, Michigan leads the Brown Jug series 75–25–3.
Women's field hockey became a varsity sport at Michigan in 1973. The Wolverines field hockey team won the 2001 NCAA title, which was the school's first national title in a women's team sport. Marcia Pankratz served as the head coach of the program from 1996 to 2004 and returned to the position in 2009. The Wolverines have won a total of eight Big Ten regular season titles and five Big Ten tournaments.
Men's golf has been a varsity sport at Michigan since 1919. The team's first coach was elocution and oratory professor Thomas Trueblood who served as coach from 1920 to 1935. Trueblood led the Michigan golf team to consecutive national championships in 1934 and 1935. Two coaches, Bert Katzenmeyer (1947–1968) and Jim Carras (1982–2002), have had tenures of at least 20 years with the program. Andrew Sapp has been the coach since 2002. In 2009, Sapp led the team to its best record in more than 50 years with 6th-place finish at the NCAA championship finals. Chris Whitten became head coach in 2011 and led the team to a runner-up finish in 2013. Three Michigan golfers have won the individual intercollegiate golf championships: Johnny Fischer (1932), Chuck Kocsis (1936), and Dave Barclay (1947). The team has won the Big Ten Conference Championship 12 times: 1932–36, 1942–44, 1946–47, 1949, and 1952.
Women's golf has been a varsity sport at Michigan since 1976. Cheryl Stacy, a former All-American golfer for Ohio State, took over as the team's head coach in 2009. In the fall of 2009, Stacy signed a trio of highly rated high school golfers from Ohio, Florida and Georgia to national letters of intent for the 2010–11 academic year.
The Michigan men's gymnastics team has won 6 NCAA championships, 18 Big Ten championships and have been invited to 33 NCAA tournaments. Newt Loken was the head coach for 36 years from 1948 to 1983, during which time he coached the Wolverines to two NCAA team gymnastics championships, two NCAA team trampoline championships, and 21 NCAA individual event championships. Since 1999, head coach Kurt Golder has led Michigan to national championships in 1999, 2010, 2013, 2014 and the Super Six at the NCAA tournament in 13 of the last 14 seasons.
Until 1969, men's trampoline was one of the events that comprised the NCAA gymnastics championships. At that time, the event was removed in order to conform to the international gymnastics itinerary. The NCAA then bestowed a separate national title in trampoline for two years, both won by Michigan.
Women's gymnastics has been a varsity sport at Michigan since 1976. Bev Plocki has been the head coach of the women's gymnastics team since 1990. Under Plocki's leadership, the Wolverines have won 25 Big Ten championships, advanced to 28 consecutive NCAA tournaments (1993–2021) and had seven seasons in which they finished in the Top 5 at the NCAA tournament. The Wolverines gymnastics team won their first NCAA Championship in 2021.
|Hoby Baker Award winners|
The Wolverines ice hockey team, which was a member of the Central Collegiate Hockey Association until 2013 and is now a member of the Big Ten Conference, plays its home contests at Yost Ice Arena. The hockey team was coached by Red Berenson, a former UM player and is currently coached by Mel Pearson. Altogether, the program has won nine NCAA national championships (1948, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1996, 1998), which is also an NCAA record. In 2011, the team was invited to the NCAA tournament for a record 21st year in a row. In 2011, Michigan reached the national semi-finals (now referred to as the "Frozen Four") for an unmatched 24th time.
Vic Heyliger led Michigan to a record six NCAA titles, including the first one in college hockey history in 1948. Heyliger, who played for the Wolverines from 1935 to 1937, also won national titles as Michigan coach in 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955 and 1956. He was inducted into the U.S. Hockey Hall of Fame in 1974, in recognition of his lifetime achievement. Heyliger is considered instrumental in getting the NCAA Tournament off the ground. Following the 1946–47 season, Heyliger wrote to each of the college coaches around the country to see if they would be interested in creating a national tournament. They obliged and the inaugural four-team NCAA tournament began the following season in 1948. Heyliger was 228–61–13 as head coach at Michigan, and his .776 winning percentage is the best at the school. His only losing season was his first year, 3–6 in 1944–45.
In 1980, Heyliger was inducted into the University of Michigan Hall of Honor. The Vic Heyliger Trophy has been given out at the end of each season by the Michigan hockey team to recognize its most outstanding defenseman.
The Michigan men's lacrosse team is one of the oldest collegiate lacrosse programs in the midwest, having been founded in 1940, the program is also the most successful athletic program at Michigan, with an .830 all-time win percentage. The program was elevated from varsity-club status to NCAA status by the university in May 2011 and began NCAA Division I competition in 2012. The Wolverines previously competed at the Division I level of the Men's Collegiate Lacrosse Association (MCLA), in the Central Collegiate Lacrosse Association (CCLA). In 2008 the team became the first MCLA team to complete a season undefeated, finishing 20–0 and winning their first national championship at Texas Stadium. The feat was repeated in 2009 with another 20–0 season and earned their second national championship with a 12–11 victory over Chapman University at Dick's Sporting Goods Park in Denver, Colorado. In 2010, they won their third MCLA national championship in a row, defeating Arizona State University 12–11 in Denver.
Women's rowing has been a varsity at sport at Michigan since 1996. Mark Rothstein has been the team's coach for 18 years – since it was a club sport in 1991. Rothstein led the rowing program "from an over-achieving club squad to one of the nation's top-notch varsity rowing programs." The team has placed in the Top 10 at the NCAA tournament ten times in the past 12 years. The team's best seasons came in 2000–01 and 2011–12 with Big Ten championships and second-place finishes in the NCAA tournament.
The men's soccer team plays Michigan State annually for the rights to the Big Bear Trophy, a wooden sculpture purchased by Michigan head coach Steve Burns in 2000. The men's soccer advanced to the College Cup in 2010, their first in program history. More recently, the program won its first Big Ten championship in 2017.
The women's soccer team has played at the varsity level since 1994 and has twice won the Big Ten conference tournament, in 1997 and 1999. It has also reached the quarterfinals of the NCAA Division I Women's Soccer Championship twice, in 2002 and 2013 during the tenure of Debbie Rademacher, who coached the team from its inception until 2007. The team is currently coached by Jennifer Klein.
Carol Hutchins has been the head coach of the Michigan Wolverines softball team since 1985. With a career record of 1274–435–4 (.745 winning percentage), Hutchins has more wins than any other coach in the history of the university—in both men's and women's athletics. Hutchins' teams have won 22 Big Ten championships and appeared in 28 NCAA tournaments. In June 2005, the team won the NCAA Division I Softball Championship, defeating two-time defending champion and perennial softball power UCLA two games to one. The decisive game was won with a Samantha Findlay walk-off home run in the 10th inning producing a 4–1 final. Michigan was the first school east of the Mississippi River to win the Women's College World Series since it was first done in 1976 (Carol Hutchins played shortstop on that team, Michigan State). The Wolverines have appeared in 13 Women's College World Series in 1982, 1995–98, 2001–02, 2004–05, 2009, 2013 and 2015–16.
Swimming and divingEdit
Men's swimming and divingEdit
Men's swimming and diving has been a varsity sport at Michigan since 1921. With 12 NCAA national championships (as well as 7 unofficial) including the 2013 NCAA championship, the Michigan men's swimming and diving team has won more national championships than any other varsity sport in the history of the university. In addition to its 19 national championships, the team has finished in the Top 5 nationally 48 times. The team's swimmers have also won 145 individual NCAA championships. Three head coaches have led the squad for a combined 77 years: Matt Mann (1925–54), Gus Stager (1954–82) and Jon Urbanchek (1982–2004). Michigan swimmers and divers inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame include Mike Barrowman, Dick Degener, Tom Dolan, Taylor Drysdale, Bruce Harlan, Harry Holiday, Dick Kimball, Carl Robie, and Bob Webster. Mike Bottom took over as the team's head coach in 2008. In his first season as the team's head coach, Bottom led the Wolverines to a Big Ten championship and a 7th-place finish at the NCAA championship. In 2013, Bottom won the program's 12th official NCAA national championship (19th overall) and its first since 1995.
Women's swimming and divingEdit
Women's swimming and diving has been a varsity sport at Michigan since 1974. The team has won 19 Big Ten championships, including 12 consecutive championships from 1986 to 1998. The team has also finished in the Top 10 teams nationally 17 times. The team's best finish came in the 1994–95 season with a second-place finish in the national tournament. The team has produced several national individual champions, including Julie Bachman (one-meter and three-meter diving, 1978), Emily Brunemann (1,650-yard freestyle, 2008), Ann Colloton (200-yard backstroke, 1989), Mary Fischbach (one-meter and three-meter diving, 1988), Mindy Gehrs (400-yard individual medley, 1993), Lara Hooiveld (100-yard and 200-yard breaststroke, 1993), Alecia Humphrey (100-yard backstroke, 1994; 200-yard backstroke 1994 and 1995), Sue Cahill (400-yard individual medley, 1982), and Chris Seufert (one-meter and three-meter diving, 1977). Jim Richardson is in his 25th season as the head coach of the women's swimming and diving team.
Michigan's men's tennis team was formed in 1893. Between 1948 and 1999, the team had two head coaches. William Murphy was the coach from 1948 to 1969 and led the Wolverines to 11 Big Ten championships and the NCAA championship in 1957. Brian Eisner was the coach from 1969 to 1999 and led the team to 16 Big Ten championships and 21 NCAA tournament appearances. Bruce Berque was the head coach from 2004 to 2014 and led the team to four consecutive appearances in the NCAA tournament. The current coach is Adam Steinberg.
Women's tennis was established as a varsity sport in 1973. Bitsy Ritt was the head coach for 22 years from 1984 to 2006 and led the team to NCAA tournament berths in 8 of her last 11 years as head coach. The current head coach is Ronni Bernstein who has led the team to NCAA tournament berths in her first two years with the program.
Track and fieldEdit
Men's track and fieldEdit
The men's track and field team has won 57 Big Ten men's team titles and one NCAA team championship. Notable alumni include Ralph Craig, winner of two gold medals at the 1912 Olympics, Brian Diemer, 1984 Summer Olympics bronze medalist in the steeplechase, Bill Donakowski, U.S. marathon champion in 1986, Archie Hahn, a winner of four Olympic gold medals at the 1904 and 1906 Olympics, DeHart Hubbard, the first African-American to win an individual Olympic gold medal and a former world record holder in the long jump, Greg Meyer, 1983 Boston Marathon winner, Ralph Rose, winner of 3 gold, 2 silver and 1 bronze medals in three Olympic games, Kevin Sullivan, Canadian 1500 meter record holder, Eddie Tolan, winner of two gold medals and a former world record holder in the 100-yard dash, Alan Webb, U.S. mile record holder, and Nick Willis, a four-time Olympian and a two-time Olympic medallist, with a silver medal at the Beijing Olympics in 2008, and a bronze at the summer Rio Olympics in 2016, Joseph Ellis, a multiple-time Big Ten champion and first-team All American in the hammer throw and member of the British national team, and Andrew Liskowitz, a Big Ten champion and first-team all American in the shot put throw.
Women's track and fieldEdit
Women's track and field was established as a varsity sport in 1978. The team has won 17 Big Ten titles (eight outdoor and nine indoor). James Henry has been the head coach since 1984. The Wolverines have had their strongest finishes in the NCAA tournament in recent years—finishing third in the 2007 outdoor tournament and third in the 2008 indoor tournament. Notable alumna include Lisa Larsen Weidenbach Rainsberger, who won the Boston and Chicago Marathons.
The women's volleyball program at the University of Michigan began in 1973. Mark Rosen has been the head coach since 1999 and has led the team to the NCAA Tournament in 18 of his 22 years as head coach, as well as took the program to its first-ever national semifinal in the NCAA Tournament in 2012.
Women's water poloEdit
Women's water polo became a varsity sport at the University of Michigan in 2001. In its first nine years, the program has placed first in the conference nine times, won eight NCAA division titles and four NCAA eastern titles, and appeared four times in the NCAA national tournament. The Wolverines finished in the Top 5 at the national tournament in 2002 and 2009.
In the spring of 2014, the Athletic Department hired Dr. Marcelo Leonardi as their new head coach. Dr. Marcelo Leonardi is in his first season as head coach for the Michigan women's water polo team. Leonardi took over the Michigan women's water polo program after spending the past five seasons as the women's water polo coach at California State University in Northridge. He also serves as the national technical director for the women's Olympic Development Program (ODP) associated with the organization since 2013. Caitlin Haskell, the assistant coach, played varsity water polo at University of California, Irvine. The Wolverines enter their 15th season in 2015. Former Olympic Gold Medalist Betsey Armstrong was hired as the assistant coach in 2012.
Wrestling has been a varsity sport at Michigan since 1921. The Wolverines have finished in the Top 5 in the NCAA tournament 19 times. Home dual meets and tournaments take place at Cliff Keen Arena, dedicated and named after longtime wrestling coach Cliff Keen, who coached the team from 1925 until 1970 and led the Wolverines wrestling team to 13 Big Ten Conference championships. The Michigan wrestling team has produced 175 individual NCAA All-Americans dating back to 1928, has 22 individual NCAA Championships for the university, and made two winners of the NCAA Most Outstanding Wrestler Award (1940, 1978).
A few notable former Wolverine wrestlers include Olympic gold medalist Steve Fraser, 1978 NCAA Most Outstanding Wrestler Mark Churella, professional wrestlers The Steiner Brothers and 2006 Greco-Roman World Wrestling Champion Joe Warren, currently a mixed martial artist in Bellator MMA.
Michigan Athletics announced in July 2015 that it would switch from sponsorship by Adidas to Nike. The deal at the time had an estimated value of $169 million and was described as "the richest apparel deal in intercollegiate athletics". In April 2016, the University announced the signing of an 11-year $127.12 million contract for 31 Michigan sports teams, going into effect on August 1. With the agreement, Michigan Wolverines football became the first football program to wear Jordan Brand attire accompanied by the jumpman logo. Nike identifies the yellow color in the new uniforms as "Amarillo" rather than the traditional "Maize".
Varsity club sportsEdit
In 2000, athletic director Bill Martin announced the creation of a special level for sports at Michigan called Varsity Club status. The new system was established to recognize and increase support for club sports teams that have reached a level of budget, organization and competition that is similar to varsity levels. Varsity club squads are not necessarily closer to being elevated to full varsity status, and will remain for the time being primarily self-funded and administered through the Department of Recreational Sports. However, the designation will give these teams a closer relationship to the U-M athletic department. The Varsity Club status has proven to be a launching pad for sports to eventually become varsity sports at Michigan. In May 2011, men's and women's lacrosse were officially granted varsity status. Men's lacrosse began their first season of NCAA competition in 2012 while the women's program will begin varsity competition in 2014.
Current varsity club sports:
- Men's rowing
- Women's synchronized skating
- Women's synchronized swimming
The Club Sports Program at the University of Michigan, administered by the Department of Recreational Sports, comprises 35 club sports. Each club sport is a student-led organization composed primarily of students, faculty, and staff. Each club is formed, developed, governed, and administered by the student membership of that particular club, working with the Club Sports Program staff.
The club sports programs include:
The men's and women's boxing teams compete as part of the United States Intercollegiate Boxing Association. The men's team won the USIBA national championship in 2014 and 2017, while the women's team won four straight championships from 2015 to 2018. Michigan also hosted the 2015 USIBA tournament.
The University of Michigan Rugby Football Club plays college rugby in the Big Ten Universities conference of Division 1-A against its traditional rivals such as Michigan State and Ohio State. The Michigan rugby club was formed in 1959, although rugby at Michigan dates back to at least 1890 before fading from campus. Michigan rugby is led by head coach Brandon Sparks. Michigan reached the 2013 Big Ten championship match, where they lost to Indiana 58–38. Michigan played in the 2014 Collegiate Rugby Championship, notching some upset wins to reach the quarterfinals in a tournament broadcast live on NBC from PPL Park in Philadelphia. Michigan returned to the 2015 Collegiate Rugby Championship, where they notched wins against UCLA and Texas to again reach the quarterfinals.
|Belleville Lake||Women's Rowing||N/A||1999||The Michigan Boathouse was built in 1999 and is the facility the rowing team uses. The men's team is a club sport and uses separate facilities on Argo Pond.|
|Donald B. Canham Natatorium||Men's Swimming & Diving, Women's Swimming & Diving, Women's Water Polo||1,200||1988|
|Cliff Keen Arena||Men's Gymnastics, Women's Volleyball, Wrestling||1,800||1956||Originally named Matt Mann Pool and was home to the men's and women's swimming & diving teams from 1956 to 1988. It was converted into an arena and named Varsity Arena in 1988. It was dedicated and named after longtime wrestling coach Cliff Keen in 1990.|
|Crisler Center||Men's Basketball, Women's Basketball, Women's Gymnastics||12,707||1967||Was known as Crisler Arena until December 22, 2011.|
|Ferry Field||Men's Outdoor Track & Field, Women's Outdoor Track & Field||N/A||1906||Former home to the Michigan football team from 1906 to 1926.|
|Michigan Stadium||Football, Men's Lacrosse||107,601||1927||The Michigan lacrosse team's primary home is Michigan Stadium, while Oostberbaan Fieldhouse is a secondary home to the team as they will play the 2012 season opener there.|
|Phyllis Ocker Field Hockey Field||Field Hockey||500||1995|
|U-M Golf Course||Men's Cross Country, Women's Cross Country, Men's Golf, Women's Golf||N/A||1931||One of six of golf courses designed by Alister MacKenzie.|
|U-M Indoor Track Building||Men's Indoor Track & Field, Women's Indoor Track & Field||N/A||1974|
|U-M Soccer Stadium||Men's Soccer, Women's Soccer||2,200||2010||Part of the U-M Soccer Complex.|
|Varsity Tennis Center||Men's Tennis, Women's Tennis||Indoor: 632 Outdoor: 600||1997||The indoor tennis building is named the Preston Robert Tisch Building and the outdoor tennis courts are named William Clay Ford Outdoor Courts.|
|Wilpon Baseball Complex||Baseball||4,000||2008||Ray Fisher Stadium was built in 1923. However, it is part of the Wilpon Complex and it is more commonly called by the Wilpon name.|
|Wilpon Softball Complex||Softball||2,800||2008||Alumni Field was built in 1982. However, it is part of the Wilpon Complex and it is more commonly called by the Wilpon name.|
|Yost Ice Arena||Men's Ice Hockey||5,800||1923||Opened in 1923 as Yost Fieldhouse. The hockey team moved in during the 1973–74 season.|
|Al Glick Fieldhouse||Football||2009||Al Glick Fieldhouse is the largest indoor football practice facility in the world.|
|Bahna Wrestling Center||Wrestling||2009||Training and practice facility for the wrestling team.|
|Donald R. Shepherd Training Center||Women's Gymnastics||2002||Training and practice facility for the women's gymnastics team.|
|Junge Family Champions Center||Multiple||2005||Center used for press conferences for the football, men's & women's basketball and men's ice hockey programs. As well as major athletic announcements and banquets.|
|Newt Loken Training Center||Men's Gymnastics||1913||Training and practice facility for the men's gymnastics team.|
|Oosterbaan Fieldhouse||Named after former player and coach Bennie Oosterbaan it now serves as the current home for the men's and women's lacrosse team, as well as a practice facility to several other sports. Baseball, Men's and Women's Lacrosse, Softball, Men's and Women's Soccer,||1980||Multi-sport indoor practice facility with a FieldTurf surface.|
|Weisfeld Family Golf Center||Men's and Women's Golf||2012||Indoor practice facility for the Men's and Women's Golf teams. It is the first Geothermal building on campus.|
|William Davidson Player Development Center||Men's and Women's Basketball||2011||Training and practice facility the Men's and Women's Basketball teams. Part of Crisler Center.|
|Michigan Indoor Stadium||Men's and Women's lacrosse||Fall 2014||Indoor field house to serve as permanent home to both Men's and Women's Lacrosse programs. Includes practice fields and weight rooms. Capacity is speculated to be between 6,000–8,000|
NCAA team championshipsEdit
Michigan has won 39 NCAA team titles.
- Men's (36)
- Baseball (2): 1953, 1962
- Basketball (1): 1989
- Golf † (2): 1934, 1935
- Gymnastics (6): 1963, 1970, 1999, 2010, 2013, 2014
- Ice Hockey (9): 1948, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1996, 1998
- Swimming (12): 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1948, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1995, 2013
- Tennis (1): 1957
- Outdoor Track & Field (1): 1923
- Trampoline (2): 1969, 1970
- Women's (3)
† The NCAA started sponsoring the intercollegiate golf championship in 1939, but it retained the titles from the 41 championships previously conferred by the National Intercollegiate Golf Association in its records.
- See also:
Other national team championshipsEdit
- Below are the 18 national team titles that were not bestowed by the NCAA (although seven were unofficial NCAA championships):
UM's official NCAA Division I national championships have come from 11 different sports – this broad-based success is the fifth most in the NCAA record book. Only UCLA and Stanford, each with titles in 16 varying sports, USC in 15, and Texas in 12, have more diverse championship histories than the Wolverines.
University of Michigan teams have also been national runners-up 40 times in 14 different sports: baseball (1), men's basketball (6), women's cross country (1), field hockey (2), men's golf (3), men's gymnastics (2), women's gymnastics (2), men's ice hockey (3), rowing (2), softball (1), men's swimming and diving (10), women's swimming and diving (1), men's outdoor track and field (1), and wrestling (5).
NCAA Division I Directors' CupEdit
In the NCAA Division I Director's Cup (renamed Learfield Sports Directors' Cup), Michigan has ranked No. 1 in the Big Ten rankings in 15 out of the last 27 years ending in 2020–21; the university has ranked in the top 5 nationally a total of 14 years during that 27-year span.
|Year||Rank: National||Rank: Big Ten|
|2019–20||Not awarded because of the COVID-19 pandemic|
Through the 2008 Summer Olympics, 204 UM students and coaches had participated in the Olympics, winning medals at each Summer Olympic Games except 1896, and winning gold medals in all but four Olympiads. Through the year 2020, UM students/student-coaches (e.g., notably, Michael Phelps) have won a total of 185 Olympic medals: 85 Golds, 48 Silvers, and 52 Bronzes.
|Amine||Myles||2020||wrestling||86k freestyle||bronze||San Marino|
|Arsenault||Samantha||2000||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Barrowman||Mike||1992||swimming||200 m breaststroke||gold||USA|
|Barton||Greg||1984||kayaking||1000 m single||bronze||USA|
|Barton||Greg||1988||kayaking||1000 m single||gold||USA|
|Barton||Greg||1988||kayaking||1000 m double||gold||USA|
|Barton||Greg||1992||kayaking||1000 m single||bronze||USA|
|Bernard||Kent||1964||track||4 × 100 m relay||bronze||Tri.-Tobago|
|Borges||Gustavo||1992||swimming||100 m freestyle||silver||Brazil|
|Borges||Gustavo||1996||swimming||100 m freestyle||bronze||Brazil|
|Borges||Gustavo||1996||swimming||200 m freestyle||silver||Brazil|
|Borges||Gustavo||2000||swimming||100 m freestyle||bronze||Brazil|
|Christy||Jim||1932||swimming||1500 m freestyle||bronze||USA|
|Corson||Marilyn||1968||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||bronze||USA|
|Darnton||William||1960||swimming||400 m medley relay||gold||USA|
|Davies||John||1952||swimming||200 m breaststroke||gold||Australia|
|DeLoof||Catie||2020||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||bronze||USA|
|Diemer||Brian||1984||track||3000 m steeplechase||bronze||USA|
|Dolan||Tom||1996||swimming||400 m ind. medley||gold||USA|
|Dolan||Tom||2000||swimming||400 m ind. medley||gold||USA|
|Dolan||Tom||2000||swimming||200 m ind. medley||silver||USA|
|Downie||Gordon||1976||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||bronze||Great Britain|
|Duenkel||Ginny||1964||swimming||100 m freestyle||bronze||USA|
|Duenkel||Ginny||1964||swimming||400 m backstroke||gold||USA|
|Gillanders||Dave||1960||swimming||200 m butterfly||bronze||USA|
|Gillanders||Dave||1960||swimming||400 m medley relay||gold||USA|
|Gorski||Mark||1984||cycling||1000 m sprint||gold||USA|
|Handy||H. J. "Jam"||1904||swimming||440 yd (400 m) breaststroke||bronze||USA|
|Handy||H. J. "Jam"||1924||water polo||bronze||USA|
|Hanley||Dick||1956||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||silver||USA|
|Haughey||Siobhán||2020||swimming||100 m freestyle||silver||Hong Kong|
|Haughey||Siobhán||2020||swimming||200 m freestyle||silver||Hong Kong|
|Herland||Doug||1984||rowing||pairs with coxswain||bronze||USA|
|Hubbard||William DeHart||1924||track||long jump||gold||USA|
|Garrels||John||1908||track||110 meter hurdles||silver||USA|
|Jones||Burwell||1952||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Kennedy||Bill||1972||swimming||400 m medley relay||bronze||Canada|
|Ketchum||Dan||2004||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Kraenzlein||Alvin||1900||track||60 meter dash||gold||USA|
|Kraenzlein||Alvin||1900||track||110 meter hurdles||gold||USA|
|Kraenzlein||Alvin||1900||track||220 meter hurdles||gold||USA|
|Lang||Brent||1988||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Mac Neil||Maggie||2020||swimming||100 m butterfly||gold||Canada|
|Mac Neil||Maggie||2020||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||silver||Canada|
|Mac Neil||Maggie||2020||swimming||400 m medley relay||bronze||Canada|
|Mahoney||Bill||1972||swimming||400 m medley relay||bronze||Canada|
|Malchow||Tom||1996||swimming||200 m butterfly||silver||USA|
|Malchow||Tom||2000||swimming||200 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|McClatchey||Alan||1976||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||bronze||Great Britain|
|Namesnik||Eric||1992||swimming||400 m ind. medley||silver||USA|
|Namesnik||Eric||1996||swimming||400 m ind. medley||silver||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2004||swimming||200 m ind. medley||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2004||swimming||400 m ind. medley||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2004||swimming||100 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2004||swimming||200 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2004||swimming||200 m freestyle||bronze||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2004||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||bronze||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2004||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2004||swimming||400 m medley relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||400 m ind. medley||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||200 m freestyle||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||200 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||200 m ind. medley||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||100 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||400 m medley relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2008||swimming||100 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2012||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2012||swimming||400 m medley relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2012||swimming||100 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2012||swimming||200 m ind. medley||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2012||swimming||200 m butterfly||silver||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2012||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||silver||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2016||swimming||200 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2016||swimming||200 m ind. medley||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2016||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2016||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2016||swimming||400 m medley relay||gold||USA|
|Phelps||Michael||2016||swimming||100 m butterfly||silver||USA|
|Robie||Carl||1964||swimming||200 m butterfly||silver||USA|
|Robie||Carl||1968||swimming||200 m butterfly||gold||USA|
|Samson||Paul||1928||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Schule||Fred||1904||track||110 meter hurdles||gold||USA|
|Smoke||Marcia Jones||1964||kayaking||500 m singles||bronze||USA|
|Sohl||Robert||1948||swimming||220 m breaststroke||bronze||USA|
|Spillane||Joan||1960||swimming||400 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Spillane||Joan||1960||swimming||400 m medley relay||gold||USA|
|Thompson||Chris||2000||swimming||1500 m freestyle||bronze||USA|
|Vanderkaay||Peter||2004||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Vanderkaay||Peter||2008||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||gold||USA|
|Vanderkaay||Peter||2008||swimming||200 m freestyle||bronze||USA|
|Willis||Nick||2008||track||1500 meters||silver||New Zealand|
|Wouda||Marcel||2000||swimming||800 m freestyle relay||bronze||the Netherlands|
|Charles A. Baird||1898–1909|
|Fielding H. Yost||1921–1940|
|William C. Martin||2000–2010|
The Michigan Wolverines is one of the few college sports teams that does not have a live or costumed mascot, largely for reasons of tradition. In the late 1920s, the Wolverines did have an unofficial mascot – Biff, the Michigan Wolverine. The first Biff was a stuffed wolverine. The second Biff was a live wolverine, who had a companion named Bennie, but the two mustelids grew to become too ferocious to be taken to games, which ended their career as mascots.
- "University of Michigan Style Guide: Colors". July 7, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "Maize and Blue". Michigan Wolverines. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
- "Michigan Winged Helmet". Michigan Wolverines. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
- Bergquist, Kevin (June 1, 2004). Prof: U-M baseball among University's storied programs. The University Record
- College Baseball Players Who Made it to a Major League Baseball Team. Baseball Almanac – The Colleges. Retrieved March 27, 2006.
- "U of M Men's Basketball". Bentley Historical Library. April 10, 2006. Retrieved April 6, 2007.
- "Box Score". ESPN. November 24, 2011. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- "Box Score". ESPN. November 25, 2011. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- "Box score". ESPN. November 26, 2011. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- Bernreuter, Hugh (November 27, 2011). "Jenny Ryan helps lead Michigan to Paradise Jam title in St. Thomas". Michigan Live. Michigan Live LLC. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- "Skylar Diggins wins top Big East award". ESPN. March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- "Michigan Women's Cross Country Year-By-Year Results". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- University of Michigan Football – National Championships. University of Michigan Athletics History (2002).
- The 10 greatest rivalries (1-3-2005). ESPN.com
- "Top 20 Games To Watch in 2007". SI.com. Retrieved September 30, 2007.
- "Michigan Field Hockey Year-by-Year Results". MGoBlue.com. University of Michigan. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- Thomas, Paul. "Tasch Backstops U-M to First Women's NCAA Team Title". MGoBlue.com. University of Michigan. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- "Michigan Men's Golf Year-by-Year Results". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Michigan Men's Golf All-Time National Champions". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "University of Michigan Official Athletic Site". www.mgoblue.com. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Wolverines Sign Trio to National Letters of Intent". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- Wright, Jerry. "Gymnastics Hall of Fame Honorees: Where Are They Now?". U.S. Gymnastics Hall of Fame.
- Madej, Bruce (1987). Michigan: Champions of the West, p. 180. Sports Publishing. ISBN 1-57167-115-3.
- "Men's Gymnastics History". Archived from the original on January 2, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
- "University of Michigan Athletics National Championships". Archived from the original on August 6, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "Michigan adds men's and women's lacrosse". NCAA. May 27, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- Snyder, Mark (May 25, 2011). "Michigan adds men's, women's lacrosse as varsity sports". USA Today. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "University of Michigan Official Athletic Site". www.mgoblue.com. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Michigan Rowing Year-By-Year Results". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Rivalry Contests". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Women's Soccer Year-By-Year Results". MGoBlue.com. University of Michigan. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- "Jennifer Klein". MGoBlue.com. University of Michigan. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
- Plummer, William; Floyd, Larry C. (2013). A Series Of Their Own: History Of The Women's College World Series. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States: Turnkey Communications Inc. ISBN 978-0-9893007-0-4.
- "Michigan Men's Swimming and Diving Year-by-Year Results – MGOBLUE.COM – University of Michigan Official Athletic Site". Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- "NCAA Division I Men's Swimming and Diving" (PDF). Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "College Swim Title Is Won by Michigan, Chicago Daily Tribune, Mar 29, 1931, p. A1". Chicago Daily Tribune. March 29, 1931. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "Michigan Men's Swimming and Diving All-Time NCAA Champions". Archived from the original on June 30, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Men's Swimming & Diving Head Coaching Records". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "U-M in the International Swimming Hall of Fame". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "University of Michigan Official Athletic Site". www.mgoblue.com. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Michigan Swimming & Diving Year-By-Year Results". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "U-M Women's Swimming and Diving All-Time National Champions". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "University of Michigan Official Athletic Site". www.mgoblue.com. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Michigan Men's Tennis Year-by-Year Results". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Michigan Women's Tennis Year-by-Year Results". Archived from the original on January 13, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Michigan Women's Track & Field Year-by-Year Results". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Michigan Water Polo Year-By-Year Results". Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Olympic Gold Medalist Betsey Armstrong Joins University of Michigan Coaching Staff". Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- "Michigan Wrestling Year-by-Year Results".
- "Michigan Wrestling NCAA Individual Honors". University of Michigan Athletics. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Tracy, Marc (July 15, 2015). "Michigan's Nike Deal Among Richest in College Sports". The New York Times. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
- Wattles, Jackie (July 15, 2015). "Nike lands $169 million deal with Michigan". CNN. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
- Snyder, Mark (April 26, 2016). "Michigan finalizes Nike contract for up to $173.8 million". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Chengelis, Angelique S. (July 26, 2016). "Michigan players psyched to don Jordan Jumpman uniforms". Detroit News. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Baumgardner, Nick (August 1, 2016). "Michigan players show off new Jumpman cleats, Jordan Brand gear". MLive.com. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Facher, Lev (July 20, 2016). "Amarillo and Blue? Nike unveils new Michigan apparel". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- MGoBlue, Retrieved September 3, 2012.
- "Champions -- USIBA". Archived from the original on August 23, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
- University of Michigan Rugby, History, http://www.mrugby.com/history/
- "Sparks Excited To Lead Michigan", This Is American Rugby, August 20, 2014.
- D1A Rugby, BIG TEN CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH TO BE PLAYED: INDIANA V MICHIGAN, November 7, 2013, http://d1arugby.com/conferences/big-ten-east/indiana/news/item/big-ten-championship-match-to-be-played-indiana-v-michigan
- "Navy Heads List of Surprises in CRC", Goff Rugby Report, May 30, 2015.
- "Michigan finishes fifth in Collegiate Rugby Championship", The Michigan Daily, Leland Mitchinson, June 1, 2015.
- University of Michigan Athletics Facilities Archived November 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved December 29, 2011.
- "Yost Ice Arena".
- Al Glick Field House- University of Michigan Official Athletic Site Archived January 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved December 29, 2011.
- Junge Family Champions Center and Mortenson Plaza- University of Michigan Official Athletic Site Archived August 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved December 29, 2011.
- MGoBlue Archived August 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved September 3, 2012.
- "Summary–(NCAA) All Divisions/Collegiate Total Championships" (PDF). Retrieved April 20, 2021.
- "Michigan Golfers Win College Title" (PDF). New York Times. June 27, 1934. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- "Kocsis and Malloy Register 148s To Tie Johnson for Medal Honors" (PDF). New York Times. June 26, 1935. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- "Traditions Michigan National Championships". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
- Keith McCanless. "Iowa's First National Championship" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 5, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2010.
The Wolverines [in 1969] possessed the very best trampolinists in the world, two of which had previously each won individual world trampoline titles in consecutive years. ... The Wolverine’s trampoline team [was] the strongest in the world[.]
- "National Collegiate Men's Gymnastics Championships" (PDF). NCAA. p. 3. Retrieved May 26, 2021.
- "Traditions Michigan National Championships". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
- "United States Champions for 1927". The Christian Science Monitor. December 31, 1927. p. 8. Retrieved May 14, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "United States Sports Champions for the Year 1928". The Christian Science Monitor. December 31, 1928. p. 8. Retrieved May 14, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "United States Sporting Champions for 1931". The Christian Science Monitor. January 7, 1932. p. 20. Retrieved May 14, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "United States Sporting Champions for 1932". The Christian Science Monitor. December 31, 1932. p. 4. Retrieved May 14, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "United States Sporting Champions for 1934". The Christian Science Monitor. December 31, 1934. p. 12. Retrieved May 14, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "United States Sporting Champions for 1935". The Christian Science Monitor. December 31, 1935. p. 8. Retrieved May 14, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "United States Champions for the Year 1936". The Christian Science Monitor. December 31, 1936. p. 6. Retrieved May 14, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Bentley Historical Library: U-M Athletics History". Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Learfield IMG College Directors' Cup Canceled for 2019-20 Season". Archived from the original on July 12, 2021.
- "Michigan in the Olympics". Bentley Historical Library.
- Watkins, Nicole (December 5, 2007). "Explained: Why Doesn't the University Have a Mascot?". The Michigan Daily. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
- Dickson, James David (June 16, 2011). "The Wolverine That Wasn't". Michigan Today. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Michigan athletics.|