Central Collegiate Hockey Association

The Central Collegiate Hockey Association (CCHA) is a college athletic conference that will participate in the NCAA's Division I as a hockey-only conference beginning with the 2021–22 season. A previous incarnation of the conference existed from 1971 to 2013. The majority of its members will be located in the state of Michigan, with additional members in Minnesota and Ohio. It has also had teams located in Alaska, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri and Nebraska and over the course of its existence.

Central Collegiate Hockey Association
CCHA
Central Collegiate Hockey Association logo
Established1971
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I
Sports fielded
RegionMidwestern United States
CommissionerDon Lucia (since 2020)

The CCHA was disbanded after the 2012–13 season as the result of a conference realignment stemming from the Big Ten Conference (of which three CCHA schools; Michigan, Michigan State, and Ohio State, were primary members) choosing to sponsor Division I ice hockey beginning in the 2013–14 season. The remaining CCHA members received invitations to other conferences, such as the newly formed National Collegiate Hockey Conference (NCHC), Hockey East, and the Western Collegiate Hockey Association (WCHA), which itself had been depleted by the Big Ten and NCHC. The conference's last game before its hiatus was the final of the 2013 CCHA Men's Ice Hockey Tournament at Joe Louis Arena in Detroit, where Notre Dame beat Michigan 3–1 to win the Mason Cup championship.

On February 18, 2020, seven schools who had applied to leave the WCHA announced they would form a new CCHA for the 2021–22 season. The member schools are Bemidji State, Bowling Green (who had retained the rights to the CCHA name), Ferris State, Lake Superior State, Michigan Tech, Minnesota State and Northern Michigan. On July 29, 2020, it was announced that an eighth school, the University of St. Thomas, would join the conference after previously being an NCAA Division III program. [1]

HistoryEdit

FoundationEdit

The CCHA began in 1971 as an NCAA conference comprised by Bowling Green, Ohio, Ohio State and Saint Louis.[2] After adding Lake Superior State for year two, both Ohio State and Ohio withdrew from the conference, leaving the CCHA with a scant 3 members. Despite the trouble, the three teams rode out the rough patch and the league began to grow with the addition of Western Michigan and the return of Ohio State.[3]

NCAA AcceptanceEdit

Up until 1976 the NCAA had only offered bids to the tournament from teams in either ECAC Hockey or the WCHA. Because those were the only two Division I conferences for most years there was no controversy but, after the CCHA had proved to be more than just a flash in the pan, the tournament had to change. Beginning with the 1977 Championship the NCAA allowed itself the freedom to add up to four additional teams to the tournament with the understanding that the CCHA tournament champion would receive one of the additional bids. Bowling Green won the first tournament game for the conference but it wasn't until Northern Michigan reached the championship game in 1980 that the league began to gain acceptance.

WCHA DefectorsEdit

1981 saw a major shift in college ice hockey with four teams from the WCHA defecting to the CCHA. The move was done as a way to reduce travel costs as well as provide the new team with a better chance at making the NCAA Tournament (many of the CCHA teams were still seen as lesser programs). Michigan State made the tournament in its first three season of CCHA play but it was founding member Bowling Green that won the conference's first national championship in 1984.[4]

National ProminenceEdit

Bill Beagan served as commissioner of the CCHA from 1985 to 1998.[5] He implemented a pre-season training camp for referees, despite the officials going on strike in protest.[6] He developed a working relationship with the NHL to develop future officials in collegiate hockey.[7]

He sought to have CCHA games televised as a game-of-the-week,[5] and signed the first national television contract for colleges in the United States.[8] He brought in cable television partners which included the Pro Am Sports System and Fox Sports Net.[7] He introduced instant replay to the CCHA in 1993, to be used at its league championships, and arranged for the CCHA Men's Ice Hockey Tournament finals to be played at Joe Louis Arena.[9] He was credited with coining the phrase, "Road to the Joe", in reference to end-of-year tournament culminating at the Joe Louis Arena.[6]

Prior to Beagan's arrival, the CCHA had not been a profitable association. After 10 years as commissioner, the league had made $4 million.[8][5] Profits were shared with the schools, which were reinvested into hockey programs and new arenas.[5] On-ice results improved during his tenure, and CCHA teams won six NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament championships.[8][5] In addition, Beagan convinced the University of Notre Dame to resurrect its hockey program in 1992.[5]

Michigan State won their first title as a CCHA team two years after Bowling Green and in 1988 Lake Superior State won their first NCAA championship. The Lakers and Spartans both remained near the top of the NCAA ranks into the 1990s but it was Michigan who took over as the conference pacesetter. The Wolverines began a streak of 22 consecutive tournament appearances in 1991 and won 2 national titles in that time. While the conference and most of its teams were stable throughout the early 21st century the CCHA suffered a mortal blow at the end of the decade.

Realignment and discontinuationEdit

Pennsylvania State University announced on September 17, 2010 the transition of its men's and women's American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) programs to NCAA Division I status in 2012.[10] Just over a month earlier, then-commissioner Tom Anastos publicly stated that the CCHA would strongly consider adding Penn State as the conference's 12th member.[11] Instead, the league was left to deal with the imminent departures of Michigan, Michigan State and Ohio State when the Big Ten Conference disclosed on March 21, 2011 its intention to establish a men's ice hockey circuit to begin play in the 2013–14 season, as the conference now had enough hockey teams to earn an automatic bid in the NCAA tournament for its champion.[12] Joining the existing CCHA members were the University of Minnesota and the University of Wisconsin from the WCHA, as well as Penn State.[12]

The next school slated to leave the CCHA in 2013 was Miami University which became a charter member of the NCHC on July 15, 2011.[13] Western Michigan accepted an invitation to join the new league just over two months later on September 22.[14]

The demise of the CCHA was further accelerated when five members decided to move to the WCHA following the 2012–13 campaign. Northern Michigan University, returning to the WCHA after leaving in 1997, was the first to make the announcement on July 20,[15] followed by Alaska, Ferris State and Lake Superior State on August 26[16] and Bowling Green on October 4.[17]

Notre Dame accepted an invitation to the Hockey East Association in a press conference on October 5, 2011.[18]

New CCHAEdit

On June 28, 2019 seven schools began the process of withdrawing from the WCHA, with the intent of forming a new conference for the 2021–22 season. The seven schools cited a more compact geographic footprint as one reason for the move, with Alabama-Huntsville, Alaska and Alaska–Anchorage notably absent.[19] On February 18, 2020 these seven schools announced they would begin competing in a new CCHA in 2021–22.[20]

Don Lucia, a former head coach at Alaska, Colorado College, and Minnesota, was named as commissioner of the new CCHA on June 17, 2020.[21]

Future MembersEdit

Institution Location Nickname Founded Enrollment Affiliation Current
conference
Bemidji State University Bemidji, Minnesota Beavers 1919 6,354 Public WCHA
Bowling Green State University Bowling Green, Ohio Falcons 1910 20,395 Public WCHA
Ferris State University Big Rapids, Michigan Bulldogs 1884 14,707 Public WCHA
Lake Superior State University Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan Lakers 1946 2,637 Public WCHA
Michigan Technological University Houghton, Michigan Huskies 1885 7,270 Public WCHA
Minnesota State University Mankato, Minnesota Mavericks 1868 17,357 Public WCHA
Northern Michigan University Marquette, Michigan Wildcats 1899 6,764 Public WCHA
University of St. Thomas Saint Paul, Minnesota Tommies 1885 9,878 Private MIAC

Former MembersEdit

Institution Location Nickname Founded Affiliation Joined Left Subsequent
conference
Current
conference
University of Alaska Fairbanks Fairbanks, Alaska Nanooks 1917 Public 1995 2013 WCHA
Bowling Green State University Bowling Green, Ohio Falcons 1910 Public 1971 2013 WCHA
Ferris State University Big Rapids, Michigan Bulldogs 1884 Public 1979 2013 WCHA
University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago, Illinois Flames 1946 Public 1982 1996 dropped program as school sponsored sport
Kent State University Kent, Ohio Golden Flashes 1910 Public 1992 1994 dropped program as school sponsored sport
Lake Superior State University Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan Lakers 1946 Public 1972 2013 WCHA
Miami University Oxford, Ohio RedHawks 1809 Public 1980 2013 NCHC
University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan Wolverines 1817 Public 1981 2013 Big Ten
Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan Spartans 1855 Public 1981 2013 Big Ten
Michigan Technological University Houghton, Michigan Huskies 1885 Public 1981 1984 WCHA
University of Nebraska Omaha Omaha, Nebraska Mavericks 1908 Public 1999 2010 WCHA NCHC
Northern Michigan University Marquette, Michigan Wildcats 1899 Public 1977
1997
1984
2013
WCHA
University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, Indiana Fighting Irish 1842 Private/Catholic 1981
1992
1983
2013
Hockey East Big Ten
Ohio University Athens, Ohio Bobcats 1804 Public 1971 1973 dropped program as school sponsored sport
Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio Buckeyes 1870 Public 1971
1975
1973
2013
Independent
Big Ten
Saint Louis University St. Louis, Missouri Billikens 1818 Private/Catholic 1971 1979 dropped program as school sponsored sport
Western Michigan University Kalamazoo, Michigan Broncos 1903 Public 1975 2013 NCHC

Membership timelineEdit

University of St. Thomas (Minnesota)Minnesota State University, MankatoBemidji State UniversityUniversity of Nebraska OmahaUniversity of Alaska FairbanksKent State UniversityUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoUniversity of Notre DameUniversity of MichiganMichigan Technological UniversityMichigan State UniversityMiami UniversityFerris State UniversityNorthern Michigan UniversityWestern Michigan UniversityLake Superior State UniversitySaint Louis UniversityOhio State UniversityOhio UniversityBowling Green State University

[22]

Regular-season championsEdit

AwardsEdit

At the conclusion of each regular season schedule the coaches of each CCHA team voted which players they choose to be on the three All-Conference Teams:[23] first team, second team and rookie team. Additionally they vote to award up to 9 of the 12 individual trophies to an eligible player at the same time (depending upon the year). The CCHA also awards a Perani Cup, a Humanitarian Award, which are awarded rather than voted upon, and a Most Valuable Player in Tournament which is voted on at the conclusion of the conference tournament. None of the individual awards conferred by the CCHA have been given for the entire existence of the conference. Only the Tournament MVP was awarded in CCHA's inaugural season, but the award was discontinued thereafter until 1982.[24][25][26]

All-Decade TeamsEdit

1970s All-Decade TeamEdit

1970s All-Decade Team[27]

1980s All-Decade TeamEdit

1980s All-Decade Team[27]

1990s All-Decade TeamEdit

1990s All-Decade Team[27]

2000-2013 All-Decade TeamEdit

2000-2013 All-Decade Team[28]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "CCHA Welcomes The University Of St. Thomas". Northern Michigan University. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  2. ^ "History of the CCHA". College Hockey Historical Archive. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  3. ^ "2012-13 CCHA Media Guide". ISSUU.com. Retrieved 2014-04-23.
  4. ^ Official 2008 NCAA Men's and Women's Ice Hockey Records Book (PDF). Indianapolis: National Collegiate Athletic Association. pp. 54, 58. ISSN 1089-0092. Retrieved 2008-05-23.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d e f Bacon, John U. (2001). Blue Ice: The Story of Michigan Hockey. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. pp. 284–288. ISBN 0-472-09781-4 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ a b Mackinder, Matt (September 22, 2011). "Checking In: Former CCHA commissioner Bill Beagan". U.S. College Hockey Online. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Bill Beagan". Bobby Orr Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c "Bill Beagan Was A CCHA Commissioner and NHL Referee". History-Articles.com. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  9. ^ Wallace, William N. (December 22, 1993). "College Hockey Report". The New York Times. New York, New York. p. B14.
  10. ^ ""Penn State to Add Men's and Women's Varsity Ice Hockey," Pennsylvania State University Athletics, Friday, September 17, 2010". Archived from the original on September 3, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  11. ^ Gholston, Sandy (August 10, 2010). "Anastos to the Detroit News: Penn State 'very attractive' to the CCHA". Mlive.com. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
  12. ^ a b Staff (March 21, 2011). "Big Ten confirms plan to sponsor hockey starting in 2013–14 season". USCHO. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
  13. ^ ""New DI hockey conference formed," NCAA.com, Friday, July 15, 2011". Archived from the original on March 17, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  14. ^ "WMU To Join National Collegiate Hockey Conference," Western Michigan University Athletics, Thursday, September 22, 2011.
  15. ^ "Northern Michigan to Rejoin WCHA Family," Western Collegiate Hockey Association press release, Wednesday, July 20, 2011.
  16. ^ "College hockey: Lake Superior State, Ferris State, Alaska-Fairbanks join WCHA," The Bemidji (MN) Pioneer, Saturday, August 27, 2011.
  17. ^ "Bowling Green State University to Join WCHA Family," Western Collegiate Hockey Association press release, Wednesday, October 4, 2011.
  18. ^ "Notre Dame joining Hockey East". Associated Press. October 5, 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
  19. ^ "Statement Regarding Hockey League Affiliation" (Press release). Bowling Green Falcons. June 28, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  20. ^ Johnson, Randy (February 18, 2020). "CCHA will be new name for seven teams leaving WCHA in 2021-22". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  21. ^ "Ex-Minnesota coach Don Lucia picked to run new CCHA hockey league". ESPN.com. Associated Press. June 17, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  22. ^ https://www.michigantechhuskies.com/sports/mice/2019-20/files/CCHA_Press_Release.pdf
  23. ^ "Henderson and Odegard Recipients of CCHA Major Awards". Alaska Nanooks. 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  24. ^ "CCHA Awards". College Hockey Historical Archive. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  25. ^ "All-CCHA Teams". College Hockey Historical Archive. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  26. ^ "CCHA All-Rookie Teams". College Hockey Historical Archive. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  27. ^ a b c "CCHA Announces All-Decade Teams". March 29, 2001.
  28. ^ "CCHA Names All-Decade Team for 2000-2013". January 23, 2013. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013.

External linksEdit