College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS

A national championship in the highest level of college football in the United States, currently the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), is a designation awarded annually by various organizations to their selection of the best college football team. Division I FBS football is the only National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sport for which the NCAA does not sanction a yearly championship event. As such, it is sometimes unofficially referred to as a "mythical national championship".[1][2][3][4]

National championships
NCAA Division I FBS
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2022 NCAA Division I FBS football season
NCAA logo.svg
SportAmerican football
Founded1869; 153 years ago (1869)
Inaugural season1869
CountryUnited States
Most recent
champion(s)
Georgia
(2021)
Most titlesPrinceton (28 titles)
Level on pyramid1
Related
competitions
Division I (FCS)
Official websitencaa.com/football/fbs
Championships

Due to the lack of an official NCAA title, determining the nation's top college football team has often engendered controversy.[5] A championship team is independently declared by multiple individuals and organizations, often referred to as "selectors".[6] These choices are not always unanimous.[5] In 1969 even President of the United States Richard Nixon made a selection by announcing, ahead of the season-ending "game of the century" between No. 1 Texas and No. 2 Arkansas, that the winner would receive a presidential plaque commemorating them as national champions.[7] Texas went on to win, 15–14.[7]

While the NCAA has never officially endorsed a championship team, it has documented the choices of some selectors in its official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records publication.[6][8] In addition, various analysts have independently published their own choices for each season. These opinions can often diverge with others as well as individual schools' claims to national titles, which may or may not correlate to the selections published elsewhere. Currently, two of the most widely recognized national champion selectors are the Associated Press (AP), which conducts a poll of sportswriters, and the Coaches Poll, a survey of active members of the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA).

Since 1992, various consortia of major bowl games have aimed to invite the top two teams at the end of the regular season (as determined by internal rankings, or aggregates of the major polls and other statistics) to compete in what is intended to be the de facto national championship game. The current iteration of this practice, the College Football Playoff, selects four teams to participate in national semi-finals hosted by two of six partner bowl games, with their winners advancing to the College Football Playoff National Championship.

History

National championship trophies
 
The Sun was among the first to publish a year-end college football ranking, in 1901

The concept of a national championship in college football dates to the early years of the sport in the late 19th century,[9] and the earliest contemporaneous polls can be traced to Caspar Whitney, Charles Patterson, and The Sun in 1901.[10] Therefore, the concept of polls and national champions predated mathematical ranking systems, but it was Frank Dickinson's math system that was one of the first to be widely popularized. His system named 10–0 Stanford the national champion of 1926, prior to their tie with Alabama in the Rose Bowl. A curious Knute Rockne, then coach of Notre Dame, had Dickinson backdate two seasons, which produced Notre Dame as the 1924 national champion and Dartmouth in 1925.[11]

A number of other mathematical systems were born in the 1920s and 1930s and were the only organized methods selecting national champions until the Associated Press began polling sportswriters in 1936 to obtain rankings. Alan J. Gould, the creator of the AP Poll, named Minnesota, Princeton, and SMU co-champions in 1935, and polled writers the following year, which resulted in a national championship for Minnesota.[11] The AP's main competition, United Press, created the first Coaches Poll in 1950. For that year and the next three, the AP and UP agreed on the national champion. The first "split" championship occurred in 1954, when the writers selected Ohio State and the coaches chose UCLA.[11] The two polls also disagreed in 1957, 1965, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1978, 1990, 1991, 1997, and 2003.

Though some of the math systems selected champions after the bowl games, both of the major polls released their rankings after the end of the regular season until the AP polled writers after the bowls in 1965, resulting in what was perceived at the time as a better championship selection (Alabama) than UPI's (Michigan State).[11] After 1965, the AP again voted before the bowls for two years, before permanently returning to a post-bowl vote in 1968. The coaches did not conduct a vote after the bowls until 1974, in the wake of awarding their 1973 championship to Alabama, who lost to the AP champion, undefeated Notre Dame, in the Sugar Bowl.[11] The AP and Coaches polls remain the major rankings to this day.

From the 1930s to the advent of the College Football Playoff, each top team played a single postseason bowl game per season. The process of selecting a national champion during this period was complicated by the fact that the champions of major conferences were tied to specific bowls (for example, the Big 8 champion was tied to the Orange Bowl), and the top two teams in the nation often played in different bowls. A few bowls over the years featured a #1 vs. #2 matchup; one example was the 1987 Fiesta Bowl, played January 2 following the 1986 season.

Two attempts to annually crown a champion on the field were the Bowl Coalition (1992–1994) and Bowl Alliance (1995–1997). However, their effort to host a national championship was hampered by the lack of participation of the Pac-10 and Big Ten champions, who had a contractual obligation to play in the Rose Bowl.[12]

The Bowl Championship Series, famous for its use of math, was the successor of the Coalition and Alliance.[13] Besides the many adjustments it underwent during its tenure, including a large overhaul following the 2004 season that included the replacement of the AP Poll with the Harris poll, the BCS remained a mixture of math systems and human polls since its inception in 1998, with the goal of matching the best two teams in the nation in a national championship bowl game which rotated yearly between the Sugar, Fiesta, Rose, and Orange Bowls from 1998 to 2005, and later a standalone game titled the BCS National Championship Game (2006 to 2013).[11] The winner of the BCS Championship Game was awarded the national championship of the Coaches Poll thus winning the AFCA National Championship Trophy. The BCS winner also received the MacArthur Bowl from the National Football Foundation.[14] Neither the AP Poll, nor other current selectors, had contractual obligations to select the BCS champion as their national champion.[15] The BCS resulted in a number of controversies, most notably after the 2003 season, when the BCS championship game did not include eventual AP champion USC, the only time the two championships have diverged since the advent of the BCS. After many seasons of controversy, the BCS was replaced with the College Football Playoff, a Plus-One system aimed at reducing the controversy involved in which teams get to play in a championship game through use of a tournament.

NCAA records book

Although the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has never bestowed national championships in college football at the topmost level, it does maintain an official records book for the sport. The records book, with consultation from various college football historians, contains a list of "major selectors"[6] of national championships from throughout the history of college football, along with their championship selections.[8]

Major selectors

While many people and organizations have named national champions throughout the years, the selectors below are listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book as being "major selectors" of national championships. The criterion for the NCAA's designation is that the poll or selector be "national in scope, either through distribution in newspaper, television, radio and/or computer online".[6] Former selectors, deemed instrumental in the sport of college football, and selectors that were included for the calculation of the BCS standing, are listed together.[6]

The NCAA records book divides its major selectors into three categories: those determined by mathematical formula, human polls, and historical research. The BCS is additionally categorized as a hybrid between math and polls, and the CFP as a playoff system.

Math

The mathematical system is the oldest systematic selector of college football national champions. Many of the math selectors were created during the "championship rush"[citation needed] of the 1920s and 1930s, beginning with Frank Dickinson's system, or during the dawn of the computer age in the 1990s. Selectors are listed below with years selected retroactively in italics.

Selector Name Seasons
A&H Anderson & Hestera 1997–present
AS Alderson System 1994–1998
B(QPRS) Berryman (QPRS) 1920–1989, 1990–2011
BR Billingsley Reportb 1869–1870, 1872–1969, 1970–present
BS Boand System 1919–1929, 1930–1960
CCR Congrove Computer Rankings 1993–present
CM Colley Matrix 1992–present
CW Caspar Whitney 1905–1907
DeS DeVold System 1939–1944, 1945–2006
DiS Dickinson System 1924–1925, 1926–1940
DuS Dunkel System 1929–present
ERS Eck Ratings System 1987–2005
HS Houlgate System 1885–1926, 1927–1958[16]
L Litkenhous 1934–1972, 1974, 1978, 1981–1984
MCFR Massey College Football Ratings 1995–present
MGR Matthews Grid Ratings 1966–1972, 1974–2006
NYT The New York Times 1979–2004
PS Poling System 1924–1934, 1935–1955, 1957–1984
R(FACT) Rothman (FACT) 1968–c.1970,[17] c.1971–2006
SR Sagarin Ratings 1919–1977, 1978–present
W Wolfe 2001–presentc
WS Williamson System 1931, 1932–1963

aThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book shows Anderson & Hester listed as "Seattle Times."
bThe Billingsley Report also provides an alternate selection that uses margin-of-victory in its calculation. The NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book notes both selections in years where they disagree.[18]: 112–119 
cWolfe did not provide rankings for the 2020 season, stating that there were not "enough games played to allow meaningful analysis," due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[19]

Poll

The poll has been the dominant national champion selection method since the inception of the AP Poll in 1936. The National Football Foundation merged its poll with UPI from 1991 to 1992, with USA Today from 1993 to 1996, and with the FWAA since 2014.

For many years, the national champions of various polls were selected before the annual bowl games were played, by AP (1936–1964 and 1966–1967), Coaches Poll (1950–1973), FWAA (1954), and NFF (1959–1970). In all other latter-day polls, champions were selected after bowl games.[18]: 112–119 

During the BCS era, the winner of the BCS Championship Game was automatically awarded the national championship of the Coaches Poll and the National Football Foundation.

Selectors are listed below with years selected retroactively in italics.

Selector Name Seasons
AP Associated Press 1936–present
Coaches
  BRC
  UP
  UPI
  USAT/CNN
  USAT/ESPN
  USAT
  USAT/AMWAY
American Football Coaches Association
  AFCA Blue Ribbon Commission
  United Press
  United Press International
  USA Today/CNN
  USA Today/ESPN
  USA Today
  USA Today/Amway
1922–present
  1922–1949a
  1950–1957
  1958–1990b
  1991–1996b c
  1997–2004
  2005–2013b
  2014–present
CFRA College Football Researchers Association 1919–1935, 1936–1981, 1982–1992, 2009–present
FN Football News 1958–2002
FWAA Football Writers Association of America 1954–2013c
FWAA/NFF FWAA-NFF Grantland Rice Super 16 2014–presentc
HICFP Harris Interactive 2005–2013h
HAF Helms Athletic Foundation 1883–1940, 1941–1982
INS International News Service 1952–1957
NCF National Championship Foundation 1869–1870, 1872–1935, 1936–1979, 1980–2000
NFF National Football Foundation 1959–1990, 1997–2013c d e
SN Sporting News 1975–2006
UPI United Press International 1993–1995f
UPI/NFF United Press International/National Football Foundation 1991–1992e
USAT USA Today 1982g
USAT/CNN USA Today/CNN 1983–1990g
USAT/NFF USA Today/National Football Foundation 1993–1996d

aAt the request of several schools, the AFCA established a "Blue Ribbon Commission" in 2016 to begin retroactively selecting Coaches' Trophy winners from 1922 through 1949.[20] Oklahoma State was the only team to apply for any of the 28 years considered (1945).[21] As yet, there are no selections for years other than 1945.

bServed as the Coaches Poll during the designated years, but also conducted their own poll at different times.

cThe Football Writers Association of America merged its poll with that of the National Football Foundation members beginning in 2014; as a result, the Grantland Trophy was retired and the FWAA/NFF national champion now receives the MacArthur Bowl.[18]: 113–114 

dUSA Today took over, from the UPI, the poll of the National Football Foundation's members in 1993, and its winner was designated by the NFF as its national champion and received the MacArthur Bowl. The poll was conducted by USA Today through the 1996 season, although national championship selections in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records do not distinguish the NFF from the USAT/NFF poll in 1995 and 1996. Not to be confused with the USA Today/CNN Coaches Poll, which USA Today conducted separately.

eUPI conducted the Coaches Poll through the 1990 season, which was subsequently taken over by CNN/USA Today. UPI then conducted a poll of National Football Foundation members in 1991 and 1992, the winner of which was designated by the NFF as its national champion and received the MacArthur Bowl.

fUPI conducted its own poll from 1993 to 1995, after the National Football Foundation Poll was taken over by USA Today.

gUSA Today conducted its own poll of college football sportswriters in 1982, then joined with CNN to do their own joint poll until they took over the Coaches Poll starting with the 1991 season.

hThe Harris Interactive College Football Poll was contracted by the BCS to help formulate its standings. It did not conduct a final poll following the BCS National Championship Game or award or name a national champion on its own, so is not included in the table of national championship selections.[6]

Research

College football historian Parke H. Davis is the only selector considered by the NCAA to have primarily used research in his selections.[18]: 117  Davis published his work in the 1934 edition of Spalding's Foot Ball Guide,[22] naming retroactive national champions for the years 1869 to 1932 while naming Michigan and Princeton (his alma mater) contemporary co-champions for the 1933 season. In all, he selected 94 teams over 61 seasons as "National Champion Foot Ball Teams".[22] For 21 of these teams (at 12 schools), he was the only major selector to choose them. Their schools use 17 of Davis' singular selections to claim national titles. His work has been criticized for having a heavy Eastern bias, with little regard for the South and the West Coast.[23]

Selector Name Seasons
PD Parke H. Davis 1869–1932, 1933

Hybrid

The Bowl Championship Series used a mathematical system that combined polls (Coaches and AP/Harris) and multiple computer rankings (including some individual selectors listed above) to determine a season ending matchup between its top two ranked teams in the BCS Championship Game. The champion of that game was contractually awarded the Coaches Poll and National Football Foundation championships.

Selector Name Seasons
BCS Bowl Championship Series 1998–2013

Playoff

Unlike all selectors prior to 2014, the College Football Playoff does not use math, polls or research to select the participants. Rather, a 13-member committee selects and seeds the teams.[24] The playoff system marked the first time any championship selector arranged a bracket competition to determine whom it would declare to be its champion.

Selector Name Seasons
CFP College Football Playoff 2014–present

Yearly national championship selections from major selectors

Below is a list of the national champions of college football since 1869 chosen by NCAA-designated "major selectors" listed in the official Football Bowl Subdivision Records publication.[6]

Many teams did not have coaches as late as 1899. The first contemporaneous poll to include teams across the country and selection of a national champions can be traced to Caspar Whitney in 1901.[10] The last retroactive selection in the list is Clyde Berryman's choice of Notre Dame for 1989. The tie was removed from college football in 1995 and the last consensus champion with a tie in its record was Georgia Tech in 1990.

As designated by the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records publication:

A letter next to any season, team, record, coach or selector indicates a footnote that appears at the bottom of the table.

Season Champion(s) Record Coach Selector(s)[8]
1869 Princeton 1–1 BR, NCF, PD
Rutgers 1–1 PD
1870 Princeton 1–0 BR, NCF, PD
1871 None No games played
1872 Princeton 1–0 BR, NCF, PD
Yale 1–0 PD
1873 Princeton 2–0 BR, NCF, PD
1874 Harvard 1–1 PD
Princeton 2–0 BR, PD
Yale 3–0 NCF, PD
1875 Columbia 4–1–1 PD
Harvard 4–0 NCF, PD
Princeton 2–0 BR, PD
1876 Yale 3–0 BR, NCF, PD
1877 Princeton 2–0–1 BR, PD
Yale 3–0–1 NCF, PD
1878 Princeton 6–0 BR, NCF, PD
1879 Princeton 4–0–1 BR, NCF, PD
Yale 3–0–2 PD
1880 Princeton 4–0–1 NCF, PD
Yale 4–0–1 BR, NCF, PD
1881 Princeton 7–0–2 BR, PD
Yale 5–0–1 NCF, PD
1882 Yale 8–0 BR, NCF, PD
1883 Yale 9–0 BR, HAF, NCF, PD
1884 Princeton 9–0–1 BR, PD
Yale 8–0–1 HAF, NCF, PD
1885 Princeton 9–0 BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1886 Princeton 7–0–1 BR, PD
Yale 9–0–1 HAF, NCF, PD
1887 Yale 9–0 BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1888 Yale 13–0 Walter Camp BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1889 Princeton 10–0 BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1890 Harvard 11–0 George C. Adams, George A. Stewart BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1891 Yale 13–0 Walter Camp BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1892 Yale 13–0 Walter Camp BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1893 Princeton 11–0 BR, HAF, HS, NCF
Yale 10–1 William Rhodes PD
1894 Penn 12–0 George Washington Woodruff PD
Princeton 8–2 HS
Yale 16–0 William Rhodes BR, HAF, NCF, PD
1895 Penn 14–0 George Washington Woodruff BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
Yale 13–0–2 John A. Hartwell PD
1896 Lafayette 11–0–1 Parke H. Davis NCF, PD
Princeton 10–0–1 Franklin Morse BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1897 Penn 15–0 George Washington Woodruff BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
Yale 9–0–2 Frank Butterworth PD
1898 Harvard 11–0 William Cameron Forbes BR, HAF, HS, NCF
Princeton 11–0–1 PD
1899 Harvard 10–0–1 Benjamin Dibblee HAF, HS, NCF
Princeton 12–1 BR, PD
1900 Yale 12–0 Malcolm McBride BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1901 Harvard 12–0 Bill Reid BR, PDa[22]
Michigan 11–0 Fielding H. Yost HAF, HS, NCF
1902 Michigan 11–0 Fielding H. Yost BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
Yale 11–0–1 Joseph R. Swan PD
1903 Michigan 11–0–1 Fielding H. Yost NCF
Princeton 11–0 Art Hillebrand BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1904 Michigan 10–0 Fielding H. Yost NCF
Minnesota 13–0 Henry Williams BR
Penn 12–0 Carl S. Williams HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1905 Chicago 10–0 Amos Alonzo Stagg BR, HAF, HS, NCF
Yale 10–0 Jack Owsley CW, PD
1906 Princeton 9–0–1 William Roper HAF, NCF
Yale 9–0–1 Foster Rockwell BR, CW, PD
1907 Yale 9–0–1 William F. Knox BR, CW, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1908 Harvard 9–0–1 Percy Haughton BR
LSU 10–0 Edgar Wingard NCF
Penn 11–0–1 Sol Metzger HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1909 Yale 10–0 Howard Jones BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1910 Harvard 8–0–1 Percy Haughton BR, HAF, HS, NCF
Pittsburgh 9–0 Joseph H. Thompson NCF
None PD[22]
1911 Minnesota 6–0–1 Henry L. Williams BR
Penn State 8–0–1 Bill Hollenback NCF
Princeton 8–0–2 William Roper BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1912 Harvard 9–0 Percy Haughton BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
Penn State 8–0 Bill Hollenback NCF
1913 Auburn 8–0 Mike Donahue BR
Chicago 7–0 Amos Alonzo Stagg BR, PD
Harvard 9–0 Percy Haughton HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1914 Army 9–0 Charles Daly HAF, HS, NCF, PD
Illinois 7–0 Robert Zuppke BR, PD
Texas 8–0 Dave Allerdice BR
1915 Cornell 9–0 Albert Sharpe HAF, HS, NCF, PD
Minnesota 6–0–1 Henry L. Williams BR
Oklahoma 10–0 Bennie Owen BR
Pittsburgh 8–0 Glenn "Pop" Warner PD
1916 Army 9–0 Charles Daly PD
Georgia Tech 8–0-1 John Heisman BR
Pittsburgh 8–0 Glenn "Pop" Warner BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
1917 Georgia Tech 9–0 John Heisman BR, HAF, HS, NCF
1918 Michigan 5–0 Fielding H. Yost BR, NCF
Pittsburgh 4–1 Glenn "Pop" Warner HAF, HS, NCF
1919 Centre 9–0 Charley Moran SR
Harvard 9–0–1 Bob Fisher CFRA, HAF, HS, NCF, PD
Illinois 6–1 Robert Zuppke BR, BS, CFRA, PD, SR
Notre Dame 9–0 Knute Rockne NCF, PD
Texas A&M 10–0 Dana X. Bible BR, NCF
1920 California 9–0 Andy Smith CFRA, HAF, HS, NCF, SR
Georgia 8–0–1 Herman Stegeman B(QPRS)
Harvard 8–0–1 Bob Fisher BS
Notre Dame 9–0 Knute Rockne BR, PD
Princeton 6–0–1 William Roper BS, PD
1921 California 9–0–1 Andy Smith BR, BS, CFRA, SR
Cornell 8–0 Gil Dobie HAF, HS, NCF, PD
Iowa 7–0 Howard Jones BR, PD
Lafayette 9–0 Jock Sutherland BS, PD
Vanderbilt 7–0–1 Dan McGugin B(QPRS)
Washington & Jefferson 10–0–1 Greasy Neale BS
1922 California 9–0 Andy Smith BR, HS, NCF, SR
Cornell 8–0 Gil Dobie HAF, PD
Iowa 7–0 Howard Jones BR
Princeton 8–0 William Roper BS, CFRA, NCF, PD, SR
Vanderbilt 8–0–1 Dan McGugin B(QPRS)
1923 California 9–0–1 Andy Smith HS
Cornell 8–0 Gil Dobie SR
Illinois 8–0 Robert Zuppke BS, CFRA, HAF, NCF, PD, SR, B(QPRS)
Michigan 8–0 Fielding H. Yost BR, NCF
Yale 8–0 Tad Jones B(QPRS)
1924 Notre Dame 10–0 Knute Rockne BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, HAF, HS, NCF, PS, SR, B(QPRS)
Penn 9–1–1 Lou Young PD
1925 Alabama 10–0 Wallace Wade BR, BS, CFRA, HAF, HS, NCF, PS, SR, B(QPRS)
Dartmouth 8–0 Jesse Hawley DiS, PD
Michigan 7–1 Fielding H. Yost SR
1926 Alabama 9–0–1 Wallace Wade BR, CFRA, HAF, NCF, PS, B(QPRS)
Lafayette 9–0 Herb McCracken PD
Michigan 7–1 Fielding H. Yost SR
Navy 9–0–1 Bill Ingram BS, HS
Stanford 10–0–1 Glenn "Pop" Warner DiS, HAF, NCF, SR
1927 Georgia 9–1 George Cecil Woodruff BS, PS, B(QPRS)
Illinois 7–0–1 Robert Zuppke BR, DiS, HAF, NCF, PD
Notre Dame 7–1–1 Knute Rockne HS
Texas A&M 8–0–1 Dana X. Bible SR
Yale 7–1 Thomas Jones CFRA
1928 Detroit 9–0 Gus Dorais PD
Georgia Tech 10–0 William Alexander BR, BS, CFRA, HAF, HS, NCF, PD, PS, SR, B(QPRS)
USC 9–0–1 Howard Jones DiS, SR
1929 Notre Dame 9–0 Knute Rockne BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, DuS, HAF, NCF, PS, SR
Pittsburgh 9–1 Jock Sutherland PD
USC 10–2 Howard Jones HS, SR, B(QPRS)
1930 Alabama 10–0 Wallace Wade CFRA, PD, SR, B(QPRS)
Notre Dame 10–0 Knute Rockne BR, BS, DiS, DuS, HAF, HS, NCF, PD, PS
1931 Pittsburgh 8–1 Jock Sutherland PD
Purdue 9–1 Noble Kizer PD
USC 10–1 Howard Jones BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, DuS, HAF, HS, NCF, PS, SR, WS, B(QPRS)
1932 Colgate 9–0 Andrew Kerr PD
Michigan 8–0 Harry Kipke DiS, PD, SR
USC 10–0 Howard Jones BR, BS, CFRA, DuS, HAF, HS, NCF, PD, PS, SR, WS, B(QPRS)
1933 Michigan 7–0–1 Harry Kipke BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, HAF, HS, NCF, PD, PS, SR, B(QPRS)
Ohio State 7–1 Sam Willaman DuS
Princeton 9–0 Fritz Crisler PD
USC 10–1–1 Howard Jones WS
1934 Alabama 10–0 Frank Thomas DuS, HS, PS, WS, B(QPRS)
Minnesota 8–0 Bernie Bierman BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, HAF, L, NCF, SR
1935 LSU 9–2 Bernie Moore WS
Minnesota 8–0 Bernie Bierman BR, BS, CFRA, HAF, L, NCF, PS
Princeton 9–0 Fritz Crisler DuS
SMU 12–1 Matty Bell DiS, HS, SR, B(QPRS)
TCU 12–1 Dutch Meyer WS
1936 Duke 9–1 Wallace Wade B(QPRS)
LSU 9–1–1 Bernie Moore SR, WS
Minnesota 7–1 Bernie Bierman AP, BR, DiS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, PS
Pittsburgh 8–1–1 Jock Sutherland BS, CFRA, HS
1937 California 10–0–1 Stub Allison DuS, HAF
Pittsburgh 9–0–1 Jock Sutherland AP, BR, BS, CFRA, DiS, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS, B(QPRS)
1938 Notre Dame 8–1 Elmer Layden DiS
TCU 11–0 Dutch Meyer AP, HAF, NCF, WS
Tennessee 11–0 Robert Neyland BR, BS, CFRA, DuS, HS, L, PS, SR, B(QPRS)
1939 Cornell 8–0 Carl Snavely L, SR
Texas A&M 11–0 Homer Norton AP, BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, NCF, PS, SR, WS, B(QPRS)
USC 8–0–2 Howard Jones DiS
1940 Minnesota 8–0 Bernie Bierman AP, B(QPRS), BS, CFRA, DeS, DiS, HS, L, NCF, SR
Stanford 10–0 Clark Shaughnessy BR, HAF, PS
Tennessee 10–1 Robert Neyland DuS, WS
1941 Alabama 9–2 Frank Thomas HS
Minnesota 8–0 Bernie Bierman AP, BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, PS, SR
Texas 8–1–1 Dana X. Bible B(QPRS), WS
1942 Georgia 11–1 Wally Butts B(QPRS), BR, DeS, HS, L, PS, SR, WS
Ohio State 9–1 Paul Brown AP, BS, DuS, CFRA, NCF
Wisconsin 8–1–1 Harry Stuhldreher HAF[26]
1943 Notre Dame 9–1 Frank Leahy AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS
1944 Army 9–0 Earl Blaik AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF,[27] HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS
Ohio State 9–0 Carroll Widdoes NCF, SR
1945 Alabama 10–0 Frank Thomas NCF
Army 9–0 Earl Blaik AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS
Ohio State 7–2 Carroll Widdoes BR
Oklahoma A&M 9–0 Jim Lookabaugh BRC[21]
1946 Army 9–0–1 Earl Blaik BR, BS, CFRA, HAF, HS, PS
Georgia 11–0 Wally Butts WS
Notre Dame 8–0–1 Frank Leahy AP, B(QPRS), BS, DeS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, PS, SR
1947 Michigan 10–0 Fritz Crisler B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR
Notre Dame 9–0 Frank Leahy AP, HAF, WS
1948 Michigan 9–0 Bennie Oosterbaan AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS
1949 Notre Dame 10–0 Frank Leahy AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS, L, NCF, PS, SR, WS
Oklahoma 11–0 Bud Wilkinson CFRA
1950 Kentucky 11–1 Paul "Bear" Bryant SR
Oklahoma 10–1 Bud Wilkinson AP, B(QPRS), HAF, L, UP, WS
Princeton 9–0 Charley Caldwell BS, PS
Tennessee 11–1 Robert Neyland BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HS,[16] NCF, SR
1951 Georgia Tech 11–0–1 Bobby Dodd B(QPRS), BS, HS[16]
Illinois 9–0–1 Ray Eliot BS
Maryland 10–0 Jim Tatum CFRA, DeS, DuS, NCF, SR
Michigan State 9–0 Biggie Munn BR, HAF, PS
Tennessee 10–1 Robert Neyland AP, L, UP, WS
1952 Georgia Tech 12–0 Bobby Dodd B(QPRS), BR, HS,[16] INS, PS, SR
Michigan State 9–0 Biggie Munn AP, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, HAF, L, NCF, SR, UP, WS
1953 Maryland 10–1 Jim Tatum AP, INS, UP
Notre Dame 9–0–1 Frank Leahy BR, BS, DeS, DuS, HAF, HS,[16] L, NCF, PS, SR, WS
Oklahoma 9–1–1 Bud Wilkinson B(QPRS), CFRA
1954 Ohio State 10–0 Woody Hayes AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, HAF, HS,[16] INS, NCF, PS, SR, WS
UCLA 9–0 Henry Sanders CFRA, DuS, FWAA, HAF, L, NCF, UP
1955 Michigan State 9–1 Duffy Daugherty BS
Oklahoma 11–0 Bud Wilkinson AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FWAA, HAF, HS,[16] INS, L, NCF, PS, SR, UP, WS
1956 Georgia Tech 10–1 Bobby Dodd B(QPRS), HS,[16] SR
Iowa 9–1 Forest Evashevski CFRA
Oklahoma 10–0 Bud Wilkinson AP, BR, BS, DeS, DuS, FWAA, HAF, INS, L, NCF, SR, UP, WS
Tennessee 10–1 Bowden Wyatt SR
1957 Auburn 10–0 Ralph Jordan AP, BR, CFRA, HAF, HS,[16] NCF, PS, SR, WS
Michigan State 8–1 Duffy Daugherty DuS
Ohio State 9–1 Woody Hayes BS, DeS, FWAA, INS, L, UP
Oklahoma 10–1 Bud Wilkinson B(QPRS)
1958 Iowa 8–1–1 Forest Evashevski FWAA
LSU 11–0 Paul Dietzel AP, B(QPRS), BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, HAF, HS,[16] L, NCF, PS, SR, UPI, WS
1959 Ole Miss 10–1 Johnny Vaught B(QPRS), DuS, SR
Syracuse 11–0 Ben Schwartzwalder AP, BR, BS, CFRA, DeS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, NCF, NFF, PS, SR, UPI, WS
1960 Iowa 8–1 Forest Evashevski B(QPRS), BS, L, SR
Minnesota 8–2 Murray Warmath AP, FN, NFF, UPI
Ole Miss 10–0–1 Johnny Vaught BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FWAA, NCF, WS
Missouri 11–0p Dan Devine PS
Washington 10–1 Jim Owens HAF
1961 Alabama 11–0 Paul "Bear" Bryant AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, HAF, L, NCF, NFF, SR, UPI, WS
Ohio State 8–0–1 Woody Hayes FWAA, PS
1962 LSU 9–1–1 Charles McClendon B(QPRS)
Ole Miss 10–0 Johnny Vaught BR, L, SR
USC 11–0 John McKay AP, B(QPRS), CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, PS, UPI, WS
1963 Texas 11–0 Darrell Royal AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, NCF, NFF, PS, SR, UPI, WS
1964 Alabama 10–1 Paul "Bear" Bryant AP, B(QPRS), L, UPI
Arkansas 11–0 Frank Broyles BR, CFRA, FWAA, HAF, NCF, PS, SR
Michigan 9–1 Bump Elliott DuS
Notre Dame 9–1 Ara Parseghian DeS, FN, NFF
1965 Alabama 9–1–1 Paul "Bear" Bryant AP, CFRA, FWAA, NCF
Michigan State 10–1 Duffy Daugherty B(QPRS), BR, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, NFF, PS, SR, UPI
1966 Alabama 11–0 Paul "Bear" Bryant B(QPRS), SR
Michigan State 9–0–1 Duffy Daugherty CFRA, HAF, NFF, PS
Notre Dame 9–0–1 Ara Parseghian AP, BR, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, PS, SR, UPI
1967 Notre Dame 8–2 Ara Parseghian DuS
Oklahoma 10–1 Chuck Fairbanks PS
USC 10–1 John McKay AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, FN, FWAA, HAF, MGR, NCF, NFF, SR, UPI
Tennessee 9–2 Doug Dickey L
1968 Georgia 8–1–2 Vince Dooley L
Ohio State 10–0 Woody Hayes AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SR, UPI
Texas 9–1–1 Darrell Royal DeS, MGR, SR
1969 Ohio State 8–1 Woody Hayes MGR
Penn State 11–0 Joe Paterno R(FACT), SR
Texas 11–0 Darrell Royal AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SR, UPI
1970 Arizona State 11–0 Frank Kush PS
Nebraska 11–0–1 Bob Devaney AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, R(FACT), SR
Notre Dame 10–1 Ara Parseghian MGR, R(FACT), SR
Ohio State 9–1 Woody Hayes NFF
Texas 10–1 Darrell Royal B(QPRS), L, NFF, R(FACT), UPI
1971 Nebraska 13–0 Bob Devaney AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SR, UPI
1972 USC 12–0 John McKay AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SR, UPI
1973 Alabama 11–1 Paul "Bear" Bryant B(QPRS), UPI
Michigan 10–0–1 Bo Schembechler NCF, PS
Notre Dame 11–0 Ara Parseghian AP, BR, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF
Ohio State 10–0–1 Woody Hayes NCF, PS, R(FACT), SR
Oklahoma 10–0–1 Barry Switzer CFRA, DeS, DuS, SR
1974 Ohio State 10–2 Woody Hayes MGR
Oklahoma 11–0 Barry Switzer AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, HAF, L, NCF, PS, R(FACT), SR
USC 10–1–1 John McKay FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, UPI
1975 Alabama 11–1 Paul "Bear" Bryant MGR
Arizona State 12–0 Frank Kush NCF, SN
Ohio State 11–1 Woody Hayes B(QPRS), HAF, MGR, PS, R(FACT)
Oklahoma 11–1 Barry Switzer AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, R(FACT), SR, UPI
1976 Pittsburgh 12–0 Johnny Majors AP, BR, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI
USC 11–1 John Robinson B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, MGR
1977 Alabama 11–1 Paul "Bear" Bryant CFRA
Arkansas 11–1 Lou Holtz R(FACT)
Notre Dame 11–1 Dan Devine AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, MGR, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI
Texas 11–1 Fred Akers B(QPRS), R(FACT), SR
1978 Alabama 11–1 Paul "Bear" Bryant AP, CFRA, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, R(FACT)
Oklahoma 11–1 Barry Switzer DeS, DuS, HAF, L, MGR, PS, R(FACT), SR
USC 12–1 John Robinson B(QPRS), BR, FN, HAF, NCF, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI
1979 Alabama 12–0 Paul "Bear" Bryant AP, B(QPRS), BR, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI
USC 11–0–1 John Robinson CFRA
1980 Florida State 10–2 Bobby Bowden R(FACT)
Georgia 12–0 Vince Dooley AP, B(QPRS), BR, FN, FWAA, HAF, NCF, NFF, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI
Nebraska 10–2 Tom Osborne R(FACT)
Oklahoma 10–2 Barry Switzer DuS, MGR
Pittsburgh 11–1 Jackie Sherrill CFRA, DeS, NYT, R(FACT), SR
1981 Clemson 12–0 Danny Ford AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI
Nebraska 9–3 Tom Osborne NCF
Penn State 10–2 Joe Paterno DuS
Pittsburgh 11–1 Jackie Sherrill NCF
SMU 10–1 Ron Meyer NCF
Texas 10–1–1 Fred Akers NCF
1982 Nebraska 12–1 Tom Osborne B(QPRS)
Penn State 11–1 Joe Paterno AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, HAF, L, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, PS, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT
SMU 11–0–1 Bobby Collins HAF
1983 Auburn 11–1 Pat Dye BR, CFRA, NYT, R(FACT), SR
Miami (FL) 11–1 Howard Schnellenberger AP, DuS, FN, FWAA, NCF, NFF, SN, UPI, USAT/CNN
Nebraska 12–1 Tom Osborne B(QPRS), DeS, L, MGR, PS, R(FACT), SR
1984 BYU 13–0 LaVell Edwards AP, BR, CFRA, FWAA, NCF, NFF, PS, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN
Florida 9–1–1 Galen Hall DeS, DuS, MGR, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR
Nebraska 10–2 Tom Osborne L
Washington 11–1 Don James B(QPRS), FN, NCF
1985 Florida 9–1–1 Galen Hall SR
Michigan 10–1–1 Bo Schembechler MGR
Oklahoma 11–1 Barry Switzer AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, UPI, USAT/CNN
1986 Miami (FL) 11–1 Jimmy Johnson R(FACT)
Oklahoma 11–1 Barry Switzer B(QPRS), CFRA, DeS, DuS, NYT, SR
Penn State 12–0 Joe Paterno AP, BR, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN
1987 Florida State 11–1 Bobby Bowden B(QPRS)
Miami (FL) 12–0 Jimmy Johnson AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN
1988 Miami (FL) 11–1 Jimmy Johnson B(QPRS)
Notre Dame 12–0 Lou Holtz AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN
1989 Miami (FL) 11–1 Dennis Erickson AP, BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, UPI, USAT/CNN
Notre Dame 12–1 Lou Holtz B(QPRS), ERS, R(FACT), SR
1990 Colorado 11–1–1 Bill McCartney AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NFF, R(FACT), SN, USAT/CNN
Georgia Tech 11–0–1 Bobby Ross DuS, NCF, R(FACT), SR, UPI
Miami (FL) 10–2 Dennis Erickson ERS, NYT, R(FACT), SR
Washington 10–2 Don James R(FACT)
1991 Miami (FL) 12–0 Dennis Erickson AP, BR, CFRA, ERS, NCF, NYT, SN, SR
Washington 12–0 Don James B(QPRS), DeS, DuS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, R(FACT), SR, UPI/NFF, USAT/CNN
1992 Alabama 13–0 Gene Stallings AP, B(QPRS), BR, CFRA, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MGR, NCF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI/NFF, USAT/CNN
Florida State 11–1 Bobby Bowden SR
1993 Auburn 11–0 Terry Bowden NCF
Florida State 12–1 Bobby Bowden AP, B(QPRS), BR, CCR,[28] DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, NCF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN, USAT/NFF
Nebraska 11–1 Tom Osborne NCF
Notre Dame 11–1 Lou Holtz MGR, NCF
1994 Florida State 10–1–1 Bobby Bowden DuS
Nebraska 13–0 Tom Osborne AP, AS, B(QPRS), BR, FN, FWAA, NCF, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN, USAT/NFF
Penn State 12–0 Joe Paterno CCR,[29] DeS, ERS, MGR, NCF, NYT, R(FACT), SR
1995 Nebraska 12–0 Tom Osborne AP, AS, B(QPRS), BR, CCR,[30] DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR,[31] MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, UPI, USAT/CNN
1996 Florida 12–1 Steve Spurrier AP, B(QPRS), BR, CCR,[32] DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR,[31] MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/CNN
Florida State 11–1 Bobby Bowden AS
1997 Michigan 12–0 Lloyd Carr AP, BR, FN, FWAA, NCF, NFF, SN
Nebraska 13–0 Tom Osborne A&H, AS, B(QPRS), BR, CCR,[33] DeS, DuS, ERS, MCFR,[31] MGR, NCF, NYT, R(FACT), SR, USAT/ESPN
Tennessee 11–2 Phillip Fulmer CM[34]
1998 Ohio State 11–1 John Cooper SRb
Tennessee 13–0 Phillip Fulmer A&H, AP, AS, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, USAT/ESPN
1999 Florida State 12–0 Bobby Bowden A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NCF, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/ESPN
2000 Miami (FL) 11–1 Butch Davis NYT
Oklahoma 13–0 Bob Stoops A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NCF, NFF, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/ESPN
2001 Miami (FL) 12–0 Larry Coker A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/ESPN, W
2002 Ohio State 14–0 Jim Tressel A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, ERS, FN, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT/ESPN, W
USC 11–2 Pete Carroll DuS, MGR, SR
2003 LSU 13–1 Nick Saban A&H, BCS, BR, CM, DeS, DuS, MCFR, NFF, R(FACT), SR, USAT/ESPN, W
Oklahoma 12–2 Bob Stoops B(QPRS)
USC 12–1 Pete Carroll AP, CCR,f[35] ERS, FWAA, MGR, NYT, SN
2004 USCc 11–0d Pete Carroll A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, MCFR, MGR, NFF, NYT, R(FACT), SN, SR, W
Vacatedc BCS, FWAA, USAT/ESPN
2005 Texas 13–0 Mack Brown A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DeS, DuS, ERS, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NFF, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT, W
2006 Florida 13–1 Urban Meyer A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, MGR, NFF, R(FACT), SN, SR, USAT, W
Ohio State 12–1 Jim Tressel DeS,g[36] R(FACT)h[37]
2007 LSU 12–2 Les Miles AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W
Missouri 12–2 Gary Pinkel A&Hm[38]
USC 11–2 Pete Carroll DuSe[39]
2008 Florida 13–1 Urban Meyer AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT
Utah 13–0 Kyle Whittingham A&H, Wi[40]
2009 Alabama 14–0 Nick Saban A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CCR, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W
2010 Auburn 14–0 Gene Chizik A&H, AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W
TCU 13–0 Gary Patterson CCRj[41]
2011 Alabama 12–1 Nick Saban AP, B(QPRS), BCS, BR, CFRA, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W
LSU 13–1 Les Miles A&H,n[42] CCRk[43]
Oklahoma State 12–1 Mike Gundy CM
2012 Alabama 13–1 Nick Saban A&H, AP, BCS, BR, CCR, CFRA, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W
Notre Dame 12–1 Brian Kelly CM
2013 Florida State 14–0 Jimbo Fisher A&H, AP, BCS, BR, CCR, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA, MCFR, NFF, SR, USAT, W
2014 Ohio State 14–1 Urban Meyer A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W
2015 Alabama 14–1 Nick Saban A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W
2016 Alabama 14–1 Nick Saban CM
Clemson 14–1 Dabo Swinney A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W
2017 Alabama 13–1 Nick Saban A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W
UCF 13–0 Scott Frost CM
2018 Clemson 15–0 Dabo Swinney A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W
2019 LSU 15–0 Ed Orgeron A&H, AP, BR, CCR, CFP, CFRA, CM, DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR, SR, USAT/AMWAY, W
2020 Alabama 13–0 Nick Saban A&H,[44] AP,[45] BR,[46] CCR,[47] CFP, CFRA,[48] CM,[49] DuS,[50] FWAA/NFF,[51] MCFR,[31] SR,[52] USAT/AMWAY[53]
2021 Georgia 14–1 Kirby Smart A&H,[54] AP,[55] BR,[56] CCR,[57] CFP,[58] CFRA,[59] CM,[60] DuS, FWAA/NFF, MCFR,[31] SR,[61] USAT/AMWAY,[62] W

aParke H. Davis' selection for 1901, as published in the 1934 edition of Spalding's Foot Ball Guide, was Harvard.[22] The NCAA Records Book states "Yale" for 1901, which is an error that has been perpetuated since the first appearance of Parke H. Davis' selections in the NCAA book about 1995.
bThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists Sagarin as having selected Tennessee,[8] while Sagarin's official website gives Ohio State as its 1998 selection.[63]
cThe FWAA stripped USC of its 2004 Grantland Rice Trophy and vacated the selection of its national champion for 2004. The BCS also vacated USC's participation in the 2005 Orange Bowl and USC's 2004 BCS National Championship, and the AFCA Coaches Poll Coaches' Trophy was returned.[64][65]
dRecord does not count wins against UCLA, or against Oklahoma in the BCS Championship game on January 4, 2005, as they were vacated by the NCAA.[66]
eThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists Dunkel as having selected LSU,[8] while Dunkel's official website gives USC as its 2007 selection.[39]
fThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists CCR as having selected LSU,[8] while CCR's official website gives USC as its 2003 selection.[35]
gThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists DeVold (DeS) as having selected Florida,[8] while DeVold's official website gives Ohio State as its 2006 selection.[36]
hThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists R(FACT) as having selected Florida,[8] while R(FACT)'s official website gives co-champions Ohio State and Florida as its 2006 selection.[37]
iThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists Wolfe as having selected Florida,[8] while Wolfe's official website gives Utah as its 2008 selection.[40]
j The NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists CCR as having selected Auburn,[8] while CCR's official website gives TCU as its 2010 selection.[41]
kThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists CCR as having selected Alabama,[8] while CCR's official website gives LSU as its 2011 selection.[43]
mThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists Anderson & Hester (A&H) as having selected LSU,[8] while A&H's official website gives Missouri as its 2007 selection.[38]
nThe NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book lists Anderson & Hester (A&H) as having selected Alabama,[8] while A&H's official website gives LSU as its 2011 selection.[42]
pKansas' defeat of Missouri was overturned by the Big Eight Conference on December 8 (ineligible player). The reversal erased the only loss on Missouri's record.[67]

Total championship selections from major selectors by school

The national title count listed below is a culmination of all championship awarded since 1869, regardless of "consensus"[25] or non-consensus status, as listed in the table above according to the selectors deemed to be "major"[6] as listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records.[8]

The totals can be said to be disputed. Individual schools may claim national championships not accounted for by the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records or may not claim national championship selections that do appear in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (see National championship claims by school below).

School Championships
Princeton 28
Yale 27
Alabama 23
Notre Dame 22
Ohio State 17
Oklahoma 17
USC 17
Michigan 16
Harvard 12
Nebraska 11
Pittsburgh 11
LSU 9
Miami (FL) 9
Minnesota 9
Texas 9
Florida State 8
Georgia Tech 7
Penn State 7
Tennessee 7
Georgia 7
Michigan State 6
Penn 6
Iowa 5
Army 5
Auburn 5
California 5
Cornell 5
Florida 5
Illinois 5
Washington 4
Clemson 3
Lafayette 3
Ole Miss 3
SMU 3
TCU 3
Texas A&M 3
Arizona State 2
Arkansas 2
Chicago 2
Maryland 2
Missouri 2
Oklahoma State 2
Stanford 2
Vanderbilt 2
BYU 1
Centre 1
Colgate 1
Colorado 1
Columbia 1
Dartmouth 1
Detroit 1
Duke 1
Kentucky 1
Navy 1
Purdue 1
Rutgers 1
Syracuse 1
UCF 1
UCLA 1
Utah 1
Washington & Jefferson 1
Wisconsin 1

Poll era (1936–present)

 
Map of U.S. college football champions, 1936-2019

National championship selectors came to be dominated by two competing news agencies in the later half of the 20th century: the Associated Press (AP) and United Press International (UPI).[68]

These wire services began ranking college football teams in weekly polls, which were then promptly published in the sports sections of each agency's subscribing newspapers across the country. The team ranking No. 1 in each agency's final poll of the season was awarded that agency's national championship.

National championships are often popularly considered[by whom?] to be "consensus" when both of these polls are in agreement with their national championship selections, although other selectors exist and do make alternative selections.

AP Poll

The AP college football poll has a long history. The news media began running their own polls of sports writers to determine who was, by popular opinion, the best football team in the country at the end of the season. One of the earliest such polls was the AP College Football Poll, first run in 1934 (compiled and organized by Charles Woodroof, former SEC Assistant Director of Media Relations, but not recognized in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records) and then continuously from 1936. The first major nationwide poll for ranking college football teams, the Associated Press is probably the most well-known and widely circulated among all of history’s polls.[69] Due to the long-standing historical ties between individual college football conferences and high-paying bowl games like the Rose Bowl and Orange Bowl, the NCAA has never held a tournament or championship game to determine the champion of what is now the highest division, NCAA Division I, Football Bowl Subdivision (the Division I, Football Championship Subdivision and lower divisions do hold championship tournaments). As a result, the public and the media began to take the leading vote-getter in the final AP Poll as the national champion for that season.

In the AP Poll's early years, the final poll of sportswriters was taken prior to any bowl games and sometimes even prior to the top teams' final games of the regular season.[70][71] In 1938, the poll was extended for one week[70] after Notre Dame, No. 1 in the scheduled "final" poll,[72] subsequently lost to rival USC.[70]

Following the 1947 season the AP held a special post-bowl poll[73] with only two teams on the ballot, Notre Dame and Michigan, but stated that the result would not supersede that of the final poll conducted following the end of the regular season.[73][74] The rivals, both unbeaten and untied, had been ranked No. 1 and No. 2 respectively in the final poll. January voters were impressed by Michigan's 49–0 win over common opponent USC in the Rose Bowl and elevated the Wolverines above the Irish in the special post-bowl poll.[74]

In 1965 the AP decided to delay the season's final poll until after New Year's Day, citing the proliferation of bowl games and the involvement of eight of the poll's current top ten teams in post-season play.[75][76] In the next season, 1966, neither of the top two teams were attending bowl games so no post-bowl poll was taken,[77] even after two-time defending AP national champion No. 3 Alabama won the Sugar Bowl and finished the season unbeaten and untied. In 1967 the final poll crowning USC national champion was taken before No. 2 Tennessee or No. 3 Oklahoma had even played their final games of the regular season,[71] and well before those two teams met in the Orange Bowl.

In 1968 the final poll was again delayed until after the bowl games so that No. 1 Ohio State could meet No. 2 USC in a "dream match" in the Rose Bowl.[78] Every subsequent season's final AP Poll would be released after the bowl games going forward. The UPI did not follow suit with the Coaches Poll until the 1974 season.[79]

Until the 1968 NCAA University Division football season, the final AP Poll of the season was released following the end of the regular season, with the exception of the 1965 season. In 1964, Alabama was named the national champion in the final AP Poll following the completion of the regular season, but lost in the Orange Bowl to Texas, leaving Arkansas as the only undefeated, untied team after the Razorbacks defeated Nebraska in the Cotton Bowl Classic. In 1965, the AP's decision to wait to crown its champion paid off, as top-ranked Michigan State lost to UCLA in the Rose Bowl, number two Arkansas lost to LSU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and fourth-ranked Alabama defeated third-ranked Nebraska in the Orange Bowl, vaulting the Crimson Tide to the top of the AP's final poll. Michigan State was named national champion in the final United Press International poll of coaches, which did not conduct a post-bowl poll.

The AP Poll was used as a component of the Bowl Championship Series computer ranking formula starting in 1998, but without any formal agreement in place like the contract made between the BCS and the Coaches Poll.[80] For the 2003 season the AP Poll caused a split national title and BCS controversy when it awarded its national championship to No. 1 USC instead of BCS champion LSU.[80] In December 2004 the AP opted out of the BCS formula, requesting that the BCS "discontinue its unauthorized use of the AP poll as a component of BCS rankings", in response to three AP voters from Texas elevating Texas above California into the Rose Bowl in the last regular season AP Poll.[80]

Coaches Poll

News agency United Press (UP), the main competitor to the Associated Press, began conducting its own college football ratings during the 1950 season.[81] The wire service came to be known as United Press International (UPI) following a merger with International News Service in 1958.

The weekly ranking was a joint polling effort between the news agency and the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA), with UP/UPI sports writers gathering and tabulating the coaches' votes and publishing the results in newspapers across the nation.[82]

The UP/UPI rankings were originally conducted by polling 35 of the nation's college football coaches.[81] The coaches were chosen to represent every major football conference, with 5 coaches from each of 7 regions, in an apparent effort to combat the perceived East Coast bias of the rival AP Poll's constituent sports writers.

Their votes will provide the only football rating based on the opinion of the men who know the sport best. The nature of the board, giving each section of the country equal representation, avoids the sectional bias and ballot box stuffing for which other football polls have been criticized.

— United Press Football Ratings announcement, September 1950[81]

Each season's final Coaches Poll was initially published following the regular season and did not take bowl game results into account; the UP/UPI national champion lost its bowl game 8 times between 1950 and 1973. Since the 1974 season the poll has awarded its national championship following the postseason bowls.[83] That same year the AFCA voted to thereafter not rank any team currently under NCAA or conference-sanctioned probation.[83][84]

Following the decline of UPI in the 1980s, the AFCA ended their 42-year relationship with the wire service in 1991.[85][82] The Coaches Poll continued, with new sponsorship and distribution partners, as the USA Today/CNN poll (1991–1996), USA Today/ESPN poll (1997–2004), USA Today poll (2005–2014), and USA Today/Amway poll (2014–present).

The Bowl Championship Series included the Coaches Poll as a major factor in its ranking formula.[86] In return, voting AFCA members were contractually obligated to award their Coaches Poll national championship selections to the winner of the BCS National Championship Game. Lacking its own dedicated trophy, the BCS champion was awarded The Coaches' Trophy on the field immediately following the game.

Poll era national championships by school (1936–present)

The following table contains the national championships that have been recognized by the final AP or Coaches Poll. Originally both the AP and Coaches poll champions were crowned after the regular season, but since 1968 and 1974 respectively, both polls crown their champions after the bowl games are completed (with the exception of the 1965 season). The BCS champion was automatically awarded the Coaches Poll championship. Of the current 120+ Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS, formerly Division I-A) schools, only 30 have won at least a share of a national title by the AP or Coaches poll. Of these 30 teams, only 20 teams have won multiple titles. Of the 20 teams, only 7 have won five or more national titles: Alabama, Notre Dame, Oklahoma, USC, Miami (FL), Nebraska, and Ohio State. The years listed in the table below indicate a national championship selection by the AP or Coaches Poll. The selections are noted with (AP) or (Coaches) when a national champion selection differed between the two polls for that particular season, which has occurred in twelve different seasons (including 2004, for which the coaches selection was rescinded) since the polls first came to coexist in 1950.

School Championships Seasons
Alabama 13 1961, 1964, 1965 (AP), 1973 (Coaches), 1978 (AP), 1979, 1992, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017, 2020
Notre Dame 8 1943, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1966, 1973 (AP), 1977, 1988
Oklahoma 7 1950, 1955, 1956, 1974 (AP), 1975, 1985, 2000
USC 7 1962, 1967, 1972, 1974 (Coaches), 1978 (Coaches), 2003 (AP), 2004 (AP)†
Ohio State 6 1942, 1954 (AP), 1957 (Coaches), 1968, 2002, 2014
Miami (FL) 5 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991 (AP), 2001
Nebraska 5 1970 (AP), 1971, 1994, 1995, 1997 (Coaches)
LSU 4 1958, 2003 (Coaches), 2007, 2019
Texas 4 1963, 1969, 1970 (Coaches), 2005
Minnesota 4 1936, 1940, 1941, 1960
Florida 3 1996, 2006, 2008
Florida State 3 1993, 1999, 2013
Clemson 3 1981, 2016, 2018
Army 2 1944, 1945 (AP)
Auburn 2 1957 (AP), 2010
Georgia 2 1980, 2021
Michigan 2 1948, 1997 (AP)
Michigan State 2 1952, 1965 (Coaches)
Penn State 2 1982, 1986
Pittsburgh 2 1937, 1976
Tennessee 2 1951, 1998
BYU 1 1984
Colorado 1 1990 (AP)
Georgia Tech 1 1990 (Coaches)
Maryland 1 1953
Oklahoma State 1 1945 (Coaches)‡
Syracuse 1 1959
TCU 1 1938
Texas A&M 1 1939
UCLA 1 1954 (Coaches)
Washington 1 1991 (Coaches)

† USC's 2004 BCS National Championship was vacated by the BCS and the AFCA Coaches Trophy returned.[87]
‡ Retroactively awarded in 2016 by AFCA Blue Ribbon Panel.[20] Oklahoma State was the only school to apply for the award.[21]

Split national championships

The AP Poll and Coaches Poll have picked different final national poll leaders at the end of 11 different seasons since their first concurrent polls in 1950. This situation is referred to as a "split" national championship.[88][89]

Season Champion Record Wire service poll
1954 Ohio State 10–0 AP
UCLA 9–0 Coaches
1957 Auburn 10–0 AP
Ohio State 9–1 Coaches
1965 Alabama 9–1–1 AP
Michigan State 10–1 Coaches
1970 Nebraska 11–0–1 AP
Texas 10–1 Coaches
1973 Notre Dame 11–0 AP
Alabama 11–1 Coaches
1974 Oklahoma 11–0 AP
USC 10–1–1 Coaches
1978 Alabama 11–1 AP
USC 12–1 Coaches
1990 Colorado 11–1–1 AP
Georgia Tech 11–0–1 Coaches
1991 Miami (FL) 12–0 AP
Washington 12–0 Coaches
1997 Michigan 12–0 AP
Nebraska 13–0 Coaches
2003 USC 12–1 AP
LSU 13–1 Coaches

National championship games

College football fans and administrators have long sought to match the No. 1 vs. No. 2 teams in an end-of-season national championship game to determine an undisputed national champion on the gridiron.[90]

Historic occurrences

Throughout most of the 20th century, bowl game conference tie-ins made it impossible to automatically schedule the two top teams for a single post-season game.[91]

Through luck and fortuitous scheduling, a "national championship game" was occasionally able to settle the matter on the field.[91]

Season National championship game Winning team Score Losing team Notes
1943 Notre Dame vs. Iowa Pre-Flight[92] No. 1 Notre Dame 14–13 No. 2 Iowa Pre-Flight
1944 Army–Navy Game[93] No. 1 Army 23–7 No. 2 Navy
1945 Game of the Century[94] No. 1 Army 32–13 No. 2 Navy
1962 Rose Bowl[95][96][97] No. 1 USC 42–37 No. 2 Wisconsin [99]
1963 Cotton Bowl[100][96][97] No. 1 Texas 28–6 No. 2 Navy [101]
1965 Orange Bowl[102][103] No. 4 Alabama 39–28 No. 3 Nebraska
1966 Game of the Century[104][105] No. 1 Notre Dame 10–10 No. 2 Michigan State [108]
1967 Game of the Century[109][110] No. 4 USC 21–20 No. 1 UCLA
1968 Rose Bowl[111][97] No. 1 Ohio State 27–16 No. 2 USC
1969 Game of the Century[7] No. 1 Texas 15–14 No. 2 Arkansas
1971 Game of the Century[112] No. 1 Nebraska 35–31 No. 2 Oklahoma [113]
Orange Bowl[114] No. 1 Nebraska 38–6 No. 2 Alabama [115]
1972 Rose Bowl[116] No. 1 USC 42–17 No. 3 Ohio State
1973 Sugar Bowl[117] No. 3 Notre Dame 24–23 No. 1 Alabama [118]
1977 Cotton Bowl[119][120] No. 5 Notre Dame 38–10 No. 1 Texas
1978 Sugar Bowl[121] No. 2 Alabama 14–7 No. 1 Penn State
1981 Orange Bowl[122][123] No. 1 Clemson 22–15 No. 4 Nebraska
1982 Sugar Bowl[124] No. 2 Penn State 27–23 No. 1 Georgia
1983 Orange Bowl[125][126] No. 5 Miami (FL) 31–30 No. 1 Nebraska
1984 Orange Bowl[127][128] No. 4 Washington 28–17 No. 2 Oklahoma [129]
1985 Orange Bowl[130] No. 2 Oklahoma 25–10 No. 1 Penn State
1986 Fiesta Bowl[91] No. 2 Penn State 14–10 No. 1 Miami (FL)
1987 Orange Bowl[91] No. 2 Miami (FL) 20–14 No. 1 Oklahoma
1988 Fiesta Bowl[131] No. 1 Notre Dame 34–21 No. 3 West Virginia [132]

Bowl Coalition (1992–1994)

Following back-to-back years of split AP and Coaches Poll national champions in 1990: Colorado (AP), Georgia Tech (Coaches); and 1991: Miami (FL) (AP), Washington (Coaches), the Bowl Coalition was formed in 1992 to increase the probability of a No. 1 vs. No. 2 national championship game matchup in one of the Coalition's participating bowls.[90]

The Coalition's rules retained traditional bowl game conference tie-ins but provided some flexibility for scheduling a No. 1 vs. No. 2 matchup between two teams selected from among the champions of the ACC, Big East, Big Eight, SEC, and SWC conferences, or independent Notre Dame, in the Cotton Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, Orange Bowl, or Sugar Bowl.

The Big Ten and Pac-10 conferences were notably not members of the Bowl Coalition, with their champions retaining their traditional and contractual matchup in the Rose Bowl. Likewise, mid-major teams had no route to the Bowl Coalition National Championship Game.

Season Bowl Winning team Score Losing team Notes
1992 Sugar Bowl No. 2 Alabama 34–13 No. 1 Miami (FL)
1993 Orange Bowl No. 1 Florida State 18–16 No. 2 Nebraska
1994 Orange Bowl No. 1 Nebraska 24–17 No. 3 Miami (FL) [133]

Bowl Alliance (1995–1997)

In 1995 the Bowl Alliance replaced the Bowl Coalition.[134] Going further than the Coalition, the Alliance guaranteed a postseason matchup of the No. 1 and No. 2 ranked teams of its same five conference champions plus Notre Dame. Beginning in 1996, the Big 12 champion joined the Alliance in place of the champions of the disbanded Big Eight and Southwest conferences.

Unlike the Coalition, the Alliance eliminated traditional conference tie-ins to its associated bowls. The Bowl Alliance national championship game would be rotated amongst the Fiesta Bowl, Sugar Bowl, and Orange Bowl, with the Cotton Bowl dropped from the slate. The Bowl Alliance also awarded its own trophy to the winner of its national championship game.[135]

The Rose Bowl remained independent of the Alliance, leaving open the possibility of a national title going to the Big Ten or Pac-10 Rose Bowl champion rather than the Alliance's champion.[136] This occurred in 1997, when No. 1 Michigan won the Rose Bowl and retained their top ranking in the AP Poll.[136] The Bowl Alliance National Championship Game[136] winner Nebraska split the championship when they passed Michigan in the final Coaches Poll (a result denied by the Coaches Poll to Penn State three years earlier in the same situation).

Season Bowl Winning team Score Losing team Notes
1995 Fiesta Bowl No. 1 Nebraska 62–24 No. 2 Florida
1996 Sugar Bowl No. 3 Florida 52–20 No. 1 Florida State [137]
1997 Orange Bowl No. 2 Nebraska 42–17 No. 3 Tennessee [138]

Bowl Championship Series (1998–2013)

The Bowl Championship Series (BCS), starting in 1998, finally succeeded in bringing the Big Ten and Pac-10 conferences together with the former Coalition and Alliance members for a combined national championship game.

Following the regular season, the BCS paired its No. 1 and No. 2 ranked teams to play for the title in the BCS National Championship Game. This designation initially rotated in order between four BCS Bowls: the Fiesta Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, and Rose Bowl. For the 2006 season onward the BCS National Championship Game became its own separate contest, played one week later at the site of the bowl in the same rotation.

The BCS formula varied over the years, with the final version relying on a combination of the Coaches and Harris polls and an average of various computer rankings to determine relative team rankings.

The winners of the BCS National Championship Game were crowned the Coaches Poll national champions and were awarded the Coaches' Trophy on the field following the game. They were also awarded the MacArthur Bowl by the National Football Foundation.[14]

BCS National Championships by school

School Championships Seasons
Alabama 3 2009, 2011, 2012
Florida 2 2006, 2008
Florida State 2 1999, 2013
LSU 2 2003, 2007
Auburn 1 2010
Miami (FL) 1 2001
Ohio State 1 2002
Oklahoma 1 2000
Tennessee 1 1998
Texas 1 2005
USC 0† 2004

† USC's victory in the 2005 Orange Bowl and subsequent 2004–05 BCS National Championship was vacated by the BCS.[139][140]

College Football Playoff (2014–present)

The College Football Playoff (CFP) was designed as a replacement for the BCS. While the NCAA still does not officially sanction the event, organizers sought to bring a playoff system similar to all other levels of NCAA football to the Football Bowl Subdivision.

The College Football Playoff relies on a 13-member selection committee to choose the top four teams to play in a two-round single-elimination playoff bracket. The winner of the final game is awarded the College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy.

CFP National Championships by school

School Championships Seasons
Alabama 3 2015, 2017, 2020
Clemson 2 2016, 2018
Georgia 1 2021
LSU 1 2019
Ohio State 1 2014

National championship claims

 
Tennessee's national championship claims, as posted in their Neyland Stadium

The following tables list schools' known national championship claims at the highest level of play in college football. Some of these schools no longer compete at the highest level, which is currently NCAA Division I FBS, but nonetheless maintain claims to titles from when they did compete at the highest level.

Because there is no one governing or official body that regulates, recognizes, or awards national championships in college football, and because many independent selectors of championships exist, many of the claims by the schools listed below are shared, contradict each other, or are controversial.[5][141]

In addition, because there is no one body overseeing national championships, no standardized requirements exist in order for a school to make a claim on a national championship, as any particular institution is free to make any declaration it deems to be fit.[141] The majority of these claims, but not all, are based on championships awarded from selectors listed as "major" in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records.[6][8] Not all championships awarded by third party selectors, nor those listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records, are necessarily claimed by each school.[n 1] Therefore, these claims represent how each individual school sees their own history on the subject of national championships. For the pre-poll era from 1901 through 1935, 41 major selections of teams from 20 schools have not been used to make national title claims.

The tables below include only national championship claims originating from each particular school and therefore represent the point-of-view of each individual institution. Each total number of championships, and the years for which they are claimed, are documented by the particular school on its official website, in its football media guide, on a prominent stadium sign, or in other official publications or literature (see Source). If a championship is not mentioned by a school for any particular season, regardless of whether it was awarded by a selector or listed in a third-party publication such as the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records, it is not considered to be claimed by that institution.[n 2]

Claims by school

School Claimed
national
championships
Seasons Source
Princeton 28 1869, 1870, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1889, 1893, 1894, 1896, 1898, 1899, 1903, 1906, 1911, 1920, 1922, 1933, 1935, 1950 [143]
Yale 27 1872, 1874, 1876, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1897, 1900, 1901g, 1902, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1909, 1927 [144][145]
Alabama 18 1925, 1926, 1930, 1934, 1941, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1992, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017, 2020 [146]
Michigan 11 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1918, 1923, 1932, 1933, 1947, 1948, 1997 [147]
Notre Dame 11 1924, 1929, 1930, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1966, 1973, 1977, 1988 [148][149]
USC 11 1928, 1931, 1932, 1939, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1974, 1978, 2003, 2004a [150]
Pittsburgh 9 1915, 1916, 1918, 1929, 1931, 1934h, 1936, 1937, 1976 [151][152]
Ohio State 8 1942, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1968, 1970, 2002, 2014 [153][154]
Harvard 7 1890, 1898, 1899, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1919 [155][156]
Minnesota 7 1904, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1940, 1941, 1960 [157][158]
Oklahoma 7 1950, 1955, 1956, 1974, 1975, 1985, 2000 [159][160]
Penn 7 1894, 1895, 1897, 1904, 1907b, 1908, 1924 [161]
Michigan State 6 1951, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1965, 1966 [162][163]
Tennessee 6 1938, 1940, 1950, 1951, 1967, 1998 [164][165][166]
California 5 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1937 [167]
Cornell 5 1915, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1939 [168]
Illinois 5 1914, 1919, 1923, 1927, 1951 [169][170]
Iowa 5 1921, 1922, 1956, 1958, 1960 [171][better source needed]
Miami 5 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001 [172][173]
Nebraska 5 1970, 1971, 1994, 1995, 1997 [174][175]
Georgia Tech 4 1917, 1928, 1952, 1990 [176][177]
LSU 4 1958, 2003, 2007, 2019 [178][179]
Texas 4 1963, 1969, 1970, 2005 [180][181]
Army 3 1944, 1945, 1946 [182][183]
Clemson 3 1981, 2016, 2018 [184][185]
Florida 3 1996, 2006, 2008 [186][187]
Florida State 3 1993, 1999, 2013 [188][189]
Georgia 3d 1942, 1980, 2021 [190][191][192]
Lafayette 3 1896, 1921, 1926 [193]
Ole Miss 3 1959, 1960, 1962 [194][195]
SMU 3 1935, 1981, 1982 [196]
Texas A&M 3 1919, 1927, 1939 [197][198]
Auburn 2e 1957, 2010 [199][200]
Chicago 2 1905, 1913 [201]
Columbia 2 1875, 1933c [202]
Penn State 2 1982, 1986 [203][204]
Stanford 2 1926, 1940 [205][206]
TCU 2 1935, 1938 [207][208]
Washington 2 1960, 1991 [209][210]
Arkansas 1 1964 [211]
Boston College 1 1940f [212][213]
BYU 1 1984 [214][215]
Centre 1 1919 [216]
Colorado 1 1990 [217][218]
Dartmouth 1 1925 [219]
Detroit 1 1928 [220]
Kentucky 1 1950 [221]
Maryland 1 1953 [222][223]
Navy 1 1926 [224]
Oklahoma State 1 1945 [225]: [20][226]
Syracuse 1 1959 [227][228]
UCF 1 2017 [229][230]
UCLA 1 1954 [231]

aUSC's January 4, 2005 win over Oklahoma in the BCS Championship Game was vacated as mandated by the NCAA, its 2004 BCS National Championship vacated by the BCS, and its AFCA Coaches' Trophy returned. NCAA sanctions mandate that "any reference to the vacated results, including championships, shall be removed." USC still retains the 2004 Associated Press National Championship and has not abandoned its claim to a 2004 national championship.[139][232]
bNo major selectors chose Penn for 1907. Penn's football fact book states that the Billingsley Report named the 1907 team National Champions,[161] but other sources show Billingsley naming Yale for 1907.
cNo major selectors chose Columbia for 1933. Columbia's media guide states that the team "was referred to as a national champ."[202]
dGeorgia's website has multiple pages which list national championships by sport and only spells out three seasons for football (1942, 1980, and 2021).[233][190][234] The Georgia football media guide contains a year-by-year results section in which six seasons (1927, 1942, 1946, 1968, 1980, 2021) have "National Champions" headers paired with selector callouts,[191]: 169–174  but also a "Championship History" page which places 1942, 1980, and 2021 into a "The Consensus National Champions" section and groups 1927, 1946, and 1968 together as "The other three..." without description as national champions beyond identification of those specific selectors.[191]: 207 
eAuburn's website notes to five titles that appear in the NCAA Record Book, while not claiming three of them (1913, 1983, and 1993).
fNo major selectors chose Boston College for 1940.
gNo major selectors chose Yale for 1901. The original source for Parke H. Davis' "National Champion Foot Ball Teams" states "1901 Harvard".[22]
hNo major selectors chose Pittsburgh for 1934. Parke H. Davis died in June, 1934; his successor selected Pitt but is not designated as a major selector by the NCAA.

Claims by year

Season Claims Claimants[235] Record
1869 1 Princeton 1–1
1870 1 Princeton 1–0
1871 0 None
1872 2 Princeton 1–0
Yale 1–0
1873 1 Princeton 2–0
1874 2 Princeton 2–0
Yale 3–0
1875 2 Columbia 4–1–1
Princeton 2–0
1876 1 Yale 3–0
1877 2 Princeton 2–0–1
Yale 3–0–1
1878 1 Princeton 6–0
1879 2 Princeton 4–0–1
Yale 3–0–2
1880 2 Princeton 4–0–1
Yale 4–0–1
1881 2 Princeton 7–0–2
Yale 5–0–1
1882 1 Yale 8–0
1883 1 Yale 9–0
1884 2 Princeton 9–0–1
Yale 8–0–1
1885 1 Princeton 9–0
1886 2 Princeton 7–0–1
Yale 9–0–1
1887 1 Yale 9–0
1888 1 Yale 13–0
1889 1 Princeton 10–0
1890 1 Harvard 11–0
1891 1 Yale 13–0
1892 1 Yale 13–0
1893 2 Princeton 11–0
Yale 10–1
1894 3 Penn 12–0
Princeton 8–2
Yale 16–0
1895 2 Penn 14–0
Yale 13–0–2
1896 2 Lafayette 11–0–1
Princeton 10–0–1
1897 2 Penn 15–0
Yale 9–0–2
1898 2 Harvard 11–0
Princeton 11–0–1
1899 2 Harvard 10–0–1
Princeton 12–1
1900 1 Yale 12–0
1901 2 Michigan 11–0
Yale 11–1–1
1902 2 Michigan 11–0
Yale 11–0–1
1903 2 Michigan 11–0–1
Princeton 11–0
1904 3 Michigan 10–0
Minnesota 13–0
Penn 12–0
1905 2 Chicago 10–0
Yale 10–0
1906 2 Princeton 9–0–1
Yale 9–0–1
1907 2 Penn 11–1
Yale 9–0–1
1908 1 Penn 11–0–1
1909 1 Yale 10–0
1910 1 Harvard 8–0–1
1911 1 Princeton 8–0–2
1912 1 Harvard 9–0
1913 2 Chicago 7–0
Harvard 9–0
1914 1 Illinois 7–0
1915 2 Cornell 9–0
Pittsburgh 8–0
1916 1 Pittsburgh 8–0
1917 1 Georgia Tech 9–0
1918 2 Michigan 5–0
Pittsburgh 4–1
1919 4 Centre 9–0
Harvard 9–0–1
Illinois 6–1
Texas A&M 10–0
1920 2 California 9–0
Princeton 6–0–1
1921 4 California 9–0–1
Cornell 8–0
Iowa 7–0
Lafayette 9–0
1922 4 California 9–0
Cornell 8–0
Iowa 7–0
Princeton 8–0
1923 4 California 9–0–1
Cornell 8–0
Illinois 8–0
Michigan 8–0
1924 2 Notre Dame 10–0
Penn 9–1–1
1925 1 Dartmouth 8–0
1926 4 Alabama 9–0–1
Lafayette 9–0
Navy 9–0–1
Stanford 10–0–1
1927 3 Illinois 7–0–1
Texas A&M 8–0–1
Yale 7–1
1928 3 Detroit 9–0
Georgia Tech 10–0
USC 9–0–1
1929 2 Notre Dame 9–0
Pittsburgh 9–1
1930 2 Alabama 10–0
Notre Dame 10–0
1931 2 Pittsburgh 8–1
USC 10–1
1932 2 Michigan 8–0
USC 10–0
1933 3 Columbia 8–1–1
Michigan 7–0–1
Princeton 9–0
1934 3 Alabama 10–0
Pittsburgh 8–1
Minnesota 8–0
1935 4 Minnesota 8–0
Princeton 9–0
SMU 12–1
TCU 12–1
1936 2 Minnesota 7–1
Pittsburgh 8–1–1
1937 2 California 10–0–1
Pittsburgh 9–0–1
1938 2 TCU 11–0
Tennessee 11–0
1939 3 Cornell 8–0
Texas A&M 11–0
USC 8–0–2
1940 4 Boston College 11–0
Minnesota 8–0
Stanford 10–0
Tennessee 10–1
1941 2 Alabama 9–2
Minnesota 8–0
1942 2 Georgia 11–1
Ohio State 9–1
1943 1 Notre Dame 9–1
1944 1 Army 9–0
1945 2 Army 9–0
Oklahoma A&M 9–0
1946 2 Army 9–0–1
Notre Dame 8–0–1
1947 2 Michigan 10–0
Notre Dame 9–0
1948 1 Michigan 9–0
1949 1 Notre Dame 10–0
1950 4 Kentucky 11–1
Oklahoma 10–1
Princeton 9–0
Tennessee 11–1
1951 3 Illinois 9–0–1
Michigan State 9–0
Tennessee 10–1
1952 2 Georgia Tech 12–0
Michigan State 9–0
1953 1 Maryland 10–1
1954 2 Ohio State 10–0
UCLA 9–0
1955 2 Michigan State 9–1
Oklahoma 11–0
1956 2 Iowa 9–1
Oklahoma 10–0
1957 3 Auburn 10–0
Michigan State 8–1
Ohio State 9–1
1958 2 Iowa 8–1–1
LSU 11–0
1959 2 Ole Miss 10–1
Syracuse 11–0
1960 4 Iowa 8–1
Minnesota 8–2
Ole Miss 10–0–1
Washington 10–1
1961 2 Alabama 11–0
Ohio State 8–0–1
1962 2 Ole Miss 10–0
USC 11–0
1963 1 Texas 11–0
1964 2 Alabama 10–1
Arkansas 11–0
1965 2 Alabama 9–1–1
Michigan State 10–1
1966 2 Michigan State 9–0–1
Notre Dame 9–0–1
1967 2 USC 10–1
Tennessee 9–2
1968 1 Ohio State 10–0
1969 1 Texas 11–0
1970 3 Nebraska 11–0–1
Ohio State 9–1
Texas 10–1
1971 1 Nebraska 13–0
1972 1 USC 12–0
1973 2 Alabama 11–1
Notre Dame 11–0
1974 2 Oklahoma 11–0
USC 10–1–1
1975 1 Oklahoma 11–1
1976 1 Pittsburgh 12–0
1977 1 Notre Dame 11–1
1978 2 Alabama 11–1
USC 12–1
1979 1 Alabama 12–0
1980 1 Georgia 12–0
1981 2 Clemson 12–0
SMU 10–1
1982 2 Penn State 11–1
SMU 11–0–1
1983 1 Miami 11–1
1984 1 BYU 13–0
1985 1 Oklahoma 11–1
1986 1 Penn State 12–0
1987 1 Miami 12–0
1988 1 Notre Dame 12–0
1989 1 Miami 11–1
1990 2 Colorado 11–1–1
Georgia Tech 11–0–1
1991 2 Miami 12–0
Washington 12–0
1992 1 Alabama 13–0
1993 1 Florida State 12–1
1994 1 Nebraska 13–0
1995 1 Nebraska 12–0
1996 1 Florida 12–1
1997 2 Michigan 12–0
Nebraska 13–0
1998 1 Tennessee 13–0
1999 1 Florida State 12–0
2000 1 Oklahoma 13–0
2001 1 Miami 12–0
2002 1 Ohio State 14–0
2003 2 LSU 13–1
USC 12–1
2004 1 USC 13–0
2005 1 Texas 13–0
2006 1 Florida 13–1
2007 1 LSU 12–2
2008 1 Florida 13–1
2009 1 Alabama 14–0
2010 1 Auburn 14–0
2011 1 Alabama 12–1
2012 1 Alabama 13–1
2013 1 Florida State 14–0
2014 1 Ohio State 14–1
2015 1 Alabama 14–1
2016 1 Clemson 14–1
2017 2 Alabama 13–1
UCF 13–0
2018 1 Clemson 15–0
2019 1 LSU 15–0
2020 1 Alabama 13–0
2021 1 Georgia 14–1

Other selectors

In addition to the NCAA-designated "major selectors" listed above, various other people and organizations have selected national champions in college football. Selections from such notable selectors are listed below.

Unique championship selections from non-major selectors

Teams in the following table were selected by notable national championship selectors not listed as a "major selector "in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records book.

In the interest of brevity, this table contains only teams that were not also selected by any NCAA-designated major selector for the given year.

Season Champion(s) Record Coach Selector(s)
1904 Yale 10–1 Charles D. Rafferty Caspar Whitney[236]
1910 Washington 6–0 Gil Dobie Bill Libby (BL)[237]
1911 Carlisle 11–1 Glenn "Pop" Warner BL
1913 Notre Dame 7–0 Jesse Harper BL
1914 Harvard 7–0–2 Percy Haughton World Almanac,[238][239]
Alexander Weyand (AW)[240][241]
1915 Washington State 7–0 William "Lone Star" Dietz Bruce McLellan,[242] Washington State Senate[243]
1917 Pittsburgh 10–0 Glenn "Pop" Warner AW[244]
1921 Notre Dame 10–1 Knute Rockne AW[245]
1929 Tulane 9–0 Bernie Bierman BL
1931 Tennessee 9–0–1 Robert Neyland BL
Tulane 11–1 Bernie Bierman John Kent Boyd[246]
1934 Pittsburgh 8–1 Jock Sutherland Spalding's Foot Ball Guide[247] (editor Walter R. Okeson)
1935 Stanford 8–1 Tiny Thornhill Kenneth Massey (MCFR)[248]
1936 Northwestern 7–1 Pappy Waldorf BL
1936 Santa Clara 8–1 Buck Shaw MCFR
1941 Duquesne 8–0 Aldo Donelli/Steve Sinko MCFR
1942 Georgia Navy Pre-Flight 7–1–1 Raymond Wolf MCFR
1943 March Field 9–1 Paul J. Schissler MCFR
1947 Texas 10–1 Blair Cherry MCFR
1953 Michigan State 9–1 Biggie Munn MCFR
1955 Ole Miss 10–1 Johnny Vaught MCFR
1963 Navy 9–2 Wayne Hardin Washington Touchdown Club[249][250]
1974 Alabama 11–1 Paul "Bear" Bryant Washington Touchdown Club[250]
1978 Penn State 11–1 Joe Paterno Washington Touchdown Club[250]
2010 Oregon (co-champion) 12–1 Chip Kelly R(FACT)[251]
2014 Alabama (co-champion) 12–2 Nick Saban R(FACT)[252]
Oregon (co-champion) 12–1 Chip Kelly
TCU (co-champion) 12–1 Gary Patterson
  • Teams listed in italics indicate retroactively-applied championships.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The following schools either make no apparent statement or claim regarding national championships, or clearly state no claims on a national championship, despite the listing of a national championship for that school in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records: Arizona State, Colgate, Duke, Missouri, Purdue, Utah,[142] Vanderbilt, and Washington & Jefferson.
  2. ^ All National Championships listed in the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records were checked for claims by the applicable schools. Although every care was taken to be thorough and accurate, it can not be assumed that there are no missing or misrepresented claims due to potential limitations of the available source material for any one institution.

References

  1. ^ "Syracuse and Cornell Still Top Gridders". The Reading Eagle. Reading, Pennsylvania. November 12, 1923. p. 12. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  2. ^ Viehman, Harold H., ed. (1939). The 1939 Owl. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh. p. 276. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  3. ^ Dodd, Dennis (December 22, 2004). "Subtracting AP poll leaves BCS again scrambling for legitimacy". CBS Sports. Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  4. ^ Peterson, Bill (November 5, 2008). "UC Football in the Hunt for a Big East Crown and BCS Bid". Citybeat.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Hooper, Matt (October 10, 2009). Noel, Tex (ed.). "How many national titles can Alabama really lay claim to? Better yet, why is there more than one answer? (republished with permission from the Birmingham Weekly)" (PDF). The College Football Historian. Intercollegiate Football Researchers Association. 2 (9). ISSN 2326-3628. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "National Champion Major Selections (1896 to Present)". 2020 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (PDF). Indianapolis: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. July 2020. pp. 112–114. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2021. The criteria for being included in this historical list of poll selectors is that the poll be national in scope, either through distribution in newspaper, television, radio and/or computer online. The list includes both former selectors, who were instrumental in the sport of college football, and selectors who were among the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) selectors.
  7. ^ a b c Weinreb, Michael (June 18, 2013). "Tricky Dick's Trick Play". Grantland. ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on July 2, 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Final National Poll Leaders". 2020 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (PDF). Indianapolis: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. July 2020. pp. 114–119. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  9. ^ "Doctors After the Indians". Baltimore American. Vol. 187, no. 34, 129. Baltimore, Maryland. October 31, 1899. p. 4. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  10. ^ a b Noel, Tex, ed. (May 2009). "Three Actual Polls from the 1901 College Football Season" (PDF). The College Football Historian. Intercollegiate Football Researchers Association. 2 (4). ISSN 2326-3628. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Walsh, Christopher J. (2007). Who's #1?: 100-Plus Years of Controversial National Champions in College Football. Taylor Trade Publications. pp. 13–16, 148–149. ISBN 9781461734765. Archived from the original on November 26, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  12. ^ "Rose Bowl Game to Return to Big Ten-Pac 12 Matchup in 2022". Pasadena Now. February 8, 2021. Archived from the original on January 16, 2022. Retrieved February 10, 2022.
  13. ^ Billingsley, Richard (2001). "The road to the BCS has been a long one". ESPN College Football. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  14. ^ a b "The MacArthur Bowl". National Football Foundation. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  15. ^ Wieberg, Steve. "New Harris poll to replace AP in BCS formula". USA Today Sports. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Houlgate, Deke (1954). The Football Thesaurus: 85 Years on the American Gridiron. Los Angeles, California: Houlgate House. In the Huddle with Deke Houlgate: College Football from 1869 through 1953; Annual Supplements for 1954–1958
  17. ^ Rothman, David. "FACT College Football Standings". Retrieved July 13, 2022. Around April of 1970 or 1971, I came up with the method now used. [...] Championships have been awarded on this basis by the Foundation for the Analysis of Competitions and Tournaments since the 1970s, and retroactive to 1968.
  18. ^ a b c d 2020 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (PDF). Indianapolis: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. July 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  19. ^ Wolfe, Peter. "2020 College Football". Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  20. ^ a b c "AFCA Recognizes Oklahoma State as 1945 National Champion". afca.com. American Football Coaches Association. Archived from the original on October 18, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
  21. ^ a b c Tramel, Berry (August 23, 2017). "Why is Oklahoma State on an island with the retroactive titles?". News OK. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  22. ^ a b c d e f Okeson, Walter R., ed. (1934). Spalding's Official Foot Ball Guide 1934. New York: American Sports Publishing Co. pp. 206–208.
  23. ^ Vautravers, James. "Parke Davis". Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  24. ^ Whitley, David (February 9, 2013). "College football playoff selection committee members will need witness protection". AOL SportingNews.com. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  25. ^ a b "Consensus National Champions". 2020 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (PDF). Indianapolis: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. July 2020. p. 125. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2021. Since 1950 — AP, UPI, FW, NFF, USA/CNN, USA/ESPN, USA
  26. ^ "Badgers Rated Nation's No. 1". Wisconsin State Journal. Madison, Wisconsin. January 11, 1943. Retrieved November 18, 2022.
  27. ^ Written at Los Angeles. "Name Army Gridmen National Champions". Republican and Herald. Pottsville, Pennsylvania. United Press. January 11, 1945. Retrieved November 18, 2022.
  28. ^ "Congrove Computer Rankings (FBS)". College Football Poll. January 4, 1994. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  29. ^ "Congrove Computer Rankings (FBS)". College Football Poll. January 4, 1995. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  30. ^ "Congrove Computer Rankings (FBS)". College Football Poll. January 4, 1996. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  31. ^ a b c d e "Massey Ratings — Football Bowl Subdivision". Kenneth Massey. Archived from the original on May 24, 2022. Retrieved May 24, 2022.
  32. ^ "Congrove Computer Rankings (FBS)". College Football Poll. January 6, 1997. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  33. ^ "Congrove Computer Rankings (FBS)". College Football Poll. January 5, 1998. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  34. ^ Dokter, Jon (October 22, 2008). "Cracking the BCS Egg". Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved December 13, 2021. I will support these assertions by examining the Colley system. I have coded it based on the outline provided on Colley's web site. Colley publishes ratings back to the 1998 season, and I have verified that my program exactly duplicates his ratings for 1998 through 2007. [...] I ran Colley's system on some seasons prior to 1998. It did not take long to find an objectionable ranking, as Colley's #1 team for 1997 was Tennessee. [...] Colley's top ten teams before and after the 1997 bowl season (as calculated by my Colley Matrix emulation) are as follows:
  35. ^ a b "Final 2003-2004 Season Congrove Computer Rankings". College Football Poll. Archived from the original on February 17, 2004. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  36. ^ a b "Harry DeVold's final 100 Best College Football Teams For 2006". University of Wisconsin-Madison Computer-Aided Engineering. Archived from the original on February 3, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  37. ^ a b "FOUR DECADES OF COLLEGE FOOTBALL CHAMPIONSHIPS". University of Wisconsin-Madison Computer-Aided Engineering. Archived from the original on September 16, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  38. ^ a b "Missouri Edges Kansas and LSU to Finish #1". andersonsports.com. Anderson and Hester. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  39. ^ a b Dunkel, Bob. "Final 2007: Trojans Finish Ranked No. 1". NCAA Football Division I-A Rankings. The Dunkel Index. Archived from the original on March 25, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  40. ^ a b "2021 College Football III. Results from past years". Peter R. Wolfe. Archived from the original on December 10, 2021. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  41. ^ a b "2010-2011 College Football Season Final Congrove Computer Rankings". College Football Poll. Archived from the original on February 5, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  42. ^ a b Guerra, Darren. "AndersonSports: The Jeff Anderson & Chris Hester College Football Computer Rankings - Part of the BCS Rankings". andersonsports.com. Archived from the original on March 27, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  43. ^ a b "CONGROVE COMPUTER RANKINGS (FBS)". collegefootballpoll.com. January 12, 2012. Archived from the original on April 27, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  44. ^ Jeff Anderson and Chris Hester. "Alabama Finishes at #1". AndersonSports.com. Archived from the original on December 10, 2006. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  45. ^ "AP Top 25 Poll". Associated Press. January 12, 2021. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  46. ^ "BILLINGSLEY REPORT FINAL 2020-21 SEASON ARCHIVE". cfrc.com. January 12, 2021. Archived from the original on January 21, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  47. ^ "Congrove Computer Rankings". CollegeFootballPoll.com. Archived from the original on January 10, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  48. ^ "2020 Final CFRA Poll". CFRAPoll.com. College Football Researchers Association. January 13, 2021. Archived from the original on January 26, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  49. ^ Wesley N. Colley. "Colley's Bias Free College Football Rankings: 2020 Rankings, Week 18". ColleyRankings.com. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  50. ^ "FBS 2020 TEAMS RANKINGS". The Dunkel Index. Bob Dunkel. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved December 11, 2021.
  51. ^ "Saban's Teams Immortalized on Historic MacArthur Bowl for a Record Seventh Time". National Football Foundation. January 14, 2021. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  52. ^ "Final COLLEGE FOOTBALL 2020 through results of 2021 JANUARY 11 MONDAY - National Championship Game". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  53. ^ "Amway Coaches Poll". USAToday.com. January 12, 2021. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  54. ^ "AndersonSports: The Jeff Anderson & Chris Hester College Football Computer Rankings - Part of the BCS Rankings". www.andersonsports.com. Archived from the original on December 10, 2006. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  55. ^ "NCAA College Football Rankings: AP Top 25 Football Poll". AP NEWS. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  56. ^ "CFRC Encyclopedia". CFRC Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  57. ^ "College Football Poll.com". www.collegefootballpoll.com. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  58. ^ "Georgia vs. Alabama - Game Summary - January 10, 2022 - ESPN". ESPN. Archived from the original on January 13, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  59. ^ ADA_Deacon (January 12, 2022). "2021 CFRA Final Poll". The College Football Researchers Association. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  60. ^ "Colley's Bias Free College Football Rankings". www.colleyrankings.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  61. ^ "College football team ratings 2021". Jeff Sagarin Ratings. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  62. ^ "NCAA College Football Coaches Poll | USA Today Sports". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 13, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  63. ^ Sagarin, Jeff. "FINAL COLLEGE FOOTBALL 1998 Ratings thru results of MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1999". USA Today. Archived from the original on June 17, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  64. ^ "USC loses Grantland Rice Trophy". ESPN. August 26, 2010. Archived from the original on August 27, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  65. ^ "BCS Group vacates USC 2004-05 national championship following NCAA denial of appeal". bcsfootball.org. Bowl Championship Series. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  66. ^ "University of Southern California Public Interactions Report" (PDF). USA Today. NCAA. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 7, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  67. ^ Morey, Earl (December 9, 1960). "Big Eight voted 5-3 to strip KU's title in Bert Coan action". Lawrence Daily Journal-World. (Kansas). p. 1. The move gave MU a 10-0 season record and a 7-0 record in league play.
  68. ^ Benagh, Jim (October 6, 1985). "Top Spot in Poll Draws Reward". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2022. When the University of Iowa rose to No. 1 in The Associated Press and the United Press International college football rankings last week, it was reason for elation across the state. ... The polls, since the first one began 50 years ago this month, have been the prime measuring stick for determining the champion, albeit an unofficial one.
  69. ^ "Football Bowl Subdivision Records" (PDF). NCAA. Retrieved November 2, 2022.
  70. ^ a b c Middleton, Drew (December 6, 1938). Written at New York. "Texas Christian, Duke and Tennessee Top in Nation; Notre Dame Falls to Fifth". The Indianapolis News. Indianapolis. Associated Press. Retrieved August 22, 2022. The poll was extended for another week because of the select quality of last Saturday's games, three of which had a direct bearing on the ranking.
  71. ^ a b Written at Los Angeles. "USC, Vols 1–2 in AP poll". Honolulu Star–Bulletin. Honolulu, Hawaii. Associated Press. November 30, 1967. p. 71. Retrieved August 25, 2022. Southern California is king of 1967 college football. [...] Tennessee, 8–1 with one regular season game remaining before its Orange Bowl date with Oklahoma, received 11 first-place votes.
  72. ^ Fullerton, Hugh S. Jr. (November 29, 1938). Written at New York. "Irish Still Top Scribes' Ballot". The Indianapolis News. Indianapolis. Associated Press. Retrieved August 22, 2022. In the final Associated Press football ranking poll of the year, ninety sports writers and editors chose Notre Dame as the nation's No. 1 team with Duke in third place. Texas Christian, which hoped for a Rose bowl bid, came in between them.
  73. ^ a b Written at New York. "AP Conducts Special Poll; Only Notre Dame, Michigan In Running". The La Crosse Tribune. La Crosse, Wisconsin. Associated Press. January 3, 1948. Retrieved August 21, 2022. The AP's final poll of the top ten teams, released Dec. 8 at the conclusion of the regulation season, resulted in Notre Dame Winning first place with 1,410 points. Michigan was second with 1,289. While the latest poll—which will be released to afternoon papers of Tuesday, Jan. 6—will not supersede the regular season-end poll, it is intended to serve as a final summing up of the opinion on the two teams.
  74. ^ a b Chandler, John (January 7, 1948). Written at New York. "Scribes of Nation Pick Michigan". The Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City. Associated Press. Retrieved August 21, 2022. This post-season poll, conducted by the Associated Press by popular demand after Michigan thumped Southern California in the Rose bowl, 49–0, doesn't supersede the weekly A. P. poll held during the regular season. The final poll released Dec. 8 gave Notre Dame 1410 points for first place, with Michigan 1289 for second. The Irish had just polished off Southern California 38–7.
  75. ^ Grimsley, Will (November 23, 1965). "MSU Tightens No. 1 Grip". St. Cloud Times. Associated Press. Retrieved August 21, 2022. Another poll will be staged after this week's few remaining games and the final balloting, determining the national championship, will be held after the bowl games on New Year's Day. The decision to delay the final poll until after the New Year was made because of the broad growth of the post-season attractions and the involvement of most of the teams in the Top Ten. Actually, eight of the Top Ten will be in action after the regular season.
  76. ^ Green, Bob (January 4, 1966). "Crimson Tide Named National Collegiate Football Champions — Third Title in Five Years". Fort Collins Coloradoan. Associated Press. Retrieved August 17, 2022. Ironically, when the Tide won last year, the poll was taken at the close of the regular season and 'Bama went on to lose to Texas in the Orange Bowl. This year the final poll of the season was conducted after the New Year's bowl games—the first time it had been held until after the bowls—because the six top teams were in action New Year's Day.
  77. ^ Rapoport, Ron (December 31, 1966). "Bear Bryant Still Figures His Team Is Best in Land". Sun-Journal. Lewiston, Maine. Associated Press. Retrieved August 24, 2022. Last year, the AP took a post-Bowl game poll because Michigan State and Alabama were involved in Bowl games. This year, with the No. 1 and 2 teams not in Bowl games, so no post-season poll is planned.
  78. ^ "Poll Matches Rose Foes – 'One-Two' Fracas Set". Moberly Monitor–Index. Moberly, Missouri. Associated Press. December 3, 1968. p. 8. Retrieved August 25, 2022. That Dream Match—the No. 1 team against the No. 2 outfit in the Rose Bowl—remained a reality today... but just barely. [...] Because the race is so tight, the final AP poll of the season won't be released until after the Jan. 1 bowl games.
  79. ^ Whittingham, Richard (2001). Rites of Autumn: The Story of College Football. Simon and Schuster. p. 46. ISBN 9780743222198. Archived from the original on April 26, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  80. ^ a b c Schlabach, Mark (December 22, 2004). "AP Opts Out Of Formula For BCS". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
  81. ^ a b c Petersen, Leo H. (September 13, 1950). "United Press Will Poll Coaches for Ratings on Leading College Elevens". Coshocton Tribune. Vol. XLII, no. 21. New York. United Press. p. 8. Retrieved August 13, 2022. Thirty-five of the nation's foremost football coaches will rate the country's top collegiate football teams each week for the United Press this coming season.
  82. ^ a b "UPI to Exclude Coaches' Votes From National Football Poll". Los Angeles Times. United Press International. June 4, 1991. Retrieved August 13, 2022. “After more than six months’ discussion, UPI and AFCA have ended the joint polling effort which began in 1950,” said Milt Capps, senior vice president for UPI, a wire service agency. For more than 40 years, UPI sportswriters gathered votes from coaches each week, tallied the results and reported them. But UPI’s rankings now will be determined by the votes of the sportswriters independent of the AFCA, which will produce its own, separate coaches rankings.
  83. ^ a b "Sports News Briefs — U.P.I. Poll to Include Bowl Results". The New York Times. January 17, 1974. Retrieved August 14, 2022. The American Football Coaches Association, acting on a proposal by United Press International, has voted to permit member coaches to extend their future U.P.I. rankings of the top 10 teams to include results of postseason bowl games. Since their Inception in 1950, rankings by the U.P.I. board of 35 coaches—five from each of the nation's seven geographical areas—have ended each year with the final Saturday of the regular season. This action will conform with the practice of the Associated Press, whose final ratings based on the votes of sports writers and broadcasters, include the bowl results. — A.F.C.A. members for many years expressed preference for including only regular‐season games in the U.P.I. board's final rankings, A factor in the decision was the circumstance of first‐ranked Alabama losing to fourth‐ranked Notre Dame in the Sugar Bowl this season. — In a separate action, the A.F.C.A. recommended that no votes be cast by them or anyone else for football teams the National Collegiate A.A. has placed on probation, with sanctions, for violating the N.C.A.A. code.
  84. ^ "Amway Coaches Poll". American Football Coaches Association. Archived from the original on May 24, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  85. ^ Written at Dallas. "'USA Today' gets UPI coaches' poll". Austin American-Statesman. Austin. Associated Press. June 3, 1991. p. D2. Retrieved August 13, 2022. The college football coaches poll, carried by United Press International since 1950, will now be distributed by USA Today.
  86. ^ "FBS coaches' poll will continue every week despite BCS going away". Associated Press. January 13, 2013. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  87. ^ "BCS strips Southern California of 2004 national championship". USA Today. June 6, 2011. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  88. ^ Shapiro, Leonard (January 3, 1992). "Miami, Washington Earn Split Decision for No. 1". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 15, 2022. The triumphant Miami and Washington teams exulted on separate coasts yesterday, each celebrating the outcome of at least one major poll that proclaimed it the national college football champion for 1991.
  89. ^ "Split National Championships | College Poll Archive".
  90. ^ a b Fachet, Robert (January 24, 1992). "Bowl Deal Set with Coalition". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 10, 2022. ...under an agreement hammered out yesterday by the College Football Bowl Coalition that also provides enhanced opportunity for a national championship game.
  91. ^ a b c d Barbati, Carl; Cannizzaro, Mark (January 3, 1988). "Should there be college Super Bowl?". The Courier–News. Bridgewater, New Jersey. Retrieved October 24, 2022. Only luck ensures one of the many current bowl games gets the No. 1 and No. 2 teams to play each other.
  92. ^ Game of the Year of the Day, 1943: Notre Dame 14, Iowa Pre-Flight 13 " This was college football’s national title game in 1943."
  93. ^ "Army Defeats Navy, 23 To 7, Before 70,000 In Stadium". The Baltimore Sun. Baltimore, Maryland. December 3, 1944. p. 1. Retrieved April 3, 2022 – via Newspapers.com  .
  94. ^ On This Date in Sports December 1, 1945: Army-Navy for the Nation "For the second straight season, the fate of the National Championship is on the line in the Army-Navy Game in Philadelphia."
  95. ^ Los Angeles Times "The national championship was at stake - USC was ranked No. 1 and Wisconsin No. 2"
  96. ^ a b "Bowl Games for the National Championship"
  97. ^ a b c Jenkins, Dan (December 23, 1968), "Bouquets of Roses for No. 1", Sports Illustrated, Chicago, IL, vol. 29, no. 26, pp. 22–23, retrieved March 16, 2016, The nation's two top teams, Ohio State and Southern California, get a rare opportunity to settle which is the best as an entire season of undefeated play comes down to their face-to-face clash in Pasadena.
  98. ^ a b Jenkins, Dan (September 11, 1967). "This Year The Fight Will Be In The Open". Sports Illustrated. Chicago: Time Inc. 27 (11): 30–33. Retrieved February 8, 2016. On this and the following pages is a complete list of college football's mythical champions as selected by every recognized authority since 1924 [sic]. The selectors represented are the Parke H. Davis Selections (1924-1935) [sic], the Dickinson System (1924-1940), The Football Annual (1924-1941), The Football Thesaurus (1927-1958), the Helms Athletic Foundation (1924-1966), the Dunkel System (1929-1966), the Litkenhous System (1934-1966), the Williamson System (1932-1963), Associated Press (1936-1966), United Press International (1950-1966), the Football Writers' Association (1954-1966) and the National Football Hall of Fame (1959-1966).
  99. ^ After the Rose Bowl, USC received the FWAA's Grantland Rice national championship trophy.[98]
  100. ^ Washingtonian "the Middies (Navy) in that year's Army game–an invitation to the Cotton Bowl and a chance to play Texas for the national championship."
  101. ^ After the Cotton Bowl, Texas received the FWAA's Grantland Rice national championship trophy.[98]
  102. ^ Smothers, Jimmy (January 2, 1966). "Bama shoots for No. 1 spot". The Gadsden Times. p. 21. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  103. ^ Green, Bob (January 4, 1966). "Tide keeps AP title trophy". The Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. p. 7. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  104. ^ "Remember that time Notre Dame beat Michigan State, 10-10?". September 16, 2016. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
  105. ^ "Upside-Down Game: 1996 Notre Dame-Michigan State".
  106. ^ "Polls give No. 1 nod to Notre Dame". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. December 6, 1967. p. 3B.
  107. ^ Meyers, Jeff (November 29, 1966). "Notre Dame is No. 1 in final UPI balloting". Reading Eagle. (Pennsylvania). UPI. p. 26.
  108. ^ After the 10–10 tie, Notre Dame and Michigan State retained their No. 1 and No. 2 rankings in the final AP and Coaches Polls.[106][107]
  109. ^ "The Great One Confronts O.j."
  110. ^ "A Run for the Roses : O.J. Simpson's 64-Yarder Against UCLA Helped Send USC on to Pasadena and a National Championship". Los Angeles Times. November 19, 1992.
  111. ^ Written at Pasadena, California. "Collegiate Football Title At Stake In Rose Bowl". Palladium–Item. Richmond, Indiana. Associated Press. January 1, 1969. Retrieved November 1, 2022.
  112. ^ Madden, Bill (December 7, 1971). "Coaches agree". Reading Eagle. (Pennsylvania). UPI. p. 32.
  113. ^ The final Coaches Poll was released prior to the bowl games, in early December.
  114. ^ Reed, Delbert (January 2, 1972). "Cornhuskers kill Crimson Tide dream, 38-6". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). p. 1B.
  115. ^ The final AP Poll was released after the bowl games in early January.
  116. ^ Prugh, Jeff (January 1, 1973). "ROSE BOWL COACHES AGREE: Trojans, Bukeyes Battle for No. 1". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 29, 2022. Well, the college football world can stop arguing about who will be No. 1 after today's Rose Bowl game.
  117. ^ Nissenson, Herschel (December 31, 1973). "In Sugar Bowl Grid Title Decided Tonight". The Palladium–Item. Richmond, Indiana. Associated Press. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
  118. ^ No. 2 Oklahoma was on probation and was ineligible to play in a bowl game.
  119. ^ "Cotton Bowl should decide who's tops". Nashua Telegraph. (New Hampshire). UPI. December 31, 1977. p. 16.
  120. ^ Bock, Hal (January 3, 1978). "Devine feels Irish No. 1 after easy victory". Youngstown Vindicator. (Ohio). p. 16.
  121. ^ Parascenzo, Marino (January 2, 1979). "Penn State loses bid for national crown". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 15.
  122. ^ "Clemson locks up national title on 22-15 victory". Reading Eagle. (Pennsylvania). Associated Press. January 2, 1982. p. 10.
  123. ^ "Battle for the National Championship"
  124. ^ "Sugar Bowl foes eye No. 1 test". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). January 1, 1983. p. 15.
  125. ^ Smizik, Bob (January 3, 1983). "Miami claims No. 1 after beating Nebraska". Pittsburgh Press. p. D1.
  126. ^ "The Orange Bowl...for the National Championship"
  127. ^ Nissenson, Herschel (December 16, 1984). "Who's No. 1? The controversy abounds". The Times of Northwest Indiana. Associated Press. Retrieved October 24, 2022. Brigham Young's opponents as a group have a losing record; how can a team like that be the national champion?" said Nick Crane, chairman of the team selection committee. "As far as the Orange Bowl is concerned, we think ours is a national championship game (between No. 2 Oklahoma and No. 4 Washington).
  128. ^ Gastineau, Mike. Fear No Man: Don James, the '91 Huskies, and the Seven-year Quest for a National Football Championship. University of Washington Press. p. 7.
  129. ^ No. 1 Brigham Young won the Holiday Bowl on December 21. No. 3 Florida would not play in a bowl game due to NCAA sanctions.
  130. ^ Finder, Chuck (January 2, 1986). "Oklahoma rips Penn State, 25-10". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 20.
  131. ^ "WVU offense Major trouble for Irish". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. January 2, 1989. p. 21.
  132. ^ Winner would be the season's only undefeated team; No. 2 Miami was 10–1.
  133. ^ No. 2 Penn State won the Rose Bowl.
  134. ^ Murray, Ken (September 1, 1995). "'ALLIANCE' AIMS HIGH No. 1 vs. 2 is goal of new bowl setup, but Rose is prickly". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on July 2, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2022. Briefly, the Bowl Coalition has been replaced by the Bowl Alliance, which will spread five conference champions (ACC, Big East, Big Eight, Southeastern, Southwest) plus Notre Dame around three different bowls. The championship game between the Nos. 1 and 2 alliance teams will be rotated among the Fiesta (this year), Sugar (1996) and Orange (1997) bowls. Unlike the coalition, the alliance has eliminated conference tie-ins to its respective bowls.
  135. ^ 1998 Orange Bowl (Television production). Miami: CBS. January 2, 1998. Event occurs at 2:14:08. Retrieved August 11, 2022. Also here, commissioner of the Big-12 conference, Steve Hatchell to present the Alliance trophy.
  136. ^ a b c d e Rosenblatt, Richard (December 8, 1997). "Bowl Alliance hopes for best: Without Michigan, Orange Bowl cheers for Washington State". The Daily News–Journal. Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Associated Press. Retrieved October 31, 2022. We're billing this as the alliance national championship, which it is. Obviously if Michigan loses, it becomes the national championship. If they win, we're hoping for a split in the polls.
  137. ^ No. 2 Arizona State lost the Rose Bowl on January 1, making the January 2 Sugar Bowl a true national championship game.[136]
  138. ^ No. 1 Michigan won the Rose Bowl and would be voted national champions by the AP Poll. Lacking the No. 1 team, the Orange Bowl was billed as the "Alliance National Championship".[136]
  139. ^ a b "BCS strips Southern California of 2004 national championship". USA Today. June 6, 2011. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  140. ^ "BCS Group vacates USC 2004–05 national championship following NCAA denial of appeal" (Press release). Bowl Championship Series. June 6, 2011. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  141. ^ a b Coyne, Tom (December 30, 2012). Written at South Bend, Indiana. "National titles: Who decides? Mostly, the schools". Hattiesburg American. Hattiesburg, Mississippi. Associated Press. Retrieved November 1, 2022. No wonder "mythical" is the word that often precedes national title. "There is no official standard because there is no official national champion," said Kent Stephens, historian at the College Football Hall of Fame in South Bend. "It all depends on the standard the school wishes to utilize. The national champion is in the eye of the beholder."
  142. ^ "Utes Finish No. 2 in AP Rankings" (Press release). Salt Lake City: University of Utah. January 9, 2009. Retrieved August 8, 2022. On Not Finishing No. 1 – "While there is certainly some disappointment about not finishing No. 1, we prefer to look on the positive side."
  143. ^ "Princeton Football National Championships". Go Princeton Tigers. Princeton University. Archived from the original on February 4, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
  144. ^ Conn, Steve (2009). 2009 Yale Football Media Guide (PDF). Yale University. pp. 106–112. Retrieved May 5, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  145. ^ "Yale Official Athletic Site – Football by Year". Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  146. ^ Maxon, Josh; Moore, Cami; Paré, Jessica; Thompson, Alex (2021). 2021 Alabama Football Media Guide (PDF). University of Alabama. pp. 3, 108–128. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 28, 2022. Retrieved March 16, 2022. National Championships – 18 – 1925, 1926, 1930, 1934, 1941, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1992, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017, 2020
  147. ^ Eisendrath, Zach; Satterfield, Derek, eds. (2014). 2014 University of Michigan Football Media Guide (PDF). University of Michigan. pp. 2, 183. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  148. ^ Bertsch, Michael; Masters, Chris; Torbin, Leigh (2014). Notre Dame Football 2014 Media Guide. University of Notre Dame. pp. 2, 157. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  149. ^ Notre Dame Fighting Irish football National Champions 1924, 1929, 1930, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1966, 1973, 1977, 1988 (Stadium Sign). Notre Dame Stadium locker room: University of Notre Dame. 2014. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  150. ^ USC Sports Information Office (2014). 2014 USC Football Media Guide (PDF). University of Southern California. p. 114. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 4, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  151. ^ Borghetti, E.J.; Feeley, Ted; Welsh, Celeste; et al., eds. (2014). 2014 Pitt Football Media Guide (PDF). Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh. p. 130. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2018. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  152. ^ Pitt Football Nine-Time National Champions (Stadium Sign). Heinz Field: University of Pittsburgh. 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  153. ^ "Ohio State Football Championship Teams & National Award Winners" (PDF). The Ohio State University Department of Athletics. 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 12, 2022. Retrieved March 12, 2022. Ohio State's National Champion Teams: 2014, 2002, 1970, 1968, 1961, 1957, 1954, 1942
  154. ^ Ohio State Buckeyes football National Champions 1942, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1968, 1970, 2002, 2014 (Stadium Sign). Ohio Stadium: Ohio State University. 2015. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  155. ^ "Media Center: Harvard Crimson Football – National Championships". Official Website of Harvard Athletics. Harvard University. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  156. ^ Harvard Crimson football National Champions 1890, 1898, 1899, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1919 (Stadium Sign). Harvard Stadium: Harvard University. 2004. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  157. ^ "Golden Gophers National Champions – University of Minnesota Athletics". University of Minnesota Athletics Department. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  158. ^ Minnesota Golden Gophers football National Championships 1904, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1940, 1941, 1960 (Stadium Sign). Huntington Bank Stadium: University of Minnesota. 2021. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  159. ^ "OU History & Tradition – 7 National Championships". SoonerSports.com. University of Oklahoma Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  160. ^ University of Oklahoma National Champions 1950, 1955, 1956, 1974, 1975, 1985, 2000 (Stadium Sign). Memorial Stadium: University of Oklahoma. 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  161. ^ a b Cunha, Steve (September 14, 2021). 2021 Penn Football Fact Book (PDF). University of Pennsylvania Office of Athletic Communications. pp. 6, 60–61. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 10, 2022. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
  162. ^ "National Champions - Michigan State University Athletics". msuspartans.com. Michigan State Athletics. Archived from the original on February 24, 2021. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  163. ^ Michigan State Spartans football 6 National Championships 1951, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1965, 1966 (Stadium Sign). Spartan Stadium: Michigan State University. 2013. Archived from the original on March 9, 2022. Retrieved March 9, 2022.
  164. ^ Stanton, Jimmy; Yellin, Jason; Kniffen, Mary-Carter, eds. (2014). 2014 Tennessee Football Media Guide. University of Tennessee Department of Athletics. pp. 1, 160–174. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  165. ^ "Tennessee Official Athletic Site – Football: National Champions". University of Tennessee Department of Athletics. Archived from the original on April 6, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  166. ^ Tennessee Volunteers football National Champions 1938, 1940, 1950, 1951, 1967, 1998 (Stadium Sign). Neyland Stadium: University of Tennessee. 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  167. ^ 2021 Cal Football Record Book. University of California Athletics. 2021. pp. 59, 62–63. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 28, 2021. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  168. ^ Over a Century of Tradition (PDF). Cornell Athletics Communications Office. 2015. p. 3. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  169. ^ Brown, Kent, ed. (2014). 2014 Illinois Football Record Book (PDF). University of Illinois Division of Intercollegiate Athletics. p. 114. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 15, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  170. ^ Illinois Fighting Illini football National Champions 1914, 1919, 1923, 1927, 1951 (Stadium Sign). Memorial Stadium: University of Illinois. 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  171. ^ 2022 Iowa Football Media Guide (PDF). University of Iowa Athletic Department. 2022. pp. 2, 151, 196, 202. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 4, 2022. Retrieved August 7, 2022. Iowa Quick Facts – National Champions: 1921, 1922, 1956, 1958, 1960 | the Hawkeyes were named national champions by the Football Writers Association in 1958, and by various rating services in 1921, 1922, 1956, and 1960. | Mythical National Champions – Iowa football has been voted mythical national champions by different media services on five occasions. 1921, 1922, 1956, 1958, 1960
  172. ^ "Hurricanes Football History & Records". University of Miami Athletics. Archived from the original on November 2, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  173. ^ Miami Hurricanes football National Champions 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001 (Stadium Sign). Orange Bowl: University of Miami. 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  174. ^ "Nebraska's Five National Titles". University of Nebraska Athletic Department. Archived from the original on December 21, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  175. ^ Nebraska Cornhuskers football National Champions 1970, 1971, 1994, 1995, 1997 (Stadium Sign). Memorial Stadium: University of Nebraska. 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  176. ^ "2018 Information Guide" (PDF). ramblinwreck.com. Georgia Tech Athletics. pp. 149–150. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 25, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  177. ^ Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football National Champions 1917, 1928, 1952, 1990 (Stadium Sign). Bobby Dodd Stadium: Georgia Institute of Technology. 2004. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  178. ^ Bonnette, Michael, ed. (2014). 2014 LSU Football Media Guide (PDF). LSU Sports Information Office. pp. 16–18. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  179. ^ LSU Tigers football National Champions 1958, 2003, 2007, 2019 (Stadium Sign). Tiger Stadium: Louisiana State University. 2021. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  180. ^ Bianco, John (2014). 2014 Texas Football AdvoCare V100 Texas Bowl Guide (PDF). University of Texas at Austin. p. 120. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  181. ^ Texas Longhorns football National Champions '63, '69, '70, '05 (Stadium Sign). Texas Memorial Stadium: University of Texas. 2010. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  182. ^ Faulkner, Matt, ed. (2014). 2014 Army Football Media Guide. U.S. Military Academy Office of Athletic Communications. p. 126. Archived from the original on March 19, 2016. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  183. ^ Army football National Champions '44, '45, '46 (Stadium Sign). Michie Stadium: United States Military Academy. 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  184. ^ "Clemson National Champions 1981 | 2016 | 2018" (PDF). Clemson University. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 12, 2022. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  185. ^ Clemson Tigers football: 1981, 2016, 2018 (Stadium Sign). Memorial Stadium: Clemson University. 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  186. ^ "GatorZone.com: Gator Football History". University Athletic Association. Archived from the original on May 6, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  187. ^ Florida Gators football National Champions 1996, 2006, 2008 (Stadium Sign). Ben Hill Griffin Stadium: University of Florida. 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  188. ^ "2018 Media Guide" (PDF). seminoles.com. Florida State Athletics. pp. 183–184. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 2, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  189. ^ Florida State Seminoles football National Champions 1993, 1999, 2013 (Stadium Sign). Doak Campbell Stadium: Florida State University. 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  190. ^ a b "Georgia Bulldog NCAA Championships". georgiadogs.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved March 10, 2022. FOOTBALL (3) 1942 • 1980 • 2021 – The 1927, 1946, 1968 teams were also recognized as National Champions but these were not consensus and thus not officially recognized as National Championships.
  191. ^ a b c 2022 Georgia Football Media Guide. University of Georgia Athletics Department. 2022. pp. 169–174, 207. Archived from the original on August 7, 2022. Retrieved August 7, 2022. The Consensus National Champions: 2021, 1980, 1942 | The other three... 1927, 1946, 1968
  192. ^ Georgia Bulldogs football National Champs flags 1942, 2021, 1980 (Stadium Flags). Sanford Stadium: University of Georgia. 2022. Archived from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  193. ^ LaBella, Phil (2014). 2014 Lafayette Football Media Guide (PDF). Lafayette Athletics Communications. p. 6. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 22, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  194. ^ Campbell, Kyle; Jones, Joey, eds. (2014). "2014 Ole Miss Football Guide". University, Mississippi: University of Mississippi Athletics Media Relations Office. p. 104. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  195. ^ Ole Miss Rebels football National Champions '59, '60, '62 (Stadium Sign). Vaught–Hemingway Stadium: University of Mississippi. 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  196. ^ Sutton, Brad; Hudson, Herman; Balside, Zach; et al., eds. (2014). 2014 SMU Football Media Guide. Southern Methodist University Department of Athletics. pp. 1, 80–82. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  197. ^ "2018 Media Guide" (PDF). 12thman.com. Texas A&M Athletics. pp. 45–47. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 31, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  198. ^ Texas A&M Aggies football National Champions 1919, 1927, 1939 (Stadium Sign). Kyle Field: Texas A&M University. 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  199. ^ "Auburn National Championships". Auburn University Athletics. 2019. Archived from the original on March 6, 2022. Retrieved March 10, 2022. 2 - Football: 2010, 1957
  200. ^ Auburn Tigers National Champions 1957 2010 (Stadium Sign). Jordan–Hare Stadium: Auburn University. 2018. Archived from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  201. ^ "Feature Story: Chicago Football Eras". University of Chicago Campus and Student Life. October 8, 2012. Archived from the original on July 7, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  202. ^ a b "Columbia Football 2021 Record Book" (PDF). Columbia University Athletics. pp. 240–241, 244. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 9, 2021. Retrieved March 10, 2022. Columbia has claimed two mythical national championships: in 1875 and 1933. The 1875 team went 4-1-1 and was named national champions, while the 1933 squad defeated Stanford and was referred to as a national champ.
  203. ^ "Championship History - Penn State University Athletics". Pennsylvania State Athletics. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  204. ^ Penn State Nittany Lions football honored seasons, including 1982 and 1986 national championships (Stadium Sign). Beaver Stadium: Pennsylvania State University. 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  205. ^ "Stanford Football History". Stanford University Department of Athletics. Archived from the original on April 11, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  206. ^ Swegan, Scott; Lowery, Nate (2021). 2021 Stanford Football Media Guide (PDF). Stanford University Athletic Communications Department. p. 76. Retrieved March 18, 2022. National Championships – 1926, 1940
    The 1926 team was declared national champions by the Dickinson System, Helms Athletic Foundation, National Championship Foundation and Sagarin Ratings. Although Minnesota was declared national champions in the final 1940 Associated Press Poll, which was the best-known and most widely circulated poll of sportswriters and broadcasters in determining the national champion, Stanford was recognized as national champions by the Billingsley Report, Helms Athletic Foundation and Poling System.
  207. ^ Cohen, Mark (2014). 2014 TCU Football Fact Book. TCU Athletics Media Relations Office. pp. 2, 129. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  208. ^ TCU Horned Frogs football National Champions 1935, 1938 (Stadium Sign). Amon G. Carter Stadium: Texas Christian University. 2016. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  209. ^ "UW Football National Championships". gohuskies.com. University of Washington Athletic Communications Office. Archived from the original on December 21, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2020. Washington officially claims two national championships in football: 1960 and 1991.
  210. ^ Washington Huskies football National Champions 1960, 1991 (Stadium Sign). Husky Stadium: University of Washington. 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  211. ^ Higbee, Zack; Satterfield, Derek, eds. (2014). University of Arkansas Razorbacks 2014 Football Media Guide. UA Media Relations Department. pp. 18, 140. Retrieved May 5, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  212. ^ "Boston College Football 2021 Record Book" (PDF). Boston College Athletics Department. 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 5, 2021. Retrieved March 10, 2022. 1940 — An undefeated (11-0) season, capped by the Sugar Bowl championship and the claim of a national championship made this arguably the greatest season in Eagle football annals. [...] On Jan. 1, the Eagles would lay claim to the national championship with a 19-13 victory over Tennessee in the Sugar Bowl.
  213. ^ Oslin, Reid (November 10, 2015). "The 1940 Team of Destiny". bceagles.com. Boston College Athletics. Retrieved June 1, 2022. Boston College, Minnesota and Stanford were all crowned as "National Champions" by various media outlets – and each school has a case for the right to fly the 1940 championship banner. In the East and South, sentiment was strong in favor of the Eagles: the sports editor of the New York Herald Tribune wrote that the victory over Tennessee "entitled Boston College to be the undefeated champions of the United States." Twenty-five years after the Sugar Bowl game, in 1966, The Boston Globe sponsored a gala downtown honoring the declared 1940 National Champions. [...] But now – 75 years later – let's all raise our glasses and our voices to a National Championship pennant that can fly proudly and rightfully in Chestnut Hill.
  214. ^ "1984 National Championship". BYUCougars.com: The Official Site of Brigham Young Athletics. 2011. Archived from the original on April 10, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  215. ^ BYU Cougars football 1984 National Champions (Stadium Sign). LaVell Edwards Stadium: Brigham Young University. 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  216. ^ "Centre College to be inducted into Kentucky Pro Football Hall of Fame". January 1, 2014. Archived from the original on December 16, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  217. ^ "1990 National Champions". CUBuffs.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2019. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  218. ^ Colorado Buffaloes football 1990 National Champions (Stadium Sign). Folsom Field: University of Colorado. 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  219. ^ "A Championship Tradition". DartmouthSports.com—Official Web Site of Dartmouth Varsity Athletics. August 30, 2006. Archived from the original on May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  220. ^ "Detroit Titans Football". University of Detroit Mercy Athletics. Archived from the original on April 29, 2022. Retrieved April 29, 2022. The undefeated 1928 U-D squad was deemed a Co-national champion, along with Georgia Tech, by Parker [sic] Davis.
  221. ^ "2015 Football Media Guide". University of Kentucky Athletics. August 2015. p. 100. Archived from the original on August 6, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
  222. ^ "Terrapin Team Titles: University of Maryland National Championships". Maryland Athletics, University of Maryland. 2015. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  223. ^ Maryland Terrapins football National Championships 1953 (Stadium Sign). Maryland Stadium: University of Maryland. 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  224. ^ 2021 Navy Football Media Guide (PDF). Naval Academy Athletic Association. 2021. pp. 8–9. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 21, 2021. Retrieved March 23, 2022. In today’s modern era, three undefeated teams with nearly identical records would cause a stir among fans and pollsters alike. This was the case when Navy earned its lone national championship in 1926, as the Midshipmen shared the honor with Stanford and Alabama.
    A 7-7 tie between Alabama and Stanford in the 1926 Rose Bowl gave the Cardinal a 10-0-1 mark, while the Crimson Tide and the Mids each had identical 9-0-1 records.
    The [Army–Navy Game] tie gave the Midshipmen a share of the national championship, as a pair of polls (sic), Boand and Houlgate, named Navy the national champion.
  225. ^ "AFCA Recognizes Oklahoma State as 1945 National Champion". October 13, 2016. Archived from the original on March 12, 2022. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  226. ^ Oklahoma State 1945 National Champions (Stadium Sign). Boone Pickens Stadium: Oklahoma State University. 2019. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  227. ^ Edson, Sue Cornelius, ed. (2014). 2014 Syracuse University Football Media Guide (PDF). Syracuse University Athletic Communications Department. pp. 6, 107. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  228. ^ Syracuse Orange football National Champions 1959 (Stadium Banner). Carrier Dome: Syracuse University. 2021. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  229. ^ "2018 Football Media Guide" (PDF). UCFKnights.com. UCF Athletics. p. 89. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 22, 2018. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  230. ^ UCF Knights 2017 National Champions (Stadium Sign). Spectrum Stadium: University of Central Florida. 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  231. ^ 2014 UCLA Football Media Guide (PDF). UCLA Sports Information Office. 2014. pp. 90, 108. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  232. ^ "NCAA University of Southern California Public Infractions Report" (PDF). Indianapolis: National Collegiate Athletic Association. June 10, 2010. p. 58. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 7, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  233. ^ "NCAA/SEC Championships". Archived from the original on January 14, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  234. ^ "Athletics". georgiadogs.com. Archived from the original on October 7, 2014.
  235. ^ This table uses the same sources as those listed in the Claims by school table above.
  236. ^ "Yale's was the best football eleven". Harrisburg Star-Independent. December 31, 1904. p. 4. Retrieved June 1, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  237. ^ Libby, Bill (1975). Champions of College Football. Hawthorne Books, Inc. pp. 11–14. ISBN 0-8015-1196-8.
  238. ^ "World Almanac Selections". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2022. Data created by: World Almanac
  239. ^ "Football, Intercollegiate Season, 1914.". The World Almanac (1915). 1915. p. 865.
  240. ^ "Alexander Weyand Selections". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2022. Data created by: Alexander M. Weyand — Data obtained from: "The Real National Champions"
  241. ^ Weyand, Alexander M. (1926). American Football, Its History and Development. New York: D. Appleton and Company. p. 278. Harvard and the Army Powerful, 1914 | Although the Army was the only one of the larger teams to win all games, the majority of the critics favored Harvard for the championship. (Note: The author, Alexander Weyand, was an All-American player on the Army team in 1914.)
  242. ^ McLellan, Bruce (September 3, 1983). "A Belated Look at Some No. 1 Teams". The Macon Telegraph. Macon, Georgia. Retrieved November 8, 2022.
  243. ^ "SR 8715 — Honoring the 99th Anniversary of the National Champion 1915 Washington State College Football Team". Resolution of March 7, 2014. Washington State Senate.
  244. ^ Weyand, Alexander M. (1926). American Football, Its History and Development. New York: D. Appleton and Company. p. 321. 1917 The famous 'Golden Tornado' of Georgia 'Tech.' coached by John W. Heisman (Pennsylvania) gained national recognition through the overwhelming defeat of Pennsylvania, and was entitled to rank with Pittsburgh as the best in the nation.
  245. ^ Weyand, Alexander M. (1926). American Football, Its History and Development. New York: D. Appleton and Company. p. 381. Undoubtedly the most spectacular team was Notre Dame, ranked by some critics as the strongest team in the country at the close of the season.
  246. ^ Boyd, John Kent (1931). Jerry Dalrymple and His Tulane 1931 Green Wave National Champions. Snider Publishing Agency.
  247. ^ Okeson, Walter R., ed. (1935). Spalding's Official Foot Ball Guide 1935. New York: American Sports Publishing Co. pp. 233–235.
  248. ^ "Massey Ratings (1930–1998)". MasseyRatings.com. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  249. ^ "Washington Touchdown Club Selections". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
  250. ^ a b c "DC Touchdown Club Award Winners". DC Touchdown Club. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
  251. ^ "2010 Foundation for the Analysis of Competitions and Tournaments Selections ("FACT")". Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2022. 1 Auburn — 72.49 — Co-Champion* | 2 Oregon — 71.42 — Co-Champion* | *David Rothman wrote: "Teams within 1.8 points of the leader automatically share FACT's title. Any other teams within 3.0 points of the leader share at my discretion."
  252. ^ "2014 Foundation for the Analysis of Competitions and Tournaments Selections ("FACT")". Archived from the original on February 14, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2022. 1 Ohio State — 81.81 — FACT Cochampion* | 2 Oregon — 80.67 — FACT Cochampion* | 3 Alabama – 79.45 – FACT Cochampion* | 4 TCU – 79.35 – FACT Cochampion* | *David Rothman wrote: "Teams within 1.8 points of the leader automatically share FACT's title. Any other teams within 3.0 points of the leader share at my discretion."

External links