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Beaver Stadium is an outdoor college football stadium in University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, on the campus of Pennsylvania State University. It has been home to the Penn State Nittany Lions of the Big Ten Conference since 1960, though some parts of the stadium date back to 1909. It was also the site of university commencements until 1984.[4] The stadium, as well as its predecessors, is named after James A. Beaver, a former governor of Pennsylvania (1887–91) and president of the university's board of trustees.[5]

Beaver Stadium
"The Beav"
"The White House"
"The Erector Set"
Beaver Stadium Kent State 2018.png
Penn State vs. Kent State 2018
Beaver Stadium is located in Pennsylvania
Beaver Stadium
Beaver Stadium
Location in Pennsylvania
Beaver Stadium is located in the United States
Beaver Stadium
Beaver Stadium
Location in the United States
LocationPennsylvania State University
127 Bryce Jordan Center
University Park, PA 16802
Coordinates40°48′44″N 77°51′22″W / 40.81222°N 77.85611°W / 40.81222; -77.85611Coordinates: 40°48′44″N 77°51′22″W / 40.81222°N 77.85611°W / 40.81222; -77.85611
OperatorPennsylvania State University
Capacity106,572
Record attendance110,889 (2018 vs. Ohio State)
SurfaceNatural grass
Construction
Broke ground1959
OpenedSeptember 17, 1960
Capacity 46,284
Renovated2014 Scoreboards changed
2008 Marquee boards added
2001
1985 Walkways and ramps added
1984 Lights added
Expanded2011 Capacity 106,572
2001 Capacity 107,282
1991 Capacity 93,967
1985 Capacity 83,370
1980 Capacity 83,770
1978 Capacity 76,639
1976 Capacity 60,203
1972 Capacity 57,538
1969 Capacity 46,284
1907 Capacity Unlimited
Construction cost$1.6 million[1]
($13.6 million in 2018 dollars[2])
$93 million (2001 expansion)
ArchitectMichael Baker Jr., Inc.[3]
HOK Sport (2001 expansion)
Tenants
Penn State Nittany Lions (NCAA; 1960–present)

Beaver Stadium has an official seating capacity of 106,572,[6] making it currently the second largest stadium in the Western Hemisphere and the third largest in the world.

Beaver Stadium is widely known as one of the toughest venues for opposing teams in collegiate athletics. In 2008, Beaver Stadium was recognized as having the best student section in the country for the second consecutive year.[7]

In 2016, Beaver Stadium was voted the number-one football stadium in college football in a USA Today poll, garnering over 41 percent of the vote[8] In March 2019, USA Today conducted another poll asking voters to decide the best stadium in the United States during "Bracket Madness", which coincided with the 2019 NCAA Basketball Tournament. Hundreds of thousands of fans voted for their favorites throughout the week. In the championship matchup, Beaver Stadium beat Kansas’ Allen Fieldhouse to claim the title of Ultimate Stadium.[9]

Beaver Stadium was the first to have its interior included in Google Street View.[10]

Contents

HistoryEdit

PredecessorsEdit

Until 1893, Penn State teams participated in sporting events on Old Main lawn, a large grassy area in front of the primary classroom building of the time. Beaver Field, a 500-seat structure located behind the current site of the Osmond Building, was the first permanent home for Penn State's football team, and the first game played there was a Penn State victory over Western University of Pennsylvania (now the University of Pittsburgh) on November 6, 1893. In 1909, New Beaver Field opened just northeast of Rec Hall, roughly in the current location of the Nittany Parking deck. It served as Penn State's stadium until 1960, when the entire 30,000 seat stadium was dismantled and moved to the east end of campus, reassembled and expanded to 46,284 seats—the lower half of the current facility—and dubbed Beaver Stadium.[4]

ExpansionsEdit

 
Endzone Club and Upper Concourse expansion, Summer 2001

The stadium has been expanded six times, reflecting Penn State's rise to national prominence under Joe Paterno—more than doubling in size in the process. Expansions in 1972 brought capacity to 57,538. Another expansion in 1976 increased capacity to 60,203. In 1978, 16,000 seats were added when the stadium was cut into sections and raised on hydraulic lifts, allowing the insertion of seating along the inner ring of the stadium where the track had previously been located, raising capacity to 76,639. In 1980, maximum capacity increased to 83,770. In 1985, walkways were added around the tops of the end zones and entry ramps at the stadium's corners resulted in lowering the capacity to 83,370. An expansion was completed for the 1991 football season, placing an upper deck addition over the north end zone and raising capacity to 93,967.

A major and somewhat controversial construction project took place in 2001, raising the stadium's total capacity to 107,282. An upper deck was added to the south end of the stadium, blocking the view of neighboring Nittany Mountain (which had sentimental value for some fans), but making Beaver Stadium the second largest stadium in the nation, behind Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, MI.

In 2006, the stadium underwent major structural and aesthetic upgrades. Old steel beams supporting the upper seats in the east, north and west were replaced and strengthened, and new railing was installed, stronger than the old railing which collapsed following the 2005 Ohio State game.

In 2007, over 22,000 student tickets sold out in 59 minutes. In 2008, when tickets were sold by grade, tickets allotted for junior students sold out in 90 seconds, and those for sophomores and freshmen sold out in under three minutes each.

In 2011, the stadium capacity was reduced from 107,282 seats to 106,572 to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act.[11]

 
A view of the lettering and years added to the suites in 2006.

The appearance of the stadium has been enhanced with the addition of large blue letters spelling out "The Pennsylvania State University" on the west-facing suites, and a list of Penn State's undefeated, national championship, and Big Ten championship years underneath. 2012 is the exception, which was added to this list during the November 24, 2012 game against Wisconsin to honor the team that played after sanctions were passed down during the aftermath of the Jerry Sandusky scandal. On the opposite side of the stadium, letters spelling, "Penn State Nittany Lions" have been added to the press box, with "Beaver Stadium" running below. Nine markers depicting the various traditions of Beaver Stadium, including the Blue Band, the student section, and the blue buses which bring the team to the stadium, have been placed around the stadium as well. In late October, the walls surrounding the field were refaced with Pennsylvania limestone. An iron gate has replaced the old chain-link face at the players' entrance into the stadium. On the new gate the words "PENN STATE" appear in blue.

The Penn State Office of Physical Plant and Athletic Department expanded the North and South Video Boards to make them high definition and because parts were no longer available for the old boards.The area of the new video screens dedicated to game replays and game-related video is much larger than the screens they replaced. The two video boards together are some of the largest in college football. The renovation expanded the size of the video boards by eliminating the current game clock and lamp matrix display. The boards are only the second of their kind made and are 4k UHD. The project was completed prior to the first home game of the 2014 season. The boards cost approx. $10 million. Also on the back of both boards is a nittany lion logo that lights up at night and was added to promote the "Penn State Brand". Starting with the 2015 season fireworks are shot off from the top of each scoreboard when the team takes the field.

In the fall semester of 2015, university officials stated that they are seeking options to renovate or replace Beaver Stadium in the next 10 years.[12] Officials state that there is a recognized need in an upgrade in the facilities. The stadium remains antiquated, despite multiple expansions and the additions of luxury boxes and high-definition scoreboards. Outdated plumbing requires complete winterization each November. Elevators are small and sluggish while concourses are narrow. The stadium lacks concession options and still uses bleachers. The limitations prevent wider use of the venue; the university would like to expand the number of events held at Beaver Stadium, such as major concerts and a long-discussed potential hosting of the NHL Winter Classic. Many fans are opposed to replacing Beaver Stadium due to the history and tradition but many agree that there is a need for renovation.

Attendance recordsEdit

 
Beaver Stadium Whiteout 2018 - Pregame

A record crowd of 110,889 witnessed Penn State's 27-26 loss against Ohio State on September 29, 2018.[citation needed]

 
109,839 people were in attendance when the Nittany Lions defeated the Ohio State Buckeyes in 2005.[13]

In 2002, Penn State set an NCAA record for largest season attendance, with 1,247,707 watching Penn State games over the course of the season.[14]

All-time Beaver Stadium recordsEdit

[15]

Rank Attendance Date Game result
1 110,889 Sept. 29, 2018 Penn State 26, Ohio State 27
2 110,823 Oct. 21, 2017 Penn State 42, Michigan 13
3 110,753 Sept. 14, 2002 Penn State 40, Nebraska 7
4 110,134 Oct. 27, 2007 Penn State 17, Ohio State 37
5 110,078 Sept. 8, 2007 Penn State 31, Notre Dame 10
6 110,033 Nov. 7, 2009 Penn State 7, Ohio State 24
7 110,017 Oct. 18, 2008 Penn State 46, Michigan 17
8 110,007 Oct. 14, 2006 Penn State 10, Michigan 17
9 109,898 Sept. 9, 2017 Penn State 33, Pittsburgh 14
10 109,865 Nov. 5, 2005 Penn State 35, Wisconsin 14
11 109,845 Nov. 22, 2008 Penn State 49, Michigan State 18
12 109,839 Oct. 8, 2005 Penn State 17, Ohio State 10
13 109,754 Oct. 13, 2007 Penn State 38, Wisconsin 7

Attendance record by Beaver Stadium capacityEdit

[16]

Capacity Record Broken Date Game result
46,284 50,144 Nov. 21, 1964 Penn State 28, Pittsburgh 0
48,284 52,713 Oct. 11, 1969 Penn State 20, West Virginia 0
57,723 61,325 Sept. 13, 1975 Penn State 34, Stanford 14
60,203 62,554 Sept. 17, 1977 Penn State 31, Houston 14
76,639 78,019 Nov. 4, 1978 Penn State 27, Maryland 3
83,370 86,309 Oct. 22, 1983 Penn State 41, West Virginia 23
93,967 97,498 Nov. 9, 1997 Michigan 34, Penn State 8
107,282 110,753 Sept. 14, 2002 Penn State 40, Nebraska 7
106,572 110,889 Sept. 29, 2018 Ohio State 27, Penn State 26

TraditionsEdit

TailgatingEdit

Tailgating is very popular outside Beaver Stadium. Alcohol is permitted in all areas around Beaver Stadium on home football games, except inside Beaver Stadium and the Bryce Jordan Center.

Student section "S-Zone"Edit

 
The Senior Section, otherwise known as the "S-Zone", dressed to form the letter "S"

The "S-Zone" within the student section is another tradition at Beaver Stadium.[17][18] A small section behind the end zone are all given white and blue shirts supplied by the Pennsylvania State University Lion Ambassadors to create an "S" in the student section. The "S-zone" was moved from the 20 yard line to its current location at the beginning of the 2011 football season, as the student section was shifted over to between the 10 yard lines. For the 2008, 2011, 2013, and 2018 Homecoming Games, the "S-zone" was black and pink, in honor of the original Penn State colors. On April 21, 2007, for the Annual Blue and White Game (Spring Scrimmage), the "S" zone was converted to a "VT" zone, in honor of the victims of the massacre that took place on April 16, 2007, at Virginia Tech.

PaternovilleEdit

Starting with the October 2005 game against Ohio State, students have camped out outside Gate A to obtain good seats for home games; "Paternoville" is a recognized university club with rules of conduct.[4]

Whiteout gamesEdit

After failed experiments with "Code Blue" during the down year of 2004, a localized version of the "Winnipeg White Out" made national headlines during the 2005 game versus Ohio State. In this game, despite 40 °F (4 °C) temperatures and a misty rain, nearly every student, along with many other fans, wore a white shirt to the game, creating a sea of white.[19] This was deemed a success, as the student section was declared "the best in the country" by ESPN analyst Kirk Herbstreit, and the Nittany Lions won the game in an intense defensive battle, 17–10. The student section was widely credited with aiding the defense, which kept the Buckeyes' future Heisman Trophy winning quarterback, Troy Smith, in check by intercepting a pass and recovering a decisive fumble in the final minutes. Smith was forced to call several timeouts during the game due to inability to communicate with his offense on the field. Former Ohio State Center Nick Mangold has openly admitted that Beaver Stadium was the toughest stadium he had ever played in[citation needed].

In 2007, for the Notre Dame game, a full-stadium "White House" was declared. While it is widely believed that this change was a result of the National Hockey League's Phoenix Coyotes notifying the university that the phrase "White Out" was trademarked by the franchise during their time as the Winnipeg Jets,[20] the "White House" moniker was invented to remind the crowd that everyone, and not just the student section, was to wear white.[19] The newly christened "White House" was also deemed a success, as nearly every Penn State fan in attendance wore white, and the Lions won, 31–10. In 2008, the White House was met with similar success, a 38–24 win over Illinois.

DateTimeOpponentRankSiteTVResultAttendance
October 9, 20044:30 PMNo. 9 Purdue Boilermakers
ESPNL 13–20108,183
October 8, 20058:00 PMNo. 6 Ohio State BuckeyesNo. 16
ABCW 17–10109,839
October 14, 20068:00 PMNo. 4 Michigan Wolverines
ABCL 10–17110,007
September 8, 20076:00 PMNotre Dame Fighting Irish*No. 14
ESPNW 31–10110,078
September 27, 20087:00 PMNo. 22 Illinois Fighting IlliniNo. 12
ABCW 38–24109,626
September 26, 20098:00 PMIowa HawkeyesNo. 5
ABCL 10–21109,316
October 30, 20108:00 PMMichigan Wolverines
ESPNW 41–31108,539
September 10, 20113:30 PMNo. 3 Alabama Crimson Tide*
ABCL 11–27107,846
October 27, 20128:00 PMNo. 9 Ohio State Buckeyes
ABCL 23–35107,818
October 12, 20135:00 PMNo. 18 Michigan Wolverines
ESPNW 43–40 4OT107,884
October 25, 20148:00 PMNo. 13 Ohio State Buckeyes
ABCL 24–31 2OT107,895
November 21, 201512:00 PMNo. 14 Michigan Wolverines
ABCL 16–28107,418
October 22, 20168:00 PMNo. 2 Ohio State Buckeyes
ABCW 24–21107,280
October 21, 20177:30 PMNo. 19 Michigan WolverinesNo. 2
ABCW 42–13110,823
September 29, 20187:30 PMNo. 4 Ohio State BuckeyesNo. 9
ABCL 26-27110,889
  • *Non-conference game
  • Rankings from AP Poll released prior to the game
  • All times are in Eastern time

[citation needed]

Zombie NationEdit

Zombie Nation is a tradition carried out by the Nittany Lions usually after a big play: the entire Penn State crowd jumps around, waves their rally towels or shakers wildly, and shouts "WE ARE PENN STATE" during the playing of "Kernkraft 400" by Zombie Nation.[citation needed]

Tunnel entranceEdit

The tunnel entrance is a Nittany Lions tradition in which the head coach leads the team from the locker room under the South side of the stadium to the tunnel to a closed metal gate reading "PENN STATE" in bold Arial font. When the team arrives at the gate, the Nittany Lion opens the gate and motion for the team to walk through it, as if welcoming the team to the field. The team then lingers until four minutes were left on the pregame clock, and then the head coach leads the team through the tunnel created by the Blue Band.[citation needed]

Fast and slow waveEdit

The Penn State Student Section initiates a wave during sporting events. After the wave passes around the stadium twice, the student section slows down the wave to about a fourth the speed of the normal wave. After the slow wave passes, the wave speeds up to over twice the speed of the normal wave. The wave has, on occasion, been reversed in direction following the fast wave.[citation needed]

Band traditionsEdit

The FlipEdit

After the Penn State Blue Band has entered the field and played the first 8 bars of "Hail to the Lion", the Blue Band's Drum Major does a high-stepping, stiff-legged sprint in between rows of band members from the goal line to the 50 yard line, where he does a front flip. Legend states that if the drum major lands the flip, the team will win that afternoon. He then performs another flip while running towards the end zone. After he stands back up, he and the Nittany Lion, who is holding his baton, take 5 high-steps toward each other, meeting 5 yards deep in the end zone. The Lion and Drum Major both place both hands on the baton in alternating order (in the same manner children choosing teams with a baseball bat would) and then throw the baton into the ground. They then salute each other, embrace arms, and then both excitedly run towards the student section, where they are cheered enthusiastically.

Floating LionsEdit

The Blue Band performs "Hail to the Lion" and makes its way from its "PSU" formation to roll into spelling "LIONS" as it marches across the field. Once reaching the other side, the band reverses the "LIONS" to be readable to the east side of the stadium, while playing "Fight On, State". This is known as the "trademark drill" of the Blue Band.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Beaver Stadium History Essay". Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  2. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  3. ^ "Baker Firm designed New Grid Stadium". The Beaver County Times. September 26, 1961. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Rushton, Geoff (September 12, 2011) [June 13, 2011]. "Beaver Stadium: The Home of Penn State Football". Penn State News. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  5. ^ Musselman, Ron (September 16, 2008). "Why Is It Called Beaver Stadium?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  6. ^ "Facilities". Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  7. ^ Herbstreit, Kirk (August 25, 2008). "The Nation's Best: Eighth Annual Herbie Awards". ESPN.
  8. ^ Best college football stadiums
  9. ^ Nick Schwartz (March 30, 2019). "Penn State's Beaver Stadium wins the 2019 Ultimate Stadium Bracket". For the Win!. USA Today.
  10. ^ "Google Maps' Street View captures University Park, including stadium". Penn State Live. January 21, 2010.
  11. ^ Rovell, Darren (November 25, 2012). "Penn State's Attendance Down Again". ESPN.com. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
  12. ^ "Penn St. officials looking to renovate or replace stadium in near future". ESPN.com. October 1, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  13. ^ "Penn State-Ohio State Clash Delivers ESPN's Second Largest College Football Audience". Penn State Intercollegiate Athletics. October 12, 2005. Retrieved May 30, 2006.
  14. ^ "Penn State Fans Earn Top Four Finish in NCAA Football Attendance For 15th Consecutive Year". Penn State Intercollegiate Athletics. February 27, 2006. Retrieved May 30, 2006.
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ "S-Zone". Lion Ambassadors - Penn State Student Alumnai Corps. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  18. ^ Fogarty, Ali. "What Goes Into Creating the S-Zone?". Onward State. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  19. ^ a b Cary, Lee. "Evolution of Penn State's 'Whiteout'". The Daily Collegian. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  20. ^ Lauren Boyer (6 September 2007). "NHL wants trademark 'White Out' faded out". The Daily Collegian. Retrieved 14 January 2016.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Beaver Stadium at Wikimedia Commons