Beaver Stadium

Beaver Stadium is an outdoor college football stadium in University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, on the campus of Pennsylvania State University. It has been home to the Penn State Nittany Lions of the Big Ten Conference since 1960, though some parts of the stadium date back to 1909. It was also the site of university commencements until 1984.[4] The stadium, as well as its predecessors, is named after James A. Beaver who was a former governor of Pennsylvania (1887–91), president of the university's board of trustees,[5] and native of nearby Millerstown, Pennsylvania.

Beaver Stadium
"The House That Joe Built"
"The White House"
Beaver Stadium Kent State 2018.png
Penn State vs. Kent State 2018
Beaver Stadium is located in Pennsylvania
Beaver Stadium
Beaver Stadium
Location in Pennsylvania
Beaver Stadium is located in the United States
Beaver Stadium
Beaver Stadium
Location in the United States
LocationPennsylvania State University
127 Bryce Jordan Center
University Park, PA 16802
Coordinates40°48′44″N 77°51′22″W / 40.81222°N 77.85611°W / 40.81222; -77.85611Coordinates: 40°48′44″N 77°51′22″W / 40.81222°N 77.85611°W / 40.81222; -77.85611
OperatorPennsylvania State University
Capacity106,572
Record attendance110,889 (2018 vs. Ohio State)
SurfaceNatural grass
Construction
Broke ground1959
OpenedSeptember 17, 1960
Capacity 46,284
Renovated2014 Scoreboards changed
2008 Marquee boards added
2001
1985 Walkways and ramps added
1984 Lights added
Expanded2011 Capacity 106,572
2001 Capacity 107,282
1991 Capacity 93,967
1985 Capacity 83,370
1980 Capacity 83,770
1978 Capacity 76,639
1976 Capacity 60,203
1972 Capacity 57,538
1969 Capacity 46,284
1907 Capacity Unlimited
Construction cost$1.6 million[1]
($13.8 million in 2019 dollars[2])
$93 million (2001 expansion)
ArchitectMichael Baker Jr., Inc.[3]
HOK Sport (2001 expansion)
Tenants
Penn State Nittany Lions (NCAA; 1960–present)

Beaver Stadium has an official seating capacity of 106,572,[6] making it currently the second largest stadium in the Western Hemisphere and the Fourth largest in the world.

Beaver Stadium is widely known as one of the toughest venues for opposing teams in collegiate athletics. In 2008, Beaver Stadium was recognized as having the best student section in the country for the second consecutive year.[7]

In 2016, Beaver Stadium was voted the number-one football stadium in college football in a USA Today poll, garnering over 41 percent of the vote.[8] In March 2019, USA Today conducted another poll asking voters to decide the best stadium in the United States during "Bracket Madness", which coincided with the 2019 NCAA Basketball Tournament. Hundreds of thousands of fans voted for their favorites throughout the week. In the championship match-up, Beaver Stadium beat Kansas’ Allen Fieldhouse to claim the title of Ultimate Stadium.[9]

Beaver Stadium was the first to have its interior included in Google Street View.[10]

HistoryEdit

PredecessorsEdit

Until 1893, Penn State teams participated in sporting events on Old Main lawn, a large grassy area in front of the primary classroom building of the time. Beaver Field, a 500-seat structure located behind the current site of the Osmond Building, was the first permanent home for Penn State's football team, and the first game played there was a Penn State victory over Western University of Pennsylvania (now the University of Pittsburgh) on November 6, 1893. In 1909, New Beaver Field opened just northeast of Rec Hall, roughly in the current location of the Nittany Parking deck. It served as Penn State's stadium until 1960, when the entire 30,000 seat stadium was dismantled and moved to the east end of campus, reassembled and expanded to 46,284 seats—the lower half of the current facility—and dubbed Beaver Stadium.[4]

ExpansionsEdit

 
Endzone Club and Upper Concourse expansion, Summer 2001

The stadium has been expanded six times, reflecting Penn State's rise to national prominence under Joe Paterno—more than doubling in size in the process. Expansions in 1972 brought capacity to 57,538. Another expansion in 1976 increased capacity to 60,203. In 1978, 16,000 seats were added when the stadium was cut into sections and raised on hydraulic lifts, allowing the insertion of seating along the inner ring of the stadium where the track had previously been located, raising capacity to 76,639. In 1980, maximum capacity increased to 83,770. In 1985, walkways were added around the tops of the end zones and entry ramps at the stadium's corners resulted in lowering the capacity to 83,370. An expansion was completed for the 1991 football season, placing an upper deck addition over the north end zone and raising capacity to 93,967.

A major and somewhat controversial construction project took place in 2001, raising the stadium's total capacity to 107,282. An upper deck was added to the south end of the stadium, blocking the view of neighboring Nittany Mountain (which had sentimental value for some fans), but making Beaver Stadium the second largest stadium in the nation, behind Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, MI.

In 2006, the stadium underwent major structural and aesthetic upgrades. Old steel beams supporting the upper seats in the east, north and west were replaced and strengthened, and new railing was installed, stronger than the old railing which collapsed following the 2005 Ohio State game.

In 2007, over 22,000 student tickets sold out in 59 minutes. In 2008, when tickets were sold by grade, tickets allotted for junior students sold out in 90 seconds, and those for sophomores and freshmen sold out in under three minutes each.

In 2011, the stadium capacity was reduced from 107,282 seats to 106,572 to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act.[11]

 
A view of the lettering and years added to the suites in 2006. Each year is a significant Penn State season

The appearance of the stadium has been enhanced with the addition of large blue letters spelling out "The Pennsylvania State University" on the west-facing suites, and a list of Penn State's undefeated, national championship, and Big Ten championship years underneath. 2012 is the exception, which was added to this list during the November 24, 2012 game against Wisconsin to honor the team that played after sanctions were passed down during the aftermath of the Jerry Sandusky scandal. On the opposite side of the stadium, letters spelling, "Penn State Nittany Lions" have been added to the press box, with "Beaver Stadium" running below. Nine markers depicting the various traditions of Beaver Stadium, including the Blue Band, the student section, and the blue buses which bring the team to the stadium, have been placed around the stadium as well. In late October, the walls surrounding the field were refaced with Pennsylvania limestone. An iron gate has replaced the old chain-link face at the players' entrance into the stadium. On the new gate the words "PENN STATE" appear in blue.

The Penn State Office of Physical Plant and Athletic Department expanded then north and south video boards to make them HD and because parts were no longer available for the old boards. The area of the new video screens dedicated to game replays and game-related video is much larger than the screens they replaced. The two video boards together are some of the largest in college football. The renovation expanded the size of the video boards by eliminating the current game clock and lamp matrix display. The boards are only the second of their kind made and are 4k UHD. The project was completed prior to the first home game of the 2014 season. The boards cost approx. $10 million. Also on the back of both boards is a nittany lion logo that lights at night and was added to promote the "Penn State Brand". Starting with the 2015 season fireworks are shot off from the top of each scoreboard when the team takes the field.

In the fall semester of 2015, university officials stated that they are seeking options to renovate or replace Beaver Stadium in the next 10 years.[12] Officials state that there is a recognized need in an upgrade in the facilities. The stadium remains antiquated, despite multiple expansions and the additions of luxury boxes and HD scoreboards. Outdated plumbing requires complete winterization each November. Elevators are small and sluggish while concourses are narrow. The stadium lacks concession options and still uses bleachers. The limitations prevent wider use of the venue; the university would like to expand the number of events held at Beaver Stadium, such as major concerts and a long-discussed potential hosting of the NHL Winter Classic. Many fans are opposed to replacing Beaver Stadium due to the history and tradition but many agree that there is a need for renovation.

Attendance recordsEdit

 
Beaver Stadium Whiteout 2018 - Pregame

A record crowd of 110,889 witnessed Penn State's 27-26 loss to Ohio State on September 29, 2018.[13]

 
109,839 people were in attendance when the Nittany Lions defeated the Ohio State Buckeyes in 2005.[14]

In 2002, Penn State set an NCAA record for most fans to ever watch a college football team over the course of a single season at home. Beaver Stadium hosted 8 games in 2002, and averaged 107,239 per game totaling what was at the time an NCAA record of 857,911 in total home attendance. Penn State averaged 95,977 fans in attendance both home and away over the 13 game schedule which broke the all time full season attendance NCAA record at 1,247,707 spectators over the course of the 2002 campaign.[15]

All-time Beaver Stadium records[16]Edit

Rank Attendance Date Game result
1 110,889 September 29, 2018 Penn State 26, Ohio State 27
2 110,823 October 21, 2017 Penn State 42, Michigan 13
3 110,753 September 14, 2002 Penn State 40, Nebraska 7
4 110,669 October 19, 2019 Penn State 28, Michigan 21
5 110,134 October 27, 2007 Penn State 17, Ohio State 37
6 110,078 September 8, 2007 Penn State 31, Notre Dame 10
7 110,033 November 7, 2009 Penn State 7, Ohio State 24
8 110,017 October 18, 2008 Penn State 46, Michigan 17
9 110,007 October 14, 2006 Penn State 10, Michigan 17
10 109,898 September 9, 2017 Penn State 33, Pittsburgh 14
11 109,865 November 5, 2005 Penn State 35, Wisconsin 14
12 109,845 November 22, 2008 Penn State 49, Michigan State 18
13 109,839 October 8, 2005 Penn State 17, Ohio State 10
14 109,754 October 13, 2007 Penn State 38, Wisconsin 7

Attendance record by Beaver Stadium capacity[17]Edit

Capacity Record Broken Date Game result
46,284 50,144 November 21, 1964 Pittsburgh 0, Penn State 28
48,284 52,713 October 11, 1969 West Virginia 0, Penn State 20
57,723 61,325 September 13, 1975 Stanford 14, Penn State 34
60,203 62,554 September 17, 1977 Houston 14, Penn State 31
76,639 78,019 November 4, 1978 Maryland 3, Penn State 27
83,370 86,309 October 22, 1983 West Virginia 23, Penn State 41
93,967 97,498 November 9, 1997 Michigan 34, Penn State 8
107,282 110,753 September 14, 2002 Nebraska 7, Penn State 40
106,572 110,889 September 29, 2018 Ohio State 27, Penn State 26

TraditionsEdit

ChantsEdit

We Are Penn State: Perhaps the most well-known chant across campus, We Are Penn State symbolizes the university's community and inclusivity. At Beaver Stadium, the chant is often relayed across the stadium in a We Are, Penn State format, followed by a Thank You, You're Welcome. It is also featured in Penn State's White Out games, which use Kernkraft 400's Zombie Nation as the fight song instead of Fight On, State.

Beat Ohio: This chant is most commonly used during home games against the Ohio State Buckeyes. Ohio State is the Nittany Lions' biggest rival, and as such this is the biggest regular-season game for the Nittany Lions (Ohio State's biggest rival is University of Michigan). In 2016, when Penn State beat Ohio State 24-21, the Beat Ohio chant was also used in later non-Ohio State games. Every home game against the Buckeyes is a White Out game, and official White Out shirts often have Beat Ohio printed.

Let's Go, PSU: A more recently started chant which plays during a performance of The Hey Song by the Penn State Blue Band prior to every game.

TailgatingEdit

Tailgating is very popular outside Beaver Stadium. Alcohol is permitted in all areas around Beaver Stadium on home football games, except inside Beaver Stadium and the Bryce Jordan Center. In August 2019, Penn State was ranked #15[18] by tailgater magazine for the "tailgate culture" that surrounds Beaver Stadium on gameday. The magazine stated that “win or lose, the university offers an incredible tailgate environment" for over 100,000 fans, referencing traditions related to Penn State football such as camping outside Beaver Stadium for Nittanyville to making ice cream stops at Berkey Creamery."

Student section "S-Zone"Edit

 
The "S-Zone", dressed to form the letter "S"

The "S-Zone" within the student section is another tradition at Beaver Stadium.[19][20] A small section behind the end zone are all given white and blue shirts supplied by the Pennsylvania State University Lion Ambassadors to create an "S" in the student section. The "S-zone" was moved from the 20 yard line to its current location at the beginning of the 2011 football season, as the student section was shifted over to between the 10 yard lines. For the 2008, 2011, 2013, and 2018 Homecoming Games, the "S-zone" was black and pink, in honor of the original Penn State colors. On April 21, 2007, for the Annual Blue and White Game (Spring Scrimmage), the "S" zone was converted to a "VT" zone, in honor of the victims of the massacre that took place on April 16, 2007, at Virginia Tech.

NittanyvilleEdit

Starting with the October 2005 game against Ohio State, students have camped out outside Gate A to obtain good seats for home games; "Nittanyville" is a recognized university club with rules of conduct.[4] It was originally known as "Paternoville."

Whiteout gamesEdit

After failed experiments with "Code Blue" during the down year of 2004, a localized version of the "Winnipeg White Out" made national headlines during the 2005 game versus Ohio State. In this game, despite 40 °F (4 °C) temperatures and a misty rain, nearly every student, along with many other fans, wore a white shirt to the game, creating a sea of white.[21] This was deemed a success, as the student section was declared "the best in the country" by ESPN analyst Kirk Herbstreit, and the Nittany Lions won the game in an intense defensive battle, 17–10. The student section was widely credited with aiding the defense, which kept the Buckeyes' future Heisman Trophy winning quarterback, Troy Smith, in check by intercepting a pass and recovering a decisive fumble in the final minutes. Smith was forced to call several timeouts during the game due to inability to communicate with his offense on the field.[citation needed]

In 2007, for the Notre Dame game, a full-stadium "White House" was declared. While it is widely believed that this change was a result of the National Hockey League's Phoenix Coyotes notifying the university that the phrase "White Out" was trademarked by the franchise during their time as the Winnipeg Jets,[22] the "White House" moniker was invented to remind the crowd that everyone, and not just the student section, was to wear white.[21] The newly christened "White House" was also deemed a success, as nearly every Penn State fan in attendance wore white, and the Lions won, 31–10. In 2008, the White House was met with similar success, a 38–24 win over Illinois. Since 2012, the "full stadium" Whiteout games have been against either Ohio State or Michigan.

Zombie NationEdit

Zombie Nation is a tradition that was started during the 2004 football season. [23] After the Nittany Lions make a big play, (typically on defense) the stadium blasts the song "Kernkraft 400" by Zombie Nation which ignites 107,000 into a frenzied blur all bouncing up and down in unison, waving towels and shakers wildly chanting "WE ARE PENN STATE" during the break in the melody of the song.[24] The tradition gained national attention in 2005, after Penn State's thrilling 17-10 victory over Ohio State, which at the time, delivered the second highest audience for a regular season college football game ever on ESPN.[25] Zombie Nation along with the Penn State Whiteout, have been direct influencers of Beaver Stadium being home to what many consider the best student section in college football.[26] SInce the tradition began, both Zombie Nation and the Whiteout have since spread to encompass the entire stadium.

Tunnel entranceEdit

The tunnel entrance is a Nittany Lions tradition in which the head coach leads the team from the locker room under the South side of the stadium to the tunnel to a closed metal gate reading "PENN STATE" in bold Arial font. When the team arrives at the gate, the Nittany Lion opens the gate and motion for the team to walk through it, as if welcoming the team to the field. The team then lingers until four minutes were left on the pregame clock, and then the head coach leads the team through the tunnel created by the Blue Band.[citation needed]

Fast and slow waveEdit

The Penn State Student Section initiates a wave during sporting events. After the wave passes around the stadium twice, the student section slows down the wave to about a fourth the speed of the normal wave. After the slow wave passes, the wave speeds up to over twice the speed of the normal wave. The wave has, on occasion, been reversed in direction following the fast wave.[citation needed]

Blue Band traditionsEdit

The FlipEdit

After the Penn State Blue Band has entered the field and played the first 8 bars of "Hail to the Lion", the Blue Band's Drum Major does a high-stepping, stiff-legged sprint in between rows of band members from the goal line to the 50 yard line, where he does a front flip. Legend states that if the drum major lands the flip, the team will win that afternoon. He then performs another flip while running towards the end zone. After he stands back up, he and the Nittany Lion, who is holding his baton, take 5 high-steps toward each other, meeting 5 yards deep in the end zone. The Lion and Drum Major both place both hands on the baton in alternating order (in the same manner children choosing teams with a baseball bat would) and then throw the baton into the ground. They then salute each other, embrace arms, and then both excitedly run towards the student section, where they are cheered enthusiastically.

Floating LionsEdit

The Blue Band performs "Hail to the Lion" and makes its way from its "PSU" formation to roll into spelling "LIONS" as it marches across the field. Once reaching the other side, the band reverses the "LIONS" to be readable to the east side of the stadium, while playing "Fight On, State". This is known as the "trademark drill" of the Blue Band.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Beaver Stadium History Essay". Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  2. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  3. ^ "Baker Firm designed New Grid Stadium". The Beaver County Times. September 26, 1961. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Rushton, Geoff (September 12, 2011) [June 13, 2011]. "Beaver Stadium: The Home of Penn State Football". Penn State News. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  5. ^ Musselman, Ron (September 16, 2008). "Why Is It Called Beaver Stadium?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  6. ^ "Facilities". Archived from the original on November 26, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  7. ^ Herbstreit, Kirk (August 25, 2008). "The Nation's Best: Eighth Annual Herbie Awards". ESPN.
  8. ^ Best college football stadiums
  9. ^ Nick Schwartz (March 30, 2019). "Penn State's Beaver Stadium wins the 2019 Ultimate Stadium Bracket". For the Win!. USA Today.
  10. ^ "Google Maps' Street View captures University Park, including stadium". Penn State Live. January 21, 2010.
  11. ^ Rovell, Darren (November 25, 2012). "Penn State's Attendance Down Again". ESPN.com. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
  12. ^ "Penn St. officials looking to renovate or replace stadium in near future". ESPN.com. October 1, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  13. ^ Drey, Abby. "New Beaver Stadium attendance record set in Penn State-Ohio State game". centredaily. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  14. ^ "Penn State-Ohio State Clash Delivers ESPN's Second Largest College Football Audience". Penn State Intercollegiate Athletics. October 12, 2005. Archived from the original on January 25, 2009. Retrieved May 30, 2006.
  15. ^ "Penn State Fans Earn Top Four Finish in NCAA Football Attendance For 15th Consecutive Year". Penn State Intercollegiate Athletics. February 27, 2006. Retrieved May 30, 2006.[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ Gleiter, Sue (August 12, 2019). "Penn State ranked as one of top 25 tailgate colleges". pennlive. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
  19. ^ "S-Zone". Lion Ambassadors - Penn State Student Alumnai Corps. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  20. ^ Fogarty, Ali (November 7, 2013). "What Goes Into Creating the S-Zone?". Onward State. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  21. ^ a b Cary, Lee. "Evolution of Penn State's 'Whiteout'". The Daily Collegian. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  22. ^ Lauren Boyer (September 6, 2007). "NHL wants trademark 'White Out' faded out". The Daily Collegian. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  23. ^ "Zombie Nation - Penn State football blog". Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  24. ^ "How Penn State's White Out became the in thing". ESPN.com. October 21, 2016. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  25. ^ "Penn State-Ohio State Clash Delivers ESPN's Second Largest College Football Audience". Penn State University Athletics. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  26. ^ Carr, Aaron (August 24, 2017). "ESPN's Kirk Herbstreit ranks Penn State's student section as college football's best". pennlive.com. Retrieved July 3, 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Beaver Stadium at Wikimedia Commons