Winnipeg Jets (1972–96)
The Winnipeg Jets were a Canadian professional ice hockey team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. They began play in the World Hockey Association (WHA) in 1972, moving to the National Hockey League (NHL) in 1979 following the WHA's collapse. Due to mounting financial troubles, in 1996 the franchise moved to Phoenix, Arizona and became the Phoenix Coyotes (now the Arizona Coyotes). In 2011 the Atlanta Thrashers franchise relocated to Winnipeg and restored the Jets name, although the prior Jets club history is retained by the Arizona club (the new Jets did acknowledge the original Jets as part of the 2016 Heritage Classic festivities).
|List of Winnipeg Jets (1972–96) seasons|
|Home arena||Winnipeg Arena|
Blue, red and white
|General manager||John Paddock (1993–1996)|
|Head coach||John Paddock (1991–1994)
Terry Simpson (1994–1996)
|Avco World Trophy||3 (1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79)|
|Division championships||3 (1972–73, 1975–76, 1977–78)|
The WHA years (1972–1979)Edit
The NHL had recently expanded to 16 teams, adding franchises in many hockey-hungry cities (only one in Canada), but also in Atlanta, Oakland and Los Angeles. The WHA brought major professional hockey to Ottawa, Quebec City, Winnipeg, Edmonton, and later Calgary. On December 27, 1971, Winnipeg was granted one of the founding franchises in the WHA, to Ben Hatskin, a local figure who made his wealth in cardboard shipping containers. The team took their name from the Winnipeg Jets of the Western Canada Hockey League.
The Jets' first signing was Norm Beaudin ("the Original Jet") and the first major signing was Bobby Hull. Hull's acquisition, partially financed by the rest of the WHA's teams, gave the league instant credibility and paved the way for other NHL stars to bolt to the upstart league.
The Jets were further noteworthy in hockey history for being the first North American club seriously to explore Europe as a source of hockey talent. Winnipeg's fortunes were bolstered by acquisitions such as Swedish forwards Anders Hedberg and Ulf Nilsson, who starred with Hull on the WHA's most famous and successful forward line (nicknamed "the Hot Line"), and defenceman Lars-Erik Sjoberg, who would serve as the team's captain and win accolades as the WHA's best defenceman. Behind these players and other European stars such as Willy Lindstrom, Kent Nilsson, Veli-Pekka Ketola, leavened by players such as Peter Sullivan, Norm Beaudin and goaltender Joe Daley, the Jets were the most successful team in the short-lived WHA. The team won the Avco World Trophy three times, including in the league's final season against Wayne Gretzky and the Edmonton Oilers. The Jets made the finals five of the WHA's seven seasons.
Another notable accomplishment was the Jets' 5–3 victory over the Soviet National team on January 5, 1978.
In the WHA's last season, Kent Nilsson had 107 points, while Morris Lukowich had 65 goals, and Peter Sullivan had 46 goals and 86 points. The Jets made it to the Avco Cup and Gary Smith gave up the last goal in WHA history to Dave Semenko in a 7–3 Jets win.
Career leaders (WHA)Edit
- Games: Bobby Hull, 411
- Goals: Bobby Hull, 303
- Assists: Ulf Nilsson, 344
- Points: Bobby Hull, 638
- Penalty Minutes: Kim Clackson, 413
- Goaltending Wins: Joe Daley, 167
- Shutouts: Joe Daley, 12
The 1976, 1978 and 1979 Avco Cup winning Winnipeg Jets were inducted into the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame in the team category.
The NHL years (1979–1996)Edit
By 1979, the vast majority of the WHA's teams had folded, but the Jets were still going strong and they were absorbed into the NHL along with the Nordiques, Oilers and Hartford Whalers. They had to pay a high price for a berth in the more established league, however. They had to give up three of their top six scorers – the core of the last WHA champion – in a reclamation draft. They were also forced to draft 18th out of 21 teams. In the draft, they opted to protect defenceman Scott Campbell, who had shown a good deal of promise in the last WHA season. However, Campbell suffered from chronic asthma that was only exacerbated by Winnipeg's frigid weather. The asthma drove him out of the league entirely by 1982.
With a decimated roster, the Jets finished dead last in the league for the next two seasons, including a horrendous nine-win season in 1980–81 that still ranks as the worst in Jets/Coyotes history. This stands in marked contrast to the other 1979 Avco Cup finalist, the Oilers, who became one of the most successful teams during the 1980s.
The Jets' first two wretched NHL seasons did net them high draft picks; in the 1980 draft they picked Dave Babych second overall and in 1981 they drafted future Hall of Fame member Dale Hawerchuk first overall. The team developed a solid core of players by the mid-1980s, with Hawerchuk, Thomas Steen, Paul MacLean, Randy Carlyle, Laurie Boschman, Doug Smail, and David Ellett providing a strong nucleus.
Led by Hawerchuk, Steen, Babych and Carlyle, the Jets returned to respectability fairly quickly, and made the playoffs 11 times in the next 15 years. However, regular-season success did not transfer over into the playoffs. This was because Winnipeg played in the same division as the Oilers and Calgary Flames – by some accounts, the two best teams in the league during the second half of the 1980s. Due to the way the playoffs were structured at the time, whenever the Jets made the playoffs, they faced the near-certainty of having to beat either the Oilers or the Flames (or both) to get to the Campbell Conference Finals. At the time, the top four teams in each division made the playoffs. The regular-season division winner playing against the fourth-place team and the regular-season runner-up playing the third-place team in the division semifinals. The division semifinal winners advanced to the division finals, and the two division final winners would meet in the conference finals.
For example, in 1984–85, they finished with the fourth-best record in the entire league (behind only Philadelphia, Edmonton and Washington). They also notched 96 points, which would remain the franchise's best as an NHL team until the 2009–10 Coyotes racked up the franchise's second 100-point season (and first as an NHL team). While they managed to dispatch the Flames (with the league's fifth-best record) in four games in the best-of-five division semi-final, they were swept by the eventual Stanley Cup champion Oilers in the division final. In fact, Winnipeg and Edmonton played each other in the playoffs six times between 1983 and 1990. The Oilers not only won every series, but held the Jets to only four total victories. Five of those times (1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, and 1990), the Oilers went on to win the Stanley Cup. The Jets would win only one other playoff series, in 1987 (defeating Calgary in the division semi-final before losing to Edmonton in the division final).
Demise and relocationEdit
As the NHL expanded in the United States and free agency rules were liberalized, operating costs and salaries grew rapidly. This development hit the league's Canadian teams particularly hard. Moreover, the revised free agency rules gave players the leverage to demand being paid in U.S. dollars. Until about the early 1990s, Canadian teams were able to pay most of their players in Canadian dollars, with the only exceptions being contracts acquired in trades from U.S. teams. However, since the Canadian teams still collected most of their revenue in Canadian dollars, having to pay players in U.S. dollars proved to be a serious drain on finances given the declining value of the Canadian dollar. By 1996, the exchange rate was $1.40 Canadian for each American dollar. Winnipeg felt the pinch especially hard as it had always been one of the smallest markets in the league. For most of their NHL tenure, Winnipeg was the second-smallest market, and became the smallest market after the Quebec Nordiques moved to Denver as the Colorado Avalanche in 1995. Despite a loyal fan following, serious doubts were raised about whether Winnipeg could support an NHL team in this new environment. Additionally, their home arena, Winnipeg Arena, was an aging building with no luxury suites and seating with obstructed views.
Attempts to find a local buyer were unsuccessful, with league commissioner Gary Bettman saying, "there doesn't seem to be anybody, in a serious fashion, who wants to own the franchise." After an eleventh-hour effort by a team of local businessmen, dubbed the Spirit of Manitoba, fell through, team owner Barry Shenkarow sold the team to American businessmen Steven Gluckstern and Richard Burke. Burke and Gluckstern originally planned to move the team to Minnesota (which had lost the North Stars to Dallas in 1993), but when negotiations for a lease agreement with the landlords of the Target Center fell through, the new owners eventually reached an agreement with Phoenix businessman Jerry Colangelo that saw the team move to Arizona and become the Phoenix Coyotes. The Winnipeg Jets played their last-ever game on April 28, 1996, a home playoff loss to the Detroit Red Wings by a score of 4–1. Norm Maciver scored the last goal in Jets history. Winnipeg was not without hockey for long, however; the International Hockey League's Minnesota Moose moved to Winnipeg as the Manitoba Moose a few months after it was announced that the Jets were leaving town. The team later joined the American Hockey League as the affiliate of the Vancouver Canucks when the IHL collapsed.
During their history, the Jets retired two numbers: Bobby Hull's #9 and Thomas Steen's #25. Both numbers hang in the Coyotes' current home, Gila River Arena, in the Jets' old blue-red-white colour scheme. Dale Hawerchuk's No. 10 was added in 2006, in the Coyotes' current sand-red-black scheme. Another tradition that was retained when the franchise moved to Phoenix was the "whiteout", in which fans wore all white to home playoff games. The franchise finally won a playoff series in 2012, their first in 25 years, en route to reaching the Conference Finals for the first time where they were defeated by the eventual champions Los Angeles Kings. Hull's No. 9 jersey was temporarily unretired with the acquisition of his son Brett by the Coyotes. Brett wore his father's famous jersey until his own retirement on October 15, 2005, subsequent to which the number was re-retired.
In their new market, the Coyotes have continued to struggle both on and off the ice. They have not won a playoff series besides their run to the Conference Final in 2012. When the team declared bankruptcy in 2009, the NHL took over the franchise. In the midst of the league's search for a new Coyotes owner, True North Sports and Entertainment made two bids with the intent of returning the franchise to Winnipeg. True North also considered buying the Nashville Predators, likely to move it to Winnipeg. These bids were turned down only after the league reached an agreement with the municipal government, which agreed to subsize the Coyotes' losses in order to keep the Coyotes in Phoenix, so True North turned its attention to the financially struggling Atlanta Thrashers, moving it to Winnipeg to become the second incarnation of the Jets (see below).
Former Coyotes team captain Shane Doan, who was drafted seventh overall by the Jets prior to their last season in Winnipeg and played his rookie season in Winnipeg, played his entire career for the Jets/Coyotes franchise. Doan was the last player from the original Jets to still be active in the NHL until his retirement in 2017. The only other former original Winnipeg Jet still active in professional hockey is Deron Quint, who is currently playing in the DEL in Germany.
The Winnipeg Whiteout is a hockey tradition that dates back to 1986 when fans were asked to wear white clothing to home playoff games, creating a very intimidating effect and atmosphere. It was created as a response to the "C of Red" created by fans of the Calgary Flames, whom the home-town Jets were facing in the first round of the 1987 Stanley Cup Playoffs. The Jets eliminated the Flames in six games, and fans wore white for every home playoff game thereafter. Fans dubbed it the "White Out." Marketing for the team during the playoff referred to the "charge of the white brigade." Fans of the AHL franchise Manitoba Moose also continued this tradition when the team briefly relocated to St. John's, Newfoundland, as the St. John's IceCaps, as did fans of the "IceCap's White Out" and "Coyotes White Out," respectively. When the Thrashers moved to Winnipeg as the second incarnation of the Jets, they brought back the White Out tradition for the 2015 playoffs.
Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals scored for, GA = Goals scored against, PIM = Penalty minutes
|1972–73||78||43||31||4||90||285||249||757||first, Western||Won Quarter-final (Fighting Saints) 4-1
Won Semi-final (Aeros) 4-0
Lost Final (Whalers) 4-1
|1973–74||78||34||39||5||73||264||296||673||fourth, Western||Lost Quarter-final (Aeros) 4-0|
|1974–75||78||38||35||5||81||322||293||869||third, Canadian||Did not qualify|
|1975–76||81||52||27||2||106||345||254||940||first, Canadian||Won Quarter-final (Oilers) 4-0
Won Semi-final (Cowboys) 4-1
Won Final (Aeros) 4-0
|1976–77||80||46||32||2||94||366||291||991||second, Western||Won Quarter-final (Mariners) 4-3
Won Semi-final (Aeros) 4-2
Lost Final (Nordiques) 4-3
|1977–78||80||50||28||2||102||381||270||988||first, WHA||Won Quarter-final (Bulls) 4-1
Earned Semi-final bye
Won Final (Whalers) 4-0
|1978–79||80||39||35||6||84||307||306||1342||third, WHA||Won Semi-final (Nordiques) 4-0
Won Final (Oilers) 4-2
|1979–80||80||20||49||11||51||214||314||1251||fifth, Smythe||Did not qualify|
|1980–81||80||9||57||14||32||246||400||1191||fifth, Smythe||Did not qualify|
|1981–82||80||33||33||14||80||319||332||1314||second, Norris||Lost Norris Semi-final (Blues) 3-1|
|1982–83||80||33||39||8||74||311||333||1089||fourth, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Oilers) 3-0|
|1983–84||80||31||38||11||73||340||374||1579||fourth, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Oilers) 3-0|
|1984–85||80||43||27||10||96||358||332||1540||second, Smythe||Won Smythe Semi-final (Flames) 3-1
Lost Smythe Final (Oilers) 4-0
|1985–86||80||26||47||7||59||295||372||1774||third, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Flames) 3-0|
|1986–87||80||40||32||8||88||279||271||1537||third, Smythe||Won Smythe Semi-final (Flames) 4-2
Lost Smythe Final (Oilers) 4-0
|1987–88||80||33||36||11||77||292||310||2278||third, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Oilers) 4-1|
|1988–89||80||26||42||12||64||300||355||1843||fifth, Smythe||Did not qualify|
|1989–90||80||37||32||11||85||298||290||1639||third, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Oilers) 4-3|
|1990–91||80||26||43||11||63||260||288||1675||fifth, Smythe||Did not qualify|
|1991–92||80||33||32||15||81||251||244||1907||fourth, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Canucks) 4-3|
|1992–93||84||40||37||7||87||322||320||1851||fourth, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Canucks) 4-2|
|1993–94||84||24||51||9||57||245||344||2143||sixth, Central||Did not qualify|
|1994–951||48||16||25||7||39||157||177||1141||sixth, Central||Did not qualify|
|1995–96||82||36||40||6||78||275||291||1622||fifth, Central||Lost Conference Quarter-final (Red Wings) 4-2|
- 1 Season was shortened by the 1994–95 NHL lockout.
First round draft picksEdit
- 1973: Ron Andruff (11th overall)
- 1974: Randy Andreachuk (seventh overall)
- 1975: Brad Gassoff (eighth overall)
- 1976: Thomas Gradin (ninth overall)
- 1977: Ron Duguay (third overall)
- 1978: no WHA draft
- 1979: Jimmy Mann (19th overall)
- 1980: Dave Babych (second overall)
- 1981: Dale Hawerchuk (first overall)
- 1982: Jim Kyte (12th overall)
- 1983: Andrew McBain (eighth overall) and Bobby Dollas (14th overall)
- 1984: none
- 1985: Ryan Stewart (18th overall)
- 1986: Pat Elynuik (eighth overall)
- 1987: Bryan Marchment (16th overall)
- 1988: Teemu Selanne (10th overall)
- 1989: Stu Barnes (fourth overall)
- 1990: Keith Tkachuk (19th overall)
- 1991: Aaron Ward (fifth overall)
- 1992: Sergei Bautin (17th overall)
- 1993: Mats Lindgren (15th overall)
- 1994: none
- 1995: Shane Doan (seventh overall)
Hall of FamersEdit
- Dale Hawerchuk, C, 1981–1990, inducted 2001
- Phil Housley, D, 1990–1993, inducted 2015
- Bobby Hull, LW, 1972–1980, inducted 1983
- Serge Savard, D, 1981–1983, inducted 1986
- Teemu Selanne, RW, 1992–1996, inducted 2017
The Winnipeg Jets retired two numbers in their history. When the Jets relocated to Arizona, the banners of these players also made the move, and these numbers remain retired with the Arizona Coyotes, in Jets' colors. After the move to Arizona, number 10 was retired in honor of Dale Hawerchuk, number 7 was retired for Keith Tkachuk, and number 27 was retired for Teppo Numminen.
|Winnipeg Jets retired numbers|
|91||Bobby Hull||LW||1972–1980||February 19, 1989|
|25||Thomas Steen||RW||1981–1995||May 6, 1995|
- 1 Bobby Hull's number was temporarily unretired by the successor Coyotes franchise for Bobby's son Brett in the 2005–06 season before his son Brett retired five games into that season.
Franchise scoring leadersEdit
These are the top-ten-point-scorers in Winnipeg Jets history, combining NHL and WHA totals.
Legend: Pos = Position; GP = Games played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game
Winnipeg Jets individual recordsEdit
- Most goals in a season: Teemu Selanne, 76 (1992–93) (NHL rookie record)
- Most assists in a season: Phil Housley, 79 (1992–93)
- Most points in a season: Teemu Selanne 132 (1992–93) (NHL rookie record)
- Most penalty minutes in a season: Tie Domi, 347 (1993–94)
- Most points in a season, defenceman: Phil Housley, 97 (1992–93)
- Most points in a season, rookie: Teemu Selanne, 132 (1992–93) (NHL record)
- Most wins in a season: Brian Hayward & Bob Essensa, 33 (1984–85 & 1992–93)
- Scott Adam Surgent, The Complete Historical and Statistical Reference to the World Hockey Association, Xaler Press, 1995. Pg.58
- Scott Adam Surgent, Pg.114
- Cole, Stephen (2006). The Canadian Hockey Atlas. Doubleday Canada. p. 232. ISBN 978-03-8566-093-8.
- Willes, Ed (2004). The Rebel League: The Short and Unruly Life of the World Hockey Association. Toronto: McLelland and Stewart. p. 241. ISBN 978-07-7108-947-3.
- "Bettman and the Jets: Tales from the NHL's flight from Winnipeg". Toronto Star. May 3, 1995. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "Detroit Red Wings at Winnipeg Jets Box Score, April 28, 1996 | Hockey-Reference.com". Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "Winnipeg's NHL dreams dashed again – Need to know". Macleans.ca. May 12, 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- Nick Ternette (November 3, 2010). "Coyote question: Is Phoenix an NHL market?". Yahoo Sports. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
- "NHL Attendance Leaders". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- "True North also had talks about buying Predators, Coyotes | National Post". Sports.nationalpost.com. June 2, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- Tucker T (June 1, 2011). "Waddell's job, Thrashers name will end with sale". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
- Sigurdson, Hal (April 18, 1987). "Whiteout aside, defence tells tale". Winnipeg Free Press. p. 83.
- Further reading
- "City survived loss of Jets, but fans must do better", Winnipeg Free Press
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