Harvard Crimson football
The Harvard Crimson football program represents Harvard University in college football at the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA). Harvard's football program is one of the oldest in the world, having begun competing in the sport in 1873. The Crimson has a legacy that includes thirteen national championships and 20 College Football Hall of Fame inductees, including the first African-American college football player William H. Lewis, Huntington "Tack" Hardwick, Barry Wood, Percy Haughton, and Eddie Mahan. Harvard is the eighth winningest team in NCAA Division I football history.
|Harvard Crimson football|
|Head coach||Tim Murphy|
25th season, 171–73 (.701)
|All-time record||829–383–50 (.677)|
|Bowl record||1–0 (1.000)|
|Claimed nat'l titles||7|
|Unclaimed nat'l titles||5|
|Colors||Crimson, White, and Black|
|Fight song||Ten Thousand Men of Harvard|
- 1 History
- 2 Championships
- 3 Head coaches
- 4 Rivalries
- 5 Harvard Stadium
- 6 College Football Hall of Fame inductees
- 7 Harvard players in the NFL
- 8 All-Americans
- 9 Players notable in other fields
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Old "Football Fightum" had been resurrected at Harvard in 1872, when Harvard resumed playing football. Harvard, however, had adopted a version of football which allowed carrying, albeit only when the player carrying the ball was being pursued. As a result of this, Harvard refused to attend the rules conference organized by the other schools and continued to play under its own code. While Harvard's voluntary absence from the meeting made it hard for them to schedule games against other American universities, it agreed to a challenge to play McGill University, from Montreal, in a two-game series. Inasmuch as rugby football had been transplanted to Canada from England, the McGill team played under a set of rules which allowed a player to pick up the ball and run with it whenever he wished. Another rule, unique to McGill, was to count tries (the act of grounding the football past the opposing team's goal line; it is important to note that there was no end zone during this time), as well as goals, in the scoring. In the Rugby rules of the time, a touchdown only provided the chance to kick a free goal from the field. If the kick was missed, the touchdown did not count.
The McGill team traveled to Cambridge to meet Harvard. On May 14, 1874, the first game, played under Harvard's rules, was won by Harvard with a score of 3–0. The next day, the two teams played under "McGill" rugby rules to a scoreless tie. The games featured a round ball instead of a rugby-style oblong ball. This series of games represents an important milestone in the development of the modern game of American football. In October 1874, the Harvard team once again traveled to Montreal to play McGill in rugby, where they won by three tries.
The Harvard Crimson was one of the dominant forces in the early days of intercollegiate football, winning 9 college football national championships between 1890 and 1919. In both 1919 and 1920, headed by All-American brothers Arnold Horween and Ralph Horween (who also attended Harvard Law School), Harvard was undefeated (9–0–1, as they outscored their competition 229–19, and 8–0–1, respectively). The team won the 1920 Rose Bowl against the University of Oregon, 7–6. It was the only bowl appearance in Harvard history.
In the forty-year period from 1889 to 1928, Harvard had more than 80 first-team All-American selections. Under head coach Percy Haughton, Harvard had three consecutive undefeated seasons from 1912 to 1914, including two perfect seasons in 1912 and 1913.
NCAA Division I subdivision splitEdit
The NCAA decided to split Division I into two subdivisions in 1978, then called I-A for larger schools, and I-AA for the smaller ones. The NCAA had devised the split, in part, with the Ivy League in mind, but the conference did not move down for four seasons despite the fact that there were many indications that the ancient eight were on the wrong side of an increasing disparity between the big and small schools. In 1982, the NCAA created a rule that stated a program's average attendance must be at least 15,000 to qualify for I-A membership. This forced the conference's hand, as only some of the member schools met the attendance qualification. Choosing to stay together rather than stand their ground separately in the increasingly competitive I-A subdivision, the Ivy League, along with several other conferences and independent programs moved down into I-AA starting with the 1982 season (a number of these teams have since returned to I-A/FBS).
Since the formation of the Ivy League in 1956, Harvard has won outright or shared 17 Ivy League championships (8 outright; 9 shared), 1961 (6–3), 1966 (8–1), 1968 (8–0–1), 1974 (7–2), 1975 (7–2), 1982 (7–3), 1983 (6–2–2), 1987 (8–2), 1997 (9–1), 2001 (9–0), 2004 (10–0), 2007 (8–2), 2008 (9–1), 2011 (9–1), 2013 (9–1), 2014 (10–0) and 2015 (9–1). The Crimson are behind Penn and Dartmouth's 18 Ivy League Football Championships.
Harvard has won 12 national championships (1874, 1875, 1890, 1898, 1899, 1901, 1908, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1919, 1920) from NCAA-designated major selectors.:110–111 Harvard claims seven of these college football national championships.
|1874||Parke Davis||Arthur B. Ellis||1–1|
|1875||National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis||William A. Whiting||4–0|
|1890||PD, NCF, Billingsley Report (BR), Helms Athletic Foundation (HAF), Houlgate System (HS)||George A. Stewart, George C. Adams||11–0|
|1898||BR, HAF, HS, NCF||William Forbes||11–0|
|1899||HAF, HS, NCF||Benjamin Dibblee||10–0–1|
|1910||BR, HAF, HS, NCF||Percy Haughton||8–0–1|
|1912||BR, HAF, HS, NCF, PD||Percy Haughton||9–0–0|
|1913||HAF, HS, NCF, PD||Percy Haughton||9–0–0|
|1919||College Football Researchers Association (CFRA), HAF, HS, NCF, PD||Bob Fisher||9–0–1|
Bold indicates claimed championship
Harvard has won seventeen conference championships, all of which occurring during their tenure in the Ivy League, which they joined in 1956, with eight of them being outright and nine being shared. They are second in total Ivy League football titles, behind Dartmouth and Penn.
|Year||Conference||Coach||Overall record||Conference record|
|1961†||Ivy League||John Yovicsin||6–3||6–1|
|Frank A. Mason||1886||12–2||.857|
|George A. Stewart & George C. Adams||1890–1892||34–2||.944|
|George A. Stewart & Everett J. Lake||1893||12–1||.923|
|William A. Brooks||1894||11–2||.846|
|William Cameron Forbes||1897–1898||21–1–1||.935|
|Bill Reid||1901, 1905–1906||30–3– 1||.897|
|John Wells Farley||1902||11–1||.917|
|William F. Donovan||1918||2–1||.667|
|Dick Harlow||1935–1942; 1945–1947||45–39–7||.533|
Harvard and Yale have been competing against each other in football since 1875. The annual rivalry game between the two schools, known as "The Game", is played in November at the end of the football season. As of 2015, Yale led the series 65–59–8. The Game is the second oldest continuing rivalry and also the third most-played rivalry game in college football history, after the Lehigh–Lafayette Rivalry (1884) and the Princeton–Yale game (1873). Sports Illustrated On Campus rated the Harvard–Yale rivalry the sixth-best in college athletics in 2003. Ted Kennedy played football for Harvard and caught a touchdown pass in the 1955 Harvard/Yale game. In 2006, Yale ended a five-game losing streak against Harvard, winning 34–13. That Harvard winning streak was third longest in the history of the series, after Yale's 1902–1907 six-game winning streak and Yale's 1880–1889 eight-game winning streak. Harvard has since beaten Yale in 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015. The Game is significant for historical reasons as the rules of The Game soon were adopted by other schools. Football's rules, conventions, and equipment, as well as elements of "atmosphere" such as the mascot and fight song, include many elements pioneered or nurtured at Harvard and Yale.
The series with Dartmouth dates to 1882.
The series with Penn dates to 1881.
The series with Princeton dates to 1877.
Harvard Stadium is a horseshoe-shaped football stadium in the Allston neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States. The stadium is an important historic landmark. Built in 1903, it is the nation's oldest stadium. Penn's Franklin Field is the oldest site still in use (1895) but its current stadium was built in 1922. It was also the world's first massive reinforced-concrete structure, and considered at the time of construction to be the 'finest structure of its kind in the world'. However, the structure was completed in just six months, mainly by the efforts of Harvard students, and for a budget of $200,000. Thus 'the stadium represents the thought, the money, the ideas, the planning, and the manual labor of Harvard men'. As such, it is one of four athletic arenas distinguished as a National Historic Landmark (the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Rose Bowl and the Yale Bowl are the other three). The stadium seats 30,323. Temporary steel stands were added in the stadiums to expand capacity to 57,166 until 1951. Afterward, there were smaller temporary stands until the building of the Murr Center (which is topped by the new scoreboard) in 1998. In 2006, Harvard installed both FieldTurf and lights.
College Football Hall of Fame inducteesEdit
|Eddie Casey||Halfback||1916, 1919||1968|||
|Charles Dudley Daly||Quarterback||1898–1902||1951|||
|Hamilton Fish III||Tackle||1907–1909||1954|||
|Huntington Hardwick||End, Halfback||1912–1914||1954|||
|William H. Lewis||Center||1888–1893||2009|||
|Pat McInally||Wide receiver||1972–1974||2016|||
Harvard players in the NFLEdit
This section needs to be updated.September 2018)(
|Joe Azelby||Linebacker||1984||Buffalo Bills|
|Matt Birk||Center||1998–2013||Minnesota Vikings, Baltimore Ravens|
|Cameron Brate||Tight End||2014 – present||Tampa Bay Buccaneers|
|Desmond Bryant||Defensive tackle||2009 – present||Oakland Raiders, Cleveland Browns|
|Ben Braunecker||TE||2016||Chicago Bears|
|Stanley Burnham||TB-BB||1925||Frankford Yellow Jackets|
|Roger Caron||Tackle||1985–1986||Indianapolis Colts|
|Eddie Casey||Halfback||1920||Buffalo All-Americans|
|Charlie Clark||Guard||1924||Chicago Cardinals|
|Bill Craven||Defensive back||1976||Cleveland Browns|
|Harrie Dadmun||Guard, tackle||1920–1921||Canton Bulldogs, New York Brickley Giants|
|Clifton Dawson||Running back||2007–2008||Cincinnati Bengals, Indianapolis Colts|
|John Dockery||Defensive back||1968–1973||New York Jets, Pittsburgh Steelers|
|Nick Easton||Center||2015–present||San Francisco 49ers, Minnesota Vikings|
|Chris Eitzmann||Tight end||2000||New England Patriots|
|Carl Etelman||B||1926||Providence Steam Roller|
|Earl Evans||Tackle, guard||1925–1929||Chicago Cardinals, Chicago Bears|
|Anthony Firkser||Tight End, H-Back||2017 – present||Tennessee Titans, Kansas City Chiefs, New York Jets|
|Ryan Fitzpatrick||Quarterback||2005 – present||St. Louis Rams, Cincinnati Bengals, Buffalo Bills, Tennessee Titans, Houston Texans, New York Jets, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Miami Dolphins|
|Herman Gundlach||Guard||1935||Boston Redskins|
|Arnold Horween||B||1921–1924||Racine Cardinals, Chicago Cardinals|
|Ralph Horween||B||1921–1923||Chicago Cardinals|
|Dan Jiggetts||Tackle, guard||1976–1982||Chicago Bears|
|Kyle Juszczyk||Fullback, Tight End||2013–present||Baltimore Ravens, San Francisco 49ers|
|Isaiah Kacyvenski||Linebacker||2000–2006||Seattle Seahawks, St. Louis Rams|
|Dick King||Fullback, halfback||1917–1923||Pine Village, Hammond Pros, Milwaukee Badgers, Rochester Jeffersons, St. Louis All-Stars|
|Bobby Leo||Running back, wide receiver||1967–1968||Boston Patriots|
|Joe McGlone||BB||1926||Providence Steam Roller|
|Pat McInally||Wide receiver, punter||1976–1985||Cincinnati Bengals|
|Al Miller||Fullback, halfback||1929||Boston Bulldogs|
|Joe Murphy||Guard||1920–1921||Canton Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians|
|Kevin Murphy||Offensive Tackle||2012– 2013||Minnesota Vikings|
|Tyler Ott||Long Snapper||2014–present||New England Patriots, St. Louis Rams, New York Giants, Seattle Seahawks|
|Joe Pellegrini||Guard, center||1982–1986||New York Jets, Atlanta Falcons|
|Adam Redmond||Center||2016–present||Indianapolis Colts, Dallas Cowboys|
|Jamil Soriano||Guard||2003–2005||New England Patriots, Miami Dolphins|
|Red Steele||End||1921||Canton Bulldogs|
|Rich Szaro||Kicker||1975–1979||New Orleans Saints, New York Jets|
Since the first All-American team was selected by Caspar Whitney in 1889, more than 100 Harvard football players have been selected as first-team All-Americans. Consensus All-Americans are noted below with bold typeface.
- 1889: Arthur Cumnock (end), John Cranston (guard), James P. Lee (halfback)
- 1890: Frank Hallowell (end), Marshall Newell (tackle), John Cranston (center), Dudley Dean (quarterback), John Corbett (halfback)
- 1891: Marshall Newell (tackle), Everett J. Lake (halfback)
- 1892: Frank Hallowell (end), Marshall Newell (tackle), Bert Waters (guard), William H. Lewis (center), Charley Brewer (fullback)
- 1893: Marshall Newell (tackle), William H. Lewis (center), Charley Brewer (fullback)
- 1894: Bert Waters (tackle), Mackie (guard), Bob Wrenn (quarterback)
- 1895: Norman Cabot (end), Charley Brewer (fullback)
- 1896: Norman Cabot (end), Percy Haughton (tackle), N. Shaw (guard), Edgar Wrightington (halfback), Dunlop (Harvard)
- 1897: Moulton (end), George W. Bouve (guard), Allan Doucette (center), Benjamin Dibblee (fullback)
- 1898: John Hallowell (end), Cochran (end), Percy Haughton (tackle), Walter Boal (guard), Charles Dudley Daly (quarterback), Benjamin Dibblee (halfback), Warren (halfback), Reid (fullback)
- 1899: Dave Campbell (end), Donald (tackle), Charles Dudley Daly (quarterback), Sarwin (halfback)
- 1900: John Hallowell (end), Dave Campbell (end), Charles Dudley Daly (quarterback), Sarwin (halfback)
- 1901: Edward Bowditch (end), Dave Campbell (end), Oliver Cutts (tackle), Crawford Blagden (tackle), William Lee (guard), Charles A. Barnard (guard), Sargeant (center), Robert Kernan (halfback), Thomas Graydon (fullback)
- 1902: Edward Bowditch (end), Thomas Graydon (fullback)
- 1903: Edward Bowditch (end), Daniel Knowlton (tackle), Andrew Marshall (guard), Henry Schoellkopf (fullback)
- 1904: Daniel Hurley (halfback)
- 1905: Karl Brill (tackle), Beaton Squires (tackle), Francis Burr (guard), Daniel Hurley (halfback)
- 1906: Charles Osborne (tackle), Francis Burr (guard), Harry Kersberg (guard), Bartol Parker (center), John Wendell (fullback)
- 1907: Patrick Grant (center), John Wendell (halfback)
- 1908: Gilbert Goodwin Browne (end), Hamilton Fish III (tackle), Robert McKay (tackle), Sam Hoar (guard), Hamilton Corbett (halfback), Charles Nourse (center), Johnny Cutler (quarterback), Ernest Ver Wiebe (halfback),
- 1909: Hamilton Corbett (halfback), Hamilton Fish III (tackle), Wayland Minot (halfback)
- 1910: Hamilton Corbett (halfback), L.D. Smith (end), Lewis (end), Robert McKay (tackle), Ted Withington (tackle), Bob Fisher (guard), Wayland Minot (guard), Percy Wendell (halfback)
- 1911: Smith (end), Bob Fisher (guard), Percy Wendell (halfback)
- 1912: Sam Felton (end), Bob Storer (tackle), Stan Pennock (guard), Gardner (quarterback), Charles Brickley (halfback), Percy Wendell (fullback), Huntington "Tack" Hardwick (fullback)
- 1913: O'Brien (end), Harvey Rexford Hitchcock, Jr. (tackle), Robert Treat Paine Storer (tackle), Stan Pennock (guard), Eddie Mahan (halfback), Charles Brickley (fullback)
- 1914: Huntington Hardwick (end), Walter Trumbull (tackle), Stan Pennock (guard), Eddie Mahan (halfback), Frederick Bradlee (halfback)
- 1915: Joseph Gilman (tackle), Richard King (halfback), Eddie Mahan (fullback)
- 1916: Richard Harte (end), Harrie Dadmun (guard), Eddie Casey (halfback)
- 1919: Bob Sedgwick (guard), Eddie Casey (halfback)
- 1920: Bob Sedgwick (tackle), Tom Woods (guard), James Tolbert (guard), Arnold Horween (fullback)
- 1921: C.C. Macomber (end), John Brown (guard), George Owen (halfback)
- 1922: Charles Hubbard (guard), Charles Buell (quarterback), George Owen (halfback)
- 1923: Charles Hubbard (guard)
- 1929: Ben Ticknor (center)
- 1930: Ben Ticknor (center)
- 1931: Irad Hardy (tackle), Barry Wood (quarterback)
- 1932: Irad Hardy (tackle)
- 1975 (Division I-AA) – Dan Jiggetts (offensive tackle)
- 1982 (Division I-AA) – Michael Corbat (offensive guard)
- 2016 Ben Braunecker (tight end)
Players notable in other fieldsEdit
Below are any Crimson football players that became notable for reasons other than football. Including is notability, position at Havard, and any accomplishments while playing.
- Tommy Lee Jones, actor, guard, 1st team All-Ivy League 1968
- "Harvard at a Glance | Harvard University". Retrieved February 11, 2018.
- "NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009. pp. 62–63. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
- "NCAA Football Championship Subdivision Records" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009. p. 172. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
- Parke H. Davis. Football, the American intercollegiate game. p. 64.
- "No Christian End!" (PDF). The Journey to Camp: The Origins of American Football to 1889. Professional Football Researchers Association. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
- "Spotlight Athletics". Mcgill.ca. May 14, 2012. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "Parke H. Davis '93 On Harvard Football". Princeton Alumni Weekly. 16: 583. March 29, 1916 – via Google books.
- "Harvard Football National Championships". Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Official 2009 NCAA Division I Football Records Book (PDF). Indianapolis, IN: National Collegiate Athletic Association. August 2009. pp. 78–79. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "Horween, Ralph". Jews In Sports @ Virtual Museum. Archived from the original on March 17, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- "Horween, Arnold". Jews In Sports @ Virtual Museum. March 3, 2013. Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- Jack Cavanaugh (2010). The Gipper: George Gipp, Knute Rockne, and the Dramatic Rise of Notre Dame Football. Skyhorse Publishing. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- The New York Times Biographical Service. New York Times & Arno Press. 1997. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Ralph Goldstein (May 29, 1997). "Ralph Horween, 100, the Oldest Ex-N.F.L. Player". New York Times. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- Dale Richard Perelman (2012). Centenarians. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- "A League First: Former Player Turns 100". New York Times. August 4, 1996. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- "Media Center: Harvard Crimson Football All-American Selections". GoCrimson.com.
- "Harvard Yearly Results (1910–1914)". College Football Data Warehouse.
- Mark F. Bernstein, Football: The Ivy League Origins of an American Obsession
- "Harvard Composite Championship Listing". College Football Data Warehouse.
- Christopher J. Walsh (2007). Who's #1?: 100-Plus Years of Controversial National Champions in College Football. Taylor Trade Pub. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-58979-337-8.
- 2018 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (PDF). Indianapolis: National Collegiate Athletic Association. August 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
- >"Harvard Football National Championships". Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- "Media Center: Harvard Crimson Football – Ivy League Championships". gocrimson.com.
- "Harvard Coaching Records". College Football Data Warehouse.
- "Harvard Crimson Football Record By Year - College Football at Sports-Reference.com". College Football at Sports-Reference.com.
- Thomas G. Bergin (1984). The Game: The Harvard-Yale Football Rivalry, 1875–1983. Yale University Press.
- Bernard M. Corbett and Paul Simpson (2004). The Only Game That Matters. Crown. ISBN 1-4000-5068-5.
- "Harvard's Great Stadium" (PDF). New York Times. November 22, 1903.
- "Harvard Stadium History". Harvard Crimson.
- "Harvard Stadium: Home of Harvard Football and Lacrosse Harvard Stadium Notes". Harvard University.
- "Harvard Stadium Football History". Harvard University.
- "Hall of Fame Inductee Search". College Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
- "Charley Brewer (1971) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Dave Campbell (1958) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Eddie Casey (1968) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Charlie Daly (1951) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Hamilton Fish (1954) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Bob Fisher (1973) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Huntington "Tack" Hardwick (1954) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Dick Harlow (1954) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Percy Haughton (1951) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Lloyd Jordan (1978) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "William Lewis (2009) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Eddie Mahan (1951) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Pat McInally (2016) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Marshall Newell (1957) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "George Owen (1983) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Endicott Peabody (1973) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Stan Pennock (1954) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Bill Reid (1970) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Ben Ticknor (1954) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Percy Wendell (1972) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Barry Wood (1980) - Hall of Fame". National Football Foundation.
- "Harvard Players/Alumni". pro-football-reference.com.
- Grantland Rice (July 6, 1949). "Hardwick of Harvard". Miami Daily News.
- Knobler, Mike (December 1, 1982). "Harvard's Corbat Named To All-America Team | Sports | The Harvard Crimson". Thecrimson.com. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "Harvard : Media Center: Harvard Crimson Football All-American Selections". Gocrimson.com. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- *Harvard Crimson bio