1949 Japanese general election

General elections were held in Japan on 23 January 1949. The result was a victory for the Democratic Liberal Party, which won 269 of the 466 seats.[1] Voter turnout was 74.0%. It was the first election held following the enactment of the current Constitution of Japan.

1949 Japanese general election

← 1947 23 January 1949 1952 →

All 466 seats in the House of Representatives
234 seats needed for a majority
Turnout74.04% (Increase6.09pp)
  First party Second party Third party
  Shigeru Yoshida smiling2.jpg Takeru inukai.jpg Tetsu Katayama mid 1950s.jpg
Leader Shigeru Yoshida Takeru Inukai Tetsu Katayama
Party Democratic Liberal Democratic Socialist
Leader's seat Kōchi at-large Okayama–2nd Kanagawa–3rd (lost)
Last election Did not exist 25.44%, 124 seats 26.23%, 143 seats
Seats won 264 70 48
Seat change New Decrease 54 Decrease 95
Popular vote 13,420,269 4,798,352 4,129,794
Percentage 43.87% 15.68% 13.50%
Swing New Decrease9.76pp Decrease12.73pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  TOKUDA Kyuichi.jpg Takeo Miki-2-1.jpg Hisao Kuroda 01.jpg
Leader Kyuichi Tokuda Takeo Miki Hisao Kuroda
Party Communist National Cooperative Labourers–Farmers
Leader's seat Tokyo–3rd Tokushima at-large Okayama–1st
Last election 3.67%, 4 seats 7.00%, 31 seats Did not exist
Seats won 35 14 7
Seat change Increase 31 Decrease 17 New
Popular vote 2,984,780 1,041,879 606,840
Percentage 9.76% 3.41% 1.98%
Swing Increase6.09pp Decrease 3.59pp New

1949 JAPAN GENERAL ELECTION, combined vote share.svg

Prime Minister before election

Shigeru Yoshida
Democratic Liberal

Prime Minister after election

Shigeru Yoshida
Democratic Liberal

Future prime ministers Hayato Ikeda and Eisaku Satō and future Foreign Minister and Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsuo Okazaki were first elected in this election.

The second cabinet of Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida was formed following the election.

ResultsEdit

 
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Democratic Liberal Party13,420,26943.87264New
Democratic Party4,798,35215.6869–55
Japan Socialist Party4,129,79413.5048–95
Japanese Communist Party2,984,7809.7635+31
National Cooperative Party1,041,8793.4114–17
Labourers and Farmers Party606,8401.987New
Other parties1,602,4965.2417
Independents2,008,1096.56120
Total30,592,519100.00466–2
Valid votes30,592,51998.13
Invalid/blank votes582,4381.87
Total votes31,174,957100.00
Registered voters/turnout42,105,30074.04
Source: Oscarsson, Nohlen et al.

By prefectureEdit

Prefecture Total
seats
Seats won
DLP DP JSP JCP NCP LFP Others Ind.
Aichi 19 10 5 1 1 1 1
Akita 8 5 3
Aomori 7 3 3 1
Chiba 13 11 2
Ehime 9 8 1
Fukui 4 2 2
Fukuoka 19 9 2 3 1 3 1
Fukushima 12 9 3
Gifu 9 7 1 1
Gunma 10 4 3 2 1
Hiroshima 12 7 3 2
Hokkaido 22 11 2 1 1 7
Hyōgo 18 10 3 2 2 1
Ibaraki 12 7 2 1 2
Ishikawa 6 3 1 1 1
Iwate 8 6 1 1
Kagawa 6 1 3 2
Kagoshima 10 9 1
Kanagawa 13 5 1 3 3 1
Kōchi 5 2 2 1
Kumamoto 10 4 4 1 1
Kyoto 10 3 3 1 2 1
Mie 9 4 1 1 3
Miyagi 9 6 2 1
Miyazaki 6 5 1
Nagano 13 8 2 1 2
Nagasaki 9 7 1 1
Nara 5 2 1 1 1
Niigata 15 8 1 3 1 1 1
Ōita 7 5 1 1
Okayama 10 5 2 1 2
Osaka 19 10 5 4
Saga 5 3 2
Saitama 13 9 1 2 1
Shiga 5 2 1 1 1
Shimane 5 1 2 1 1
Shizuoka 14 9 1 1 1 1 1
Tochigi 10 7 1 1 1
Tokushima 5 3 2
Tokyo 27 13 1 4 7 1 1
Tottori 4 2 1 1
Toyama 6 3 2 1
Wakayama 6 3 1 2
Yamagata 8 5 2 1
Yamaguchi 9 6 2 1
Yamanashi 5 2 1 1 1
Total 466 264 69 48 35 14 7 17 12

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p381 ISBN 0-19-924959-8