FC Zorya Luhansk
FC Zorya Luhansk (Ukrainian: ФК «Зоря» Луганськ [zoˈrʲɑ lʊˈɦɑnʲsʲk]), formerly known as Zaria Voroshilovgrad and Zorya-MALS, is a Ukrainian football team. Zorya Luhansk is based in the city of Luhansk (formerly known as Voroshilovgrad), Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. However, because of the war in Eastern Ukraine, the team play their games at Slavutych-Arena in Zaporizhzhia.
|Full name||Football Club Zorya Luhansk|
|Nickname(s)||Muzhyky (The Men)|
|Founded||5 May 1923|
(Avanhard Stadium, Luhansk
Stadion imeni Lenina, Luhansk)
|Head Coach||Viktor Skrypnyk|
|League||Ukrainian Premier League|
|2020–21||Ukrainian Premier League, 3rd|
The modern club as a team of masters was established on 10 April 1964 by the Football Federation of the Soviet Union merging the October Revolution Plant (Luhanskteplovoz) sports club Zorya and the Luhansk regional branch of the "Trudovye Rezervy" sports society. In 1972, as Zaria Voroshilovgrad, the club became the first provincial Soviet club to win the Soviet Top League title. Today, the modern club considers its predecessor the football team of the Luhansk Steam Locomotive Plant (October Revolution Steam Locomotive Plant, today Luhanskteplovoz) that was established back in 1923.
The club is a flagman club in Luhansk Oblast and one of three Ukrainian football "teams of masters" that won the Soviet Top League. The name Zorya means "dawn" in Ukrainian. As it is located near the eastern border of Ukraine, the club has strong Russian culture influence and a Russian name variation of the club Zarya could be seen in many reports and logos.
The modern Zorya Luhansk, during its Soviet period known as Zaria Voroshilovgrad and for a short period Zorya-MALS, was created in 1964. The history of the club begins in the early 20th century, right after the first stadium was built in the city of Luhansk in 1922, on the personal order of Vladimir Lenin and later named after him. The first mention of games involving the Luhansk team dates back to 1911. In 1913 in Kostyantynivka the first regional football league of Donets basin was created. During World War I and the subsequent Soviet and German hostilities, the league was suspended until 1920, by which time the situation in the region had stabilized.
The first Luhansk team was created in the Russian Empire in 1908 when the workers of the Russischen Maschinenbaugesellschaft Hartmann created the "Society of wise recreations". The football section was headed by the Czech specialist Henrich Drževikovski from Prague, who was an instructor of gymnastics of the factory's ministerial school. That team played its games and conducted its training on the empty lot near the factory where today the sport hall "Zorya" is located.
In 1923 the workers of the Luhansk steam train factory of the October Revolution (hence – the club's logo with a locomotive) organized their football team "Metalist" which became the forerunner of today's Zorya. The following year there the championship of the newly created Luhansk okruha (district) was created. In the final game the collective city team of Luhansk was victorious against their rivals from the city of Snizhne, winning the title after extra time 1–0. In 1926, the All-Ukrainian Committee of the Mining Workers' council organized a team of Donbass miners, players from Kadiyevka, for a tour in Germany (Weimar Republic). There the Donbass team won four of their eight games. The following year an international game took place in Luhansk, in which the city team was challenged by their rivals from Austria. The Donbas players lost the game.
In 1936 the football teams "Metalist" and "Dynamo" (KGB team) merged to form the united Luhansk city-team which the following year was named Dzerzhynets. The name "Dzerzhynets" derives from the steam locomotive that was produced at the steam train factory FD – "Felix Dzerzhinsky". That year "Dzerzhynets" reached 3rd place in the Ukrainian second league.
In 1937 "Dzerzhynets" won Ukrainian's second league and was promoted to the first. Moreover, it reached the 1/8 final of the Ukrainian Сup and the 1/16 final of the Soviet Cup. The team consisted of the following players: Klad'ko (coach), Grebenyuk, Svidyns'ky, Mazanov, Morozov, Krasyuk, Nosko, Movchan, Brovenko, Chernyavs'ky, Voloschenko, Lokotosh, Sytnikov, Evdokymov, Myroshnikov, Ischenko.
In 1938 "Dzerzhynets" became champions of Ukraine after having won 9 games and drawn two. It was thus admitted to the Soviet First League.
Post war revivalEdit
After World War II, the club was not revived right away. The city of Luhansk was represented by Dynamo Luhansk, while in 1949–1951 there was as well a team of tge Luhansk regional party administration "Trudovi Rezervy". In 1950 Dynamo Luhansk merged into Trudovi Rezervy. In 1951 the chief of Trudovi Rezervy's regional administration, Ivan Lomakin; went on trial and the team was liquidated.
In 1948 "Dzerzhynets" was re-established in the lower leagues of the Ukrainian championship. Due to the liquidation of Trudovi Rezervy, Dzerzhynets was allowed to compete among the "mater teams" (Soviet terminology for their professional level). Few players from Trudovi Rezervy joined the factory team. In 1954, Dzerzhynets was transferred under the administration of the Republican Volunteer Society of "Avanhard" which continued its participation in competitions until 1959.
Due to a bleak performance of "Avanhard" in 1957 in the city of Voroshilovhrad, it was revived as another club "Trudovi Rezervy" which this time comprised students from the Leningrad Technicum of Physical Culture and Sports (today College of Physical Culture and Sports of the Saint Petersburg State University).
After the liquidation of Avanhard in 1959, in 1960 in Luhansk the October Revolution (OR) Factory team. was established.
During the already ongoing 1964 season and playing several rounds, on 10 April 1964 the Soviet Football Federation issued its decision about merger of two clubs "Trudovi Rezervy" and OR Factory team (SC Zorya) into FC Zorya Voroshilovhrad.
In 1972 Zorya did not only win its only Soviet championship, but also represented, re-enforced with only three players from other clubs, the USSR at the Brazilian Independence Cup (Taça Independência) mid-year. However, only Volodymyr Onyshchenko represented the club at the Final of the European Football Championship few weeks earlier.
In the season 2005–06 the team won first place in the Persha Liha, and had been promoted to the Vyscha Liha. Zorya was one of the original twenty teams to debut for the first season of the Ukrainian Premier League. The team played for five seasons until the 1995–96 season in which they finished eighteenth and were sent down to the Persha Liha. Zorya relegated to Druha Liha in 1996–97 season but she returned to Persha Liha in 2003–04 season.
In 2016 the team had advanced sufficiently in the standings that they were involved in the European wide play-offs in the UEFA Europa League.In the 2016-17 Europa League season, Zorya Luhansk played group matches against Feyenoord, Fenerbahçe, and Manchester United.
- 1923–35: FC Metallist Lugansk (city was renamed to Voroshilovgrad in 1935)
- 1936–40: FC Dzerzhinets Voroshilovgrad (dissolved due to the war; named after Felix Dzerzhinsky)
- 1948–53: FC Dzerzhinets Voroshilovgrad (team transferred under Avanhard sports society)
- 1953–59: FC Avangard Voroshilovgrad (reorganized, city was renamed to Lugansk in 1958)
- Trudovi Rezervy
- 1949–51: Trudovye Rezervy Voroshilovgrad (team liquidated, criminal proceedings)
- 1957–64: Trudovye Rezervy Lugansk (new team; team merged into SC Zorya)
- 1960–64: SC Zaria Lugansk (revived as the OR Factory sports club and reorganized)
- 1964–70: FC Zaria Lugansk (merged with Trudovi Rezervy to united football club)
- 1970–90: FC Zaria Voroshilovgrad (city was renamed to Voroshilovgrad in 1970)
- 1990–91: FC Zaria Lugansk (city was renamed back to Lugansk in 1990)
- 1992–96: FC Zorya-MALS Luhansk (renamed with adding of the sponsor name)
- 1996–present: FC Zorya Luhansk (Ukrainian period, modern team)
Colours and badgeEdit
The clubs colours are black and white. In 2010 the club adopted own mascot, a black-white cat which after the club's relocation also moved to Zaporizhia.
The club's current badge was adopted after 2010 and was completely redesigned. In early 1990s the club's badge also carried the brand of local company "MALS". Earlier badges had a silhouette of an oncoming locomotive.
Announcement about the 1984 season's game Zoria – Rotor
The reserve team of Zorya, Zorya Luhansk Reserves (Ukrainian: ФК «Зоря» Луганськ дубль) are playing in the Ukrainian Premier Reserve League.
MediaMix Concept, D & M, Lir, and also Steel Symphony.
Football kits and sponsorsEdit
|Years||Football kit||Shirt sponsor|
Since 1960 the football championship of the Ukrainian SSR among "teams of masters" was conducted as part of the Class B competitions which at first were second tier and later third tier until completely phased away. Afterwards, Ukrainian football competitions were adopted into one of zones of the Soviet Second League.
Another all-Ukrainian football competitions among "collectives of physical culture" (KFK) were conducted since 1964 that were ongoing until 1991 and sometimes are confused for the actually championship mentioned before. Neither Trudovi rezervy or Zorya played in competitions among collectives of physical culture", but did play in football championship of Ukrainian SSR which until 1959 was not considered as a competition among teams of masters.
- Soviet Top League
- Winners (1): 1972
- Soviet Cup
- Soviet First League
- Soviet Second League
- Ukrainian SSR (parallel competition since 1960, please, refrain from placing it as the Soviet Second League as it not always had the same status)
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loanEdit
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Coaches and administrationEdit
|Administration||Coaching (senior team)||Coaching (U-21 team)||Coaching (U-19 team)|
Presidents and ownersEdit
- 1989–90: Administration Chairman Oleksiy Vintun
- 1990: Club Chairman I. Shyrokyi
- 1990: Club Chairman O. Lyakhov
- 1990–92: President Yuriy Koniayev
- 1992–96: President Volodymyr Tarasenko
- 1996–01: President Dmytro Makarenko
- 2001–02: President Volodymyr Makarov
- 2002–05: President Yuriy Sevastianov
- 2005–07: President Valeriy Shpichka
- 2007–09: President and owner Valeriy Bukayev
- 2009: Owner Marina Bukayeva
- 2009: President Oleksandr Yehorov
- 2009: President Manolis Pilavov
- 2009–present: President and owner Yevhen Heller
Most capped playersEdit
|2||Yuriy Kolesnikov||1977–92 (w/breaks)||382||81||0||461|
|3||Oleksandr Tkachenko||1967–87 (w/breaks)||370||33||4||407|
|10||Serhiy Yarmolych||1984–96 (w/breaks)||306||5||0||311|
Top scoring playersEdit
|3||Yuriy Kolesnikov||1977–92 (w/breaks)||81||7||0||88|
|4||Timerlan Guseinov||1985–93 (w/breaks)||66||2||0||68|
Longest serving coachesEdit
Last Updated after 2020/21 season
|1||Vadym Dobizha||Soviet Union Ukraine||1980–1981 and 1985-1988||259||114||55||90||358||331||10/24 (1987 Second Division)|
|2||German Zonin||Soviet Union Russia||1962–1964 and 1969-1972||178||77||62||39||241||149||Champion (1972 First Division)|
|3||Yuriy Vernydub||Ukraine||2011–2019||141||62||37||42||211||169||3/12 (2016–17 First Division)|
|4||Anatoliy Kuksov||Ukraine||1990–1993 and 1996||105||52||18||35||154||117||12/20 (1992 First Division)|
|5||Yuriy Zakharov||Soviet Union Russia||1975 and 1978–1979||94||25||30||39||111||143||9/16 (1975 and 1978 First Division)|
|6||Yuriy Rashchupkin||Soviet Union Ukraine||1982–1983||84||33||20||31||131||119||6/22 (1982 Second Division)|
|7||Yuriy Koval||Ukraine||2004–2006 and 2009||81||48||18||15||137||55||3/18 (2004–05 Second Division)|
|8||Anatoly Baidachny||Soviet Union Russia||1988–1989||78||34||20||24||119||93||20/22 (1988 Second Division)|
|9||Yevgeny Goryansky||Soviet Union Russia||1966–1967||74||26||27||21||64||58||16/19 (1967 First Division)|
|10||Alexey Vodyagin||Soviet Union Russia||1957–1959||65||29||17||19||95||68||4/14 (1959 Second Division)|
League and Cup historyEdit
The statistics is based on information from the club's official website.
Metalist, Dzerzhinets, Avanhard, ZoryaEdit
|Trudovi Rezervy / Trudovye Rezervy|
(Gruppa II. Ukrainskaya Zona)
|Original club disbanded in 1951 and revived in 1957|
|16||34||6||10||18||18||55||22||1⁄2 finals (Zone)|
|1958||6||30||12||10||8||35||26||34||1⁄4 finals (Zone)|
|1959||4||26||15||3||8||55||31||33||1⁄2 finals (Zone)|
|1962||1||24||14||5||5||52||22||33||1⁄4 finals (Ukraine)|
|1||10||6||4||0||22||11||16||Champions of Ukraine|
|1||2||2||0||0||5||1||4||Promotional playoff; Reorganization|
(Klass A. Vtoraya gruppa)
|FC Trudovi Rezervy Luhansk merged with amateur SC Zorya Luhansk under name FC Zorya Luhansk|
|2014–15||UEFA Europa League||2Q||Laçi||2–1||3–0||5–1|
|2015–16||UEFA Europa League||3Q||Charleroi||3–0||2–0||5–0|
|2016–17||UEFA Europa League||Group A||Manchester United||0–2||0–1||4th|
|2017–18||UEFA Europa League||Group J||Athletic Bilbao||0–2||1–0||3rd|
|2018–19||UEFA Europa League||3Q||Braga||1–1||2–2||3–3|
|2019–20||UEFA Europa League||2Q||Budućnost Podgorica||1–0||3–1||4–1|
|2020–21||UEFA Europa League||Group G||Braga||1–2||0–2||3rd|
|2021–22||UEFA Europa League||PO|
- 1R: First round
- 2R: Second round
- 2Q: Second qualifying round
- 3Q: Third qualifying round
- PO: Play-off round
- as Trudovi Rezervy
- as the Champion of Ukraine
- The UPL collective congratulates "Zorya" with its Day of Establishment (Колектив УПЛ вітає «Зорю» з Днем заснування!). Ukrainian Premier League. 5 May 2021
- Luhansk football at the Our Luhansk football portal.
- The first Trudovi Rezervy. Luhansk Our Football.
- 1944-1950. Zarya Lugansk fansite.
- 1951-1960. Zarya Lugansk fansite.
- Avanhard Voroshilovhrad. Luhansk Our Football.
- 1958-1960. Zarya Lugansk fansite
- 1963-1964. Zarya Lugansk fansite.
- Slyvka, K. What Geller is still doing for Akhmetov (Що досі робить Геллер для Ахметова). Depo. 23 September 2015
- Jerseys of Ukrainian clubs Archived September 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Äèàïàçîí-Ìàêñèìóì Áàíê – Òîï-8 áàíêîâ ñ ðàçäóòûìè àêòèâàìè – Áèçíåñ – Forbes Óêðàèíà". Forbes.ua. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Официальный сайт ФК "Заря" Луганск". Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Head coaches (Главные тренеры). www.zarya.lg.ua
- Club's history. Zorya website.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to FC Zorya Luhansk.|
- Official website
- (in Russian) zarya.lg.ua – Information site of fans of FC Zarya Lugansk
- (in Russian) Unofficial website
- (in Ukrainian) "Zorya" (Dawn) of the football Luhansk-land - Information about football in Luhansk Oblast on Football Federation of Ukraine website
- (in Russian) Luhansk Our Football. Statistics, historical trivia, regional competitions overview