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World Federation of Democratic Youth

The World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY) is an international youth organization, recognized by the United Nations as an international youth non-governmental organization, and has historically characterized itself as anti-imperialist and left-wing. WFDY was founded in London in 1945 as a broad international youth movement, organized in the context of the end of World War II with the aim of uniting youth from the Allies behind an anti-fascist platform that was broadly pro-peace, anti-nuclear war, expressing friendship between youth of the capitalist and socialist nations. The WFDY Headquarters are in Budapest, Hungary. The main event of WFDY is the World Festival of Youth and Students. The last festival was held in Sochi, Russia, in October 2017. It was one of the first organizations granted general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council.

World Federation of Democratic Youth
Wfdy logo.png
Formation10 November 1945; 73 years ago (1945-11-10)
Founded atLondon
HeadquartersBudapest, Hungary
President
EDON - Iacovos Tofari
Secretary General
UJC - Yusdaquy Larduet
Vice President
ULDY - Adnan Al Mokdad
Vice President
Lasantha Abeywarna
AffiliationsECOSOC (general consultative status)
UNESCO
Websitewww.wfdy.org

Contents

HistoryEdit

On 10 November 1945, the World Youth Conference, organized in London, founded the World Federation of Democratic Youth. This historic conference was convened at the initiative of the World Youth Council which was formed during World War II to encourage the fight against fascism by the youth of the allied nations. The conference brought together, for the first time in the history of the international youth movement, representatives of more than 30,000,000 young people of diverse different political ideologies and religious beliefs from 63 nations. It adopted a pledge for peace.

Shortly after, with the onset of the Cold War and Winston Churchill's Iron Curtain speech, the organization was accused by the US State Department of being a "Moscow front". Many of the founding organizations quit, leaving mostly youth from socialist nations, national liberation movements, and communist youth.[1] Like the International Union of Students (IUS) and other pro-Soviet organizations, the WFDY became a target and victim of CIA espionage as well as part of active measures conducted by the Soviet state security.[2][3][4][5]

The WFYD's first General Secretary, Alexander Shelepin, was a former leader of the Young Communist International which had been dissolved in 1943. Shelepin had been a guerilla fighter during World War II (after his work with the WFDY, he was appointed head of Soviet State Security).[2] Both the WFDY and IUS vocally criticized the Marshall Plan, supported the Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948 and the new People's Democracies in Europe. They opposed the Korean War.[2]

The main event of the WFDY became the World Festival of Youth and Students, a massive political and cultural celebration for peace and friendship between the youth of the world. Most, but not all, of the early festivals were held in socialist nations in Europe. During the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s the WFDY's festivals were one of the few places where young people from the so-called "Free World" could meet youth struggling against apartheid from South Africa, or militant youth from Vietnam, Palestine, Cuba and other nations. Famous people who participated in festivals included Angela Davis, Yuri Gagarin, Yasser Arafat, Fidel Castro, Ruth First, Jan Myrdal and Nelson Mandela

When the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc collapsed, the WFDY entered a crisis. With the power vacuum left by the collapse of the most important member organization, the Soviet Komsomol, there were conflicting views of the future character of the organization. Some wanted a more apolitical structure, whereas others were more inclined to an openly leftist federation. The WFDY, however, survived this crisis, and is today an active international youth organization that holds regular activities.

PledgeEdit

 
Guy de Boisson, President of the World Federation of Democratic Youth, speaks at the opening of the 2nd World Festival of Youth and Students (Budapest, 1949).

We pledge that we shall remember this unity, forged in this month, November 1945

Not only today, not only this week, this year, but always Until we have built the world we have dreamed of and fought for We pledge ourselves to build the unity of youth of the world All races, all colors, all nationalities, all beliefs To eliminate all traces of fascism from the earth To build a deep and sincere international friendship among the peoples of the world To keep a just lasting peace To eliminate want, frustration and enforced idleness

We have come to confirm the unity of all youth salute our comrades who have died-and pledge our word that skilful hands, keen brains and young enthusiasm shall never more be wasted in war

— Pledge of the World Federation of Democratic Youth

General AssemblyEdit

Every 4 years WFDY holds a General Assembly. The last Assembly took place in Havana in 2015. During the Assembly WFDY elects its Headquarters and General Council but also a Political Declaration is approved.

Member organizationsEdit

AfricaEdit

Country Name Notes Ref
  Angola Juventude do Movimento Popular da Libertação de Angola Youth wing of MPLA [6]
  Congo, Dem. Rep. PPRD Youth League Youth wing of the People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy
  Eritrea National Union of Eritrean Youth and Students [6]
  Ethiopia Ethiopian Youth League [6]
  Ghana Democratic Youth League of Ghana
African Youth Command
  Mozambique Mozambican Youth Organisation Youth wing of FRELIMO [6]
  Namibia SWAPO Party Youth League Youth wing of SWAPO
  Senegal Mouvement de la Jeunesse Démocratique Youth wing of the Democratic League/Movement for the Labour Party
UJDAN Youth wing of the Party of Independence and Labour
  South Africa African National Congress Youth League Youth wing of the African National Congress [6]
South African Students Congress
Young Communist League of South Africa Youth wing of the South African Communist Party
  Sudan Sudanese Youth Union Youth wing of the Sudanese Communist Party
  Tanzania Umoja Wa Vijana Youth wing of Chama Cha Mapinduzi [6]
  Senegal Democratic Youth Union Alboury Ndiaye Youth wing of the Party of Independence and Work
  Western Sahara Saharawi Youth Union Youth wing of the Polisario Front [6]
  Zambia United National Independence Party Youth League Youth wing of the United National Independence Party
  Zimbabwe ZANU-PF Youth League Youth wing of ZANU-PF [6]

Asia and the PacificEdit

Country Name Notes Ref
  Australia Resistance: Young Socialist Alliance Youth wing of the Socialist Alliance
  Bangladesh Bangladesh Students Union
Bangladesh Youth Union Youth wing of the Communist Party of Bangladesh [6]
  Bhutan Democratic Youth of Bhutan Youth wing of the Bhutan National Democratic Party
Students Union of Bhutan
  India All India Students Federation Student wing of the Communist Party of India
All India Youth Federation Youth wing of the Communist Party of India [6]
Students Federation of India Student wing of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Democratic Youth Federation of India Youth Wing of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
All India Youth League Youth wing of the All India Forward Bloc
  Iran Tudeh Youth Youth wing of the Tudeh Party of Iran
  Japan Democratic Youth League of Japan Youth wing of the Japanese Communist Party
Japan League of Socialist Youth [6]
Korean Youth League in Japan Youth wing of Chongryon
  Korea, DPR Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League Youth wing of the Workers' Party of Korea [6]
  Korea, Rep. 7th-term Hanchongryun
  Laos Lao People's Revolutionary Youth Union Youth wing of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party
  Myanmar All Burma Students' Democratic Front
All Burma Students League
    Nepal All Nepal National Free Students Union Student wing of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Youth Federation Nepal Youth wing of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) [6]
Nepal National Federation of Students Student wing of the Nepal Communist Party (United)
Nepal National Youth Federation Youth wing of the Nepal Communist Party (United)
  Pakistan Democratic Students Federation Student wing of the Communist Party of Pakistan
Pashtoonkhwa Students Organization
  Philippines ANAKBAYAN
  Sri Lanka Communist Youth Federation Youth wing of the Communist Party of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka National Union Of Students Student wing of the Communist Party of Sri Lanka
Federation of All Lanka(Ceylon) Youth League Youth wing of Mahajana Eksath Peramuna
Socialist Students Union Student wing of Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna [6]
Socialist Youth Union Youth wing of Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union Youth wing of the Communist Party of Vietnam [6]
Vietnam Youth Federation

Europe and North AmericaEdit

Country Name Notes Ref
  Armenia Young Communist League Armenia Youth wing of the Armenian Communist Party
  Azerbaijan Young Communist League Azerbaijan Youth wing of the Azerbaijan Communist Party
  Austria Communist Youth of Austria
  Belgium COMAC Youth wing of the Workers' Party of Belgium
  Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Youth Union
  Canada Young Communist League of Canada Affiliated with the Communist Party of Canada
  Catalonia Communist Youth of Catalonia Youth wing of the Communists of Catalonia
  Czech Republic Communist Youth Union Youth wing of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia [6]
  Cyprus United Democratic Youth Organisation Youth wing of the Progressive Party of Working People [6]
  Denmark Ungkommunisterne Shared youth organization of the Communist Party in Denmark and the Communist Party of Denmark
  Finland Communist Youth League
  France Mouvement Jeunes Communistes de France
  Georgia Young Communist League of Georgia
  Germany Free German Youth
Socialist German Workers Youth Youth wing of the German Communist Party [6]
  Greece Communist Youth of Greece Youth wing of the Communist Party of Greece [6]
  Hungary Baloldali Front Youth wing of the Hungarian Workers' Party
  Ireland Connolly Youth Movement Youth wing of the Communist Party of Ireland
Workers Party Youth Youth wing of the Workers' Party of Ireland
  Italy Italian Young Communist Federation Youth wing of the Italian Communist Party; known as Youth Federation of Italian Communists until 2016
Front of the Communist Youth Youth wing of the Communist Party
Giovani Comuniste e Comunisti Youth wing of the Communist Refoundation Party
  Republic of Moldova Young Communist League of the Republic of Moldova Youth wing of the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova
  Norway Young Communists in Norway Youth wing of the Communist Party of Norway
Young Communist League of Norway
  Portugal Portuguese Communist Youth Youth wing of the Portuguese Communist Party [6]
  Russia Leninist Young Communist League of the Russian Federation Youth wing of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Revolutionary Communist Youth League (Bolshevik) Youth wing of the Russian Communist Workers' Party of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Russian Communist Youth League
  Serbia Young Communist League of Yugoslavia Youth wing of the New Communist Party of Yugoslavia
  Slovakia Socialistický Zväz Mladých Youth wing of the Communist Party of Slovakia
  Spain Collectives of Communist Youth Youth wing of the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain
Communist Youth Union of Spain Youth wing of the Communist Party of Spain [6]
  Sweden Communist Youth of Sweden Youth wing of the Communist Party of Sweden
  Turkey Communist Youth of Turkey Youth wing of the Communist Party of Turkey [6]
  Ukraine Komsomol of Ukraine Youth wing of the Communist Party of Ukraine
  United Kingdom Young Communist League Youth wing of the Communist Party of Britain
Young Socialists Youth wing of the Communist League
  United States Young Communist League USA Youth wing of the Communist Party USA [6]
Young Socialists Youth wing of the Socialist Workers Party

Latin America and CaribbeanEdit

Country Name Notes Ref
  Argentina Federación Juvenil Comunista Youth wing of the Communist Party of Argentina [6]
  Barbados League of Progressive Youth
  Bolivia Juventud Comunista de Bolivia Youth wing of the Communist Party of Bolivia
  Brazil Juventude Revolucionaria 8 de Outubro Youth wing of the MR-8
Juventude do PDT Youth wing of the Democratic Labour Party
Juventude do PMDB Youth wing of the Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement
Juventude Comunista Avançando Youth wing of the Polo Comunista Luiz Carlos Prestes
União da Juventude Comunista Youth wing of the Brazilian Communist Party [6]
União da Juventude Socialista Youth wing of the Communist Party of Brazil [6]
Juventude Socialista Brasileira Youth wing of the Brazilian Socialist Party
  Chile Juventudes Comunistas de Chile Youth wing of the Communist Party of Chile [6]
  Colombia Juventud Comunista de Colombia Youth wing of the Colombian Communist Party [6]
  Cuba Unión de Jóvenes Comunistas Youth wing of the Communist Party of Cuba [6]
  Ecuador Federación Estudiantes Universitarios
Juventud Socialista Ecuatoriana Youth wing of the Socialist Party of Ecuador
  El Salvador Juventud del Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional Youth wing of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
  Grenada Maurice Bishop Youth Movement
  Guatemala Juventud URNG Youth wing of the URNG
  Guyana Guyana Youth and Students Movement
Walter Rodney Youth Movement
  Mexico Juventud Popular Socialista Youth wing of the Popular Socialist Party [6]
  Nicaragua Juventud Sandinista 19 de Julio Youth wing of the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional
  Paraguay Casa de la Juventud del Paraguay
  Peru Juventud Comunista Peruana Youth wing of the Peruvian Communist Party
  Uruguay Juventud del Movimiento 26 de Marzo Youth wing of the 26 March Movement
  Venezuela Juventud Comunista de Venezuela Youth wing of the Communist Party of Venezuela [6]
United Socialist Party of Venezuela Youth Youth wing of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela

Middle EastEdit

Country Name Notes Ref
  Algeria Union de la Jeunesse Algérienne Youth wing of the FLN
National Union of Algerian Students Students of the FLN
  Egypt Union of Progressive Youth of Egypt Youth wing of the Progressive National Unionist Party [6]
  Iraq Iraqi Democratic Youth Federation Youth wing of the Iraqi Communist Party [6]
General Union of Students in Iraqi Republic
  Israel Young Communist League of Israel Youth wing of the Communist Party of Israel [6]
  Lebanon Union of Lebanese Democratic Youth Youth wing of the Lebanese Communist Party [6]
  Libya National Youth Organization of Libya
  Bahrain Shabeeba Society of Bahrain Youth wing of the Progressive Democratic Tribune [6]
  Morocco Istiqlal Party Youth Youth wing of the Istiqlal Party
USFP Jeunesse Ittihadiya Youth wing of the Socialist Union of Popular Forces
Jeunesse Socialiste Youth wing of the Party of Progress and Socialism
  Palestine General Union of Palestine Students [6]
Palestinian Democratic Youth Union Youth wing of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine [6]
  Syria Union of Democratic Youth of Syria-Khaled Baghdash Youth wing of the Syrian Communist Party [6]
Syrian Democratic Youth Union Youth wing of the Syrian Unified Communist Party
Revolutionary Youth Union Youth wing of the Ba'ath Party
  Kuwait Democratic Youth Forum Youth wing of the KPM

Former membersEdit

ObserversEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Richard Felix Staar, Foreign policies of the Soviet Union, Hoover Press, 1991, ISBN 0-8179-9102-6, p.84
  2. ^ a b c The cultural Cold War in Western Europe, 1945-1960. Giles Scott-Smith, Hans Krabbendam. p. 169
  3. ^ A century of spies: intelligence in the twentieth century. Jeffrey T. Richelson. p. 252
  4. ^ Soviet foreign policy in a changing world, Volume 1986. Robbin Frederick Laird, Erik P. Hoffmann. p. 211
  5. ^ Europe since 1945: an encyclopedia, Volume 1. Bernard A. Cook. p. 212
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "Members". wfdy.org. Archived from the original on 11 November 2016.

External linksEdit