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International Association of Democratic Lawyers

International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL) is an international organization of left-wing and progressive jurists' associations with sections and members in 50 countries and territories.[1] Along with facilitating contact and exchange of views between and among lawyers and lawyers' associations of all countries, the IADL works to conduct research on legal issues affecting human, political and economic rights, organizes international commissions of enquiry and conferences on legal and judicial concerns, and takes part in international legal observer missions.[2][3] Through its activities the Association works as a recognized consultative organization with the United Nations through ECOSOC, UNESCO and UNICEF.[2]

HistoryEdit

The Association was founded in Paris in 1946. The IADL soon became communist-controlled and the United States became especially aggravated at IADL claims that they had documented proof of the US dropping poisoned mosquitos on North Koreans and mass-torturing civilians during the Korean War. René Cassin resigned his presidency of the organization as a result in 1951, and the US successfully lobbied France to expel the headquarters of what it considered a communist front from Paris.[4] As a response, the Central Intelligence Agency started funding the International Commission of Jurists.[5] Still in 1990 for example, the Soviet Union funded the organization with 100,000 US dollars.[6]

From 1967 the IADL was one of the original NGOs accredited with Consultative II Status with ECOSOC and is represented at UNESCO and UNICEF.[7] The Association is also a member of the Conference of NGOs (CONGO) of the United Nations.[7]

HeadquartersEdit

International Headquarters – Rue Brialmont 21, B-1210, Brussels, Belgium[2]

International Secretariat – Ito Bldg 2nd Floor, Yotsuya 1–2, Shinjuku-ku, 160-0004, Tokyo, Japan[2]

OrganizationEdit

The IADL is organized on the basis of institutional member organizations, regional and affiliated sections, groups and individual membership, representing about 200,000 members in all.[2]

Institutional Members:

Regional and Affiliated Members:

  • Arab Lawyers Union[8]
  • American Association of Jurists[8]
  • Palestinian Centre for Human Rights[8]
  • European Association of Lawyers for Democracy and World Human Rights[8]
  • European Lawyers for Democracy and Human Rights
  • European Democratic Lawyers. Its member organizations are:[12]
    • Belgium – Le Syndicat des Avocats pour la Démocratie (S.A D.)
    • France – Le Syndicat des Avocats de France (S.A.F.)
    • Germany – Der Republikanische Anwältinnen und Anwälteverein (RAV)
    • Italy – La Confederazione Nazionale Delle Associazioni Sindicali Forensi d 'Italia
    • Italy – L'Iniziativa Democratica Forense (I.D.F.)
    • Italy – Legal Team Italia ( L.T.I.)
    • Netherlands – De Vereniging Sociale Advokatuur Nederland (VSAN)
    • Spain – L 'Associació Catalana per a la Defensa dels Drets Humans (A.C.D.D.H)
    • Spain – La Asociación Libre de Abogados (ALA)
    • Spain – Euskal Herriko Abokatuen Elkartea (ESKUBIDEAK)

ActivitiesEdit

ECOSOC Consultative StatusEdit

IADL applied for Category B consultative status with ECOSOC in 1954, 1955, 1957 and 1959, but the application was rejected.[17][18][19][20] The application was accepted in 1967.[21][22]

At the end of 1967, there were 377 non-governmental organizations (NGO's) which the United Nations Economic and Social Council could consult on questions with which they are concerned. These organizations are divided into three groups : those in Category A, which have a basic interest in most of the activities of the Council; those in Category B, which have a special competence but are concerned with only a few of the Council's activities; and those with a significant contribution to make to the Council's work, which are placed on a Register for ad hoc consultations. At the end of 1967, there were 143 NGO's with Category B status.[21]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IADL http://www.iadllaw.org/en/about Archived 2013-06-22 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d e "UNESCO". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ IADL Our Aims
  4. ^ Tolley, Jr., Howard B. (2010). The International Commission of Jurists: Global Advocates for Human Rights. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 28–29. ISBN 0812203151.
  5. ^ Tolley, Jr., Howard B. (2010). The International Commission of Jurists: Global Advocates for Human Rights. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 31. ISBN 0812203151.
  6. ^ Richard Felix Staar (1991). Foreign policies of the Soviet Union. Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University. p. 80. ISBN 9780817991029
  7. ^ a b "IADL". Archived from the original on 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2015-03-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "IADL website – members". Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  9. ^ Progress Lawyers Network
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-07-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2010-07-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ European Democratic Lawyers website – about
  13. ^ "Report on U.S. Crimes in Korea" (PDF). International Association of Democratic Lawyers. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 16 July 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  14. ^ "International Association of Democratic Lawyers Calls on UN to Respect Haiti's Sovereignty". Political Affairs. April 19, 2006. Archived from the original on August 2, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ "No. 08-987 in the Supreme Court of the United States – RUBEN CAMPA, RENE GONZALEZ, ANTONIO GUERRERO, GERARDO HERNANDEZ, AND LUIS MENDINA, PETITIONERS v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" (pdf).
  16. ^ Marjorie Cohn (March 24, 2012). "Marjorie Cohn: International Association of Democratic Lawyers Opposes Military Force Against Syria and Iran". Archived from the original on July 19, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  17. ^ "1954 Yearbook of the United Nations" (pdf). United Nations. p. 303. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); |chapter= ignored (help)
  18. ^ "1955 Yearbook of the United Nations" (pdf). United Nations. p. 238. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); |chapter= ignored (help)
  19. ^ "1957 Yearbook of the United Nations" (pdf). United Nations. p. 279. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); |chapter= ignored (help)
  20. ^ "1959 Yearbook of the United Nations" (pdf). United Nations. p. 280. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); |chapter= ignored (help)
  21. ^ a b "1967 Yearbook of the United Nations" (pdf). United Nations. pp. 562–564. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); |chapter= ignored (help)
  22. ^ "List of non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council as of 1 September 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 1 September 2010. p. 38.

External linksEdit