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Tropical cyclones in 2019 are spread out across seven different areas called basins. To date, 96 systems have formed during the year. 60 tropical cyclones have been named by either a Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) or a Tropical Cyclone Warning Center (TCWC).

Tropical cyclones in 2019
Year boundaries
First systemMona
FormedDecember 28, 2018
Strongest system
NameDorian
Lowest pressure910 mbar/hPa; 26.87 inHg
Longest lasting system
NameDorian
Duration19 days
Year statistics
Total systems96
Named systems60
Total fatalities1,741 total
Total damage> $29.84 billion (2019 USD)
Related articles
Other years
2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021

The deadliest tropical cyclone of the year is Intense Tropical Cyclone Idai in the South-West Indian Ocean, which killed over 1,303 people in Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar. and the costliest tropical cyclone of the year was Typhoon Lekima in the Western Pacific Ocean, which caused more than $9.28 billion in damages after striking China.

Tropical cyclone activity in each basin is under the authority of a RSMC.[1] The National Hurricane Center (NHC) is responsible for tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and East Pacific. The Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) is responsible for tropical cyclones in the Central Pacific. Both the NHC and CPHC are subdivisions of the National Weather Service. Activity in the West Pacific is monitored by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). Systems in the North Indian Ocean are monitored by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). The Météo-France located in Réunion (MFR) monitors tropical activity in the South-West Indian Ocean. The Australian region is monitored by five TCWCs that are under the coordination of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM). Similarly, the South Pacific is monitored by both the Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS) and the Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited. Other unofficial agencies that provide additional guidance in tropical cyclone monitoring include the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).

Contents

Global atmospheric and hydrological conditionsEdit

SummaryEdit

Hurricane DorianTyphoon Lekima (2019)Hurricane Barry (2019)Cyclone VayuCyclone AnnCyclone Lili (2019)Cyclone FaniCyclone KennethCyclone SavannahCyclone IdaiTyphoon Wutip (2019)Tropical Storm Pabuk (2019)tropical cyclone basins 

SystemsEdit

JanuaryEdit

The month of January was inactive, with only eight tropical cyclones forming, of which five were named. However, Tropical Storm Pabuk[2] was the earliest-forming tropical storm of the western Pacific Ocean on record, breaking the previous record held by Typhoon Alice in 1979. Pabuk killed 10 people in Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia, causing $151 million (USD 2019) in damage.[3] Moderate Tropical Storm Eketsang killed 27 people in Madagascar in late-January.

Tropical cyclones formed in January 2019
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Mona December 28 – January 9 95 (60) 985 Solomon Islands, Fiji , Tonga Minimal None
Pabuk December 31 – January 7 85 (50) 994 Natuna Islands, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Andaman Islands $151 million 10 [4][5]
01W (Amang) January 4 – 22 55 (35) 1004 Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands, Philippines $4.11 million 9 [6]
11U January 15 – 23 Unspecified 1004 Java None None
Desmond January 17 – 22 65 (40) 995 Mozambique, Madagascar Unknown None
Riley January 19 – 30 120 (75) 974 Maluku Islands, East Timor, West Australia None None
13U January 21 – 25 55 (35) 999 Cape York Peninsula None None
Eketsang January 22 – 24 75 (45) 993 Madagascar Unknown 27

FebruaryEdit

The month of February was inactive, with only ten tropical cyclones forming, of which seven were named. However, Typhoon Wutip became the most-intense typhoon recorded in the month of February.[7][8]

Tropical cyclones formed in February 2019
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Funani February 3 – 10 195 (120) 940 Rodrigues None None
06F February 3 – 9 65 (40) 994 Wallis and Futuna, Samoan Islands None None
Gelena February 4 – 14 205 (125) 942 Madagascar, Mauritius, Rodrigues $1.02 million None
Oma February 7 – 22 130 (80) 974 Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands, Queensland, New South Wales $51 million 1
Neil February 8 – 10 65 (40) 994 Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Tonga None None
08F February 10 – 13 Unspecified 996 Fiji, Tonga None None
10F February 11 – 13 Unspecified 996 Wallis and Futuna, Fiji None None
Wutip (Betty) February 18 – March 2 195 (120) 920 Caroline Islands, Guam $3.3 million None
Pola February 23 – March 2 165 (105) 950 Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Tonga None None
Haleh February 28 – March 7 175 (110) 945 None None None

MarchEdit

Ten tropical cyclones formed in the month of March, including six named tropical cyclones. A total of five systems strengthened into the equivalent of at least a Category 3 major hurricane on the Saffir Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS)—the first such occurrence since September 2018. The month featured Cyclone Idai, which is currently the deadliest tropical cyclone of the year, responsible for 1,007 deaths in southern Africa.[9] Idai was also the costliest cyclone in the South-West Indian Ocean basin, inflicting more than $2 billion (USD) in damages.[10] Tropical Storm Iba became the first tropical cyclone to develop in the South Atlantic since Anita in 2010.

Tropical cyclones formed in March 2019
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Idai March 4 – 16 195 (120) 940 Mozambique, Malawi, Madagascar, Zimbabwe ≥$2 billion ≥1,297 [10][11]
15U March 6 – 11 Unspecified 1007 Maluku Islands None None
Savannah March 7 – 20 175 (110) 951 Bali, Java, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands >$7.5 million 10
TL March 13 – 14 Unspecified Unspecified None None None
03W (Chedeng) March 14 – 19 Unspecified 1006 Palau, Philippines $23,000 None
Trevor March 15 – 26 175 (110) 950 Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Northern Territory $710 thousand None
Veronica March 18 – 31 195 (125) 938 Timor, Western Australia $1.2 billion None [12]
Joaninha March 18 – 30 185 (115) 939 Rodrigues None None
Iba March 23 – 28 85 (55) 1006 Brazil None None
TL March 31 – April 3 Unspecified 1005 Southeastern Papua New Guinea None None

AprilEdit

April was an inactive month with six cyclones forming, of which four were named. Cyclone Kenneth became the most intense tropical cyclone to make landfall in Mozambique on record.[13] Kenneth killed 48 people, of which 41 were killed in the country of Mozambique.[14] Cyclone Fani struck parts of India and Bangladesh, killing 72 people in Odisha,[15] 17 people in Bangladesh,[16] and 8 in Uttar Pradesh.[17]

Tropical cyclones formed in April 2019
Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Wallace April 1 – 16 120 (75) 980 Eastern Indonesia, Northern Territory, East Timor, Western Australia, Cocos (Keeling) Islands None None
22U April 5 – 15 65 (40) 1006 New Guinea, Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia None None
Kenneth April 21 – 29 215 (130) 934 Seychelles, Madagascar, Comoros, Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi >$100 million 50 [14]
Lorna April 21 – May 1 150 (90) 964 None None None
TL April 21 – 26 55 (35) 1003 Sumatra, Cocos (Keeling) Islands None None
Fani April 26 – May 4 215 (130) 937 Sri Lanka, Andhra Pradesh, East India, Bangladesh, Bhutan $8,12 billion[18][19] 89 [15][16][17]

MayEdit

May was a relatively inactive month with eight tropical cyclones forming. Four of these tropical cyclones reached the required intensity threshold to receive official names. Cyclone Lili developed at the beginning of the Australian region off-season, and struck East Timor and Indonesia's Maluku Islands, with rainfall-induced flooding causing minor damage to infrastructure and residential property. Cyclone Ann, another off-season Australian system, developed into a strong tropical storm on the SSHWS, and made landfall in Far North Queensland as a tropical low. Ann was the strongest Australian cyclone to develop in May since Rhonda in 1997. A subtropical storm named Jaguar formed in the South Atlantic, marking the second South Atlantic cyclone of the year, the first time two have occurred in the same year since 2016. The formation of the short-lived Subtropical Storm Andrea to the southwest of Bermuda began the Atlantic hurricane season early for the fifth year in a row.

Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Lili May 4 – 11 75 (45) 997 Eastern Indonesia, East Timor, Top End, Kimberley Moderate None [20]
TD May 7 – 8 Unspecified 1006 Yap Islands, Palau None None
TD May 7 – 15 Unspecified 1004 Caroline Islands None None
Ann May 7 – 18 95 (60) 993 Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Southern Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Top End, Eastern Indonesia, East Timor None None
TD May 10 – 11 Unspecified 1006 Yap Islands, Palau None None
12F May 16 – 21 55 (35) 1002 None None None
Jaguar May 20 – 22 65 (40) 1010 Brazil None None
Andrea May 20 – 21 65 (40) 1006 Bermuda None None

JuneEdit

June was an inactive month in terms of the number of tropical cyclones formed, with only five systems occurring in total. June 1 also marked the official commencement of the Atlantic hurricane season. After the year's longest period without any cyclone activity, the first system in the Arabian Sea for the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season formed on June 10. Named Vayu, the system intensified into a high-end very severe cyclonic storm on the Indian scale, equivalent to a minimal Category 3 major hurricane on the SSHWS. Late in the month, Hurricane Alvin became the first tropical cyclone of the Eastern Pacific hurricane season, marking the latest start to the season since reliable records began in 1971. A tropical depression briefly reached tropical storm intensity near Japan on 27 June, and was named Sepat. The cyclone was the first tropical storm to form in the western Pacific in four months.

Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Vayu June 10 – 19 150 (90) 978 Northern Maldives, Lakshadweep, Western India, Southeastern Pakistan >$140 thousand 8 [21][22][23]
Sepat (Dodong) June 17 – 28 75 (45) 992 Caroline Islands, Japan None None
TD June 26 55 (35) 1000 Ryukyu Islands, South Korea, Japan None None
Alvin June 25 – 29 120 (75) 992 Clarion Island None None
04W (Egay) June 26 – July 1 55 (35) 1006 Caroline Islands, Palau None None
Barbara June 30 – July 6 250 (155) 933 None None None

JulyEdit

 
Hurricane Erick

The month of July has been the second most active month in terms of total tropical cyclones and in terms of named storms so far in the year, with thirteen tropical cyclones forming, of which ten were named, behind August. Among these storms, Hurricane Barry made landfall between Midwestern United States and Southeastern United States as tropical storm, causing $500 million (USD) in damages and one person was indirectly killed by the storm.

Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Mun July 1 – 4 65 (40) 992 Hainan, South China, Paracel Islands, Vietnam, Laos $240 thousand 2
Cosme July 6 – 8 85 (50) 1001 None None None
Barry July 11 – 15 120 (75) 991 Midwestern United States, Southeastern United States, Gulf Coast of the United States, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Great Lakes region, Northeastern United States ≥ $600 million 0 (1) [24][25]
Four-E July 12 – 14 55 (35) 1006 None None None
Danas (Falcon) July 12 – 21 85 (50) 985 Yap Islands, Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, East China, Japan, Korean Peninsula, North China, Russian Far East, Kuril Islands $302 thousand 4
Goring July 17 – 19 55 (35) 996 Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands None None
Dalila July 22 – 25 65 (40) 1005 Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua None None
Three July 22 – 23 50 (30) 1013 Bahamas None None
01 July 22 – 24 45 (30) 1001 None None None
Nari July 24 – 27 65 (40) 998 Bonin Islands, Japan None None
Erick July 27 – August 5 215 (130) 952 Hawaii None None
Flossie July 28 – August 6 130 (80) 990 Hawaii None None
Wipha July 30 – August 3 85 (50) 985 Paracel Islands, Hainan, South China, Vietnam, Laos None None

AugustEdit

The month of August has been the most active of the year with eighteen tropical cyclones forming, with fourteen being named, out of all the cyclones, Hurricane Dorian in the Atlantic was the strongest to form and the most deadly, with thousands suspected dead and many more unaccounted for.[26]

Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Francisco August 1 – 7 130 (80) 970 Japan, Korean Peninsula Unknown 1
Lekima (Hanna) August 2 – 14 195 (120) 920 Caroline Islands, Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, China, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East $9.28 billion 91 [27][28][29][30]
Gil August 3 – 5 65 (40) 1006 None None None
Krosa August 5 – 16 155 (100) 950 Mariana Islands, Japan, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East $2.64 million 3
BOB 03 August 6 – 11 55 (35) 988 East India, Bangladesh None None
TD August 6 – 8 55 (35) 996 Philippines None None
Henriette August 12 – 13 70 (45) 1005 Central America, Southwestern Mexico, Revillagigedo Islands, Baja California Peninsula None None
TD August 17 – 18 Unspecified 1006 None None None
TD August 19 – 21 Unspecified 1004 Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, East China None None
Bailu (Ineng) August 20 – 27 95 (60) 985 Philippines, Taiwan, South China Unknown 3
Chantal August 21 – 24 65 (40) 1009 Southeastern United States None None
Ivo August 21 – 25 100 (65) 992 Revillagigedo Islands, Baja California Peninsula, Northwestern Mexico None None
Dorian August 24 – September 12 295 (185) 910 Leeward Islands, Barbados, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, The Bahamas, Southeastern United States $7.04 Billion ≥60 [31][32][33][34]
Podul (Jenny) August 25 – 31 85 (50) 992 Yap, Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia $2.35 million 15
Erin August 26 – 29 65 (40) 1005 Eastern United States None None [35]
Faxai August 30 – September 10 75 (45) 1000 Wake Island, Japan None None
Kajiki (Kabayan) August 30 – September 7 65 (45) 996 Philippines, South China, Vietnam, Laos None None
Lingling (Liwayway) August 31 – September 7 165 (105) 940 Philippines, Ryukyu Islands None None

SeptemberEdit

Currently, the month of September has been the third-most active of the year with twelve tropical cyclones forming, with eight being named, out of all the cyclones, Hurricane Kiko in the Eastern Pacific is the most intense of the month. Tropical Storm Fernand caused heavy flooding in Northwest Mexico, killing one people due the storm and at least $383 million in damage for the storm. The activity of the month in the Eastern Pacific will be a most active record-tying between 1992 and 2005 forming six named storms in the basin later. No tropical cyclones were formed in North Indian Ocean and South Atlantic.

Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Juliette September 1 – 7 205 (120) 953 None None None
TD September 1 – 4 55 (35) 998 Philippines None None
Fernand September 3 – 5 85 (50) 1000 Northwestern Mexico, Southern Texas $383 million 1 [36][37]
Gabrielle September 3 – 10 100 (65) 995 Cape Verde None None
Akoni September 4 – 6 65 (40) 1004 None None None
TD September 4 – 5 Unspecified 1006 Caroline Islands None None
TD September 7 – 10 55 (35) 1000 Ryukyu Islands None None
Marilyn September 7 – 10 55 (35) 998 Caroline Islands, Philippines None None
Kiko September 12 – Present 215 (130) 950 None None None
Humberto September 13 – Present 110 (70) 989 Bahamas None None
Peipah September 14 – Present 65 (40) 1000 None None None
TD September 15 - Present Unspecified 996 Philippines None None

OctoberEdit

Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs

NovemberEdit

Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs

DecemberEdit

Storm Name Dates Active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas Affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs


Global effectsEdit


Season name Areas affected Systems formed Named storms Damage (USD) Deaths
2019 Atlantic hurricane season Bermuda, Midwestern United States, Southeastern United States, Gulf Coast of the United States, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Great Lakes region, Northeastern United States, Bahamas 9 8 $8.483 billion 62
2019 Pacific hurricane season Central America, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands, Johnston Atoll 13 12 $0 None
2019 Pacific typhoon season1 Natuna Islands, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands, Palau, Philippines, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, Mariana Islands, Yap Islands, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, East China, Japan, Korean Peninsula, North China, Russian Far East, Western Alaska, Arctic, Kuril Islands, Bonin Islands, Laos, 32 15 $9.68 billion 184
2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season Thailand, Myanmar, Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands, Sri Lanka, South India, East India, Bangladesh, Bhutan 3 2 >$8.102 billion 100
2019 South Atlantic tropical cyclone Brazil 2 2 $0 0
2018–19 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season1 Tanzania, Madagascar, Rodrigues, Mauritius, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Seychelles, Comoros 9 9 >$2.311 billion 1,382
2019–20 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season2 None 1 0 $0 0
2018–19 Australian region cyclone season1 Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia, New South Wales, Indonesia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island, Lord Howe Island 16 8 $1.209 billion 13
2019–20 Australian region cyclone season2 None 0 0 $0 0
2018–19 South Pacific cyclone season1 Solomon Islands, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Samoan Islands, Tonga, Vanatu, New Caledonia 11 4 $51 million 0
2019–20 South Pacific cyclone season2 None 0 0 $0 0
Worldwide (See above) 96[a] 60 >$29.84 billion 1,741[b]
  1. ^ The sum of the number of systems in each basin will not equal the number shown as the total. This is because when systems move between basins, it creates a discrepancy in the actual number of systems.
  2. ^ The sum of the number of fatalities in each basin will not equal the number shown as the total. This is because when systems move between basins, it creates a discrepancy in the actual number of fatalities.

NotesEdit

1 Only systems that formed either on or after January 1, 2019 are counted in the seasonal totals.
2 Only systems that formed either before or on December 31, 2019 are counted in the seasonal totals.
3 The wind speeds for this tropical cyclone/basin are based on the IMD Scale which uses 3-minute sustained winds.
4 The wind speeds for this tropical cyclone/basin are based on the Saffir Simpson Scale which uses 1-minute sustained winds.
5The wind speeds for this tropical cyclone are based on Météo-France which uses gust winds.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Programme". www.wmo.int. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  2. ^ Olarn, Kocha. "Storm kills 3 in Thailand, moves into Andaman Sea". CNN. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  3. ^ "Pabuk leaves 4 dead, billions of Baht in damage – Thailand". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  4. ^ Olarn, Kocha. "Storm Kills 3 in Thailand, moves into Andaman Sea". CNN. CNN. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  5. ^ Wright, Pam. "Tropical Storm Pabuk Makes First on Record Southern Thailand January Landfall; Two Killed, Thousands Evacuated". The Weather Channel. The Weather Channel. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  6. ^ Dalizon, Alfred. "Landslide buried 7 treasure hunters in Agusan del Norte". Journal Online. People's Journal. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Wutip 2019 – Hurricane And Typhoon Updates". blogs.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  8. ^ Matthew Cappucci (February 25, 2019). "The strongest February typhoon on record packs 180 mph gusts, sideswiping Guam". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  9. ^ Leahy, Stephen (2019-03-19). "Why Cyclone Idai was so destructive". Environment. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  10. ^ a b "Resources stretched as Cyclone Kenneth piles misery on Mozambique". Reliefweb. 27 April 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Hundreds feared dead after Cyclone Idai". BBC News. 18 March 2019. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  12. ^ Osental, Duffie (5 April 2019). "Insurers on standby as cyclone looms off Western Australia coast". Insurance Business America. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  13. ^ Brandon Miller (25 April 2019). "Cyclone Kenneth: Thousands evacuated as Mozambique is hit with the strongest storm in its history". Cable News Network. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  14. ^ a b Mutsaka, Farai. "Mozambique church a refuge for Muslim cyclone survivors". SF Gate. The Associated Press. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Number Of Dead From Cyclone Fani Rises To 29 In Odisha". NDTV. 5 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Cyclone Fani: 14 killed in 8 districts". Dhaka Tribune. 4 May 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  17. ^ a b "Lightning kills 8 in Uttar Pradesh". New Indian Express. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Andhra Pradesh pegs loss due to Cyclone Fani at ₹58.62 crore". The Hindu. 5 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Fani storm loss estimated at Tk 536 crore". Banglanews24.com. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  20. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Lili_(2019)
  21. ^ "Rains and strong winds hit Mumbai; 1 killed, 2 injured as portion of cladding collapses at Churchgate Railway Station". Mumbai Mirror. 12 June 2019. Archived from the original on 14 June 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  22. ^ Saiyed, Kamal; Mohanty, Aishwarya (13 June 2019). "Gujarat: Six killed, 2 injured in 3 districts ahead of Vayu landfall". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 14 June 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  23. ^ Waqar Bhatti, M. (15 June 2019). "Elderly man apparently dies due to heat stroke as weathermen predicts another very hot, humid day on Sunday". The News International. Archived from the original on 16 June 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  24. ^ Adams, Char (July 15, 2019). "Good Samaritans Form Human Chain to Rescue Swimmers from Rip Current in Florida". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  25. ^ Global Catastrophe Recap: July 2019 (PDF) (Report). AON. August 1, 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  26. ^ Ron Brackett; Jan Wesner Childs (September 9, 2019). "In the Bahamas, Official Hurricane Dorian Death Toll Rises to 45, But Newspaper Says It's in the Thousands". weather.com. The Weather Company. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  27. ^ "Typhoon Lekima leaves 45 dead, 16 missing in China". China.org.cn. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  28. ^ https://www.theweek.in/news/world/2019/08/12/typhoon-lekima-45-dead-one-million-displaced-in-china.html
  29. ^ https://www.indiatoday.in/world/story/typhoon-lekima-45-killed-over-a-million-displaced-in-china-1580095-2019-08-12
  30. ^ https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-08-12/typhoon-lekima-claims-dozens-lives-in-china-as-damage-totals-3bn/11404132
  31. ^ "Bahamas official warns people to prepare for the 'unimaginable' as hurricane death toll rises to 30". CNN. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
  32. ^ Connolly, Kevin (September 5, 2019). "6 Florida Deaths Linked to Hurricane Dorian". www.mynews13.com. News 13. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
  33. ^ Puleo, Mark; Mitchell, Chaffin (August 29, 2019). "While Puerto Rico avoids direct hit, Virgin Islands take significant blow from Dorian". AccuWeather. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  34. ^ "WATCH: North Carolina reports 1st death from Hurricane Dorian". PBS NewsHour. Public Broadcasting Service. 2019-09-04. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
  35. ^ https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/rainfall-post-tropical-storm-erin-1.5265391
  36. ^ "Minuto a minuto: Fernand azota Monterrey con lluvias torrenciales y deja un muerto". Infobae. September 4, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  37. ^ "Fernand provocó daños por 7.500 millones de pesos en Nuevo León". Infobae. September 7, 2019. Retrieved September 8, 2019.

External linksEdit

Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers

Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers

  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Weather Service.