Cyclone Kyarr

Super Cyclonic Storm Kyarr was an extremely powerful tropical cyclone that became the first super cyclonic storm in the North Indian Ocean since Gonu in 2007. It was also the second strongest tropical cyclone in the Arabian Sea and one of the most intense tropical cyclone in North Indian Ocean history,[1] only behind the 1999 Odisha cyclone. The seventh depression, fifth named cyclone, and the first, and only super cyclonic storm of the annual season, Kyarr developed from a low-pressure system near the Equator. The system organized itself and intensified to a tropical storm on October 24 as it moved eastwards. The storm underwent rapid intensification and reached super cyclonic storm status on October 27, as it turned westwards.

Super Cyclonic Storm Kyarr
Super cyclonic storm (IMD scale)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Kyarr 2019-10-27 0900Z.jpg
Kyarr near peak intensity on October 27
FormedOctober 24, 2019 (2019-10-24)
DissipatedNovember 3, 2019 (2019-11-03)
(Remnant low after November 1)
Highest winds3-minute sustained: 240 km/h (150 mph)
1-minute sustained: 240 km/h (150 mph)
Lowest pressure922 hPa (mbar); 27.23 inHg
FatalitiesNone
DamageUnknown
Areas affectedWestern India, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Socotra, Somalia
Part of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

Despite the immense strength of the storm, and many countries being affected by high tides and storm surges, there were no reported fatalities.

Meteorological historyEdit

 
Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

On October 20, 2019, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) and the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) began to track an area of low pressure over the southeastern Arabian Sea for development into a tropical cyclone. Over the next four days, the low continued to organise, and acquired enough organization for the IMD to begin bulletins on Depression ARB 03 on October 24. At the same time, the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on the depression. Later that day, the depression intensified into a deep depression; around the same time, the JTWC recognized it as Tropical Cyclone 04A and began warnings. It further intensified and became a cyclonic storm, receiving the name Kyarr from IMD as the fifth cyclonic storm of the season. On October 25, owing to high sea surface temperatures, low shear and a moist environment, Kyarr began a period of rapid intensification and strengthened into a very severe cyclonic storm. Three hours later, Kyarr became an extremely severe cyclonic storm. Early on October 27, Kyarr intensified into a super cyclonic storm, becoming the first one in the basin since Gonu in 2007.[2] Operationally, the IMD estimated the cyclone to have reached a peak intensity of 135 kt (155 mph; 250 km/h), with a pressure of 915 mbar, but retrospectively downgraded the cyclone to 130 kt (240 km/h; 150 mph) in post-analysis. The IMD also reduced the pressure to 922 mbar.[3]

Preparations and impactEdit

In advance of the tropical cyclone, the IMD issued rain and surf alerts for the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Goa. Strong winds and heavy rainfall felled trees and power lines, caused flash flooding and disrupted daily lives in Goa.[4] The Indian Navy rescued 17 fishermen from a sinking boat, which sank amid high seas west of Mumbai.[5]

In southern Pakistan, officials closed beaches and opened four shelters due to high tides from the cyclone. Floods affected parts of Karachi, closing a section of Defence Raya Golf and Country Club.[6]

High tides from Kyarr flooded towns on the coast of Oman.[7] In neighboring United Arab Emirates, high tides flooded streets, houses, and schools in eastern coastal areas of Sharjah and Fujairah.[8]

Kyarr started to slow down as it moved through the Arabian Sea, and it dissipated before reaching Socotra Island.[9][10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cappucci, Matthew (28 October 2019). "Category 4 Kyarr is the strongest cyclone over the Arabian Sea in 12 years". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  2. ^ Choudhary, Srishti (27 October 2019). "Kyarr intensifies, becomes the first Super Cyclone in Arabian Sea in 12 years". Livemint. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  3. ^ "kyarr.pdf" (PDF). India Meteorological Department, RSMC New Delhi.
  4. ^ "Cyclone Kyarr, Weather forecast today LIVE Updates: Super cyclone moves towards Oman coast". The Indian Express. 2019-10-28. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  5. ^ "Cyclone Kyarr: Navy Rescues 17 Fishermen From Sinking Boat Near Mumbai". All India. October 27, 2019.
  6. ^ "Coastal areas flooded as cyclone Kyarr intensifies". October 29, 2019.
  7. ^ "Cyclone Kyarr: Oman feet-deep in flood water with more on the way".
  8. ^ "UAE roads closed: 'Unusually high tide, flooding' as Cyclone Kyarr kicks up waves".
  9. ^ "Kyarr 2019 – Hurricane And Typhoon Updates". blogs.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  10. ^ "TROPICAL CYCLONE KYARR Tracker | Cyclocane". www.cyclocane.com. Retrieved 2020-02-20.

External linksEdit