Statutory city (Czech Republic)

In the Czech Republic, a statutory city (Czech: statutární město) is a municipal corporation that has been granted city status by Act of Parliament. It is more prestigious than the simple title město ("town"), which can be awarded by the cabinet and chair of the Chamber of Deputies to a municipality which applies for it.

Prague, capital of the Czech Republic

Differences of statutory city Edit

Statutory city status is partially ceremonial; the mayor is called primátor, rather than the starosta of other municipalities. Statutory cities are allowed to subdivide into self-governing city boroughs (sg. městský obvod or city parts městská část) with their own elected councils; such a statutory city has to issue a statute (statut) that delimits power to boroughs. However, only seven statutory cities have done so. Cities Brno, Plzeň, Ústí nad Labem and Pardubice are divided into city boroughs, and Liberec has only one city borough with rest of the city being administered directly. Brno is divided into city parts, and Opava has eight city parts with rest of the city being administered directly. Also the capital of Prague, while not being de iure statutory city, is subdivided into similar self-governing boroughs.

History Edit

The model is derived from its common origin in Austria-Hungary. Until 1928, 11 cities in the Czech lands received the statutory city title: Prague, Liberec, Brno, Jihlava, Kroměříž, Olomouc, Uherské Hradiště, Znojmo, Opava, Frýdek, and Bielsko (which became a part of Poland in 1920). On 1 December 1928 their count was reduced to five (Prague, Liberec, Brno, Olomouc and Opava). In 1942 Plzeň became a statutory city.[1]

Between 1949 and 1967, the institute of statutory cities was canceled by reform in self-government and the establishment of regions. Only Prague remained a de facto statutory city. After 1967, several cities received similar position as Prague (Brno, Plzeň, Ostrava and Ústí nad Labem), but the statutory city title was not used.[1]

The concept was renewed after the fall of communism by the Act on Municipalities in 1990, which established 13 statutory cities in addition to Prague, the capital city which is still a de facto statutory city.[1]

Unlike Austria, before districts of the Czech Republic were abolished only the three largest cities (Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň) constituted a district (okres) on their own; the others were a part (though always a capital, except Havířov) of a district with smaller municipalities. As the prestige associated with statutory city status grew, 12 additional statutory cities were created by the Act on Municipalities in 2000[2] and its four later amendments.

There are only two statutory cities, Havířov and Třinec, that are not seats of their eponymous districts.

List Edit

Since August 2018, there are 26 statutory cities (plus Prague), comprising all the Czech cities over 40 thousand inhabitants (and Třinec):

Name Population[3] Area (km²) Region Statutory city since[1]
  Prague 1,357,326 496 Prague
  Brno 396,101 230 South Moravian 1990
  Ostrava 283,504 214 Moravian-Silesian 1990
  Plzeň 181,240 138 Plzeň 1990
  Liberec 107,389 106 Liberec 1990
  Olomouc 101,825 103 Olomouc 1990
  České Budějovice 96,417 56 South Bohemian 1990
  Hradec Králové 93,506 106 Hradec Králové 1990
  Pardubice 92,149 78 Pardubice 1990
  Ústí nad Labem 91,963 94 Ústí nad Labem 1990
  Zlín 74,191 103 Zlín 1990
  Havířov 70,245 32 Moravian-Silesian 1990
  Kladno 68,436 37 Central Bohemian 2000
  Most 63,856 87 Ústí nad Labem 2000
  Opava 55,512 91 Moravian-Silesian 1990
  Frýdek-Místek 54,188 52 Moravian-Silesian 2006
  Jihlava 52,548 88 Vysočina 2000
  Teplice 50,843 24 Ústí nad Labem 2003
  Karviná 50,172 57 Moravian-Silesian 2003
  Karlovy Vary 49,043 59 Karlovy Vary 1990
  Děčín 47,180 118 Ústí nad Labem 2006
  Chomutov 46,940 29 Ústí nad Labem 2006
  Jablonec nad Nisou 45,830 31 Liberec 2012
  Mladá Boleslav 45,000 29 Central Bohemian 2003
  Prostějov 43,551 39 Olomouc 2012
  Přerov 41,634 58 Olomouc 2006
  Třinec 34,306 85 Moravian-Silesian 2018

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c d "Analýzy: Analýza rozsahu výkonu veřejné správy v jednotlivých statutárních městech, městských částech a městských obvodech". (in Czech). Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic. 2018. pp. 16–18.
  2. ^ Act on Municipalities (2000); Předpis č. 128/2000 Sb. Zákon o obcích (obecní zřízení) (in Czech)
  3. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2023". Czech Statistical Office. 2023-05-23.