Havířov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦaviːr̝of] (listen); Polish: Hawierzów) is a city in Karviná District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 69,000 inhabitants, making it the second-largest city in the region. Havířov lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

Havířov
Hawierzów
Republiky Square in the city centre
Republiky Square in the city centre
Flag of Havířov
Coat of arms of Havířov
Havířov is located in Czech Republic
Havířov
Havířov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°46′59″N 18°25′22″E / 49.78306°N 18.42278°E / 49.78306; 18.42278Coordinates: 49°46′59″N 18°25′22″E / 49.78306°N 18.42278°E / 49.78306; 18.42278
Country Czech Republic
RegionMoravian-Silesian
DistrictKarviná
Founded1955
Government
 • MayorJosef Bělica (ANO)
Area
 • Total32.08 km2 (12.39 sq mi)
Elevation
260 m (850 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total69,084
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
736 01
Websitewww.havirov-city.cz

Havířov was founded in 1955 and is the youngest Czech city.

Administrative partsEdit

The city is made up of eight administrative parts:

EtymologyEdit

In a competition to name the city in 1956, various names were suggested, such as Stalin, Gottwaldův Horníkov (after Klement Gottwald), Zápotockýgrad (after Antonín Zápotocký) and "Čestprácov" (derived from the Socialist-era greeting čest práci). Eventually it was decided that the city should be named Havířov (from havíř, i.e. "miner", with the possessive suffix -ov).[2]

HistoryEdit

The first written mention of settlements in today's Havířov area is from 1305 (Horní Suchá and Dolní Suchá). Bludovice was first mentioned in 1335 and Šumbark in 1438.[3]

Havířov was founded after the World War II as a coal mining town to restore hard coal mining in the region. Building of first housing estates for miners and their families began in 1947. Havířov was officially established in 1955 and in the same year received the statute of a town.[3]

Havířov was built on top of several villages with significant Polish populations. The local people were given apartments in the newly built city, and most of their old houses were demolished to make room for new urban buildings. The majority of the population of Havířov emigrated from other parts of Czechoslovakia, many of them from Slovakia, as migrant workers, thus substantially altering the ethnic structure of the area.

Today, the original villages are administrative parts of the city and mostly lie on the outskirts of urban Havířov. In 1975–1990, Horní Suchá, now a separate municipality, was a part of Havířov.[3]

Most of the buildings of the new city were built in the style of socialist realism.[4]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18695,173—    
18805,379+4.0%
18905,900+9.7%
19007,223+22.4%
191010,409+44.1%
YearPop.±%
192111,765+13.0%
193012,782+8.6%
195012,898+0.9%
196151,103+296.2%
197082,068+60.6%
YearPop.±%
198085,946+4.7%
199186,297+0.4%
200185,855−0.5%
201176,694−10.7%
202168,153−11.1%
Source: Censuses[5][6]

SportEdit

FootballEdit

The city's football club, MFK Havířov, competes in the Czech Fourth Division. In the past, the team appeared for several seasons in Czech 2. Liga. Football club MFK Havířov was founded in 1922 as ČSK Moravská Suchá. MFK Havířov has two pitches and one artificial pitch. They have nickname which is "indians" according to American bikers. Their matches are played on pitches in Prostřední Suchá.[7]

Ice hockeyEdit

The ice hockey club AZ Havířov appears in the 1st Czech Republic Hockey League, the second-tier league of ice hockey in the country.

RugbyEdit

RC Havířov competes in the highest division of rugby in the Czech Republic, the KB Extraliga.

CyclingEdit

Havířov hosted the prologue and the third stage, both an individual time trial, of the 2012 and 2013 Gracia-Orlová.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Havířov is twinned with:[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ "Havířov má šedesát let. Mohl to být také Gottwaldův Horníkov". Česká televize. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Historie a současnost" (in Czech). Statutární město Havířov. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
  4. ^ "Havířov vznikl před 60 lety. Honosné bulváry připomínají Paříž a Moskvu" (in Czech). iDnes. 2015-12-16. Retrieved 2022-01-16.
  5. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Karviná" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
  6. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  7. ^ "History". MFK Havířov. Retrieved 2022-01-16.
  8. ^ "Partnerská města - Statutární město Havířov" (in Czech). Statutární město Havířov. Retrieved 2020-06-07.

External linksEdit