Havířov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦaviːr̝of] ⓘ) is a city in Karviná District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 70,000 inhabitants, making it the second-largest city in the region. Havířov was founded in 1955 and is the youngest Czech city. It is an industrial city, historically associated with hard coal mining in the region.
|• Mayor||Josef Bělica (ANO)|
|• Total||32.08 km2 (12.39 sq mi)|
|Elevation||260 m (850 ft)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Administrative division edit
Havířov is made up of eight administrative parts:
In a competition to name the city in 1956, various names were suggested, such as Stalin, Gottwaldův Horníkov (after Klement Gottwald), Zápotockýgrad (after Antonín Zápotocký) and "Čestprácov" (derived from the Socialist-era greeting čest práci). Eventually it was decided that the city should be named Havířov (from havíř, i.e. "miner", with the possessive suffix -ov).
Havířov is located about 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of Ostrava and is urbanistically fused with neighbouring Šenov. It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. It lies mostly in the Ostrava Basin lowland, but in the south, the municipal territory also extends into the Moravian-Silesian Foothills. The Lučina River flows through the town.
The first written mention of settlements in today's Havířov area is from 1305 (Horní Suchá and Dolní Suchá). Bludovice was first mentioned in 1335 and Šumbark in 1438.
Havířov was founded on top of several villages with significant Polish populations after the World War II as a coal mining town to restore hard coal mining in the region. Building of first housing estates for miners and their families began in 1947. Havířov was officially established in 1955 and in the same year received the status of a town.
The city is historically connected with the mining of hard coal in the region. In the territory of Dolní Suchá was the Dukla coal mine, which was in operation between 1907 and 2007.
The city's football club, MFK Havířov, competes in the Czech Fourth Division. In the past, the team appeared for several seasons in Czech 2. Liga. Football club MFK Havířov was founded in 1922 as ČSK Moravská Suchá. MFK Havířov has two pitches and one artificial pitch. They have nickname which is "indians" according to American bikers. Their matches are played on pitches in Prostřední Suchá.
The most important monument is the memorial to the victims of Nazi terror, protected as a national cultural monument. It was built in 1949. The monument consists of a granite wall with a sandstone sculpture of a woman with a child.
There are three churches, protected as cultural monuments. The Church of Saint Anne was built in the Empire style in 1841–1845. The Church of Saint Margaret the Virgin in Bludovice was built in 1786–1792. It is a typical Baroque rural church. The Lutheran church in Bludovice was built in 1782–1784 and is the oldest church in Havířov. The tower was added in 1850–1852.
A unique remnant of the original villages before the founding of the city is Kotula's log cabin. It dates from 1781. Today it is a small museum with an exhibition of folk housing in the region. Next to the log cabin is a barn from the late 17th century and a windmill.
Notable people edit
- Jan Bystroń (1860–1902), Polish linguist
- Józef Kiedroń (1879–1932), Polish mining engineer and politician
- Martin Mainer (born 1959), artist and professor
- Daniel Zítka (born 1975), footballer
- Jan Laštůvka (born 1982), footballer
- Dominik Graňák (born 1983), ice hockey player
- Robert Mayer (born 1989), ice hockey player
- Pavel Maslák (born 1991), sprinter
- Kateřina Pauláthová (born 1993), alpine skier
- Kryštof (founded 1994), music band
- David Pastrňák (born 1996), ice hockey player
Twin towns – sister cities edit
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2023". Czech Statistical Office. 2023-05-23.
- "Části obcí". Územně identifikační registr ČR (in Czech). Retrieved 2023-11-14.
- "Havířov má šedesát let. Mohl to být také Gottwaldův Horníkov" (in Czech). Czech Television. Retrieved 2023-04-24.
- "Historie a současnost" (in Czech). City of Havířov. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
- "Havířov vznikl před 60 lety. Honosné bulváry připomínají Paříž a Moskvu" (in Czech). iDnes. 2015-12-16. Retrieved 2022-01-16.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Karviná" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
- "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
- "Detail stanice Havířov" (in Czech). České dráhy. Retrieved 2023-04-24.
- "History". MFK Havířov. Retrieved 2022-01-16.
- "Památník obětem nacistického teroru" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-04-24.
- "Výsledky vyhledávání: Kulturní památky, obec Havířov". Ústřední seznam kulturních památek (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-04-24.
- "Zámek" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-04-24.
- "Před 65 lety vzniklo město Havířov" (in Czech). Zwrot. 2020-12-22. Retrieved 2023-04-24.
- "Partnerská města - Statutární město Havířov" (in Czech). City of Havířov. Retrieved 2020-06-07.