Kladno (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkladno]; German: Kladen) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is located 25 kilometres (16 miles) northwest of the capital city Prague. Kladno is the largest city in the region and has a population together with its adjacent suburban areas of more than 110,000 (nearly 70,000 in Kladno proper). The city is a part of the Prague metropolitan area.
Kladno City Hall
|• Mayor||Milan Volf (Volba pro Kladno)|
|• Total||36.97 km2 (14.27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||381 m (1,250 ft)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
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The first written evidence of Kladno dates back to the 14th century. In 1561 the city rights were secured. As a part of the Czech kingdom, the city was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austrian side after the compromise of 1867) for several centruries before 1918, head of the Kladno district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia. A post-office was opened in 1863.
Kladno was the historical birthplace of heavy industry in Bohemia. For years, the city was home to the Poldi steel factory, the region's largest employer. The factory still stands but has been divided into smaller entities after privatisation and changes in ownership. The mining industry began here in 1842. The proximity to Prague helped to keep the local economy stable in spite of the heavy industrial decline after the collapse of the communist regime. A series of Western European companies has established production in Kladno, including Lego, Dr. Oetker, NKT Cables and Quickstep Laminate Floors.
- Anton Cermak (1873–1933), mayor of Chicago in 1931–1933
- Antonin Raymond (1888–1976), Czech American architect
- Zdeněk Miler (1921–2011), animator and illustrator
- Petr Pithart (born 1941), politician, former Prime Minister
- Michal Pivoňka (born 1966), ice hockey player
- Jiří Dienstbier Jr. (born 1969), politician
- Jaromír Jágr (born 1972), ice hockey player
- František Kaberle (born 1973), ice hockey player
- Tomáš Plekanec (born 1982), ice hockey player
- Michael Frolík (born 1988), ice hockey player
- Jakub Voráček (born 1989), ice hockey player
- Radko Gudas (born 1990), ice hockey player
- Jiří Sekáč (born 1992), ice hockey player
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
Kladno also cooperates with:
- Aachen, Germany
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
- Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin Mueller, 1961
- "Partnerská města Kladna". mestokladno.cz (in Czech). Statutární město Kladno. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
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