Kladno (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkladno]; German: Kladen) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is located 25 kilometres (16 miles) northwest of the capital city Prague. Kladno is the largest city in the region and has a population together with its adjacent suburban areas of more than 110,000 (nearly 70,000 in Kladno proper). The city is a part of the Prague metropolitan area.

Kladno
Kladno City Hall
Kladno City Hall
Flag of Kladno
Flag
Coat of arms of Kladno
Coat of arms
Kladno is located in Czech Republic
Kladno
Kladno
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°9′N 14°6′E / 50.150°N 14.100°E / 50.150; 14.100Coordinates: 50°9′N 14°6′E / 50.150°N 14.100°E / 50.150; 14.100
Country Czech Republic
RegionCentral Bohemian
DistrictKladno
First mentioned1318
Government
 • MayorMilan Volf (Volba pro Kladno [cs])
Area
 • Total36.97 km2 (14.27 sq mi)
Elevation
381 m (1,250 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total69,337
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
272 01
Websitewww.mestokladno.cz

HistoryEdit

 
Chapel of Saint Florian in the pedestrian zone

The first written evidence of Kladno dates back to the 14th century. In 1561 the city rights were secured. As a part of the Czech kingdom, the city was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austrian side after the compromise of 1867) for several centruries before 1918, head of the Kladno district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[2] A post-office was opened in 1863.[3]

EconomyEdit

Kladno was the historical birthplace of heavy industry in Bohemia. For years, the city was home to the Poldi steel factory, the region's largest employer. The factory still stands but has been divided into smaller entities after privatisation and changes in ownership. The mining industry began here in 1842. The proximity to Prague helped to keep the local economy stable in spite of the heavy industrial decline after the collapse of the communist regime. A series of Western European companies has established production in Kladno, including Lego, Dr. Oetker, NKT Cables and Quickstep Laminate Floors.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Kladno is twinned with:[4]

Partner citiesEdit

Kladno also cooperates with:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  3. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin Mueller, 1961
  4. ^ a b "Partnerská města Kladna". mestokladno.cz (in Czech). Statutární město Kladno. Retrieved 7 August 2020.

External linksEdit