Vitry-sur-Seine

Vitry-sur-Seine (French pronunciation: ​[vitʁi syʁ sɛn]) is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 7.5 km (4.7 mi) from the centre of Paris.

Vitry-sur-Seine
City hall
City hall
Coat of arms of Vitry-sur-Seine
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Location of Vitry-sur-Seine
Vitry-sur-Seine is located in France
Vitry-sur-Seine
Vitry-sur-Seine
Vitry-sur-Seine is located in Île-de-France (region)
Vitry-sur-Seine
Vitry-sur-Seine
Coordinates: 48°47′15″N 2°23′34″E / 48.7875°N 2.3928°E / 48.7875; 2.3928Coordinates: 48°47′15″N 2°23′34″E / 48.7875°N 2.3928°E / 48.7875; 2.3928
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-de-Marne
ArrondissementL'Haÿ-les-Roses
CantonVitry-sur-Seine-1
Vitry-sur-Seine-2
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Pierre Bell-Lloch
Area
1
11.67 km2 (4.51 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
95,510
 • Density8,200/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
94081 /94400
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

NameEdit

Vitry-sur-Seine was originally called simply Vitry. The name Vitry comes from Medieval Latin Vitriacum, and before that Victoriacum, meaning "estate of Victorius", a Gallo-Roman landowner. In 1897 the name of the commune officially became Vitry-sur-Seine (meaning "Vitry upon Seine"), in order to distinguish it from other communes of France also called Vitry.

Main sightsEdit

CultureEdit

For some years, Vitry-sur-Seine operated a cultural policy of bringing art to all. For this reason, the commune contains over 100 contemporary sculptures, notably in establishments of public education (schools, secondary schools and High Schools).

Vitry hosts the Musée d'Art Contemporain du Val-de-Marne (Val-de-Marne's Museum of Contemporary Art). Opened on 18 November 2005, this museum offers in addition to the workshops of plastic arts, an auditorium and a cinema for art and experimental film.

Vitry is one of the cities that contributed to the development of the Hip hop movement in France. Consequentially, urban art has a very important place in the city

TransportEdit

Vitry-sur-Seine is served by two stations on Paris RER line C: Vitry-sur-Seine and Les Ardoines.

Orly Airport is located near Vitry-sur-Seine.

DemographicsEdit

The city can be separated into three distinct parts: the center containing numerous cités HLM (Housing projects), peripheral neighborhoods belonging to the middle class, and a large industrial area along the Seine river.

The bordering towns are Ivry-sur-Seine, Villejuif, Chevilly-Larue, Thiais, Choisy-le-Roi, Alfortville.

In 2017 the population of the city was estimated at 93,500 inhabitants. Vitry-sur-Seine is the 46th most populated city of France and the seventh of Île-de-France. The rate of unemployment is 26.5%, while national average is under 10%.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,025—    
1800 2,018−5.62%
1806 2,100+0.67%
1821 1,956−0.47%
1831 2,188+1.13%
1836 2,079−1.02%
1841 2,506+3.81%
1846 2,831+2.47%
1851 2,559−2.00%
1856 2,600+0.32%
1861 3,095+3.55%
1866 3,745+3.89%
1872 3,758+0.06%
1876 4,155+2.54%
1881 5,284+4.92%
1886 6,122+2.99%
1891 7,161+3.18%
1896 8,010+2.27%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 9,894+4.32%
1906 11,497+3.05%
1911 14,969+5.42%
1921 21,492+3.68%
1926 31,355+7.85%
1931 41,919+5.98%
1936 46,945+2.29%
1946 44,058−0.63%
1954 52,540+2.23%
1962 64,409+2.58%
1968 77,846+3.21%
1975 87,316+1.65%
1982 85,263−0.34%
1990 82,400−0.43%
1999 78,908−0.48%
2007 83,650+0.73%
2012 88,102+1.04%
2017 93,557+1.21%
Source: EHESS[2] and INSEE (1968-2017)[3]

ImmigrationEdit

Place of birth of residents of Vitry-sur-Seine in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
72.9% 27.1%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.7% 2.7% 5.9% 15.8%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

As of circa 1998 Ivry-sur-Seine and Vitry had a combined Asian population of 3,600. That year about 250 Asians from those communes worked in the 13th arrondissement of Paris, and the overall demographics of Ivry and Vitry Asians were similar to those in the 13th arrondissement.[4]

AdministrationEdit

Vitry is divided into two cantons (districts):

Cités (Housing projects)Edit

  • Cité Balzac
  • Cité Du Colonel Fabien
  • Lucien Français
  • Les Marronniers
  • La Sablière 200
  • La Commune de Paris
  • Mario Capra
  • Les Montagnards
  • Les Montagnes (La Vanoise, Pelvoux, Annapurna)
  • La Tourraine
  • Le Mail
  • Le Moulin Vert
  • Les Toits et Joie
  • Gabriel Peri
  • Cité Robespierre
  • Cité Barbusse
  • Le Square de l'Horloge
  • Cité Camille Groult
  • Les Malassis
  • Rouget de l'isle
  • La Glacière
  • Cité Bourgogne
  • Cité Verte
  • Cité Bleu (Camille Blanc)
  • Cité des Combattants
  • Roger Derry
  • Rosenberg
  • Cité des Peupliers-Manouchians
  • La Semise
  • Couzy

EducationEdit

As of 2016 the commune has 23 preschools (maternelles),[5] and 21 elementary schools,[6] with a combined total of 9,000 students.[7]

Paris 12 Val de Marne University is the area university.[10]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Vitry-sur-Seine is twinned with:[11]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Vitry-sur-Seine, EHESS. (in French)
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  4. ^ Guillon, Michelle. "The Chinese and Chinese Districts in Paris" (Chapter 11). In: Sinn, Elizabeth (editor). The Last Half Century of Chinese Overseas. Hong Kong University Press, 1 January 1998. ISBN 9622094465, 9789622094468. CITED: p. 197.
  5. ^ "Maternelles." Vitry-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  6. ^ "Élémentaires." Vitry-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  7. ^ "Ecoles." Vitry-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Collèges." Vitry-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  9. ^ "Lycées." Vitry-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  10. ^ "Enseignement supérieur." Vitry-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  11. ^ "Le Mensuel Novembre 2020" (PDF). vitry94.fr (in French). Vitry-sur-Seine. November 2020. p. 13. Retrieved 2021-03-28.

External linksEdit