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Statewide opinion polling for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

This is a list of statewide public opinion polls that have been conducted relating to the Democratic primaries for the 2020 United States presidential election. The persons named in the polls are declared candidates or have received media speculation about their possible candidacy.

Given the large number of potential candidates, the scores of certain low-polling and infrequently-polled candidates have been combined within the "other" column; their exact scores may be viewed by viewing the footnotes associated with each poll. The polls included are among Democrats or Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents, and do not include Republican-leaning independents. The statewide polls are ordered by the scheduled date of the state's primary or caucus. Open-ended polls are included and marked with an asterisk (*), but closed-ended versions of such polls are listed where possible. If multiple versions of polls are provided, the version used for debate qualification is prioritized, then the version among likely voters, then registered voters, then adults.

BackgroundEdit

The Democratic National Committee has determined that candidates may qualify for the first two Democratic primary debates either by polling at 1% or higher in at least three national or early-state (Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, and South Carolina) polls sponsored or conducted by designated organizations (in different regions if by the same organization) published after January 1, 2019 up until June 12, 2019, or by a fundraising threshold requiring at least 65,000 unique donors with at least 200 in 20 different states. Should more than 20 candidates meet either threshold, then candidates meeting both thresholds will be given highest priority for entry into the debates, followed by those with the highest polling average and those with the most donors. The pollsters and sponsors of polls designated for consideration by the DNC are the Associated Press, ABC News, CBS News, CNN, The Des Moines Register, Fox News, the Las Vegas Review-Journal, Monmouth University, NBC News, The New York Times, National Public Radio, Quinnipiac University, Reuters, the University of New Hampshire, USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and Winthrop University.[1] Open-ended polls do not count towards the polling threshold.[2]

For the third and fourth primary debates, candidates will be required to meet both polling and fundraising thresholds, with the prior considering only polls between June 28 and August 28, 2019 and increased to 4 qualifying polls at 2% support, now excluding surveys sponsored by the Las Vegas Review-Journal and Reuters; the latter requirement has also been increased, to 130,000 unique donors with at least 400 in 20 different states.[3]

Active
campaign
Exploratory
committee
Withdrawn
candidate
Midterm
elections
Debate
Iowa
caucuses
Super
Tuesday
Democratic
convention
Richard Ojeda 2020 presidential campaignEric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaignMike Gravel 2020 presidential campaignJohn Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaignJay Inslee 2020 presidential campaignSeth Moulton 2020 presidential campaignKirsten Gillibrand 2020 presidential campaignBill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaignAndrew Yang 2020 presidential campaignMarianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaignElizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaignTom Steyer 2020 presidential campaignJoe Sestak 2020 presidential campaignBernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaignTim Ryan 2020 presidential campaignBeto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaignWayne Messam 2020 presidential campaignAmy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaignKamala Harris 2020 presidential campaignTulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaignJohn Delaney 2020 presidential campaignJulián Castro 2020 presidential campaignPete Buttigieg 2020 presidential campaignSteve Bullock 2020 presidential campaignCory Booker 2020 presidential campaignJoe Biden 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign 

Michael Avenatti has been included in national Democratic primary polls and expressed interest in running. Other individuals who have been included in national Democratic primary polls but have either ruled out their candidacy or not expressed interest in running include Stacey Abrams, Michael Bloomberg, Sherrod Brown, Hillary Clinton, Mark Cuban, Andrew Cuomo, Al Franken, Eric Garcetti, Eric Holder, Tim Kaine, Jason Kander, Joe Kennedy III, John Kerry, Mitch Landrieu, Terry McAuliffe, Chris Murphy, Gavin Newsom, Michelle Obama, Deval Patrick, Howard Schultz, Oprah Winfrey, and Mark Zuckerberg.

Polling in the four early primary statesEdit

The following graph depicts the evolution of the standing of each candidate in the early primary states (Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina) since February 2019. Data source is the Morning Consult[4] weekly poll archive.[5][6]

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
10 Feb
24 Feb
10 Mar
24 Mar
7 Apr
21 Apr
5 May
19 May
2 Jun
16 Jun
7 Jul
21 Jul
4 Aug
18 Aug
1 Sep
15 Sep
29 Sep
12 Oct
  •   Biden
  •   Yang
  •   Buttigieg
  •   Harris
  •   Warren
  •   O'Rourke
  •   Gabbard
  •   Booker
  •   Steyer
  •   others
  •   Sanders

Primary and caucus calendarEdit

 
Democratic primary and caucus calendar by currently scheduled date
  February
  March 3 (Super Tuesday)
  March 10
  March 17
  March 24
  April 4–7
  April 28
  May
  June
  No scheduled 2020 date

The following dates reflect either the confirmed or expected dates of Democratic primaries and caucuses in 2020. Those for contests in U.S. territories with no date yet set are based on dates estimated by The Green Papers based on past years. The pledged delegate numbers listed below are based on the presidential votes in 2008, 2012, and 2016, as well as the number of electoral votes of each state in 2020. The number of DNC members and distinguished party leaders in the count of unpledged PLEO (party leaders and elected officials) delegates is based on the 2016 Democratic National Convention, while the number of unpledged officeholders (governors, members of Congress, and their equivalents in non-state jurisdictions) reflects their current total. The numbers of pledged delegates do not yet account for delegate bonuses or penalties from timing or clustering.[7][8][9]

States listed with a lavender background and an asterisk (*) do not yet have a date set by existing statute. States with a light yellow background and a dagger (†) are set to shift their primary or caucus date following the expected passage of legislation moving the dates of their contests. If not already listed as such, the date to which the contest is expected to be moved is listed in parentheses. Party-run primaries (also described as either a firehouse primary or caucus in some jurisdictions) are listed with two asterisks (**).[7][8][9]

Date State/territory Type Eligibility P U T
Feb 3 Iowa Caucus Closed 41 8 49
Feb 11 New Hampshire Primary Mixed 24 9 33
Feb 22 Nevada Caucus Closed 36 12 48
Feb 29 South Carolina Primary Open 54 9 63
Mar 3 Alabama Primary Open 52 9 61
American Samoa* Caucus Open 6 5 11
Arkansas Primary Open 31 5 36
California Primary Mixed 416 79 495
Colorado Primary Mixed 67 13 80
Maine Primary Closed 24 8 32
Massachusetts Primary Mixed 91 23 114
Minnesota Primary Closed 75 17 92
North Carolina Primary Mixed 110 12 122
Oklahoma Primary Mixed 37 5 42
Tennessee Primary Open 64 9 73
Texas Primary Closed 228 34 262
Utah Primary Closed 29 6 35
Vermont Primary Open 16 7 23
Virginia Primary Open 99 25 124
Mar 3–10 Democrats Abroad Caucus** Open 13 4 17
Mar 10 Idaho Primary Closed 20 5 25
Michigan Primary Open 125 22 147
Mississippi Primary Open 36 5 41
Missouri Primary Open 68 10 78
North Dakota Caucus** Open 14 4 18
Ohio Primary Mixed 136 17 153
Washington Primary Closed 89 18 107
Mar 14 Northern Marianas* Caucus Closed 6 5 11
Mar 17 Arizona Primary Closed 67 11 78
Florida Primary Closed 219 29 248
Illinois Primary Open 155 29 184
Mar 24 Georgia Primary Open 105 15 120
Mar 29 Puerto Rico Primary Open 51 8 59
Apr 4 Alaska Primary** Closed 14 4 18
Hawaii Primary** Closed 22 9 31
Louisiana Primary Closed 50 7 57
Wyoming Caucus Closed 13 4 17
Apr 7 Wisconsin Primary Open 77 13 90
Apr 28 Connecticut Primary Closed 49 15 64
Delaware Primary Closed 17 11 28
Maryland Primary Closed 79 23 102
New York Primary Closed 224 46 270
Pennsylvania Primary Closed 153 23 176
Rhode Island Primary Mixed 21 9 30
May 2 Guam* Caucus Closed 6 5 11
Kansas Primary** Closed 33 6 39
May 5 Indiana Primary Open 70 7 77
May 12 Nebraska Primary Mixed 25 4 29
West Virginia Primary Mixed 24 6 30
May 19 Kentucky Primary Closed 46 6 52
Oregon Primary Closed 52 14 66
Jun 2 District of Columbia Primary Closed 17 26 43
Montana Primary Open 16 6 22
New Jersey Primary Mixed 107 21 128
New Mexico Primary Closed 29 11 40
South Dakota Primary Mixed 14 5 19
Jun 6 Virgin Islands* Caucus Closed 6 5 11
Jul Unassigned 1 1
Total delegates 3,768 764 4,532

Iowa caucusEdit

The Iowa Democratic caucus is currently scheduled to take place on February 3, 2020.[9]

Polling Aggregation
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Elizabeth
Warren
Joe
Biden
Bernie
Sanders
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Others Undecided[a]
270 to Win Oct 17, 2019 Sep 21 – Oct 17, 2019 23.0% 21.8% 12.5% 14.0% 4.0% 15.8%[b] 8.9%
RealClear Politics Oct 17, 2019 Sep 14 – Oct 16, 2019 22.3% 21.7% 15.0% 13.0% 4.3% 16.0%[c] 7.7%
Average 22.7% 21.8% 13.8% 13.5% 4.2% 16.1%[d] 7.9%
   – Debate qualifying poll as designated by the Democratic National Committee
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[e]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Amy
Klobuchar
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Un­decided
Emerson College Oct 13–16,2019 317 (LV) ± 5.5% 23% 3% 16% 2% 1% 0% 13% 23% 15%[f]
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Oct 8–10, 2019 548 (LV) ± 3.6% 22% 2% 17% 3% [note 1] 1% 5% 25% 26%[g] [note 1]
YouGov/CBS News Oct 3–11, 2019 729 (RV) ±4.6% 22% 2% 14% 5% 2% 2% 21% 22% 7%[h]
Selzer/CNN/Des Moines Register [1] Sep 14–18, 2019 602 (LV) ± 4.0% 20% 3% 9% 6% 3% 2% 11% 22% 11%[i] 14%
David Binder Research Sep 14–17, 2019 500 (LV) ± 4.4% 25% 2% 12% 5% 8% 1% 9% 23% 9%[j] 6%
Civiqs/Iowa State University Sep 13–17, 2019 572 (LV) ± 5.2% 16% 2% 13% 5% 3% 2% 16% 24% 11%[k] 8%
YouGov/CBS News Aug 28–Sep 4, 2019 835 ± 4.3% 29% 2% 7% 6% 2% 2% 26% 17% 9%[l]
Change Research Aug 9–11, 2019 621 (LV) ± 3.9% 17% 3% 13% 8% 2% 3% 17% 28% 9%[m]
Monmouth University Aug 1–4, 2019 401 (LV) ± 4.9% 28% 1% 8% 11% 3% <1% 9% 19% 11%[n] 10%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jul 23–25, 2019 630 ± 3.3% 23% 2% 7% 12% 2% 11% 23% 4% 16%
YouGov/CBS News Jul 9–18, 2019 706 ± 4.4% 24% 3% 7% 16% 4% 1% 19% 17% 9%[o]
Change Research Jun 29–Jul 4, 2019 420 (LV) 16% 1% 25% 16% 1% 2% 16% 18% 5%[p]
David Binder Research Jun 29–Jul 1, 2019 600 ± 4.0% 17% 2% 10% 18% 4% 1% 12% 20% 9%[q] 9%
Suffolk University/USA Today Jun 28–Jul 1, 2019 500 ± 4.4% 24% 2% 6% 16% 2% 1% 9% 13% 6%[r] 21%
Change Research Jun 17–20, 2019 308 (LV) 27% 5% 17% 4% 2% 1% 18% 20% 7%[s]
Selzer/CNN/Des Moines Register Jun 2–5, 2019 600 ± 4.0% 24% 1% 14% 7% 2% 2% 16% 15% 6%[t] 6%
Change Research May 15–19, 2019 615 (LV) ± 3.9% 24% 1% 14% 10% 2% 5% 24% 12% 9%[u]
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Apr 30–May 2, 2019 576 ± 4.1% 35% 2% 11% 5% 4% 3% 14% 10% 16%
Gravis Marketing Apr 17–18, 2019 590 ± 4.0% 19% 4% 14% 6% 4% 5% 19% 6% 7%[v] 16%
Monmouth University Apr 4–9, 2019 351 ± 5.2% 27% 3% 9% 7% 4% 6% 16% 7% 7%[w] 12%
David Binder Research Mar 21–24, 2019 500 ± 4.4% 25% 7% 6% 9% 6% 6% 17% 8% 9%[x] 7%
Emerson College Mar 21–24, 2019 249 ± 6.2% 25% 6% 11% 10% 2% 5% 24% 9% 8%[y]
Public Policy Polling (D)[A] Mar 14–15, 2019 678 29% 4% 5% 6% 7% 15% 8% 4% 22%
Selzer/CNN/Des Moines Register Mar 3–6, 2019 401 ± 4.9% 27% 3% 1% 7% 3% 5% 25% 9% 5%[z] 10%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jan 31–Feb 2, 2019 558 ± 3.6% 25% 4% 17% 5% 4% 10% 11% 1%[aa] 25%
Emerson College Jan 30–Feb 2, 2019 260 ± 6.0% 29% 4% 0% 18% 3% 6% 15% 11% 15%[ab]
Change Research Dec 13–17, 2018 1,291 (LV) 20% 4% 7% 5% 19% 20% 7% 18%[ac]
Selzer/CNN/Des Moines Register Dec 10–13, 2018 455 ± 4.6% 32% 4% 5% 3% 11% 19% 8% 7%[ad] 6%
David Binder Research Dec 10–11, 2018 500 ± 4.4% 30% 6% 7% 10% 11% 13% 9% 8%[ae] 6%
David Binder Research Sep 20–23, 2018 500 ± 4.4% 37% 8% 10% 12% 16% 6%[af] 9%
Public Policy Polling (D)[B] Mar 3–6, 2017 1,062 17% 3% 11% 34%[ag] 32%

New Hampshire primaryEdit

The New Hampshire Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on February 11, 2020.[9]

Polling Aggregation
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Elizabeth
Warren
Joe
Biden
Bernie
Sanders
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Andrew
Yang
Tulsi
Gabbard
Others Undecided[ah]
270 to Win Oct 14, 2019 Sep 24 – Oct 14, 2019 26.8% 23.0% 14.2% 8.6% 3.8% 2.4% 2.0% 7.6%[ai] 11.6%
RealClear Politics Oct 15, 2019 Sep 25 – Oct 13, 2019 27.3% 24.0% 16.7% 8.7% 4.7% 2.7% 2.0% 6.2%[aj] 7.7%
Average 27.1% 23.5% 15.5% 8.7% 4.3% 2.6% 2.0% 7.4%[ak] 8.9%
   – Debate qualifying poll as designated by the Democratic National Committee
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Tulsi
Gabbard
Kamala
Harris
Amy
Klobuchar
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
RKM Research and Communications Inc./Boston Herald/FPU Oct 9-13, 2019 422 (LV) ± 4.8% 23.9% 1.9% 9% 0.5% 4.5% 2.4% 0% 21.6% 24.6% 0.9% 4%[al] 6.6%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Oct 8-10, 2019 610 (LV) ± 3.7% 18.2% 2.4% 7.4% [note 1] 2.3% [note 1] 0.6% 9.3% 25.4% 2.4% 31.9% [note 1]
YouGov/CBS News Oct 3–11, 2019 506 ±5.4% 24% 1% 7% 2% 4% 2% 1% 17% 32% 5% 5%[am]
Saint Anselm College Sep 25–29, 2019 423 ± 4.8% 24% 1% 10% 3% 5% 3% <1% 11% 25% 2% 3%[an] 9%
Monmouth University Sep 17–21, 2019 401 ± 4.9% 25% 2% 10% 2% 3% 2% 1% 12% 27% 2% 3%[ao] 9%
HarrisX/No Labels Sep 6–11, 2019 595 ± 4.0% 22% 3% 5% 6% 5% 1% 1% 21% 15% 2% 5%[ap] 14%
RKM Research and Communications Inc./Boston Herald/FPU Sep 4–10, 2019 425 ± 4.8% 21% 1% 5% 3% 6% 1% 2% 29% 17% 5% 2%[aq] 9%
Emerson College Sep 6–9, 2019 483 ± 4.4% 24% 4% 11% 6% 8% 1% 1% 13% 21% 3% 7%[ar]
YouGov/CBS News Aug 28–Sep 4, 2019 526 ± 5.2% 26% 2% 8% 1% 7% 1% 1% 25% 27% 1% 1%[as]
Gravis Marketing Aug 2–6, 2019 250 ± 6.2% 15% 0% 8% 5% 7% 4% 2% 21% 12% 4% 8%[at] 11%
Suffolk University Aug 1–4, 2019 500 ± 4.4% 21% 1% 6% 3% 8% 1% 0% 17% 14% 1% 6%[au] 21%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jul 23–25, 2019 587 ± 3.3% 21% 1% 8% 13% 0% 13% 16% 1% 7% 19%
YouGov/CBS News Jul 9–18, 2019 530 ± 5% 27% 1% 7% 2% 12% 1% 2% 20% 18% 1% 5%[av]
University of New Hampshire/CNN Jul 8–15, 2019 386 ± 5.0% 24% 2% 10% 1% 9% 0% 2% 19% 19% 1% 4%[aw] 9%
Saint Anselm College Jul 10–12, 2019 351 ± 5.2% 21% 1% 12% 1% 18% 3% 0% 10% 17% 5% 3%[ax] 11%
Change Research Jul 6–9, 2019 1,084 ± 3.0% 19% 1% 13% 3% 15% 1% 1% 20% 22% 1% 3%[ay]
Change Research Jun 29 – Jul 4, 2019 420 13% 2% 14% 2% 13% 1% 2% 26% 24% 2% 4%[az]
Change Research Jun 17–20, 2019 308 24% 0% 14% 1% 3% 1% 4% 28% 21% 1% 3%[ba]
YouGov/CBS News May 31 – Jun 12, 2019 502 ± 4.9% 33% 3% 10% 0% 7% 1% 4% 20% 17% 1% 2%[bb]
Tel Opinion Research* May 20–22, 2019 600 ± 4.0% 33% 7% 7% 1% 12% 11% 28%
Monmouth University May 2–7, 2019 376 ± 5.1% 36% 2% 9% 0% 6% 2% 2% 18% 8% 1% 2%[bc] 11%
Change Research May 3–5, 2019 864 ± 3.3% 26% 2% 12% 1% 8% 1% 3% 30% 9% 2% 4%[bd]
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Apr 30 – May 2, 2019 551 ± 4.0% 34% 1% 10% 7% 1% 3% 16% 9% 19%
Suffolk University Apr 25–28, 2019 429 ± 4.7% 20% 3% 12% 1% 6% 1% 3% 12% 8% 1% 4%[be] 27%
University of New Hampshire Apr 10–18, 2019 241 ± 6.3% 18% 3% 15% 1% 4% 2% 3% 30% 5% 2% 5%[bf] 12%
Saint Anselm College Apr 3–8, 2019 326 ± 5.4% 23% 4% 11% 1% 7% 2% 6% 16% 9% 9%[bg] 13%
University of New Hampshire Feb 18–26, 2019 240 ± 6.3% 22% 3% 1% 1% 10% 4% 5% 26% 7% 6%[bh] 14%
Emerson College Feb 21–22, 2019 405 ± 4.8% 25% 5% 1% 12% 8% 5% 27% 9% 10%[bi]
YouGov/UMass Amherst Feb 7–15, 2019 337 ± 6.4% 28% 3% 14% 1% 6% 20% 9% 9%[bj] 9%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jan 31 – Feb 2, 2019 518 ± 4.1% 22% 4% 13% 2% 2% 13% 9% 0%[bk] 35%
Change Research Jan 2–3, 2019 1,162 24% 3% 4% 2% 9% 26% 11% 22%[bl]
University of New Hampshire Aug 2–19, 2018 198 ± 7.0% 19% 6% 3% 30% 17% 12%[bm] 12%
Suffolk University Apr 26–30, 2018 295 ± 5.7% 20% 8% 4% 13% 26% 8%[bn] 18%
30% 10% 6% 25% 14%[bo] 12%
University of New Hampshire Apr 13–22, 2018 188 ± 7.1% 26% 5% 6% 1% 28% 11% 9%[bp] 13%
University of New Hampshire Jan 28 – Feb 10, 2018 219 ± 6.6% 35% 3% 1% 0% 24% 15% 7%[bq] 15%
University of New Hampshire Oct 3–15, 2017 212 ± 6.7% 24% 6% 1% 1% 31% 13% 14%[br] 11%

Head-to-head pollsEdit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Undecided
Tel Opinion Research May 20–22, 2019 600 ± 4.0% 63% 21% 15%
66% 22% 13%
58% 29% 13%
American Research Group Mar 21–27, 2018 400 ± 5.0% 47% 45% 7%
58% 33% 8%
Hypothetical polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Michelle Obama Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Tulsi
Gabbard
Kamala
Harris
Amy
Klobuchar
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
RKM Research and Communications Inc./Boston Herald/FPU Oct 9-13, 2019 422 (LV) ± 4.8% 25.6% 19.7% 1.9% 4.5% 0.2% 2.8% 2.4% No voters 14.7% 20.1% 0.9% 3.1%[bs] 6.6%

Nevada caucusEdit

The Nevada Democratic caucus is currently scheduled to take place on February 22, 2020.[9]

Polling Aggregation
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Joe
Biden
Elizabeth
Warren
Bernie
Sanders
Kamala
Harris
Pete
Buttigieg
Others Undecided[bt]
270 to Win Sep 29, 2019 Sep 24 – Sep 29, 2019 22.5% 18.5% 18.0% 4.5% 3.5% 13.0%[bu] 20.0%
RealClear Politics Sep 26, 2019 Sep 19 – Sep 26, 2019 22.5% 18.5% 18.0% 4.5% 3.5% 11.5%[bv] 21.5%
Average 22.5% 18.5% 18.0% 4.5% 3.5% 13.0%[bw] 20.0%
   – Debate qualifying poll as designated by the Democratic National Committee
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[bx]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Tom
Steyer
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
CNN/SSRS Sep 22 – Sep 26, 2019 324 (LV) ± 7.1% 22% 2% 4% 5% 0% 22% 4% 18% 3% 4%[by] 13%
Suffolk University/USA Today Sep 19 – Sep 23, 2019 500 (LV) 23% 2% 3% 4% 1% 14% 3% 19% 3% 4%[bz] 21%
YouGov/CBS News Aug 28 – Sep 4, 2019 563 (LV) ± 4.9% 27% 1% 4% 6% 3% 29% 2% 18% 1% 9%[ca]
Gravis Marketing Aug 14–16, 2019 382 (RV) ± 5.0% 25% 3% 5% 9% 0% 10% 6% 15% 2% 15%[cb] 9%
Change Research Aug 2–8, 2019 439 (LV) ± 4.7% 26% 0% 7% 10% 2% 22% 3% 23% 1% 5%[cc]
Morning Consult Jul 1–21, 2019 749 (RV) ± 4.0% 29% 3% 6% 11% 3% 23% 1% 12% 3% 11%[cd]
Monmouth University Jun 6–11, 2019 370 (LV) ± 5.1% 36% 2% 7% 6% 2% 13% 19% 2% 4%[ce] 8%
Change Research May 9–12, 2019 389 (LV) 29% 2% 13% 11% 4% 24% 12% 1% 5%[cf]
Emerson College Mar 28–30, 2019 310 (LV) ± 5.5% 26% 2% 5% 9% 10% 23% 10% 3% 11%[cg]

South Carolina primaryEdit

The South Carolina Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on February 29, 2020.[9]

Polling Aggregation
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Joe
Biden
Elizabeth
Warren
Bernie
Sanders
Kamala
Harris
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Others Undecided[ch]
270 to Win Oct 15, 2019 Oct 1 – Oct 15, 2019 37.4% 14.4% 10.4% 5.4% 3.4% 2.8% 11.5%[ci] 14.7%
RealClear Politics Oct 11, 2019 Sep 21 –Oct 11, 2019 38.8% 14.0% 11.0% 5.5% 3.8% 2.5% 10.2%[cj] 14.2%
Average 38.1% 14.2% 10.7% 5.5% 3.6% 2.7% 11.6[ck] 13.6%
   – Debate qualifying poll as designated by the Democratic National Committee
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[cl]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Oct 8-10, 2019 607 (LV) ± 3.7% 32.1% 2.2% 4% 4.5% 0.6% 8.1% 16% 32.5%[cm] [cn]
YouGov/CBS News Oct 3 – 11, 2019 915 (RV) ±3.9% 43% 3% 4% 7% 1% 16% 18% 8%[co]
Gravis Marketing Oct 3-7, 2019 516 (LV) ± 4.3% 34% 6% 0% 4% 2% 10% 9% 17%[cp] 19%
Fox News Sep 29 – Oct 2, 2019 803 (LV) ± 3.5% 41% 3% 2% 4% 0% 10% 12% 12%[cq] 16%
Winthrop University Sep 21 – Sep 30, 2019 462 (RV) ± 4.9% 37% 3% 4% 7% 2% 8% 17% 8%[cr] 12%
CNN/SSRS Sep 22 – Sep 26, 2019 406 (LV) ± 5.9% 37% 2% 4% 3% 2% 11% 16% 7%[cs] 10%
YouGov/CBS News Aug 28 – Sep 4, 2019 849 (RV)[ct] ± 4.3% 43% 2% 4% 7% 1% 18% 14% 10%[cu]
Change Research Aug 9–12, 2019 521 (LV) ± 4.3% 36% 4% 5% 12% 1% 16% 17% 8%[cv]
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jul 23–25, 2019 554 (LV) ± 3.8% 31% 2% 4% 10% 0% 9% 12% 8%[cw] 24%
Monmouth University Jul 18–22, 2019 405 (LV) ± 4.9% 39% 2% 5% 12% 1% 10% 9% 5%[cx] 17%
YouGov/CBS News Jul 9–18, 2019 997 (RV)[cy] ± 3.8% 39% 3% 5% 12% 2% 17% 12% 10%[cz]
Fox News Jul 7–10, 2019 701 (LV) ± 3.5% 35% 3% 2% 12% 0% 14% 5% 3%[da] 20%
Change Research Jun 29 – Jul 4, 2019 421 (LV) 27% 6% 6% 21% 1% 16% 15% 8%[db]
Change Research Jun 17–20, 2019 308 (LV) 39% 5% 11% 9% 5% 13% 15% 5%[dc]
Change Research Jun 11–14, 2019 933 (LV) ± 3.2% 37% 5% 11% 9% 4% 9% 17% 8%[dd]
YouGov/CBS News May 31 – Jun 12, 2019 552 (LV) 45% 4% 6% 7% 4% 18% 8% 8%[de]
Zogby Analytics May 23–29, 2019 183 (LV) ± 7.2% 36% 4% 7% 4% 2% 13% 12% 4%[df]
Tel Opinion Research* May 22–24, 2019 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 37% 2% 3% 7% 10% 8% 32%
Crantford Research May 14–16, 2019 381 (LV) ± 5.0% 42% 4% 8% 10% 7% 8%
Change Research May 6–9, 2019 595 (LV) ± 4.0% 46% 4% 8% 10% 2% 15% 8% 5%[dg]
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Apr 30 – May 2, 2019 568 (LV) ± 4.5% 48% 4% 5% 4% 1% 12% 5% 1%[dh] 20%
Change Research Mar 31 – Apr 4, 2019 744 (LV) ± 3.6% 32% 9% 7% 10% 9% 14% 6% 12%[di]
12% 12% 15% 16% 24% 11% 12%[dj]
Emerson College Feb 28 – Mar 2, 2019 291 (LV) ± 5.7% 37% 6% 0% 9% 5% 21% 5% 16%[dk]
Change Research Feb 15–18, 2019 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 36% 10% 13% 8% 14% 9% 12%[dl]
28% 1% 35% 20% 18%[dm]
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jan 31 – Feb 2, 2019 557 (LV) ± 4.0% 36% 5% 12% 2% 8% 4% 2%[dn] 31%

Head-to-head pollsEdit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Undecided
Tel Opinion Research May 22–24, 2019 600 ± 4.0% 71% 10% 19%
70% 15% 16%
67% 15% 18%

Alabama primaryEdit

The Alabama Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
SurveyMonkey Jul 2–16, 2019 257 ± 7.8% 36% 2% 5% 13% 1% 15% 9% 17%[do] -
Change Research Mar 20–23, 2019 1,200 ± 2.8% 42% 9% 3% 12% 10% 13% 6% 4%[dp] -
14% 4% 16% 17% 27% 12% 9%[dq] -

California primaryEdit

The California Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Polling Aggregation
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Elizabeth
Warren
Joe
Biden
Bernie
Sanders
Kamala
Harris
Pete
Buttigieg
Andrew
Yang
Others Undecided[dr]
270 to Win Oct 3, 2019 Sep 19 – Oct 3, 2019 25.7% 20.0% 21.0% 9.0% 7.3% 2.7% 9.1%[ds] 5.2%
RealClear Politics Sep 25, 2019 Sep 13 – Sep 25, 2019 22.0% 23.8% 21.0% 8.8% 4.8% 4.8% 9.5%[dt] 5.3%
Average 23.9% 21.9% 21.0% 8.9% 6.1% 6.1% 9.6%[du] 2.5%
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[dv]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
Capitol Weekly Oct 1-15, 2019 590 (LV) 21% 2% 6% 8% No voters 15% 35% 3% 9%[dw]
Public Policy Institute of
California
Sep 16–25, 2019 692 (LV) ± 4.9% 22% 2% 6% 8% 1% 21% 23% 3% 7%[dx] 9%
Berkeley IGS/LA Times Sep 13–18, 2019 2,272 20% 1% 6% 8% 3% 19% 29% 2% 5%[dy] 8%
Emerson College Sep 13–16, 2019 424 ± 4.7% 26% 1% 4% 6% 5% 26% 20% 7% 4%[dz]
SurveyUSA Sep 13–15, 2019 547 ± 4.8% 27% 2% 3% 13% 2% 18% 16% 7% 4%[ea] 7%
KQED/Change Research Sep 12–15, 2019 3,325 ± 1.7% 18% 2% 10% 11% 2% 23% 25% 3% 5%[eb]
Capitol Weekly Sep 1–13, 2019 599 18% 1% 7% 11% 2% 21% 29% 4% 5%[ec]
Capitol Weekly Sep 1–13, 2019 5,510 18% 1% 8% 11% 2% 17% 33% 3% 7%[ed]
SurveyUSA Aug 1–5, 2019 528 ± 6.3% 25% 1% 6% 17% 0% 18% 21% 1% 1%[ee] 10%
PPIC Jul 14–23, 2019 766 ± 4.4% 11% 5% 19% 12% 15% 14%[ef] 25%
YouGov/CBS News Jul 9–18, 2019 1,514 ± 2.9% 24% 1% 6% 23% 1% 16% 19% 1% 9%[eg]
Quinnipiac University Jul 10–15, 2019 519 ± 5.7% 21% 1% 3% 23% 1% 18% 16% 2% 2%[eh] 10%
Capitol Weekly Jul 1–15, 2019 816 20% 1% 8% 20% 2% 16% 25% 1% 7%[ei]
Change Research Jul 9–11, 2019 1,609 ± 2.5% 17% 1% 8% 23% 2% 20% 22% 2% 5%[ej]
Capitol Weekly[10] Jun 1–30, 2019 813 23% 2% 8% 14% 2% 19% 23% 2% 9%[ek]
UC Berkeley Jun 4–10, 2019 2,131 ± 3.0% 22% 1% 10% 13% 3% 17% 18% 1% 3%[el] 11%
Capitol Weekly[10] May 1–31, 2019 1,180 29% 2% 9% 17% 4% 22% 11% 0% 6%[em]
Change Research May 25–28, 2019 1,649 ± 2.4% 30% 1% 12% 15% 3% 23% 12% 1% 2%[en]
Capitol Weekly[10] Apr 15–30, 2019 1,204 20% 2% 19% 17% 4% 20% 10% 9%[eo]
Change Research Apr 6–9, 2019 2,003 ± 2.2% 21% 3% 9% 19% 10% 22% 8% 1% 7%[ep]
5% 11% 27% 16% 28% 9% 1% 5%[eq]
Quinnipiac University Apr 3–8, 2019 482 ± 5.9% 26% 2% 7% 17% 4% 18% 7% 1% 6%[er] 13%
Change Research Feb 9–11, 2019 948 26% 3% 1% 26% 8% 20% 7% 0% 7%[es]
7% 2% 53% 23% 1% 15%[et]

Colorado primaryEdit

The Colorado Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Michael
Bennet
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
John
Hickenlooper
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
Emerson College Aug 16–19, 2019 403 ± 4.8% 1% 25% 5% 13% 26% 20% 4% 8%[eu] -
Aug 15 Hickenlooper drops out of the race
Public Policy Polling Jul 12–14, 2019 519 5% 22% 7% 9% 7% 15% 19% 0% 14%[ev] -

Maine primaryEdit

The Maine Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
Public Policy Polling Oct 11-13, 2019 366 (LV) ± 5.1% 19% 9% 12% 31% 3% 23%[ew] [ex]
Gravis Marketing Jun 24, 2019 243 ± 6.3% 25% 8% 15% 17% 5% 17%[ey] 11%

Massachusetts primaryEdit

The Massachusetts Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Polling Aggregation
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Joe
Biden
Elizabeth
Warren
Bernie
Sanders
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Others Undecided[ez]
RealClear Politics Sep 5, 2019 April 4 – Sep 5, 2019 24.5% 19.0% 17.0% 8.0% 5.0% 4.5% 5.0%[fa] 17.0%
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Amy
Klobuchar
Beto
O'Rourke
Deval
Patrick
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Suffolk University Sep 3–5, 2019 500 - 26% 1% 5% 3% 0% 1% 8% 24% 6%[fb] 25%
Suffolk University Jun 5–9, 2019 370 ± 5.1% 22% 1% 8% 5% 0% 1% 6% 10% 5%[fc] 42%
Emerson College Apr 4–7, 2019 371 ± 5.0% 23% 2% 11% 7% 2% 8% 26% 14% 8%[fd]
Dec 6 Patrick announces that he will not run
YouGov/UMass Amherst Nov 7–14, 2018 655 19% 3% 6% 3% 10% 6% 14% 11% 1%[fe] 27%

Minnesota primaryEdit

The Minnesota Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Amy
Klobuchar
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Change Research Jun 8–12, 2019 772 ± 3.7% 20% 11% 4% 16% 3% 19% 21% 5%[ff] -

North Carolina primaryEdit

The North Carolina Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
East Carolina University Oct 2–Oct 9, 2019 291 (LV) 29% 4% 8% 4% 19% 17% 9% 10%[fg] -
High Point University Sep 13–Sep 19, 2019 348 (A) 31% 3% 6% 1% 20% 15% 4% 10%[fh] 9%
Civitas/SurveyUSA Aug 1–Aug 5, 2019 523 ± 6.1% 36% 5% 8% 0% 15% 14% 1% 3%[fi] 17%
Emerson College May 31–Jun 3, 2019 397 ± 4.9% 39% 8% 5% 3% 22% 15% 1% 8%[fj]

Oklahoma primaryEdit

The Oklahoma Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
SoonerPoll Jul 17–27, 2019 152 26.2% 5.9% 7.6% 5.4% 11.5 9.2%[fk] 34.1%[fl]

Tennessee primaryEdit

The Tennessee Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Michael
Bennet
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
SurveyMonkey Jul 2–16, 2019 128 ± 11.2% 2% 33% 6% 12% 13% 18% 15%[fm]

Texas primaryEdit

The Texas Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Polling Aggregation
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Joe
Biden
Beto
O'Rourke
Elizabeth
Warren
Bernie
Sanders
Kamala
Harris
Pete
Buttigieg
Others Undecided[fn]
RealClear Politics Oct 11, 2019 Jul 9 – Sep 9, 2019 26.8% 16.5% 15.8% 13.3% 6.5% 4.3% 10.0%[fo] 6.8%
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[fp]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Julian
Castro
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
University of Texas at Tyler Sep 13–15, 2019 474 (RV) ±4.5% 27.7% 6.1% 3.6% 3.6% 6.0% 18.9% 17.0% 10.9% 6.5%[fq]
Ragnar Research Sep 3–5, 2019 600 ±3.9% 23% 1% 6% 2% 7% 12% 12% 15% 6.5%[fr] 18%
Univision/UH Aug 31– Sep 6, 2019 1004 (RV) ±4.5% 20% 3% 1% 12% 5% 19% 13% 12% 5%[fs] 10%
Texas Tribune Aug 29–Sep 15, 2019 550 ±4.17% 26% 1% 4% 3% 5% 14% 12% 18% 8%[ft] 6%
Climate Nexus Aug 20-25, 2019 639 - 24% 2% 3% 3% 7% 21% 12% 12% 6%[fu] 9%
TEXAS LYCEUM Aug 16-25, 2019 358 ±5.18% 24% 2% 3% 4% 4% 18% 13% 15% 13%[fv] 2%
Emerson College Aug 1–3, 2019 400 ±4.9% 28% 2% 7% 2% 5% 19% 16% 14% 7%[fw]
YouGov/CBS News Jul 9–18, 2019 910 ±4.2% 27% 0% 4% 4% 12% 17% 12% 16% 8%[fx]
YouGov/University of Texas May 31 – Jun 9, 2019 483 ± 5.0% 23% 1% 8% 3% 5% 15% 12% 14% 9%[fy] 7%
Quinnipiac University May 29 – Jun 4, 2019 407 ± 5.8% 30% 1% 3% 4% 4% 16% 15% 11% 6%[fz] 8%
Change Research May 30 – Jun 3, 2019 1,218 ± 2.8% 24% 1% 8% 2% 8% 27% 13% 12% 4%[ga]
Emerson College Apr 25–28, 2019 342 ± 5.3% 23% 1% 8% 4% 3% 22% 17% 7% 16%[gb]
Change Research Apr 18–22, 2019 1,578 ± 2.5% 20% 2% 15% 4% 5% 25% 19% 5% 4%[gc]
4% 21% 5% 8% 33% 23% 5% 1%[gd]

Virginia primaryEdit

The Virginia Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 3, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
University of Mary Washington Sep 3 – 15, 2019 882 ± 3.3% 23% 1% 4% 5% 1% 9% 9% 46%[ge]
Hampton University May 29 – Jun 6, 2019 1,126 ± 4.3% 36% 2% 11% 7% 3% 17% 13% 10%[gf]
Change Research Apr 26–30, 2019 551 ± 4.2% 41% 3% 12% 5% 4% 20% 10% 6%[gg]

Michigan primaryEdit

The Michigan Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 10, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Amy
Klobuchar
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Climate Nexus Jul 14–17, 2019 324 35% 2% 4% 8% 1% 1% 16% 14% 3%[gh] 13%[gi]
Zogby Analytics May 23–29, 2019 268 ± 6.0% 27% 1% 9% 7% 1% 4% 18% 8% 7%[gj]
Denno Research May 8–10, 2019 235 37% 3% 5% 4% 1% 1% 16% 9% 4%[gk] 23%
Emerson College Mar 7–10, 2019 317 ± 5.5% 40% 3% 0% 12% 5% 2% 23% 11% 4%[gl]

Mississippi primaryEdit

The Mississippi Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 10, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Michael
Bennet
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
SurveyMonkey Jul 2–16, 2019 282 ± 7.5% 3% 47% 3% 3% 8% 21% 7% 8%[gm]
Chism Strategies Jun 20-21, 2019 523 ± 4.3% 1% 50% 2% 2% 5% 7% 7% 5%[gn] 21%

Missouri primaryEdit

The Missouri Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 10, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Show Me Victories Sept 13-16, 2019 400 ± 5% 34% 10% 9% 4% 14% 22% 9%[go] -
Remington Research Group Jul 10–11, 2019 1,122 43% 5% 13% 1% 4% 15% 19%

Ohio primaryEdit

The Ohio Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 17, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
Climate Nexus Oct 1-Oct 7, 2019 443 (LV) 32% 3% 5% 6% 1% 13% 21% 3% 16%[gp] [note 2]
Emerson Sep 29-Oct 2, 2019 353 ± 5.2% 29% 0% 5% 7% 2% 27% 21% 3% 3%[gq] 2%
Quinnipiac Jul 17-22, 2019 556 ± 5.1% 31% 1% 6% 14% 1% 14% 13% 1% 5%[gr] 11%
Zogby Analytics May 23–29, 2019 222 ± 6.6% 29% 3% 6% 5% 2% 19% 12% 3% 4%[gs]

Washington primaryEdit

The Washington Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 10, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Jay
Inslee
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Aug 21 Inslee drops out of the race
Zogby Analytics Jul 22– Aug 1, 2019 1,265 ± 2.8% 19% 5% 9% 6% 18% 14% 14%[gt] 16%

Arizona primaryEdit

The Arizona Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 17, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[gu]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew

Yang

Other Undecided
Change Research Sep 27-28, 2019 396 (LV) 15% 13% 4% 19% 35% 8% 7%[gv]
Bendixen&Amandi Sep 9-12, 2019 250 ± 4.3% 29% 5% 4% 18% 24% 2% 8%[gw] 10%
Zogby Analytics May 23–29, 2019 197 ± 7.0% 35% 6% 4% 16% 10% 0% 11%[gx]

Florida primaryEdit

The Florida Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 17, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Tel Opinion Sep 15-18, 2019 800 ± 3.54% 24% - 2% 3% - 5% 11% 4%[gy] 49%
Florida Atlantic University Sep 12-15, 2019 407 ± 4.9% 34% 1% 5% 4% 2% 14% 24% 10%[gz] 6%
St. Pete Polls Jun 22–23, 2019 2,022 ± 2.2% 47% 3% 8% 6% 2% 8% 12% 7% 6%
Change Research Jun 16–17, 2019 1,130 ± 2.9% 33% 2% 15% 7% 3% 20% 15% 7%[ha]
Quinnipiac University Jun 12–17, 2019 417 ± 5.8% 41% 1% 8% 6% 1% 14% 12% 2%[hb] 12%
Climate Nexus Jun 7–11, 2019 676 ± 2.6% 32% 2% 6% 6% 2% 16% 10% 12%[hc] 14%
Zogby Analytics May 23–29, 2019 228 ± 6.5% 34% 2% 6% 2% 4% 18% 7% 8%[hd]
Florida Atlantic University May 16–19, 2019 403 ± 4.9% 39% 1% 9% 7% 5% 12% 12% 16%[he]
Tel Opinion Research* May 8, 2019 800 ± 3.5% 39% 1% 3% 5% 1% 16% 5% 1%[hf] 28%
Tel Opinion Research* Mar 21, 2019 800 ± 3.5% 37% 2% 4% 5% 13% 6% 1%[hf] 31%
Bendixen & Amandi International Mar 1–4, 2019 300 26% 1% 0% 9% 1% 11% 4% 2%[hg] 46%
Saint Leo University May 25–31, 2018 21% 3% 4% 11% 7% 34%[hh] 17%

Illinois primaryEdit

The Illinois Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 17, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Victory Research Jul 26–29, 2019 1,200 ± 2.8% 36.1% 9.3% 8.6% 15.2% 12.8% 10.9%[hi] 7.3%

Georgia primaryEdit

The Georgia Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on March 24, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Julian
Castro
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
Change Research [2] Sep 7–11, 2019 755 ± 3.6% 33% 7% 1% 7% 17% 22% 3% 10%[hj]
SurveyMonkey Jul 2–16, 2019 402 ± 6.4% 31% 5% 3% 15% 12% 13% 4% 8%[hk]

Wisconsin primaryEdit

The Wisconsin Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on April 7, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
size[bx]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Amy
Klobuchar
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
Fox News Sep 29–Oct 2, 2019 663 (LV) ± 3.5% 28% 2% 7% 5% 2% 17% 22% 2% 5%[hl] 9%
Marquette University Law School Aug 25–29, 2019 444 (RV) ± 5.3% 28% 1% 6% 3% 1% 20% 17% 2% 5%[hm] 13%
Change Research Aug 9–11, 2019 935 (LV) ± 3.2% 20% 1% 9% 5% 2% 24% 29% 2% 5%[hn]
Change Research Jun 29-Jul 4, 2019 1261 (LV) 18% 3% 15% 17% 1% 19% 19% 1% 6%[ho]
Zogby Analytics May 23–29, 2019 238 (LV) ± 6.4% 28% 2% 7% 7% 3% 13% 14% 0% 2%[hp]
Zogby Analytics Apr 15–18, 2019 485 (LV) ± 4.5% 24% 4% 10% 7% 4% 20% 6% 1% 11%[hq] 14%
Emerson College Mar 15–17, 2019 324 (LV) ± 5.4% 24% 2% 1% 5% 4% 39% 14% 1% 10%[hr]

Delaware primaryEdit

The Delaware Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on April 28, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Gravis Marketing Jul 24–29, 2018 354 ± 5.2% 47% 5% 3% 5% 9% 2%[hs] 29%

Maryland primaryEdit

The Maryland Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on April 28, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Goucher College Sept 13–19, 2019 300 ± 5.6% 33% 5% 6% 10% 21% 10%[ht] 15%

New York primaryEdit

The New York Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on April 28, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Sienna College Oct 6-10, 2019 340 (RV) ± 6.5% 21% 4% 4% 16% 21% 10%[hu] 24%[hv]
Siena College* Sep 8–12, 2019 359 ± 6.1% 22% 3% 4% 15% 17% 4%[hw] 34%

Head-to-head pollsEdit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Bill
de Blasio
Kirsten
Gillibrand
Other Undecided
Siena College Jun 2–6, 2019 385 25% 56% 11% 8%

Pennsylvania primaryEdit

The Pennsylvania Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on April 28, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Susquehanna Polling and Research Inc. Sep 30 – Oct 6, 2019 307 (RV) ± 5.6% 17% 0% 8% 1% 0% 6% 9% 7%[hx] 52%
Franklin & Marshall College Jul 29 – Aug 4, 2019 295 ± 8.7% 28% 2% 6% 8% 1% 12% 21% 3%[hy] 19%
Zogby Analytics May 23–29, 2019 246 ± 6.3% 46% 2% 9% 3% 2% 15% 8% 2%[hz]
Quinnipiac University May 9–14, 2019 431 ± 6.2% 39% 5% 6% 8% 2% 13% 8% 3%[ia] 12%
Muhlenberg College Apr 3–10, 2019 405 ± 5.5% 28% 3% 4% 8% 3% 16% 8% 9%[ib] 20%
Emerson College Mar 26–28, 2019 359 ± 5.1% 39% 4% 6% 5% 5% 20% 11% 10%[ic]

Indiana primaryEdit

The Indiana Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on May 5, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
We Ask America Apr 29 – May 5, 2019 280 ± 5.9% 33% 20% 3% 2% 23% 2% 1%[id] 15%

Oregon primaryEdit

The Oregon Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on May 19, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
Zogby Analytics Mar 18–19, 2019 238 ± 6.4% 26% 4% 3% 6% 8% 27% 6% 4% 7%[ie] 11%

New Jersey primaryEdit

The New Jersey Democratic primary is currently scheduled to take place on June 2, 2020.[9]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Monmouth University Sep 12–16, 2019 325 ± 5.4% 26% 9% 6% 6% <1% 18% 20% 5%[if] 8%
Change Research Aug 16–20, 2019 1176 ± 2.9% 26% 5% 12% 8% 2% 21% 23% 3%[ig] -

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e The poll did not announce this result separately; it is listed as part of 'Other'.
  2. ^ The poll did not provide separate information for this entry, so it is grouped under 'other'.
Partisan clients
  1. ^ Poll sponsored by End Citizens United
  2. ^ Poll sponsored by O'Say Can You See PAC, the PAC that supported O'Malley in 2016
Additional candidates
  1. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  2. ^ Booker with 2.5%; Steyer with 2.3%; Klobuchar and Yang with 2.0%; Bullock and Gabbard with 1.7%; O'Rourke with 1.3%; Bennet and Williamson with 0.7%; Castro, Delaney and Ryan with 0.3%; Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  3. ^ Booker with 2.7%; Steyer and Yang with 2.3%; Klobuchar with 2.0%; Bullock and Gabbard with 1.7%; O'Rourke with 1.3%; Bennet and Williamson with 0.7%; Castro and Ryan with 0.3%
  4. ^ Booker with 2.6%; Steyer with 2.3%; Yang with 2.2%; Klobuchar with 2.0%; Bullock and Gabbard with 1.7%; O'Rourke with 1.3%; Bennet and Williamson with 0.7%; Castro, Delaney and Ryan with 0.3%; Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  5. ^ Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  6. ^ Yang with 5%; Bullock with 4%; Gabbard and Steyer with 2%; Bennet and Williamson with 1%; Castro with 0%; Delaney, Messam, Ryan and Sestak with no voters; everyone else with 4%
  7. ^ Yang with 1%; a different Democratic candidate, don't know, or refused with 25%
  8. ^ Steyer with 3%, Bennet, Gabbard, Williamson, and Ryan with 1%, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Messam, Sestak, and Yang with 0%; "someone else" with 0%
  9. ^ Gabbard, Steyer, and Yang with 2%, Bullock, Castro, and Delaney with 1%, Bennet, de Blasio, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; "none of these" with 2%
  10. ^ Steyer with 3%; Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney and Gabbard with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%
  11. ^ Gabbard with 4%; Yang with 3%; Steyer with 2%; Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro and Delaney with 0%
  12. ^ Steyer with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; someone else with 2%
  13. ^ Bullock, Gabbard, and Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Castro, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, and Williamson with 0%
  14. ^ Steyer with 3%; Gillibrand and Yang with 2%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, and Hickenlooper with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Inslee, O'Rourke, and Williamson with <1%; de Blasio, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, and Sestak with 0%
  15. ^ Castro and Steyer with 2%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Sestak with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 0%
  16. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Moulton, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  17. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Swalwell with <1%; Messam and Moulton with 0%; others with <1%
  18. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  19. ^ Delaney with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, Gravel, Moulton, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  20. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Inslee, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; de Blasio and Messam with 0%
  21. ^ Yang with 2%; Abrams, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Swalwell with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  22. ^ Delaney with 2%; Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, and Yang with 1%; Castro and Inslee with 0%
  23. ^ Castro with 2%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Ryan, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Gabbard, and Inslee with <1%; Bennet, Hickenlooper, McAuliffe, Messam, Moulton, and Williamson with 0%
  24. ^ Delaney with 3%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Hickenlooper, and Williamson with <1%; Bennet and McAuliffe with 0%; others with <1%
  25. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 1%; Gillibrand and Yang with 0%; others with 4%
  26. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, and Inslee with 1%; Bloomberg, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with <1%
  27. ^ Gillibrand with 1%
  28. ^ Brown with 4%; Castro with 2%; Delaney and Gillibrand with 1%; Gabbard and Yang with 0%; others with 8%
  29. ^ Kennedy with 5%; Clinton with 4%; Brown with 2%; Bloomberg, Castro, Cuomo, Delaney, Gillibrand, Kerry, and Swalwell with 1%; Holder, McAuliffe, Schultz, and Steyer with 0%
  30. ^ Bloomberg with 3%; Brown, Castro, Delaney, and Hickenlooper with 1%; Bullock, Garcetti, Gillibrand, Holder, Inslee, Steyer, Swalwell, and Yang with <1%
  31. ^ Brown with 3%; Bloomberg and Kerry with 2%; Delaney with 1%; Garcetti with 0%; others with <1%
  32. ^ Gillibrand and Holder with 2%; Avenatti and Delaney with 1%; Bullock, Garcetti, Landrieu, and Patrick with <1%; others with 1%
  33. ^ O'Malley with 18%; Cuomo with 8%; Castro and Sandberg with 4%; Gillibrand with 3%; Schultz with 1%
  34. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  35. ^ Klobuchar and Steyer with 2.3%; Booker with 1.6%; O'Rourke with 0.6%; Ryan with 0.5%; Williamson with 0.3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  36. ^ Klobuchar and Steyer with 2.3%; Booker with 1.3%; O'Rourke with 0.3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney and Williamson with 0.0%
  37. ^ Klobuchar and Steyer with 2.3%; Booker with 1.5%; O'Rourke and Ryan with 0.5%; Williamson with 0.3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  38. ^ Steyer with 1.2%; Castro with 0.2%; Williamson with 0%; other with 2.6%
  39. ^ Steyer with 4%, Ryan with 1%, Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Messam, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; "someone else" with 0%
  40. ^ Steyer with 2%; "Other" with 1%; Castro with 0%; Delaney, Bullock, Bennet and Williamson with less than 1%
  41. ^ Steyer with 2%; Williamson with 1%; Castro, Delaney and Ryan with <1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Messam and Sestak with 0%; "no one" with 1%;
  42. ^ Steyer with 2%; de Blasio, Delaney, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Messam, Ryan and Sestak with 0%
  43. ^ Castro with 1%; others with 2%
  44. ^ Delaney with 3%; Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Messam, Ryan, and Sestak with 0%; someone else with 3%
  45. ^ Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  46. ^ Steyer with 4%; Castro with 2%; Gillibrand and Inslee with 1%
  47. ^ Bennet with 2%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Williamson, and Steyer with 1%; others with 0%
  48. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  49. ^ Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, and Williamson with 1%; de Blasio, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, and Steyer with 0%
  50. ^ Williamson with 2%; Gillibrand with 1%; Inslee with 0%
  51. ^ Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, and Swalwell with 0%
  52. ^ Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, and Moulton with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  53. ^ Delaney, Gravel, and Inslee with 1%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  54. ^ Gillibrand and Hickenlooper with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  55. ^ Hickenlooper and Ryan with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gillibrand, and Williamson with <1%; Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%
  56. ^ Delaney with 2%; Moulton, and Ryan with 1%; Abrams, Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  57. ^ Delaney with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  58. ^ Ryan with 2%; Gillibrand, Messam, and Swalwell with 1%; Castro, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  59. ^ Delaney, Gillibrand, and Hickenlooper with 1%; Inslee with 0%; others with 6%
  60. ^ Bloomberg, Brown, and Gillibrand with 1%; Delaney and Hickenlooper with 0%; others with 3%
  61. ^ Bloomberg with 2%; Brown, Delaney, and Gillibrand with 1%; Castro with 0%; others with 5%
  62. ^ Gillibrand with 3%; Bloomberg with 2%; Castro with 1%; others with 3%
  63. ^ Gillibrand with 0%
  64. ^ Kennedy with 9%; Clinton with 3%; Bloomberg, Kerry, and Klobuchar with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Ojeda, and Steyer with 1%; Castro, Cuomo, Delaney, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe, Schultz, and Swalwell with 0%
  65. ^ Kennedy with 7%; Holder with 2%; O'Malley with 1%; Delaney, Gillibrand, and Hickenlooper with 0%; others with 2%
  66. ^ Patrick with 4%; Gillibrand and McAuliffe with 2%
  67. ^ Patrick with 8%; Gillibrand with 3%; McAuliffe with 2%; others with 1%
  68. ^ Kennedy with 3%; O'Malley with 2%; Gillibrand and Hickenlooper with 1%; Ryan with 0%; others with 2%
  69. ^ Gillibrand with 2%; O'Malley with 1%; others with 4%
  70. ^ O'Malley with 3%; Hickenlooper and Zuckerberg with 2%; Gillibrand, and Ryan with 1%; Delaney with 0%; others with 5%
  71. ^ Steyer with 0.5%; Castro and Williamson with no voters; other with 2.6%
  72. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  73. ^ Steyer with 3.5%; Yang with 3.0%; Booker with 2.0%; Gabbard with 1.0%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Klobuchar, O'Rourke, Ryan and Williamson with 0.5%; Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  74. ^ Steyer with 3.5%; Yang with 3.0%; Booker with 2.0%; Gabbard with 1.0%; Castro, Klobuchar, O'Rourke and Williamson with 0.5%
  75. ^ Steyer with 3.5%; Yang with 3.0%; Booker with 2.0%; Gabbard with 1.0%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Klobuchar, O'Rourke, Ryan and Williamson with 0.5%; Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  76. ^ a b Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  77. ^ Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, and Sestak with 0%
  78. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro and Gabbard with 1%; de Blasio, Delaney, Klobuchar, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; "refused" with 1%
  79. ^ Castro with 2%; de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, and Sestak with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Klobuchar, Messam, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  80. ^ Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, and Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Inslee, Ryan, and Williamson with 1%
  81. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Booker, Bullock, Hickenlooper, and Williamson with 0%
  82. ^ Castro with 2%; Bullock, de Blasio, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; others with 4%
  83. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, and Ryan with <1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%
  84. ^ Abrams, Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Swalwell with 1%; Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Ryan with 0%
  85. ^ Gabbard and Klobuchar with 2%; Castro and Gillibrand with 1%; Hickenlooper and Inslee with 0%; others with 6%
  86. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  87. ^ Steyer with 3.8%; Yang with 1.6%; O'Rourke with 1.2%; Klobuchar with 1.0%; Gabbard and Williamson with 0.8%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, and Ryan with 0.5%; Delaney with 0.3%; Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  88. ^ Steyer with 3.8%; Yang with 1.5%; O'Rourke with 1.3%: Klobuchar with 1.0%; Williamson and Gabbard with 0.8%; Castro and Bennet with 0.5%
  89. ^ Steyer with 3.8%; Yang with 1.6; O'Rourke with 1.3%; Klobuchar with 1.0%; Gabbard and Williamson with 0.8%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, and Ryan with 0.5%; Delaney with 0.3%; Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  90. ^ Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  91. ^ Yang with 1.9%
  92. ^ The poll did not announce this result separately; it is listed as part of 'Other'.
  93. ^ Steyer with 2%, Bennet, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Messam, and Sestak with 0%; "someone else" with 0%
  94. ^ Steyer with 7%; Bullock, Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard and Williamson with 1%; Bennet and Ryan with 0%
  95. ^ Steyer with 4%; Bennet, Gabbard, Ryan, Williamson and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Klobuchar, and Messam with < 0.5%; Sestak with 0%; someone else with 3%
  96. ^ Steyer and Yang with 2%; Gabbard, Klobuchar, Castro and "Someone else" with 1%; Delaney, Sestak and Bennet with 0%; Bullock, Messam, Ryan and Williamson with less than 0.5%
  97. ^ Steyer with 3%; Bennet, Klobuchar, Gabbard, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, and Yang with 0%
  98. ^ poll results among likely voters of this RV sample
  99. ^ de Blasio, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; someone else with 2%
  100. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Inslee, Messam, and Williamson with 0%
  101. ^ Yang with 1%; "A different Democratic candidate" with 7%
  102. ^ Steyer with 2%; Bennet and Klobuchar with 1%; Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Inslee with <1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Williamson, and Yang with 0%
  103. ^ poll results among likely voters of this RV sample
  104. ^ Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%
  105. ^ Delaney, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  106. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Gravel, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, and Swalwell with 0%
  107. ^ Yang with 2%; Bullock, de Blasio, and Ryan with 1%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  108. ^ Yang with 3%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, and Swalwell with 0%
  109. ^ Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Messam, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%
  110. ^ Gillibrand with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 1%; Delaney, Klobuchar, and Yang with 0%
  111. ^ Yang with 2%; Abrams, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Swalwell with 0%
  112. ^ Klobuchar with 1%
  113. ^ Abrams with 7%; Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gabbard, Inslee, McAuliffe, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  114. ^ Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Klobuchar with 2%; Delaney, Inslee, Messam, and Yang with 1%; Gabbard and Williamson with 0%
  115. ^ Gillibrand with 3%; Bloomberg and Gabbard with 2%: Brown and Klobuchar with 1%; Castro, and Delaney with 0%; others with 8%
  116. ^ Brown and Holder with 2%; Bloomberg, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Cuomo, de Blasio, Delaney, McAuliffe, and Williamson with 0%
  117. ^ Klobuchar with 5%; Castro with 4%; Delaney with 3%; Gabbard and Williamson with 2%; Gillibrand and Yang with 1%
  118. ^ Klobuchar with 1%; Gillibrand with 0%
  119. ^ Sestak with 3%; Bennet with 2%; de Blasio, Bullock, Delaney, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, and Ryan with 0%; No answer with 7%
  120. ^ Castro, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Cuomo, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  121. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Yang with 1%; Messam and Williamson with 0%
  122. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  123. ^ O'Rourke with 2.0%; Booker with 1.7%; Gabbard with 1.5%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1.3%; Bennet and Williamson with 0.5%; Steyer with 0.3%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, and Sestak with 0.0%
  124. ^ O'Rourke with 2.8%; Booker, Castro, and Gabbard with 1.5%; Klobuchar with 1.0%; Steyer with 0.7%; Bennet with 0.5%
  125. ^ O'Rourke with 2.4%; Booker with 1.6%; Gabbard with 1.5%; Castro with 1.4%; Klobuchar with 1.2%; Bennet, Steyer and Williamson with 0.5%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, and Sestak with 0.0%
  126. ^ Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  127. ^ Castro and Gabbard with 2%; Klobuchar, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; de Blasio and Ryan with 0%; no response with 2%
  128. ^ Castro with 2%; Klobuchar and Steyer with 1%; someone else with 3%
  129. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro and Gabbard with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%;
  130. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Delaney, Klobuchar, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; someone else with 1%
  131. ^ Castro with 2%; Klobuchar with 1%; someone else with 1%
  132. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro, Klobuchar and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Steyer with 0%
  133. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro, Klobuchar and Williamson with 1%; Steyer with 0%
  134. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Castro, Klobuchar, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney and Ryan with 0%
  135. ^ Gabbard with 1%
  136. ^ "Anyone" with 2%; "None of them" with 5%; "Others" with 7%
  137. ^ Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Gravel, Klobuchar, Steyer, Williamson with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, and Sestak with 0%
  138. ^ Castro and Inslee with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with <1%, others with <1%
  139. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, & Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Ryan, Swalwell & Steyer with 0%
  140. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro, Klobuchar & Inslee with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer & Williamson with 0%
  141. ^ Gabbard & Hickenlooper with 2%; Bennet, Gillibrand & Klobuchar with 1%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan & Williamson with 0%
  142. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  143. ^ Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan & Swalwell with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Gabbard, Inslee & Williamson with 0%
  144. ^ Castro and Gabbard with 1%; Abrams, Bennet, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  145. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; Inslee with 2%; Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Ryan & Swalwell with 1%; Castro with 0%
  146. ^ Castro with 2%; Abrams, Gabbard, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Swalwell with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  147. ^ Castro with 2%; Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, and Williamson with 0%
  148. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 2%; Gabbard and Inslee with 1%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  149. ^ Castro with 2%; Brown, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Holder, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bloomberg, Bullock, Cuomo, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Swalwell, and Williamsonwith 0%
  150. ^ Castro with 6%; Gabbard with 4%; Delaney and Gillibrand with 2%; Williamson with 1%
  151. ^ Booker with 2%; de Blasio, Gabbard, O'Rourke, Ryan , Williamson, and "Someone else" with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Sestak and Steyer with 0%
  152. ^ O’Rourke with 1%; Booker, Castro, Inslee, de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, Williamson, Bullock, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%
  153. ^ Harris with 4%; Booker with 2%; Castro and O'Rourke with 1%; "someone else/undecided" with 16%
  154. ^ The poll did not announce this result separately; it is listed as part of 'Other'.
  155. ^ Ryan with 4%; Booker and Williamson with 3%; Bennet and Harris with 2%; Gillibrand, O'Rourke, and Swalwell with 1%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Hickenlooper Inslee, and Klobuchar with 0%
  156. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  157. ^ Booker and Gabbard with 1.5%; Klobuchar and Yang with 1.0%; Bennet and Bullock with 0.0%
  158. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Bullock and Yang with 1%; de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%; refused with 1%
  159. ^ Gabbard, Moulton, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  160. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, and Yang with 1%; Gillibrand and Inslee with 0%; others with 5%
  161. ^ Moulton with 1%
  162. ^ Yang with 2%; Booker, Castro, and Inslee with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  163. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; Booker and Castro with 1%; Other with 5%
  164. ^ Booker with 4%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; "don't know/refuse" with 4%
  165. ^ Booker, Castro, and Gabbard with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  166. ^ Booker, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  167. ^ Bennet and Booker with 1.5%; Inslee with 1.4%; O'Rourke with 1.0%; Gillibrand with 0.9%; Delaney with 0.8%; Bullock with 0.6%; Hickenlooper and Klobuchar with 0.5%; de Blasio, Castro, Gabbard, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer and Yang with 0.0%
  168. ^ Listed as Don't know/undecided
  169. ^ Booker, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, and O'Rourke with 1%; de Blasio, Bullock, Delaney, Gravel, Inslee, Ryan, Sestak, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; No answer with 6%
  170. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  171. ^ Castro with 3.3%; Yang with 1.8%; Klobuchar with 1.5%; Booker with 1.3%; Gabbard and Ryan with 0.8%; Delaney with 0.5%
  172. ^ Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  173. ^ Bennet with 1.0%; Bullock with 0.9%; Delaney and Yang with 0.8%; Steyer and Messam with 0.6%; de Blasio and Sestak with 0.4%; Ryan and Williamson with 0.3%; Klobuchar and Gabbard with 0.2%
  174. ^ Gabbard with 4%
  175. ^ Steyer, Gabbard, Bennet, Delaney, Yang with 1%; Rest with 0%
  176. ^ Yang with 3%; Gabbard with 2%; Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson with 1%; rest with 0%
  177. ^ Gabbard, Ryan, Steyer, Yang, Delaney, Williamson with 1%; rest with 0%
  178. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; Bullock and Yang with 2%; Gabbard, Ryan, Bennet, McAuliffe, Moulton, Williamson with 1%; rest with 0%
  179. ^ Yang with 3%; Bennet, Gabbard, Messam, Ryan with 1%; de Blasio, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with <1%; others with 1%
  180. ^ Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  181. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Swalwell with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 1%
  182. ^ Delaney with 2%; Hickenlooper, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with <1%
  183. ^ Abrams with 2%; Klobuchar and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, McAuliffe, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  184. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 3%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, and Hickenlooper with 1%; Gabbard, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 7%
  185. ^ Abrams, Klobuchar, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Ryan with 0%
  186. ^ Klobuchar with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 0%
  187. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Castro with 1%; Non-voter/no answer with 43%
  188. ^ Castro with 2%; Bullock, Gillibrand, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; Messam with 0%; others with 5%
  189. ^ Castro with 2%; Abrams, Klobuchar, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  190. ^ Gabbard, Steyer, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%
  191. ^ Labelled as "Other/unsure"
  192. ^ Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Hickenlooper with 1%; Inslee with 0%
  193. ^ Bennet, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Swalwell with 1%; Castro, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 0%
  194. ^ Gillibrand and Hickenlooper with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, and Inslee with 0%; others with 3%
  195. ^ Williamson with 2%; Gillibrand, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 1%; de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, O'Rourke, Ryan, Sestak, and Yang with 0%; No answer with 3%
  196. ^ de Blasio, Delaney, Klobuchar, O'Rourke, and Swalwell with 1%; Bullock, Hickenlooper, Williamson, and Yang with 0%
  197. ^ Booker, Klobuchar, Yang with 1%; Castro with <1%; rest with 0%; Someone else with 6%
  198. ^ Ryan with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Messam and Sestak with 0%; Other/Unsure with 10%
  199. ^ Delaney, Gabbard, and Bullock with 1%; Ryan, Bennett, Klobuchar, Sestak, Steyer, Castro, and Messam with 0%
  200. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%
  201. ^ Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Klobuchar with 1%; Castro and Inslee with 0%
  202. ^ Castro, Gillibrand, O'Rourke, and Yang with 2%; Booker, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Klobuchar with 1% ; Someone else with 1%
  203. ^ Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  204. ^ O'Rourke with 3%; Booker, Castro, Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Steyer with 0%
  205. ^ O'Rourke with 4%; Castro, Klobuchar and Williamson with 1%; someone else with 1%
  206. ^ Booker, Castro, Delaney, and O'Rourke with 2%; Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Hickenlooper with 1%; Inslee and Klobuchar with 0%
  207. ^ Including Yang with 1%
  208. ^ Messam with 3%; Yang with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Gabbard and Ryan with 1%; Castro, Delaney, Klobuchar, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%
  209. ^ Yang with 3%; Klobuchar with 2%; Castro and Messam with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Moulton, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  210. ^ Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with <1%; others with 1%
  211. ^ Delaney and Yang with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Swalwell with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, and Williamson with 0%
  212. ^ Gabbard and Gillibrand with 2%; Castro, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Delaney and Hickenlooper with 0%
  213. ^ Castro with 2%; Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 9%
  214. ^ a b Klobuchar with 1%
  215. ^ Bloomberg and Klobuchar with 1%; Brown, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Yang with 0%
  216. ^ Winfrey with 17%; Holder with 5%; Brown with 3%; Cuomo, Gillibrand, and Murphy with 2%; Bullock, Landrieu, Patrick, and McAuliffe with 1%; others with 2%
  217. ^ O'Rourke with 2.1%; Klobuchar with 1.7%; Booker with 1.4%; Gillibrand with 1.0%; Steyer with 0.8%; Inslee with 0.7%; Castro with 0.6%; de Blasio with 0.4%; Bullock, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Ryan, Williamson and Yang with 0.3%; Gravel with 0.2%; Moulton and Sestak with 0.1%; Delaney and Messam with 0.0%
  218. ^ O'Rourke with 3%; Booker, Gabbard and Williamson with 2%; Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock and Delaney with 0%
  219. ^ Booker, Bullock, and Klobuchar with 2%; O'Rourke and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  220. ^ Bullock, Gabbard and O'Rourke with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, Williamson and Other with <1%; Castro and Messam with 0%; None of the above with 1%
  221. ^ "Someone else", Bullock, Gillibrand, O'Rourke, Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Gabbard, Delaney, Castro, Ryan and Williamson with 0%
  222. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Inslee, O'Rourke, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, and Sestak with 0%
  223. ^ Gabbard and O'Rourke with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand and Inslee with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell and Williamson with 0%; Messam and Sestak with no voters
  224. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and O'Rourke with 1%; Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Yang with 0%
  225. ^ O'Rourke with 5%; Hickenlooper with 2%; Castro, Gillibrand, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, and Inslee with 0%; others with 2%
  226. ^ O'Rourke with 6%; Gillibrand with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 0%; others with 3%
  227. ^ Castro and Cuomo with 1%; Delaney with 0%
  228. ^ Booker, Delaney, Klobuchar, O'Rourke and Yang with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, Other with >1%; Refused to answer with 5%
  229. ^ Yang with 3%; Booker, Klobuchar, and O'Rourke with 1%; de Blasio and Gabbard with <1%; other with 4%
  230. ^ also includes "refused"
  231. ^ Gabbard, Klobuchar and Yang with 1%; Booker, de Blasio, Castro and O'Rourke with less than 1%; "Other" with 1%
  232. ^ Bennet with 2%; Klobuchar with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, Williamson and Yang with 0%; someone else/none with 3%; refused to answer with 1%
  233. ^ Bullock, Gabbard, and "Other" with 1%
  234. ^ Castro, Gillibrand, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 0%
  235. ^ Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with <1%; others with 2%
  236. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; others with 6%
  237. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Gillibrand with 2%; Castro and Yang with 1%; Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 0%; others with 4%
  238. ^ Booker with 1%; Klobuchar with <1%; others with <1%
  239. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and McAuliffe with 1%
  240. ^ Gabbard with 2%; de Blasio, Klobuchar and Yang with 1%; Delaney and Sestak with 0%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with <1%; no one with 2%
  241. ^ Gabbard, Steyer, and Yang with 1%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "DNC Announces Details For The First Two Presidential Primary Debates". Democratic National Committee. February 14, 2019. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  2. ^ Montellaro, Zach (June 6, 2019). "Who's in — and out — of the first Democratic debates". Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  3. ^ Verhovek, John (May 29, 2019). "ABC News to host 3rd Democratic primary debate in September as DNC announces higher qualifying threshold". ABC News. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  4. ^ "Political Intelligence - The State of the Democratic Primary". Morning Consult.
  5. ^ "Political Intelligence - The State of the Democratic Primary on the Wayback Machine". Morning Consult.
  6. ^ "Political Intelligence - The State of the Democratic Primary on the Wayback Machine". Morning Consult.
  7. ^ a b "2020 Democratic Hard and Soft Count Delegate Summary". The Green Papers. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Democratic Delegate Pledging and Voter Eligibility". The Green Papers. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Putnam, Josh. "The 2020 Presidential Primary Calendar". Frontloading HQ. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c Aaron Bycoffe, Ritchie King and Dhrumil Mehta. "California Polls". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2019-09-01.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit