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Stacey Yvonne Abrams (born December 9, 1973) is an American politician, lawyer and author who served in the Georgia House of Representatives from 2007 to 2017, and served as minority leader from 2011 to 2017.[1] A member of the Democratic Party, she was the party's nominee in the 2018 Georgia gubernatorial election, but lost to Brian Kemp. Abrams was the first black female major-party gubernatorial nominee in the history of the United States.[2] In February 2019, she became the first African-American woman to deliver a response to the State of the Union address.

Stacey Abrams
Stacey Abrams in May 2018.png
Minority Leader of the Georgia House of Representatives
In office
January 10, 2011 – July 1, 2017
Preceded byDuBose Porter
Succeeded byBob Trammell
Member of the Georgia House of Representatives
from the 89th district
In office
January 14, 2013 – August 25, 2017
Preceded byEarnest Williams
Succeeded byBee Nguyen
Member of the Georgia House of Representatives
from the 84th district
In office
January 8, 2007 – January 14, 2013
Preceded byJoAnn McClinton
Succeeded byRahn Mayo
Personal details
Born
Stacey Yvonne Abrams

(1973-12-09) December 9, 1973 (age 45)
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
RelativesLeslie Abrams (sister)
EducationSpelman College (BA)
University of Texas at Austin (MPA)
Yale University (JD)
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Abrams, the second of six siblings, was born to Robert and Carolyn Abrams in Madison, Wisconsin, and raised in Gulfport, Mississippi.[3][4] The family moved to Atlanta, Georgia, where her parents pursued graduate degrees and later became Methodist ministers.[5][6] She attended Avondale High School, where she was selected for a Telluride Association Summer Program.[7] While in high school, she was hired as a typist for a congressional campaign and at age 17 she was hired as a speechwriter based on the edits she made while typing.[7]

In 1995 Abrams earned a Bachelor of Arts in interdisciplinary studies (political science, economics and sociology) from Spelman College, magna cum laude.[1] While in college she worked in the youth services department in the office of Atlanta Mayor Maynard Jackson.[7] She later interned at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.[7] As a freshman in 1992, Abrams took part in a protest on the steps of the Georgia Capitol, in which she joined in burning the state flag. At the time Georgia's state flag incorporated the Confederate battle flag, which had been added to the state flag in 1956 as an anti-civil rights movement action. It was designed by Southern Democrat John Sammons Bell, a World War II veteran and attorney who was an outspoken supporter of segregation.[8][9]

As a Harry S. Truman Scholar, Abrams studied public policy at the University of Texas at Austin's LBJ School of Public Affairs, where she earned a Master of Public Affairs degree in 1998. In 1999 she earned a J.D. degree from Yale Law School.[1]

Legal and business careerEdit

After graduating from law school, Abrams worked as a tax attorney at the Sutherland Asbill & Brennan law firm in Atlanta, with a focus on tax-exempt organizations, health care, and public finance.[1] In 2010, while a member of the Georgia General Assembly, Abrams co-founded and served as the Senior Vice President of NOW Corp. (formerly NOWaccount Network Corporation), a financial services firm.[10][11]

Abrams also co-founded Nourish, Inc., a beverage company with a focus on infants and toddlers,[12] and is CEO of Sage Works, a legal consulting firm that has represented clients including the Atlanta Dream of the WNBA.[13]

Political careerEdit

In 2002, at age 29, Abrams was appointed the Deputy City Attorney for the City of Atlanta.[1][14]

Georgia General Assembly, 2007–2017Edit

 
Abrams with John Lewis in 2017

Abrams represented House District 89, which includes portions of the City of Atlanta and unincorporated DeKalb County,[15] covering the communities of Candler Park, Cedar Grove, Columbia, Druid Hills, Edgewood, Highland Park, Kelley Lake, Kirkwood, Lake Claire, South DeKalb, Toney Valley, and Tilson.[16] She served on the Appropriations, Ethics, Judiciary Non-Civil, Rules and Ways & Means committees.[17]

Abrams's first major action as minority leader was to cooperate with Republican Governor Nathan Deal's administration to reform the HOPE Scholarship program. She co-sponsored the 2011 legislation that preserved the HOPE program by decreasing the scholarship amount paid to Georgia students and funded a 1% low-interest loan program for students.[18]

According to Time magazine, Abrams "can credibly boast of having single-handedly stopped the largest tax increase in Georgia history."[19] In 2011 Abrams argued that a Republican proposal to cut income taxes while increasing a tax on cable service would lead to a net increase in taxes paid by most people.[19] She performed an analysis of the bill that showed that 82% of Georgians would see net tax increases, and left a copy of the analysis on the desk of every house legislator.[19] The bill subsequently failed.[19]

Abrams also worked with Deal on criminal-justice reforms that reduced prison costs without increasing crime,[19] and with Republicans on the state's biggest-ever public transportation funding package.[19]

On August 25, 2017, Abrams resigned from the General Assembly to focus on her gubernatorial campaign.[20]

2018 gubernatorial campaignEdit

 
Abrams campaigning in 2018.

Abrams ran for governor of Georgia in 2018.[21] In the Democratic primary she ran against Stacey Evans, another member of the Georgia House of Representatives,[21] in what some called "the battle of the Staceys". Abrams was endorsed by Bernie Sanders and Our Revolution.[22][23] On May 22, she won the Democratic nomination, making her the first black woman in the U.S. to be a major party's nominee for governor.[24]

After winning the primary, Abrams secured a number of high-profile endorsements, including one from former President Barack Obama.[25][26]

Almost a week before election day, the Republican nominee, Brian Kemp, cancelled a debate scheduled seven weeks earlier in order to attend a Trump rally in Georgia. Kemp blamed Abrams for the cancellation, saying that she was unwilling to reschedule it. Abrams responded, “We refuse to callously take Georgians for granted and cancel on them. Just because Brian Kemp breaks his promises doesn’t mean anyone else should.”[27]

As Georgia's Secretary of State, Kemp oversaw the very election he was competing in. Abrams lost the election by 50,000 votes and immediately sued the Georgia board of elections, citing widespread allegations of voter suppression.[28]

Since narrowly losing the election, Abrams has repeatedly claimed that the election was not fairly conducted[28] and that Kemp is not the legitimate governor of Georgia.[29] Her position is that Kemp, who oversaw the election in his role as Secretary of State, had a conflict of interest and suppressed the election turnout by purging 670,000 voter registrations in 2017 and that about 53,000 voter registrations were pending a month before the election.[28] She has said, "I have no empirical evidence that I would have achieved a higher number of votes. However, I have sufficient and I think legally sufficient doubt about the process to say that it was not a fair election."[28]

Post-gubernatorial electionEdit

Since losing to Kemp, Abrams has been mentioned as a possible Senate candidate against David Perdue in 2020 or as a possible gubernatorial candidate in a rematch against Kemp in 2022. She has not ruled out a run for the White House in either 2020 or as late as 2028. She has also been mentioned as a possible candidate for Vice President, although she has shot those rumors down.

On January 29, 2019, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) announced that Abrams would deliver the response to the State of the Union address on February 5.[30] She was the first African-American woman to give the rebuttal to the address, as well as the first and only non-office-holding person to do so since the SOTU responses began in 1966.[31]

On April 30, 2019, Abrams announced that she would not run for the U.S. Senate in 2020.[32]

Political positionsEdit

Abrams is pro-choice, has called for expanded gun control, and opposes proposals for stricter voter ID laws, arguing that they disenfranchise minorities and the poor.[33][34] Abrams pledged to oppose legislation similar to the religious liberty bill that Governor Deal vetoed in 2016.[35][36]

Health careEdit

In her campaign for governor, Abrams said her top priority was Medicaid expansion.[19][37] She cited research showing that Medicaid expansion improved health care access for low-income residents and made hospitals in rural locations financially viable.[37] She also created a plan to address Georgia's high maternal mortality rate.[38]

EducationEdit

Abrams would like to increase spending on public education.[19] She opposes private school vouchers, instead advocating improvements to the public education system. She supports smaller class sizes, more school counselors, protected pensions, better pay for teachers, and expanded early childhood education.[39]

Criminal justice reformEdit

Abrams supports criminal justice reform in the form of ending cash bail for poor defendants, ending the death penalty, and decriminalizing small amounts of marijuana possession.[40][33]

Writing careerEdit

Abrams has published articles on public policy, taxation, and nonprofit organizations.[41] Under the pen name Selena Montgomery, Abrams is the award-winning author of several romantic suspense novels. According to Abrams, she has sold more than 100,000 copies of her novels.[17] Montgomery won both the Reviewer's Choice Award and the Reader's Favorite Award from Romance In Color for Best New Author, and was featured as a Rising Star.[42] Abrams is also the author of Minority Leader: How to Lead from the Outside and Make Real Change, published by Henry Holt & Co. in April 2018.[43]

Honors and awardsEdit

In 2012 Abrams received the John F. Kennedy New Frontier Award from the Kennedy Library and Harvard University's Institute of Politics, which honors an elected official under 40 whose work demonstrates the impact of elective public service as a way to address public challenges.[44] In 2014 Governing Magazine named her a Public Official of the Year, an award that recognizes state and local official for outstanding accomplishments.[45] Abrams was recognized as one of "12 Rising Legislators to Watch" by the same publication in 2012[46] and one of the "100 Most Influential Georgians" by Georgia Trend for 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017.[47]

EMILY's List recognized Abrams as the inaugural recipient of the Gabrielle Giffords Rising Star Award in 2014.[48] She was selected as an Aspen Rodel Fellow[49] and a Hunt-Kean Fellow.[50] She was also named as #11 on The Root 100 by The Root.[51] Abrams was named Legislator of the Year by the Georgia Alliance of Community Hospitals, Public Servant of the Year by the Georgia Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, Outstanding Public Service by the Latin American Association, Champion for Georgia Cities by the Georgia Municipal Association, and Legislator of the Year by the DeKalb County Chamber of Commerce.[52]

Abrams received the Georgia Legislative Service Award from the Association County Commissioners Georgia, the Democratic Legislator of the Year from the Young Democrats of Georgia and Red Clay Democrats, and an Environmental Leader Award from the Georgia Conservation Voters.[52] She is a lifetime member of the Council on Foreign Relations,[53] a Next Generation Fellow of the American Assembly,[54] an American Marshall Memorial Fellow,[54] a Salzburg Seminar–Freeman Fellow on U.S.-East Asian Relations,[55] and a Yukos Fellow for U.S.–Russian Relations.[55]

Abrams received the Stevens Award for Outstanding Legal Contributions and the Elmer Staats Award for Public Service, both national honors presented by the Harry S. Truman Foundation.[56][57] She was also a 1994 Harry S. Truman Scholar.[58]

In 2001 Ebony Magazine named Abrams one of "30 Leaders of the Future".[59] In 2004 she was named to Georgia Trend's "40 Under 40" list,[60] and the Atlanta Business Chronicle named Abrams to its Top 50 Under 40 list. In 2006 she was named a Georgia Rising Star by Atlanta Magazine and Law & Politics Magazine.[61]

Abrams received a single vote, from Rep. Kathleen Rice, in the 2019 election for Speaker of the U.S. House.[62]

Other workEdit

Abrams serves on the boards of directors for Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee, Atlanta Metropolitan State College Foundation, Gateway Center for the Homeless, and the Georgia Partnership for Excellence in Education; and on the advisory boards for Literacy Action and Health Students Taking Action Together (HSTAT). She also serves on the Board of Visitors for Agnes Scott College and the University of Georgia,[63] as well as on the Board of Advisors for Let America Vote (a voting rights organization founded by former Missouri Secretary of State Jason Kander).[64]

Personal lifeEdit

Abrams is the second of six children born to Reverend Carolyn and Reverend Robert Abrams, originally of Mississippi.[5] Her siblings include Dr. Andrea Abrams, Judge Leslie Abrams Gardner, Richard Abrams, Walter Abrams and Dr. Jeanine Abrams McLean. Her sister, Leslie Abrams, is a federal judge in the Middle District of Georgia.[65][66]

In April 2018 Abrams wrote an op-ed for Fortune revealing that she owed $54,000 in federal back taxes and held $174,000 in credit card and student loan debt. [67] Abrams was repaying the IRS incrementally on a payment plan after deferring her 2015 and 2016 taxes, which she stated was necessary to help with her family's medical bills. During the 2018 Georgia gubernatorial election it emerged that she nonetheless donated $50,000 to her own campaign.[68][69] In 2019 she completed payment of her back taxes to the IRS in addition to other outstanding credit card and student loan debt reported during the gubernatorial campaign.[70]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Honorary Degree Recipient Stacey Yvonne Abrams". Spelman College. March 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  2. ^ Bradner, Eric (May 22, 2018). "Stacey Abrams wins Democratic primary in Georgia". CNN. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  3. ^ Fouriezos, Nick (January 28, 2016). "Georgia's Daring Heroine on a Secret Mission". Yahoo! News. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Sands, Darren (August 17, 2017). "Stacey Abrams Wants To Be The First Black Woman Governor. But First She Has To Win The Nomination". BuzzFeed News. Born in Madison, Wisconsin, to parents who were then a library sciences student and a shipyard worker, Abrams grew up in Gulfport, Mississippi.
  5. ^ a b Galloway, Jim (March 25, 2017). "The possibility of a Democratic race for governor between two Staceys". The Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  6. ^ Ford, Ashley (September 28, 2016). "State Representative Stacey Abrams Is the Bright Future of American Politics". Lenny. Archived from the original on October 27, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d Graves, Lucia (May 3, 2017). "Meet the Democrat who wants to be America's first black female governor". The Guardian. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  8. ^ Richard Fausset, Stacey Abrams's Burning of Georgia Flag With Confederate Symbol Surfaces on Eve of Debate, New York Times (October 22, 2018).
  9. ^ Cleve R. Wootson Jr., 'I'm a proud Georgian': Stacey Abrams defends 1992 flag-burning protest, Washington Post (October 23, 2018).
  10. ^ Allison, David (April 28, 2014). "Small business payment firm NOWAccount Network raises $2M". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  11. ^ "NOWaccount". www.nowaccount.com.
  12. ^ Wade Talbert, Marcia (September 24, 2010). "Inventors Insider: 4 Rules for Inventing With a Partner". Black Enterprise. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  13. ^ Hickey, Patrick (October 15, 2015). "House Minority Leader Abrams Talks New Georgia Project, Gig Economy and Upcoming Session". Southern Political Report. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  14. ^ "Rep. Stacey Abrams reflects on MLK legacy in annual Centre convo". Centre College. January 12, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  15. ^ "Representative Stacey Abrams". www.house.ga.gov.
  16. ^ "Stacey Abrams for Georgia". Stacey Abrams for Governor.
  17. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "House approves HOPE bill, but challenges in Senate loom". Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h "Stacey Abrams Could Become America's First Black Female Governor – If She Can Turn Georgia Blue". Time. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  20. ^ https://www.ajc.com/blog/politics/georgia-2018-stacey-abrams-resigns-from-house-focus-gov-run/CDzdlrcR1bAYLTFlmN11kJ/
  21. ^ a b Zito, Salena (June 25, 2017). "The fate of the Democrats' future may lie in Georgia". The Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on June 25, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  22. ^ Stein, Letitia (December 20, 2017). "In Georgia, battle of the 'Staceys' tests Democrats' future". Reuters. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  23. ^ Catanese, David (May 21, 2018). "A Tale of Two Staceys in Georgia". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  24. ^ Bradner, Eric. "Stacey Abrams wins Democratic primary in Georgia. She could become the nation's first black woman governor". CNN. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  25. ^ "Barack and Michelle Obama just endorsed nearly 100 midterm candidates". NBC News. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  26. ^ "Obama versus Trump in Georgia? Ex-president lines up behind Abrams". politics.myajc. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  27. ^ "Final Debate in Georgia Governor's Race Canceled as Republican Breaks Schedule". Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  28. ^ a b c d "Why Stacey Abrams Is Still Saying She Won". Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  29. ^ "Stacey Abrams calls Kemp Georgia's 'legal' governor, won't say he's legitimate". CNN. CNN. November 18, 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  30. ^ Levine, Marianne. "Stacey Abrams to give Democratic response to State of the Union". POLITICO. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  31. ^ Hallerman, Tamar; Bluestein, Greg. "Abrams to deliver Dems' State of the Union response". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  32. ^ "Stacey Abrams Will Not Run for Senate in 2020". Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  33. ^ a b "Abrams-Kemp Georgia gov race matchup sets up a sharp November contrast". politics.myajc. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  34. ^ "Jobs, jobs, jobs: Abrams touts economic plan – and avoids Kemp attack". politics.myajc. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  35. ^ "In Georgia Governor's Race, a Defining Moment for a Southern State". Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  36. ^ "Analysis | Georgia's gubernatorial race may be the purest example of politics in the Trump era". Washington Post. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  37. ^ a b "Stacey Abrams Hopes Medicaid Expansion Can Be a Winning Issue in Rural Georgia". Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  38. ^ https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/11/stacey-abrams-and-georgias-maternal-health-crisis/574687/
  39. ^ https://www.ajc.com/news/state--regional-education/abrams-has-expansive-and-expensive-education-plan/imsIgeP9uROKzn9Btowe3K/
  40. ^ "Abrams pledges to eliminate cash bail system, decriminalize some marijuana offenses". politics.myajc. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  41. ^ "Stacey Abrams Author References". www.huffingtonpost.com.
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 20, 2010. Retrieved June 6, 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ "Minority Leader – Stacey Abrams". macmillan.com.
  44. ^ "Stacey Abrams 2012". www.jfklibrary.org. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum.
  45. ^ "Stacey Abrams, Georgia". www.governing.com.
  46. ^ "12 State Legislators to Watch in 2012". www.governing.com.
  47. ^ "100 Most Influential Georgians". www.georgiatrend.com. Georgia Trend.
  48. ^ "Stacey Abrams Receives First Ever Gabrielle Giffords Rising Star Award". Emily's List. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  49. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 13, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  50. ^ "Hunt-Kean Leadership Fellows". The Hunt Institute.
  51. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  52. ^ a b "Speakers". Governing. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  53. ^ Gould Sheinin, Aaron. "DNC 2016: Five things to know about Stacey Abrams". The Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  54. ^ a b "Ga. State House of Representatives Minority Leader Stacey Abrams to Keynote 2011 Buttimer Dinner". The Savannah Tribune. October 19, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  55. ^ a b St. Claire, Pat (March 12, 2015). "House Minority Leader Stacey Abrams: Accomplished And Driven". GPB. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  56. ^ "Rep Stacey Abrams" (PDF). House.ga.gov.
  57. ^ "Harry Truman America's Truman Scholars" (PDF). Truman.gov.
  58. ^ "Search Our Scholars | The Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation". www.truman.gov. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  59. ^ "30 Leaders of the Future". Ebony Magazine. December 2001. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  60. ^ Kirkpatrick, Karen (October 2016). "Georgia Trend's 2016 40 Under 40". Georgia Trend. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  61. ^ Barry, Tom. "Stacey Abrams' life is Action-Packed! And Spine-Tingling! Even without the spy novels she writes". Super Lawyers. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  62. ^ McPherson, Lindsey; McPherson, Lindsey (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi elected speaker with 15 Democratic defections" – via www.rollcall.com.
  63. ^ "Agnes Scott College – Board of Visitors". www.agnesscott.edu. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  64. ^ "Advisors". Let America Vote. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  65. ^ Malloy, Daniel (March 11, 2014). "Obama nominates Leslie Abrams – Stacey's sister – for federal judgeship". The Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  66. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress – 2nd Session". Vote Summary: Vote Number 281. United States Senate. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  67. ^ Wattles, Jackie (April 25, 2018). "Georgia governor candidate Stacey Abrams is $200,000 in debt. She's not alone". CNN Money. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  68. ^ Bluestein, Greg. "Georgia 2018: Abrams owes more than $50K to IRS". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  69. ^ "2017 - Amended Financial Disclosure Statement -- Candidate for Public Office". State of Georgia. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  70. ^ Bluestein, Greg (May 16, 2019). "Abrams settles IRS debt as she preps for another run for office". AJC.

External linksEdit

Georgia House of Representatives
Preceded by
JoAnn McClinton
Member of the Georgia House of Representatives
from the 84th district

2007–2013
Succeeded by
Rahn Mayo
Preceded by
Earnest Williams
Member of the Georgia House of Representatives
from the 89th district

2013–2017
Succeeded by
Bee Nguyen
Preceded by
DuBose Porter
Minority Leader of the Georgia House of Representatives
2011–2017
Succeeded by
Bob Trammell
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jason Carter
Democratic nominee for Governor of Georgia
2018
Most recent
Preceded by
Joe Kennedy III
Response to the State of the Union address
2019